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Subject Index

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 July 2022

James Tully
Affiliation:
University of Victoria, British Columbia
Keith Cherry
Affiliation:
University of Alberta
Fonna Forman
Affiliation:
University of California, San Diego
Jeanne Morefield
Affiliation:
University of Oxford
Joshua Nichols
Affiliation:
McGill University, Montréal
Pablo Ouziel
Affiliation:
University of Southampton
David Owen
Affiliation:
University of Southampton
Oliver Schmidtke
Affiliation:
University of Victoria, British Columbia

Summary

Type
Chapter
Information
Democratic Multiplicity
Perceiving, Enacting, and Integrating Democratic Diversity
, pp. 426 - 436
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Subject Index

abyssal thinking
and neocolonialism, 202
radical co-presence, 201
Adam Smith and the Circles of Sympathy, 142
affiliative cultural connections, 114
aggregative democracy, 9798
agonistic democracy
versus antagonism, 99100
constitutionalism and democracy perceived as guiding norms, 317
defined, 99
norm contestation, 315
normative baggage, 317
political parties in, 106107
relation between fact-based and value-based dynamics, 316
and right-wing populism, 104
all-affected principle
civic mode of citizenship, 46
Goodin on, 4647
interlinked interests, 47
all-subjected principle, 46
antagonism
versus agonistic democracy, 99100
in politics, 100
post-foundationalist politics, 95
anti-essentialist politics, 96
anti-essentialist politics in Europe, 104105
authoritarianism in representative democracies, 83
Bolsonaro, Jair, 374
Border Lemons (cultural strategy), 138
border politics
cross-border citizenship culture, 143144, 149151
MEXUS: Geographies of Interdependence, 147148
performative protest movements, 135136
US-Mexico, 127151
boundaries in an closed democratic picture
acceptable inputs to, 3031
breaches, 31
and civic criticism, 4748
and civil rights, 48
and gatekeeping, 29
scope and limits of authority, 31
voting constituency, 2930
boundaries in a open democratic picture, lack of, 34
Brazilian representative democracy challenges
authoritarianism, 83
dark money, 8384
fake news, 8485
institutional hijacking, 85
juridical systems, 8688
Operation Lava Jato, 8891
Brazilian representative democracy steps for change
court independence, 9192
institutional watchfulness, 92
Brexit, 5455, 107109
Bridge Staff, 141
Camera Obscura, 146
Cedar Trees Institute (CTI), 1, 374, 376
citizenship
civil rights and, 4243
civil versus civic modes, 4046
cross-border citizenship culture, 143144, 149151
civic mode of citizenship
activity constrained by civil order, 4546
all-affected principle, 46
versus civil mode, 4046
democratization of, 4850
order constrained by civic activity, 4546
picture of democracy in, 4344
prior to civil citizenship, 44
in representative democracy, 7377
scope of, 45
solidarity as respect as respectfulness, 4950
civil mode of citizenship
all subjected principle, 46
versus civic mode, 4046
civil rights and, 4243
democratization of, 4850
picture of democracy in, 43
scope of, 4445
solidarity as respect as observance, 49
civil rights
breaches of, 50
and democratic boundaries, 48
Coastal Gas Link (CGL), 337338
collective decision-making, 27
colonial states
in closed democratic picture, 3435
Indigenous people as full members, 30
in open democratic picture, 3435
community-based democracies. See also participatory democracy
collective decision-making, 27
defined, 2
UCSD Community Stations, 135148
community-based democracies and populism. See also populism and democracy
COVID-19 pandemic, 7273
individual rights and entitlements, 7073
levels of institutional scale, 7780
market-based logic, 72
meritocracy, corrosiveness of, 71
patriotism in, 7172
role of, 71
concretization
colonial states, 250251
defined, 236237
conditional authority, background, 332333
conditional authority in Europe
15M activists, 333334
commonality of, 333
European Commission monitoring national spending, 334
European Court of Justice (ECJ) over conflicting national legislation, 335336
loans to indebted countries, 334
