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P-174 - Comparison of Cognitive Function in Bipolar Depressionversus Major Depressive Disorder

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

G. Erez
Affiliation:
Emotion Cognition Research Center, Shalvata Mental Health Care Center, Hod Hasharon, Israel Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Y. Braw
Affiliation:
Emotion Cognition Research Center, Shalvata Mental Health Care Center, Hod Hasharon, Israel
Y. Levkovitz
Affiliation:
Emotion Cognition Research Center, Shalvata Mental Health Care Center, Hod Hasharon, Israel Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Abstract

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Introduction

Major depressive episodes are characteristic of both Unipolar Depression (UPD) and Bipolar Disorder (BD). Cognitive impairment is a well documented finding in such episodes. Wide-ranging cognitive deficits have been reported in UPD patients, including psychomotor, attention, memory and executive functions. BD patients were found impaired in attention capacity, memory and learning deficits. Distinguishing BD from UPD patients on the basis of cognitive impairment requires additional research.

Objectives

Our objective was to clarify differences in cognitive functioning between UPD and BD patients during an acute depressive episode.

Aims

A better understanding of the cognitive impairments in each disorder, may significantly improve early diagnosis in acute depressed patients, in cases where it is unclear whether the patient presents UPD or BD.

Methods

Participants were 128 acute depressive outpatients, 87 had UPD and 41 had BD. Patients were assessed using Hamilton depression rating scale; Clinical Global Impression severity scale; Hamilton Anxiety Depression Survey; Beck Depression Inventory and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). We used statistical modeling via logistic regression, to differentiate between UPD vs. BD, by means of their cognitive functions.

Results

Significant differences between the two groups were found in several domains: visual memory, working memory and sustained attention. The predictive model that was constructed has a discriminatory power as measured by the area under the ROC curve of 0.76.

Conclusions

UPD and BD patients present different cognitive impairments during acute depression. Our model may help to predict the underlying mental disorder, and thus facilitate earlier initiation of proper treatment.

Type
Abstract
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2012
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