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Factors Affected with Bipolar Diathesis in Pregnant Females

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

M. Kim
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Jeju National University School of Medicine, jeju, Korea
W. Bahk
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Catholic University Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea
B. Yoon
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Naju National Hospital, Naju, Korea
Y. Kwon
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea
D. Jon
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea
S. Lee
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea
K. Lee
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital, Gyeongju, Korea
W. Kim
Affiliation:
Psychiatry, Seoul Paik Hospital College of Medicine Inje University, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

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Objective

This cross-sectional study was aimed to investigate the factors associated with bipolar disorder in pregnant female, including sociodemographic parameters, social support, social conflict, suicidal idea and sleep.

Methods

A total of 84 pregnant female were recruited. They filled out self-completing questionnaires on sociodemographic factors, obstetric history, depressive symptoms and bipolarity. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Korean version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Bipolarity was assessed using the Korean version of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (K-MDQ).

Results

Nineteen participants (22.6%) had positive K-MDQ scores, suggesting the present of bipolarity. Positive EPDS group had twenty subjects (25%) who had depressive symptoms. The diathesis of bipolar disorder was associated with marital dissatisfaction, social conflict, depression and sleep. The multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the only poor sleep was a risk of bipolarity.

Conclusions

Pregnant female with bipolarity were more depressed and sleep problems than those without bipolarity. The results showed that the most important factor of influencing bipolarity was sleep.

Type
Article: 0187
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2015
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