several practices in concert, 344345
conditional authority on Turtle Island
authority of modern treaties, 336337
conditional forms of authority, 337
potlache system, 338339
practices from bottom-up, 337338
several practices in concert, 345346
conditional authority, preliminary typology
relationship capable of complex tensions, 340
unidirectional condition setting used to deliberately upset power imbalance, 340
where conditions are mutual between parties, 340
constitutionalism modern challenges
processes of social alienation, regional dis/integration and fragmentation, 311
rule of law and role of law, 311
contingency from anti-essentialist perspective, 9596
conviviality, Gitxsan, 291292, 295296
criticism
and civil/civic picture of democracy, 4748
in closed democratic picture, 28
in open democratic picture, 3334
in representative democracy, 110124
Cross-Border Commons, 145146, 147
cultural validation, 327, 329
Culture and Imperialism, 111
cycle-grid model (norm contestation)
defined, 318
and sustainable normativity, 323325
dark money in representative democracies, 8384
de Saussure, Ferdinand, 94, 97
deliberative democracy, 9798
demoarchy citizenship, 382
democracy
conditions at end of, 39
derivation of, 382
elusive concrete definition for, 5556
rift between rhetoric and lived experience, 152154
democracy, challenges to
articulation, 5859
Gaia crisis, 59, 61
representative inequality, 5961, 62, 8384
democracy and revolution
and concept of revolution, 172173
indeterminacy and, 174
new normal of crisis and catastrophes, 172
potential of, 173
democracy and revolution radical democracy
anti-hegemonic and anti-populist logic, 186189
Indigenous and migrant struggles, 189191
democracy and revolution reasons
generative nature of, 176178
guise of self-misunderstanding, 179180
historical reasons, 175
institutional limits, 182183
as part of a continuum, 181182
permanent struggle of, 179
philosophical reasons, 175176
political reasons, 175
and prefigurative politics, 181182
questioning accepted practices, 178
self-limitation, 181182
self-reflexivity, 181
without metaphysical foundations, 179
democracy as closed society picture
boundaries, 31
citizens both free and equal, 27
constitutional versus ordinary politics, 3132
criticism in, 28
defined, 25
elections rules and procedures, 27
focus on institutions, 28
gatekeeping, 29
as solution to a problem about collective action and decision, 2627
democracy as open society picture
acting and living together, 3233
change acceptance in, 38
colonial states, 3435
constitutional versus ordinary politics, 35
defined, 25
evolving conversation and critiques in, 3334
ideal citizen in, 37
importance of action in, 3738
lack of firm boundaries, 34
pluralism and, 33
role of laws and institutions in, 3536
democracy ‘beyond the state.’See also norm contestation in global democracy
exile criticism, 111116
subsections of, 2
democracy in a provisional key
aporetic nature of, 5354, 55
autoimmunity, 56
Brexit example, 5455
challenges to, 5862
conflictual consensus, 58
defined, 53
and populism, 5658
as question to be pressed, 5253, 54, 6162
struggles for, 55
what is rule? question, 54
what is the demos? question, 54
democracy in more inclusive and just form
contested compliance, 312
unfreedom of the moderns, 312
democratic challenge. See Democracy, challenges to
democratic fragility
and commitment to working how to proceed, 26
overthrow of institutions, 26
as process, 26
democratic joining hands. See also democratic self-and-other-determination
democratizing democracy, 380381
lateral relationships count more than hierarchical ones, 377378
moving forward in here and now, 387388
multilogue, 376377
need for understanding field of democracy, 375
new ways of democratic relations, 375
participatory democratic countermodernity in here and now, 379380
relationship types, 380
for transformative democratic integration, 34
use dialogue to generate transformative cycles, 375376
workshop, 376
democratic legitimacy in pluralistic spaces, approaches
modernist view, 331
pluralist view, 331
