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We study moduli spaces of d-dimensional manifolds with embedded particles and discs, which we refer to as decorations. These spaces admit a model in which points are unparametrised d-dimensional manifolds in
$\mathbb{R}^\infty$
with particles and discs constrained to it. We compare this to the space of d-dimensional manifolds in
$\mathbb{R}^\infty$
with particles and discs that are no longer constrained, i.e. the decorations are decoupled. We show that under certain conditions these spaces cannot be distinguished by homology groups within a range. This generalises work by Bödigheimer–Tillmann for oriented surfaces to different tangential structures and also to higher dimensional manifolds. We also extend this result to moduli spaces with more general submanifolds as decorations and specialise in the case of decorations being embedded circles.
In this paper, we compute the $BP$-cohomology of complex projective Stiefel manifolds. The method involves the homotopy fixed point spectral sequence, and works for complex oriented cohomology theories. We also use these calculations and $BP$-operations to prove new results about equivariant maps between Stiefel manifolds.
We describe an organizing framework for the study of infinitary combinatorics. This framework is Čech cohomology. It describes ZFC principles distinguishing among the ordinals of the form
$\omega _n$
. More precisely, this framework correlates each
$\omega _n$
with an
$(n+1)$
-dimensional generalization of Todorcevic’s walks technique, and begins to account for that technique’s “unreasonable effectiveness” on
$\omega _1$
.
We show in contrast that on higher cardinals
$\kappa $
, the existence of these principles is frequently independent of the ZFC axioms. Finally, we detail implications of these phenomena for the computation of strong homology groups and higher derived limits, deriving independence results in algebraic topology and homological algebra, respectively, in the process.
In this paper we focus on compacta $K \subseteq \mathbb {R}^3$ which possess a neighbourhood basis that consists of nested solid tori $T_i$. We call these sets toroidal. Making use of the classical notion of the geometric index of a curve inside a torus, we introduce the self-geometric index of a toroidal set K, which roughly captures how each torus $T_{i+1}$ winds inside the previous $T_i$ as $i \rightarrow +\infty $. We then use this index to obtain some results about the realizability of toroidal sets as attractors for homeomorphisms of $\mathbb {R}^3$.
We establish a straightforward estimate for the number of open sets with fundamental group constraints needed to cover the total space of fibrations. This leads to vanishing results for simplicial volume and minimal volume entropy, e.g., for certain mapping tori.
For $G = \mathrm {GL}_2, \mathrm {SL}_2, \mathrm {PGL}_2$ we compute the intersection E-polynomials and the intersection Poincaré polynomials of the G-character variety of a compact Riemann surface C and of the moduli space of G-Higgs bundles on C of degree zero. We derive several results concerning the P=W conjectures for these singular moduli spaces.
We construct a complex analytic version of an equivariant cohomology theory which appeared in a paper of Rezk, and which is roughly modelled on the Borel-equivariant cohomology of the double free loop space. The construction is defined on finite, torus-equivariant CW complexes and takes values in coherent holomorphic sheaves over the moduli stack of complex elliptic curves. Our methods involve an inverse limit construction over all finite-dimensional subcomplexes of the double free loop space, following an analogous construction of Kitchloo for single free loop spaces. We show that, for any given complex elliptic curve $\mathcal {C}$, the fiber of our construction over $\mathcal {C}$ is isomorphic to Grojnowski's equivariant elliptic cohomology theory associated to $\mathcal {C}$.
Let $X^{n}$ be an oriented closed generalized $n$-manifold, $n\ge 5$. In our recent paper (Proc. Edinb. Math. Soc. (2) 63 (2020), no. 2, 597–607), we have constructed a map $t:\mathcal {N}(X^{n}) \to H^{st}_{n} ( X^{n}; \mathbb{L}^{+})$ which extends the normal invariant map for the case when $X^{n}$ is a topological $n$-manifold. Here, $\mathcal {N}(X^{n})$ denotes the set of all normal bordism classes of degree one normal maps $(f,\,b): M^{n} \to X^{n},$ and $H^{st}_{*} ( X^{n}; \mathbb{E})$ denotes the Steenrod homology of the spectrum $\mathbb{E}$. An important non-trivial question arose whether the map $t$ is bijective (note that this holds in the case when $X^{n}$ is a topological $n$-manifold). It is the purpose of this paper to prove that the answer to this question is affirmative.
We consider the Birman–Hilden inclusion
$\phi\colon\Br_{2g+1}\to\Gamma_{g,1}$
of the braid group into the mapping class group of an orientable surface with boundary, and prove that
$\phi$
is stably trivial in homology with twisted coefficients in the symplectic representation
$H_1(\Sigma_{g,1})$
of the mapping class group; this generalises a result of Song and Tillmann regarding homology with constant coefficients. Furthermore we show that the stable homology of the braid group with coefficients in
$\phi^*(H_1(\Sigma_{g,1}))$
has only 4-torsion.
Let X be a topologically stratified space, p be any perversity on X and k be a field. We show that the category of p-perverse sheaves on X, constructible with respect to the stratification and with coefficients in k, is equivalent to the category of finite-dimensional modules over a finite-dimensional algebra if and only if X has finitely many strata and the same holds for the category of local systems on each of these. The main component in the proof is a construction of projective covers for simple perverse sheaves.
We prove that the only relation imposed on the Hodge and Chern numbers of a compact Kähler manifold by the existence of a nowhere zero holomorphic one-form is the vanishing of the Hirzebruch genus. We also treat the analogous problem for nowhere zero closed one-forms on smooth manifolds.
