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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: March 2019

3 - The Ottoman Imperial Footprint and the International Context


This chapter provides historical background information on the Ottoman imperial footprint in the region. It provides descriptive information on the types of differences that set the Ottoman world apart from Western European state building processes as well as the similarities within the Ottoman world that render the country cases in this study comparable. The chapter emphasizes how common experiences of past Ottoman rule created conditions where religious elites, institutions and attachments played a dominant role in both governance and the structure of everyday life prior to emergence of the nation state, making the state building based on European models of secularism and sovereignty a particularly challenging endeavor.