democratic legitimacy in pluralistic spaces, recognition and interaction practices, 331332
democratic legitimacy in pluralistic spaces, theorizing
reciprocal condition setting, 343344
relative authority test, 341342
several practices in concert, 344346
democratic legitimacy in pluralistic spaces,conditional authority
background, 332333
in Europe, 333336
democratic self-and-other-determination. See also democratic joining hands
democracy never in isolation, xx
democratic reciprocity, xixxx
evolutionary nature of, xx
interdependence and mutual engagement, xvii
responsibility for own relationships, xx
democratic struggles
critical proximity, 141
populist undemocratizing backlash, 156
xenophobia, 309
democratization
civic action and, 48
civil order and, 48
Gaia democracy, 371, 372
solidarity and, 4950
struggles for, 4849, 51
ecocycle, 165166
ecosocial systems
designs of renewable, 358359
long history in human sciences, 357358
two evolutionary paths, 358
egocycle
background of, 166167
thwarting, 168169
elections (closed democracy), 27
empowerment in populism
external other role, 69
people as community, 68
right wing populism and nationalism, 6768
as thin-center ideology, 67
environmental crisis and democracy. See also Gaia crisis
climate crisis, 61
Cross-Border Commons, 147
people affected, 59
plastic waste exports, 155
UCSD Community Stations mission, 135143
European Court of Justice (ECJ), 335336
European representative democracy
agonistic model, 99100
Brexit and, 107109
class essentialism, 9395
collective subject construction, 9697
crisis of neoliberalism, 100102
populist movement in, 104105
post-democracy in, 102104
post-Marxist, 105106
exile criticism, 111116
analysis ‘out of place,’, 112
filiative and affiliative forms of cultural connections, 114
imperial experiences of past, 112
jealous nature of, 113114
situations compel reflection, 114115
state of contradictions, 113
and struggles of migrants, 189191
tension between concept and experience, 113
exile criticism and political theory
bounded state obsession counter to experience, 118119
critical disposition rather than theory of politics, 119120
global justice, 120
history of, 117118
lack of political theorist interest in, 116117
versus liberal democratic theory, 122123
limitations of a notion state, 117118
question of identification to a community, 120121
questions asked different from cosmopolitan, 121122, 123
true humanism, 123124
fake news in representative democracies, 8485
feast (Gitxsan)
dynamics, 290291
hosting logistics, 289
lines of authority, 290
planning, 289290
significance of, 289
work that ceremony does, 302303
Federalist Papers, 366
15M activists, 333334, 378
filiative culture connections, 114
formal democratic practices, defined, 128
freedom of the moderns
contestation as a virtue, 326329
cultural validation most important practice, 329
norm contestation standpoints, 318319
and sustainable normativity, 321322
Freud, Sigmund, 96
Gaia crisis, 3, 59, 61. See also environmental crisis and democracy
Gaia democracy
democratic legitimacy in pluralist spaces, 330346
globalization and global governance, 307309
norm contestation as glue for globalized world, 310329
Political Equator, 149
tree canopies, 164
Gaia democracy and environmentalism. See also more-than-human world
commitment to participatory democracy, 354355
embodied in ecological and life sciences, 354
embodied in traditional ecological knowledge and wisdom (TEKW), 354
Gaia hypothesis, 355
Gaia democracy and environmentalism traditions
gift-gratitude-reciprocity worldview, 359360, 361362
reconnecting and animating, 369373
transition to the vicious systems, 362
Gaia hypothesis, 355357
Gandhi, Mahatma, 357, 371
gatekeeping
boundaries and, 29
in closed democratic picture, 29
gift-gratitude-reciprocity worldview
defined, 359360
four phases of, 361362
Gitxsan Indigenous democracy and voting, 198202
Gitxsan Indigenous democracy institutions, feast, 289290
Gitxsan Indigenous democracy lessons
belonging, 296
conviviality rather than consent, 295296
facticity of political community, 301
kinship as way of coming into relationship with others, 296297
