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  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: April 2013

7 - On nilpotent groups acting on Klein surfaces

Summary

Introduction

It is well known that a group of automorphisms of a compact Klein surface X of algebraic genus q ≥ 2 has at most 84(q-1) elements [15]. It is also known that this bound is attained as well as it cannot be attained for infinitely many values of q ([8], [9], [10], [17], [18], [29], [31]) but the problem of the classification of those q for which this is so is far away from being solved.

If X has nonempty boundary then the bound in question can be considerably sharpened. It was C L May who started to study groups of automorphisms of such surfaces. Using rather deep analytical machinery he showed in [21] that the bound in this case is 12(q-1) and then in [13], [22], [24], [25], [27], that it is attained for infinitely many values of q (see also [11], [12], [30]). For obvious reasons bordered Klein surfaces of algebraic genus q having a group of automorphisms of order 12(q-1) were named Klein surfaces with maximal symmetry. The problem of classifying such surfaces up to dianalytical equivalence and corresponding groups of automorphisms up to isomorphisms seem to be very difficult. However certain pieces of it seem to be more approachable. Recently for example May [27] has classified topological types of bordered Klein surfaces with maximal symmetry and supersoluble group of automorphisms showing in particular that such a surface of algebraic genus q ≥ 3 must be orientable.