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Let $T = (T_1, \ldots , T_n)$ be a commuting tuple of bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. The multiplicity of $T$ is the cardinality of a minimal generating set with respect to $T$. In this paper, we establish an additive formula for multiplicities of a class of commuting tuples of operators. A special case of the main result states the following: Let $n \geq 2$, and let $\mathcal{Q}_i$, $i = 1, \ldots , n$, be a proper closed shift co-invariant subspaces of the Dirichlet space or the Hardy space over the unit disc in $\mathbb {C}$. If $\mathcal{Q}_i^{\bot }$, $i = 1, \ldots , n$, is a zero-based shift invariant subspace, then the multiplicity of the joint $M_{\textbf {z}} = (M_{z_1}, \ldots , M_{z_n})$-invariant subspace $(\mathcal{Q}_1 \otimes \cdots \otimes \mathcal{Q}_n)^{\perp }$ of the Dirichlet space or the Hardy space over the unit polydisc in $\mathbb {C}^{n}$ is given by
We investigate integral means over spherical shell of holomorphic functions in the unit ball
$\mathbb {B}_n$ of
$\mathbb {C}^n$ with respect to the weighted volume measures and their relation with the weighted Hadamard product. The main result of this paper has many consequences which improve some well-known estimates related to the Hadamard product in Hardy spaces and weighted Bergman spaces.
Let $\Omega $ be a bounded Reinhardt domain in $\mathbb {C}^n$ and $\phi _1,\ldots ,\phi _m$ be finite sums of bounded quasi-homogeneous functions. We show that if the product of Toeplitz operators $T_{\phi _m}\cdots T_{\phi _1}=0$ on the Bergman space on $\Omega $, then $\phi _j=0$ for some j.
We construct a family of fibred threefolds $X_m \to (S , \Delta )$ such that $X_m$ has no étale cover that dominates a variety of general type but it dominates the orbifold $(S,\Delta )$ of general type. Following Campana, the threefolds $X_m$ are called weakly special but not special. The Weak Specialness Conjecture predicts that a weakly special variety defined over a number field has a potentially dense set of rational points. We prove that if m is big enough, the threefolds $X_m$ present behaviours that contradict the function field and analytic analogue of the Weak Specialness Conjecture. We prove our results by adapting the recent method of Ru and Vojta. We also formulate some generalisations of known conjectures on exceptional loci that fit into Campana’s program and prove some cases over function fields.
Let
$p:X\rightarrow Y$
be an algebraic fiber space, and let
$L$
be a line bundle on
$X$
. In this article, we obtain a curvature formula for the higher direct images of
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FA}_{X/Y}^{i}\otimes L$
restricted to a suitable Zariski open subset of
$X$
. Our results are particularly meaningful if
$L$
is semi-negatively curved on
$X$
and strictly negative or trivial on smooth fibers of
$p$
. Several applications are obtained, including a new proof of a result by Viehweg–Zuo in the context of a canonically polarized family of maximal variation and its version for Calabi–Yau families. The main feature of our approach is that the general curvature formulas we obtain allow us to bypass the use of ramified covers – and the complications that are induced by them.
The aim of this paper is twofold. The first aim is to describe the entire solutions of the partial differential equation (PDE) $u_{z_1}^2+2Bu_{z_1}u_{z_2}+u_{z_2}^2=e^g$, where B is a constant and g is a polynomial or an entire function in $\mathbb {C}^2$. The second aim is to consider the entire solutions of another PDE, which is a generalization of the well-known PDE of tubular surfaces.
The Fock–Bargmann–Hartogs domain
$D_{n,m}(\,\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}):=\{(z,w)\in \mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{C}^{m}:\Vert w\Vert ^{2}<e^{-\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}\Vert z\Vert ^{2}}\}$
, where
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}>0$
, is an unbounded strongly pseudoconvex domain with smooth real-analytic boundary. We compute the weighted Bergman kernel of
$D_{n,m}(\,\unicode[STIX]{x1D707})$
with respect to the weight
$(-\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C})^{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}}$
, where
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}(z,w):=\Vert w\Vert ^{2}-e^{-\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}\Vert z\Vert ^{2}}$
and
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}>-1$
. Then, for
$p\in [1,\infty ),$
we show that the corresponding weighted Bergman projection
$P_{D_{n,m}(\,\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}),(-\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C})^{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}}}$
is unbounded on
$L^{p}(D_{n,m}(\,\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}),(-\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C})^{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}})$
, except for the trivial case
$p=2$
. This gives an example of an unbounded strongly pseudoconvex domain whose ordinary Bergman projection is
$L^{p}$
irregular when
$p\in [1,\infty )\setminus \{2\}$
, in contrast to the well-known positive
$L^{p}$
regularity result on a bounded strongly pseudoconvex domain.
We characterize Fredholmness of Toeplitz operators acting on generalized Fock spaces of the n-dimensional complex space for symbols in the space of vanishing mean oscillation VMO. Our results extend the recent characterizations for Toeplitz operators on standard weighted Fock spaces to the setting of generalized weight functions and also allow for unbounded symbols in VMO for the first time. Another novelty is the treatment of small exponents 0 < p < 1, which to our knowledge has not been seen previously in the study of the Fredholm properties of Toeplitz operators on any function spaces. We accomplish this by describing the dual of the generalized Fock spaces with small exponents.
