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Breaking continuity? Site formation and temporal depth at Çatalhöyük and Tell Sabi Abyad

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 May 2021

Jo-Hannah Plug
Affiliation:
University of Liverpool, UK Leiden University, The Netherlands
Ian Hodder
Affiliation:
Stanford University, USA
Peter M.M.G. Akkermans
Affiliation:
Leiden University, The Netherlands
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Spatial continuity of the house is often seen as crucial in providing temporal depth for the Neolithic societies of southwest Asia. While an emphasis on the creation of such continuities is evinced at densely agglomerated sites, other sites are characterised by dispersal and frequent relocation of habitation. Çatalhöyük (Turkey) and Tell Sabi Abyad (Syria) appear to be at either end of this spectrum. However, recently found evidence and reinterpretation of older evidence call into question the apparently stark distinction between the two sites. The purpose of this paper is to compare aspects of the archaeological evidence from Tell Sabi Abyad and Çatalhöyük, and in doing so to understand the different ways in which site formation and social continuity were achieved. In particular, the presence of breaks in spatial continuities – an often overlooked aspect of site formation – and its implications are discussed. It appears that at these two sites both continuity and breaks gave form and meaning to the settlements and to the societies that inhabited them. We argue that social continuities and anchors to the past can be constructed in many variable ways, and that direct spatial continuity of the house is but one.

Özet

Özet

Evin mekansal sürekliliği, güneybatı Asya’nın Neolitik toplumları için zamansal derinlik sağlamada genellikle çok önemli görülmektedir. Yoğun şekilde toplanmış yerleşimlerde bu tür sürekliliklerin yaratılmasına vurgu yapılırken, diğer yerleşimler ise yerleşimin dağılması ve sık sık yer değiştirmesi ile karakterize edilmektedir. Çatalhöyük (Türkiye) ve Tell Sabi Abyad (Suriye) bu yelpazenin her iki ucunda gibi görünmektedir. Bununla birlikte, son zamanlarda bulunan kanıtlar ve eski kanıtlarin yeniden yorumlanması, bizleri bu iki yerleşim arasındaki görünen keskin ayrımı sorgulamaya itmektedir. Bu makalenin amacı, Tell Sabi Abyad ve Çatalhöyük’ten gelen arkeolojik kanıtların farklı yönlerini karşılaştırmak ve bunu yaparken yerleşim oluşumunun ve sosyal sürekliliğin farklı yollarını anlamaktır. Özellikle, yerleşim oluşumunun genellikle gözden kaçan bir yönü olan mekansal sürekliliklerdeki kırılmaların varlığı ve etkileri tartışılmaktadır. Görünüşe göre bu iki yerleşimde, hem süreklilik hem de kırılmalar yerleşim yerlerine ve burada yaşayan toplumlara biçim ve anlam vermiştir. Bu makalede geçmişe yönelik sosyal sürekliliklerin ve bağlarin birçok değişken yolla inşa edilebileceği ve evin doğrudan mekansal sürekliliğinin bunlardan bir tanesi olduğu savunulmaktadır.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the British Institute at Ankara

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