participation and citizenship, 297298
religious law influences, 300301
responsibility to give to society, 298299
work that ceremony does, 302303
Gitxsan Indigenous democracy practices
community building, 293294
community importance, 285
culture of conviviality, 291292
having to rebuild Indigenous law, 211212
House importance, 288289
interconnected lifeways, 292293
kinship relations, 286288
Lindberg on, 211212
non-state society governance structure, 284285
outsider acceptance, 292293
peace agreement, 203208
relationship systems, 209211
social identity, 293
Global Summit of Refugees, 49
globalization
and global governance, 307309
norm contestation as glue, 310329
Gramsci, Antonio, 9395, 152
great transformation
causing sustainability crisis, 363
enclosure of common lands, 363
human labor movement to corporate and automated systems, 364
internet surveillance capitalism, 364
privatization of property by corporations, 363364
violent modernization processes, 362363
great-disembedding process, 157158
gridlock in democracy. See also democratic challenge
causes, 308309
examples, 309
reasons for, 307308
grounded normativity
defined, 237
in Indigenous relational networks, 239240, 251252
norm contestation in global democracy, 310329
producing Indigenous relational networks, 241243
vocabulary illegible in minority rights, 224225
grounded relationality, 156
Habermas, Jürgen, 95, 9899, 100
hegemony
alternatives in, 96
antagonism, 95
Hermeneutics of the Subject, 160
Hirschman, Albert
background at Columbia National Planning Council, 130
civic elasticity, 146
Getting Ahead Collectively: Grassroots Experiences in Latin America, 130
importance of local knowledge and practices, 131132
intermediary organizations and social promotion, 131
revolution rhetoric, 174
Hobbes, Thomas, 95, 118
Indigenous democracy
Canadian nation-to-nation relationship, 154
concept of interbeing, 158159
Gitxsan, 197211
Gixsan governance, 281303
indigenous-other-determination, xixxx
oldest form of democracy, 12
participatory nature of, 354355
potlache system, 338339
relational networks, 234258
settler states political history of membership, 214230
struggles for, 189191
Trans Mountain Pipeline (TMP), 259280
worldviews in traditions, 160
Indigenous resurgence networks
colonial states attempts to stifle Indigenous relationships, 236237
defined, 237
practice-based, 337338, 345346
relational, 234258
Indigenous resurgence networks stories
bus difficulties, 247249
and colonial concretization, 250251
community solidarity and tiny houses, 249250
as generative democratic movements, 257258
inclusiveness of, 252
place-based ethics of responsibility, 254
political praxis through politics from below, 253
salmon fish farm, 245247
Indigenous resurgence networks theory
grounded normativity, 239240
grounded normativity producing, 241243
politics of recognition and self-determination from below, 243244, 253
as prefigurative political project, 239
shift from powerlessness, 240241
individualist worldview
defined, 157
great-disembedding process, 157158
inequality (representative)
democratic challenge, 5961, 62
giving rise to crises, 3
informal democratic practices
critical proximity to struggles, 141
US-Mexico border, 127129
institutional hijacking in representative democracies, 85
institutions, democratic
in closed democracy, 28, 3536
in closed democratic picture, 28
community-based democracies and populism, 7780
Gitxsan feast, 289290
non-state, 210, 281303
overthrow of, 26
revolutionary limits, 182183
intermediary organizations, 131
International Relations (IR) theory
norm’s meaning-in-use, 327
three dimensions, 329
interregnum, 168
intra-action concept, 159
Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 94
liberal democratic theorists, 122123
Lincoln, Abraham, 372
Machiavelli, Niccolò, 95, 118
MEXUS: Geographies of Interdependence, 147148
minority rights vocabulary used for Indigenous people
normative vocabulary illegible, 224225
R v. Sparrow (Canada), 226229
Secession Reference (Canada), 229230
United States v Kagama, 231
modes of citizenship, 41
more-than-human world. See also Gaia democracy and environmentalism
