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A Comparison between Daily Hassles and Major Life Events as Correlates of Well-being in Older Adults*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 November 2010

Philippe Landreville
Affiliation:
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Jean Vézina
Affiliation:
Université Laval

Résumé

L'objectif principal de cette recherche était de déterminer si les embêtements de la vie quotidienne sont plus fortement reliés au bien-être physique et psychologique chez les personnes âgées que les événements majeurs. Les modèles de prédiction du bien-être physique et psychologique ont été déterminés en fonction de la contribution des embêtements et des événements majeurs ainsi que d'autres variables incluant l'évaluation subjective de la santé. Deux cents personnes âgées ont rapporté les événements majeurs des trois dernières années et les embêtements survenus au cours du dernier mois. Les sujets ont également évalué leur état de santé et le degré d'incapacité dans les activités quotidiennes conséquente à chacune de leurs maladies chroniques. Des analyses de régression multiple par étapes ont montré que (1) l'évaluation subjective de la santé, l'incapacité dans les activités quotidiennes et la fréquence des embêtements sont reliées au bien-être physique et que (2) le bien-être psychologique est associé à la fréquence des embêtements, l'âge et l'incapacité dans les activités de la vie quotidienne. La fréquence des événements majeurs récents ne contribue pas significativement à l'un ou l'autre des modèles. Des résultats similaires ont été obtenus selon que l'Échelle des Embêtements ou seulement les items de cette échelle qui ne correspondent pas à des symptômes étaient utilisés dans les analyses de régression. Les résultats suggèrent que la fréquence des embêtements est plus fortement reliée au bien-être chez les personnes âgées que la fréquence des événements majeurs.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association on Gerontology 1992

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