Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Cited by 6
  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: April 2011

13 - Ungulate management in Europe: towards a sustainable future

Summary

Management of ungulate populations: resource and conflict

As noted by Apollonio et al. (2010), the management of large ungulates in Europe is no easy task. There are some 20 different species, each living in a great variety of environmental conditions across their full distributional range; populations are increasing in nearly all European countries and, in consequence, they are having a profound effect on the ecological dynamics of both natural and human-created ecosystems of which they are a part.

These ungulates represent in themselves an immense potential resource – in terms of biodiversity and also in economic terms. More than 5.2 million animals harvested each year represents more than 120000 tonnes of meat, and a potential hunting revenue of several hundred million euros (Apollonio et al., 2010); in addition these animals have inestimable aesthetic and cultural value as country-specific carriers of a whole range of cultural and hunting traditions. At the same time, while they may be exploited in this way as sources of food and recreation, they may also have many negative impacts through damage to forests or agricultural crops, damage through heavy impacts on natural habitats (Chapter 6), as vectors of disease (Chapter 7), or through implication in collisions with vehicles (Chapter 8).

References
Apollonio, M., Andersen, R. and Putman, R. (2010) Present status and future challenges for European ungulate management. In Apollonio, M., Andersen, R. and Putman, R. (eds.) European Ungulates and their Management in the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 578–604.
Beddoe, R., Costanza, R., Farley, J., et al. (2009) Overcoming systemic roadblocks to sustainability: the evolutionary redesign of worldviews, institutions, and technologies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106, 2483–2489.
Brainerd, S. (2007) European Charter on Hunting and Biodiversity. Bern Convention, Council of Europe, Strasbourg. Online: www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/conventions/Bern/ Recommendations/tpvs07erev_2007.pdf
Brashares, J. S., Arcese, P., Sam, M. K., et al. (2004) Bushmeat hunting, wildlife declines, and fish supply in West Africa. Science 306, 1180–1183.
Burnham, K. P. and Anderson, D. R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference. New York: Springer.
Dickson, B., Hutton, J. and Adams, W. M. (2009) Recreational Hunting, Conservation and Rural Livelihoods. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
Frazier, J. (2007) Sustainable use of wildlife: the view from archaeozoology. Journal for Nature Conservation 15, 163–173.
Kenward, R. and Sharp, S. (2008) Use Nationally of Wildlife Resources across Europe (UNWIRE). In Manos, B. and Papathanasiou, J. (eds.) GEMCONBIO: Governance and Ecosystem Management for the Conservation of Biodiversity. Thessaloniki, Greece: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, pp. 117–123 (EC Contract FP6 - 028827).
Kenward, R. E, Sharp, R., Manos, B., et al. (2009) Conservation from use of biodiversity and ecosystem services. In Proceedings of the XXIX Congress of the International Union of Game Biologists, held Moscow, 2009, pp. 68–83.
Manos, B. and Papathanasiou, J. (2008) GEMCONBIO: Governance and Ecosystem Management for the Conservation of Biodiversity. Thessaloniki, Greece: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
,Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Morellet, N., Gaillard, J. M., Hewison, A. J. M., et al. (2007) Indicators of ecological change: new tools for managing populations of large herbivores. Journal of Applied Ecology 44, 634–643.
Nichols, J. D., Johnson, F. A. and Williams, B. K. (1995) Managing North American waterfowl in the face of uncertainty. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 26, 177–199.
Putman, R. J. and Watson, P. (2009) Developing an impact assessment methodology for use beyond the site scale. Report to the National Trust, England.
Putman, R. J., Watson, P. and Langbein, J. (in press) Assessing deer densities and impacts at the appropriate level for management: a review of methodologies for use beyond the site scale. Mammal Review, in press.
Shea, K.,and the NCEAS Working group on population management (1998) Management of populations in conservations, harvesting and control. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 371–375.
Smith, R., Muir, R., Walpole, M., Balmford, A. and Leader-Williams, N. (2003) Governance and the loss of biodiversity. Nature 426, 67–70.
Whittingham, M. J., Swetnam, R. D., Wilson, J. D., Chamberlain, D. E. and Freckleton, R. P. (2005) Habitat selection by yellowhammers Emberiza citronella on lowland farmland at two spatial scales: implications for conservation management. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 270–280.
Williams, B. K., Nichols, J. D. and Conroy, M. J. (2002) Analysis and Management of Animal Populations. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.