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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: July 2020

32 - Self-Efficacy Interventions

from Part III - Behavior Change Interventions: Practical Guides to Behavior Change


Self-efficacy can be defined as individuals’ beliefs in their capability to implement a behavior needed to reach a goal or perform a task successfully. A vast amount of empirical research shows that self-efficacy is a key factor in predicting and explaining the successful initiation and maintenance of behavior change in various domains of human life. Less research has been conducted on the sources of self-efficacy (mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, somatic and affective states) and how these can be prompted in behavior change interventions. This chapter reviews primary and meta-analytic research on behavior change techniques promoting self-efficacy beliefs in interventions for change in health, work, and academic contexts. It also provides practical guidelines and concrete examples on how to design and evaluate behavior change interventions that target self-efficacy.

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