We observe that every self-dual ternary code determines a holomorphic
$\mathcal N=1$
superconformal field theory. This provides ternary constructions of some well-known holomorphic
$\mathcal N=1$
superconformal field theories (SCFTs), including Duncan’s “supermoonshine” model and the fermionic “beauty and the beast” model of Dixon, Ginsparg, and Harvey. Along the way, we clarify some issues related to orbifolds of fermionic holomorphic CFTs. We give a simple coding-theoretic description of the supersymmetric index and conjecture that for every self-dual ternary code this index is divisible by
$24$
; we are able to prove this conjecture except in the case when the code has length
$12$
mod
$24$
. Lastly, we discuss a conjecture of Stolz and Teichner relating
$\mathcal N=1$
SCFTs with Topological Modular Forms. This conjecture implies constraints on the supersymmetric indexes of arbitrary holomorphic SCFTs, and suggests (but does not require) that there should be, for each k, a holomorphic
$\mathcal N=1$
SCFT of central charge
$12k$
and index
$24/\gcd (k,24)$
. We give ternary code constructions of SCFTs realizing this suggestion for
$k\leq 5$
.
In 1988, Sibe Mardešić and Andrei Prasolov isolated an inverse system
$\textbf {A}$
with the property that the additivity of strong homology on any class of spaces which includes the closed subsets of Euclidean space would entail that
$\lim ^n\textbf {A}$
(the nth derived limit of
$\textbf {A}$
) vanishes for every
$n>0$
. Since that time, the question of whether it is consistent with the
$\mathsf {ZFC}$
axioms that
$\lim ^n \textbf {A}=0$
for every
$n>0$
has remained open. It remains possible as well that this condition in fact implies that strong homology is additive on the category of metric spaces.
We show that assuming the existence of a weakly compact cardinal, it is indeed consistent with the
$\mathsf {ZFC}$
axioms that
$\lim ^n \textbf {A}=0$
for all
$n>0$
. We show this via a finite-support iteration of Hechler forcings which is of weakly compact length. More precisely, we show that in any forcing extension by this iteration, a condition equivalent to
$\lim ^n\textbf {A}=0$
will hold for each
$n>0$
. This condition is of interest in its own right; namely, it is the triviality of every coherent n-dimensional family of certain specified sorts of partial functions
$\mathbb {N}^2\to \mathbb {Z}$
which are indexed in turn by n-tuples of functions
$f:\mathbb {N}\to \mathbb {N}$
. The triviality and coherence in question here generalise the classical and well-studied case of
$n=1$
.
We calculate the integral equivariant cohomology, in terms of generators and relations, of locally standard torus orbifolds whose odd degree ordinary cohomology vanishes. We begin by studying GKM-orbifolds, which are more general, before specializing to half-dimensional torus actions.
We define and study generalizations of simplicial volume over arbitrary seminormed rings with a focus on p-adic simplicial volumes. We investigate the dependence on the prime and establish homology bounds in terms of p-adic simplicial volumes. As the main examples, we compute the weightless and p-adic simplicial volumes of surfaces. This is based on an alternative way to calculate classical simplicial volume of surfaces without hyperbolic straightening and shows that surfaces satisfy mod p and p-adic approximation of simplicial volume.
We give a geometric interpretation of sheaf cohomology for higher degrees $n\geq 1$ in terms of torsors on the member of degree $d=n-1$ in hypercoverings of type $r=n-2$, endowed with an additional datum, the so-called rigidification. This generalizes the fact that cohomology in degree one is the group of isomorphism classes of torsors, where the rigidification becomes vacuous, and that cohomology in degree two can be expressed in terms of bundle gerbes, where the rigidification becomes an associativity constraint.
We prove a representation stability result for the codimension-one cohomology of the level-three congruence subgroup of $\mathbf{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{Z})$. This is a special case of a question of Church, Farb, and Putman which we make more precise. Our methods involve proving finiteness properties of the Steinberg module for the group $\mathbf{SL}_{n}(K)$ for $K$ a field. This also lets us give a new proof of Ash, Putman, and Sam’s homological vanishing theorem for the Steinberg module. We also prove an integral refinement of Church and Putman’s homological vanishing theorem for the Steinberg module for the group $\mathbf{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{Z})$.
The aim of this paper is to show the importance of the Steenrod construction of homology theories for the disassembly process in surgery on a generalized n-manifold Xn, in order to produce an element of generalized homology theory, which is basic for calculations. In particular, we show how to construct an element of the nth Steenrod homology group $H^{st}_{n} (X^{n}, \mathbb {L}^+)$, where 𝕃+ is the connected covering spectrum of the periodic surgery spectrum 𝕃, avoiding the use of the geometric splitting procedure, the use of which is standard in surgery on topological manifolds.
Let $X$ be a topological space. We consider certain generalized configuration spaces of points on $X$, obtained from the cartesian product $X^{n}$ by removing some intersections of diagonals. We give a systematic framework for studying the cohomology of such spaces using what we call ‘twisted commutative dg algebra models’ for the cochains on $X$. Suppose that $X$ is a ‘nice’ topological space, $R$ is any commutative ring, $H_{c}^{\bullet }(X,R)\rightarrow H^{\bullet }(X,R)$ is the zero map, and that $H_{c}^{\bullet }(X,R)$ is a projective $R$-module. We prove that the compact support cohomology of any generalized configuration space of points on $X$ depends only on the graded $R$-module $H_{c}^{\bullet }(X,R)$. This generalizes a theorem of Arabia.