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  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: June 2016

Chapter 34 - Breech delivery and external cephalic version

from Section 6 - Obstetric emergencies

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1Hutton, EK, Hannah, ME, Ross, SJ, et al. The Early External Cephalic Version (ECV) 2 Trial: an international multicentre randomised controlled trial of timing of ECV for Breech pregnancies. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2011;118(5):564–77.
2Hofmeyr, GJ, Gyte, G. Interventions to help external cephalic version for breech presentation at term. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(1):CD000184.
3Lavoie, A, Guay, J. Anesthetic dose neuraxial blockade increases the success rate of external fetal version: a meta-analysis. Can J Anesth 2010;57;408–14.
4Hannah, ME, Hannah, WJ, Hewson, SA, et al., for the TBT Group planned caesarean section versus planned vaginal birth for breech presentation at term: a randomised multicentre trial. Lancet 2000;356:1375–83.
5Verhoven, AT, de Leeuw, JP, Bruinse, HW. Breech presentation at term: elective caesarean section is the wrong choice as a standard treatment because of too high risks for the mother and her future children. NedTijdschr Geneeskd 2005;149:2207–10.
6Schutt, JM, Steegers, EA, Santema, JG, et al. Maternal deaths after elective caesarean section for breech presentation in the Netherlands. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2007;86:240–43.
7Chan, LY, Leung, TY, Fok, WY, et al. Prediction of successful vaginal delivery in women undergoing external cephalic version at term for breech presentation. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2004;116:3942.
8Chan, LY, Tang, JL, Tsoi, KF, et al. Intrapartum caesarean delivery after successful external cephalic version: a meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol 2004;104:155–60.
9Cheng, M, Hannah, M. Breech delivery at term: a critical review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol 1993;82:605–18.
10Collaris, RJ, Guid Oei, S. External cephalic version: a safe procedure? A systematic review of version-related risks. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2004;83:511–18.
11Hofmeyr, GJ, Kulier, R. External cephalic version for breech presentation at term. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1996;CD000083.
12Hutton, EK, Hofmeyr, GJ. External cephalic version for breech presentation before term. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;CD000084.
13Impey, L, Pandit, M. Tocolysis for repeat external cephalic version in breech presentation at term: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2005;112:627–31.
14RCOG: Greentop Guideline 20a. External Cephalic Version and Reducing the Incidence of Breech Presentation. London: RCOG 2006.