We strengthen, in various directions, the theorem of Garnett that every $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70E}$-compact, completely regular space $X$ occurs as a Gleason part for some uniform algebra. In particular, we show that the uniform algebra can always be chosen so that its maximal ideal space contains no analytic discs. We show that when the space $X$ is metrizable, the uniform algebra can be chosen so that its maximal ideal space is metrizable as well. We also show that for every locally compact subspace $X$ of a Euclidean space, there is a compact set $K$ in some $\mathbb{C}^{N}$ so that $\widehat{K}\backslash K$ contains a Gleason part homeomorphic to $X$, and $\widehat{K}$ contains no analytic discs.
The relationship between interpolation and separation properties of hypersurfaces in Bargmann–Fock spaces over $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ is not well understood except for $n=1$. We present four examples of smooth affine algebraic hypersurfaces that are not uniformly flat, and show that exactly two of them are interpolating.
In the paper the correspondence between a formal multiple power series and a special type of branched continued fractions, the so-called ‘multidimensional regular C-fractions with independent variables’ is analysed providing with an algorithm based upon the classical algorithm and that enables us to compute from the coefficients of the given formal multiple power series, the coefficients of the corresponding multidimensional regular C-fraction with independent variables. A few numerical experiments show, on the one hand, the efficiency of the proposed algorithm and, on the other, the power and feasibility of the method in order to numerically approximate certain multivariable functions from their formal multiple power series.
In this paper, we completely characterize the finite rank commutator and semi-commutator of two monomial-type Toeplitz operators on the Bergman space of certain weakly pseudoconvex domains. Somewhat surprisingly, there are not only plenty of commuting monomial-type Toeplitz operators but also non-trivial semi-commuting monomial-type Toeplitz operators. Our results are new even for the unit ball.
The edge-of-the-wedge theorem in several complex variables gives the analytic continuation of functions defined on the poly upper half plane and the poly lower half plane, the set of points in $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ with all coordinates in the upper and lower half planes respectively, through a set in real space, $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. The geometry of the set in the real space can force the function to analytically continue within the boundary itself, which is qualified in our wedge-of-the-edge theorem. For example, if a function extends to the union of two cubes in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ that are positively oriented with some small overlap, the functions must analytically continue to a neighborhood of that overlap of a fixed size not depending of the size of the overlap.
We present some fundamental properties of quasi-Reinhardt domains, in connection with Kobayashi hyperbolicity, minimal domains and representative domains. We also study proper holomorphic correspondences between quasi-Reinhardt domains.
We investigate interesting connections between Mizohata type vector fields and microlocal regularity of nonlinear first-order PDEs, establishing results in Denjoy–Carleman classes and real analyticity results in the linear case.
We prove the
$L^{2}$
extension theorem for jets with optimal estimate following the method of Berndtsson–Lempert. For this purpose, following Demailly’s construction, we consider Hermitian metrics on jet vector bundles.
We obtain explicit expressions for genus 2 degenerate sigma-function in terms of genus 1 sigma-function and elementary functions as solutions of a system of linear partial differential equations satisfied by the sigma-function. By way of application, we derive a solution for a class of generalized Jacobi inversion problems on elliptic curves, a family of Schrödinger-type operators on a line with common spectrum consisting of a point and two segments, explicit construction of a field of three-periodic meromorphic functions. Generators of rank 3 lattice in ℂ2 are given explicitly.
The algebra of all Dirichlet series that are uniformly convergent in the half-plane of complex numbers with positive real part is investigated. When it is endowed with its natural locally convex topology, it is a non-nuclear Fréchet Schwartz space with basis. Moreover, it is a locally multiplicative algebra but not a Q-algebra. Composition operators on this space are also studied.
Classically, Nevanlinna showed that functions from the complex upper half plane into itself which satisfy nice asymptotic conditions are parametrized by finite measures on the real line. Furthermore, the higher order asymptotic behaviour at infinity of a map from the complex upper half plane into itself is governed by the existence of moments of its representing measure, which was the key to his solution of the Hamburger moment problem. Agler and McCarthy showed that an analogue of the above correspondence holds between a Pick function f of two variables, an analytic function which maps the product of two upper half planes into the upper half plane, and moment-like quantities arising from an operator theoretic representation for f. We apply their ‘moment’ theory to show that there is a fine hierarchy of levels of regularity at infinity for Pick functions in two variables, given by the Löwner classes and intermediate Löwner classes of order N, which can be exhibited in terms of certain formulae akin to the Julia quotient.
Let
$s\in \mathbb{R}$
and
$0<p\leqslant \infty$
. The fractional Fock–Sobolev spaces
$F_{\mathscr{R}}^{s,p}$
are introduced through the fractional radial derivatives
$\mathscr{R}^{s/2}$
. We describe explicitly the reproducing kernels for the fractional Fock–Sobolev spaces
$F_{\mathscr{R}}^{s,2}$
and then get the pointwise size estimate of the reproducing kernels. By using the estimate, we prove that the fractional Fock–Sobolev spaces
$F_{\mathscr{R}}^{s,p}$
are identified with the weighted Fock spaces
$F_{s}^{p}$
that do not involve derivatives. So, the study on the Fock–Sobolev spaces is reduced to that on the weighted Fock spaces.