going outside to formulate strategies, xix
judgement is perspectival, xix
legal order flows from creation story, xvii
natural world determines how people live, xx
vastness of natural world, perspective of human world, xix
Mutual Aid, 358
Neighbourhood houses (NHs), 7477
non-state institutions
Gitxsan governance, 281303
Rundle on, 210
nonviolence. See also Turtle Island democracy
in democracy, xvii
MLK on, 8
norm contestation in global democracy. See also democracy ‘beyond the state’; protest
agonistic, 315
contestation as a virtue, 326329
contingent on local practice, 326
cultural background knowledge, 327
cycle-grid model, 318
defined, 313
dual quality of norms, 313, 325326
freedom of the moderns, 318319
mapping contestations, 326
mechanisms of change according to guiding norms of global order, 322
modern constitutionalism challenges, 310311
norms and societal multiplicity, 312315
opportunities in, 313
practices of validation, 326
role of fundamental norms in forefront, 310
standpoints, 318319
sustainable normativity, 320326
tension between foundational frame and universal validity, 314315
ontology. See worldviews of political understanding
Operation Lava Jato, 8891
Orientalism, 111
Our Ecological Footprint, 370
Overton window, 269270
participatory democracy, 354355. See also community-based democracies
place-based ethics of responsibility, 254255
pluralism
democratic legitimacy, 330346
European Court of Justice (ECJ) over conflicting national legislation, 335336
pluralism in open democratic picture, 33
pluralism in representative democracy
aggregative versus deliberative democracy, 9798
political parties in, 106107
Secession Reference (Canada), 230
Political Equator, 149
political history of membership
categorical differences in legal vocabularies, 219
defined, 220224
descriptivism, 220221
function of, 214
Indigenous population struggles, 217218
internal perspectives, 217
laws different in kind, 218219
practical reality of legal system adjustments, 222224
process cases, 216217
process of determining membership, 214216
social actor interpretation of laws, 220
theoretical lens, 221222
political history of membership in settler states
legal vocabulary not legible, 224225
minority rights vocabulary used for Indigenous people, 225226
R v. Sparrow (Canada), 228229
Secession Reference (Canada), 229230
United States v Kagama, 231
political theorist
collective goodness versus fascist narrative, 122123
as curator for social justice, 132133
horizontal community engagement, 133135
lack of intervention in exile criticism, 116117
in solidarity with people struggling against, 129135
politics of recognition and self-determination from below
Gaia democracy, 369373
Indigenous resurgence networks, 243244, 253
populism and democracy. See also community-based democracies and populism
centre-left sense of community, 7073
conflictual consensus viewpoint, 5758
levels of institutional scale, 7780
populism as central part of democracy viewpoint, 57
populist antipluralism opposition viewpoint, 5657
populist idea of community, 65
populist promise of empowerment, 6670
post-democracy, 102103
undemocratizing backlash, 156
post-democracy
economic transformation in, 102
lack of popular sovereignty, 102
populist rise in, 102103
post-foundationalist politics, 9596
post-Marxism, 105106
poverty trap, 166
precipitation whiplash, 144
protest. See also norm contestation in global democracy
in closed picture democracy, 27
conditional practices from bottom-up to upset power, 337338
Gaia democracy, 372
Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, The, 223
Public Scholars, 141
R v. Sparrow (Canada)
background of legal fiction, 227228
locking Indigenous people into minority status, 228
marshall law vocabulary, 228229
wording of constitutional provision, 226227
reciprocal condition setting, 343344
Refugee Tales, 51
reifying standpoint, 319
relational canopy
characteristics, 163164
defined, 163
relational worldview
concept of interbeing, 158159
individuals in, 159160
intra-action concept, 159
relative authority test, 341342
