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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: April 2019

4 - The Process Is the Problem

from Part I - The Process Is the Punishment


Malcolm Feeley’s pathbreaking book The Process Is the Punishment is a classic study of the gap between the law on the books and the law in action. In particular, Feeley exposes the tension between the ideal of “due process,” which seeks to allow individuals an opportunity to be heard at a meaningful time and in a meaningful manner, with the reality of how criminal processes and procedures impact a litigant navigating through the criminal justice process in powerful ways. Although due process protections in theory protect defendants and preserve the ideal of serving justice, they developed largely without regard to cost. Feeley’s book highlights the challenges and costs of invoking due process rights in various criminal settings.

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Gilles, Myriam. 2012. “Procedure in Eclipse: Group-Based Adjudication in a Post-Concepcion Era.” St. Louis Law Journal 56: 1203–29.
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Moore, Patricia Hatamyar. 2012. “An Updated Quantitative Study of Iqbal’s Impact on 12(b)(6) Motions.” University of Richmond Law Review 46: 603–58.
Moore, Patricia Hatamyar. 2010. “The Tao of Pleading: Do Twombly and Iqbal Matter Empirically.” American University Law Review 59: 553634.
Talesh, Shauhin. 2009. “The Privatization of Public Legal Rights: How Manufacturers Construct the Meaning of Consumer Law.” Law & Society Review 43: 527–62.
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Talesh, Shauhin. 2013. “How the ‘Haves’ Come Out Ahead in the Twenty-First Century.DePaul Law Review 62: 519–54.
Talesh, Shauhin. 2014. “Institutional and Political Sources of Legislative Change: Explaining How Private Organizations Influence the Form and Content of Consumer Protection Legislation.” Law & Social Inquiry 39: 9731005.
Talesh, Shauhin. 2015. “Rule-Intermediaries in Action: How State and Business Stakeholders Influence the Meaning of Consumer Rights in Regulatory Governance Arrangements.” Law & Policy 37: 131.
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White House signing ceremony, Feb. 18, 2005; transcript and official press release available at

  • Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398 U.S. 144 (1969).

  • Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, 477 U.S. 242 (1986).

  • Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009).

  • AT&T Mobility v. Concepcion, 563 U.S. 333 (2011)

  • Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007).

  • Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317 (1986).

  • Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41 (1957).

  • Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis, 138 S. Ct. 1612 (2018).

  • Matsushita Electrical Industrial Corp. v. Zenith Radio, 475 U.S. 574 (1986).

  • Poller v. CBS, Inc., 368 U.S. 464 (1962).

  • Shearson/American Express, Inc. v. McMahon, 482 U.S. 220, 232 (1987).

  • Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, 564 U.S. 338 (2011).

  • American Express Co. v. Italian Colors Restaurant, 570 U.S. 228 (2013).

  • Fed. R. Civ. Pro. Rule 1

  • Fed. R. Civ. Pro. Rule 8

  • Fed. R. Civ. Pro. Rule 23

  • Fed. R. Civ. Pro. Rule 26

  • Fed R. Civ. Pro. Rule 26(b)(1) 398 U.S. 977, 982 (1970) (amended 2000)

  • Civil Code § 1793.22(c)