Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: April 2016

Chapter 21 - Fetal growth disorders

from Section 6 - Fetal growth and wellbeing

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
1.Kovo, M, Schreiber, L, Ben-Haroush, A, et al. The placental factor in early- and late-onset normotensive fetal growth restriction. Placenta 2013; 34(4): 320–4.
2.Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). The investigation and management of the SGA fetus. RCOG Green-Top Guidelines No. 31. London: RCOG Press, February 2013.
3.Gardosi, J, Chang, A, Kalyan, B, et al. Customised antenatal growth charts. Lancet 1992; 339(8788): 283–7.
4.Persson, B, Stangenberg, M, Lunell, NO, et al. Prediction of size of infants at birth by measurement of symphysis fundus height. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1986; 93(3): 206–11.
5.Gardosi, J. Customised assessment of fetal growth potential: implications for perinatal care. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2012; 97(5): F3147.
6.Papageorghiou, AT, Ohuma, EO, Altman, DG, et al. International standards for fetal growth based on serial ultrasound measurements: the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. Lancet 2014; 384(9946): 869–79.
7.Gagnon, A, Wilson, RD, Audibert, F, et al. Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada Genetics Committee. Obstetrical complications associated with abnormal maternal serum markers analytes. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2008; 30(10): 918–49.
8.Goetzinger, KR, Cahill, AG, Macones, GA, et al. Echogenic bowel on second-trimester ultrasonography: evaluating the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. Obstet Gynecol 2011; 117(6): 1341–8.
9.Chauhan, SP, Cole, J, Sanderson, M, et al. Suspicion of intrauterine growth restriction: Use of abdominal circumference alone or estimated fetal weight below 10%. J Matern Fet Neonatal Med 2006; 19(9): 557–62.
10.Burd, I, Srinivas, S, Paré, E, et al. Is sonographic assessment of fetal weight influenced by formula selection? J Ultrasound Med 2009; 28(8): 1019–24.
11.Nabhan, AF, Abdelmoula, YA. Amniotic fluid index versus single deepest vertical pocket as a screening test for preventing adverse pregnancy outcome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; (3): CD006593.
12.Cnossen, JS, Morris, RK, ter Riet, G, et al. Use of uterine artery Doppler ultrasonography to predict pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction: a systematic review and bivariable meta-analysis. CMAJ 2008; 178(6): 701–11.
13.Bhide, A, Acharya, G, Bilardo, CM, et al. ISUOG Practice Guidelines: use of Doppler ultrasonography in obstetrics. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 41: 233–9.
14.Alfirevic, Z, Stampalija, T, Gyte, GML. Fetal and umbilical Doppler ultrasound in high-risk pregnancies. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013; 11: CD007529.
15.Baschat, AA, Gembruch, U. The cerebroplacental Doppler ratio revisited. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 21(2): 124–7.
16.Baschat, AA, Gembruch, U, Weiner, CP, et al. Qualitative venous Doppler waveform analysis improves prediction of critical perinatal outcomes in premature growth-restricted fetuses. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 22(3): 240–5.
17.Grivell, RM, Alfirevic, Z, Gyte, GML, et al. Antenatal cardiotocography for fetal assessment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; (1): CD007863.
18.Serra, V, Moulden, M, Bellver, J, et al. The value of the short-term fetal heart rate variation for timing the delivery of growth-retarded fetuses. BJOG 2008; 115(9): 1101–7.
19.Bujold, E, Roberge, S, Lacasse, Y, et al. Prevention of preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction with aspirin started in early pregnancy: a meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol 2010; 116(2): 402–14.
20.Boers, KE, Vijgen, SM, Bijlenga, D, et al. DIGITAT Study Group. Induction versus expectant monitoring for intrauterine growth restriction at term: randomised equivalence trial (DIGITAT). BMJ 2010; 341: c7087.
21.Severi, FM, Bocchi, C, Visentin, A, et al. Uterine and fetal cerebral Doppler predict the outcome of third-trimester small-for-gestational age fetuses with normal umbilical artery Doppler. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002; 19(3): 225–8.
22.Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). Antenatal corticosteroids to prevent respiratory distress syndrome. RCOG Green-Top Guidelines No. 7. London: RCOG, Press, October 2010.
23.Turan, OM, Turan, S, Gungor, S, et al. Progression of Doppler abnormalities in intrauterine growth restriction. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2008; 32(2): 160–7.
24.GRIT Study Group. A randomised trial of timed delivery for the compromised preterm fetus: short-term outcomes and Bayesian interpretation. BJOG 2003; 110(1): 2732.
25.Walker, DM, Marlow, N, Upstone, L, et al. The Growth Restriction Intervention Trial: long-term outcomes in a randomized trial of timing of delivery in fetal growth restriction. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2011; 204(1): 34. e1–9.
26.Lees, C, Marlow, N, Arabin, B, et al. TRUFFLE Group. Perinatal morbidity and mortality in early-onset fetal growth restriction: cohort outcomes of the trial of randomized umbilical and fetal flow in Europe (TRUFFLE). Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 42(4): 400–8.
27.Crowther, CA, Middleton, PF, Bain, E, et al; WISH Project Team. Working to improve survival and health for babies born very preterm: the WISH project protocol. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2013; 13: 239.
28.Ebbing, C, Rasmussen, S, Kiserud, T. Fetal hemodynamic development in macrosomic growth. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2011; 38(3): 303–8.
29.Irion, O, Boulvain, M. Induction of labor for suspected fetal macrosomia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000; 2: CD000938.
30.Mulik, V, Usha Kiran, TS, Bethal, J, et al. The outcome of macrosomic fetuses in a low risk primigravid population. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2003; 80(1): 1522.
31.Rosenberg, A. The IUGR Newborn. Seminars in Perinatology 2008; 32(3): 219–24.
32.Baschat, AA. Neurodevelopment following fetal growth restriction and its relationship with antepartum parameters of placental dysfunction. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2011; 37(5): 501–14.
33.Barker, DJ. Fetal and infant origins of disease. Eur J Epidemiol 1995: 25: 457–63.
34.Crispi, F, Figueras, F, Cruz-Lemini, M, et al. Cardiovascular programming in children born small for gestational age and relationship with prenatal signs of severity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012; 207(2): 121.e1–9
35.Boney, CM, Verma, A, Tucker, R, et al. Metabolic syndrome in childhood: association with birth weight, maternal obesity, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics 2005; 115(3): e2906.
36.Ganzervoort, W, Alfirevic, Z, von Dadelszen, P, et al. STRIDER: Sildenafil Therapy In Dismal prognosis Early-onset intrauterine growth Restriction–a protocol for a systematic review with individual participant data and aggregate data meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. Syst Rev 2014; 3: 23.