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Driving Task: How Older Drivers’ On-Road Driving Performance Relates to Abilities, Perceptions, and Restrictions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 March 2016

Sjaan Koppel*
Affiliation:
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University
Judith L. Charlton
Affiliation:
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University
Jim Langford
Affiliation:
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University
Marilyn Di Stefano
Affiliation:
La Trobe University
Wendy MacDonald
Affiliation:
La Trobe University
Zafiroula Vlahodimitrakou
Affiliation:
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University
Barbara L. Mazer
Affiliation:
McGill University
Isabelle Gelinas
Affiliation:
McGill University
Brenda Vrkljan
Affiliation:
McMaster University
Kinga Eliasz
Affiliation:
McMaster University
Anita Myers
Affiliation:
University of Waterloo
Holly A. Tuokko
Affiliation:
University of Victoria
Shawn C. Marshall
Affiliation:
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
*
La correspondance et les demandes de tirés-à-part doivent être adressées à: / Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Dr. Sjaan Koppel Ph.D. Monash University Accident Research Centre 21 Alliance Lane, Clayton Campus, Monash University, VIC 3800 Australia (Sjaan.Koppel@monash.edu)

Abstract

This study examined a cohort of 227 older drivers and investigated the relationship between performance on the electronic Driver Observation Schedule (eDOS) driving task and: (1) driver characteristics; (2) functional abilities; (3) perceptions of driving comfort and abilities; and (4) self-reported driving restrictions. Participants (male: 70%; age: M = 81.53 years, SD = 3.37 years) completed a series of functional ability measures and scales on perceived driving comfort, abilities, and driving restrictions from the Year 2 Candrive/Ozcandrive assessment protocol, along with an eDOS driving task. Observations of participants’ driving behaviours during the driving task were recorded for intersection negotiation, lane-changing, merging, low-speed maneuvers, and maneuver-free driving. eDOS driving task scores were high (M = 94.74; SD = 5.70) and significantly related to participants’ perceived driving abilities, reported frequency of driving in challenging situations, and number of driving restrictions. Future analyses will explore potential changes in driving task scores over time.

Résumé

Cette étude a examiné une cohorte de 227 conducteurs âgés et a étudié la relation entre leur performance sur la grille d’observation e-DOS pour manœuvres de conduite et (1) les caractéristiques des conducteurs; (2) les capacités fonctionnelles; (3) les perceptions des capacités et le confort pendant la conduite, ainsi que (4) les restrictions auto-déclarées de la conduite. Les participants (hommes: 70%; âge: M = 81.53 ans, É-T = 3,37 ans) a achevé une série de mesures de la capacité fonctionnelle et d’écailles sur le confort, les capacités et les restrictions aperçut du Candrive / Ozcandrive protocole d’évaluation Année 2, avec une tâche de conduite e-DOS. Les observations des comportements de conduite des participants au cours de la tâche de conduite ont été enregistrées pour : la négociation au carrefour, le changement de voie, la fusion, les manœuvres à basse vitesse, et la conduite sans manoeuvres. Les scores de conduite e-DOS étaient élevés (M = 94,74; É-T = 5,70) et étaient liés d’une façon significative aux capacité de conduite perçu des participants, la fréquence rapporté de la conduite dans des situations difficiles, et le nombre de restrictions de la conduite. Les analyses futures exploreront les changements potentiels dans les scores de tâches de conduite au fil du temps.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association on Gerontology 2016 

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