Representation of the Intellectual, 115
representative democracy
in Brazil, 8292
civic engagement, 7377
in Europe, 93109
major family of democracy, 2
political parties in, 106107
representative democracy challenges
authoritarianism, 83
competitive powers, 85, 9697
democratic disconnection and deficit, 365369
ecocentric and individualist lifeways, 169171
inequalities, 5961, 62, 8384
juridical systems, 8688
non-cooperation, 8485
populism, 6580
representative democracy criticism
dichotomy of liberalism and colonialism, 110111
exile criticism, 111116
resurgence (Indigenous)
defined, 239
practices, 239
rethinking standpoints, 319
revolution and democracy
concept of revolution, 172173
indeterminacy and, 174
potential of, 173
revolution and democracy reasons
anti-hegemonic and anti-populist logic, 186189
generative nature of, 176178
guise of self-misunderstanding, 179180
historical reasons, 175
Indigenous and migrant struggles, 189191
institutional limits, 182183
as part of a continuum, 181182
permanent struggle of, 179
philosophical reasons, 175176
political reasons, 175
and prefigurative politics, 181182
questioning accepted practices, 178
self-limitation, 181182
self-reflexivity, 181
without metaphysical foundations, 179
right wing populism and nationalism in Europe, 104
Rights of Man, The, 365
rigidity trap, 166
Sand County Almanac, 353
scalar model, 328
Schmitt, Carl, 95, 97, –9899
Schumpeter, Joseph, 97
Secession Reference (Canada)
presumption of plurality, 230
vocabulary of democratic constitutionalism, 229230
settler colonialism
defined, 235236
enclose Indigenous relationships, 236237
settler states political history of membership, 214233
Smith, Adam, 142
social promotion
defined, 131
to fill vacuum left by the retreat, 131
and importance of local knowledge and practices, 131132
intentions of, 131
solidarity
in democratization, 4950
as respect as observance, 49
as respect as respectfulness, 4950
So-long-as decisions, 335336
Spielraum, 42
sui generis in Indigenous law, 217218
sustainable normativity
cycle-grid model (norm contestation), 323325
freedom of the moderns, 321322
recognition problem, 320
sustainability crisis, 363
transformative change through politics, 320
unequal access to democratic participation, 321
symbiosis
animacy of, 355357
in ecosocial systems, 357
tent canopies
hegemony, 161162
individualist features, 161162
relational canopy, 163164
worldviews as canopies of political understanding, 161162
Thatcher, Margaret, 96, 270
Thucydides, 95, 118
Tiny House Warriors, 274279
Trans Mountain Pipeline (TMP) resistance movement
history of, 267271
importance of Indian sovereignties, 260261
land/water defenders as protesters, 259260
resistance strategy, 271274
Tiny House Warriors, 274279
traps in human systems
poverty, 166
rigidity, 166
tree canopies
conceptualization, 156
ecocycle, 165166
as varied assemblages of people and lifeways, 164
worldviews, 157160
Trudeau, Justin
government purchase of Trans mountain, 266
leveraging reinstatement of Trans Mountain Pipeline, 268269
Overton window, 269270
support of Indigenous objections to pipelines, 263
Trump, Donald, 149, 374
Tsawalk, 160
Turtle Island democracy. See also nonviolence
authority of modern treaties, 336337
conditional forms of authority, 337
legal order from creation story, xvii
lessons from the natural world, xviii
potlache system, 338339
practices from bottom-up, 337338
several practices in concert, 345346
UCSD Community Stations
civic programming content, 136137
defined, 129
design, 136
founding intention to ‘localize the global,’, 135
UCSD Community Stations locations
UCSD-Alacrán Community Station, 138140
UCSD-CASA Community Station, 137138
UCSD Community Stations mission
cross-border citizenship culture, 143144, 149151
Cross-Border Commons, 145146, 147
elastic civil identity, 146147
environmental insecurity, 144145
localizing the global, 142143
MEXUS: Geographies of Interdependence, 147148
Political Equator, 149
trust building and complexity management, 140141
UCSD-Alacrán Community Station, 138140
UCSD-CASA Community Station, 137138
unfreedom of the moderns
overcoming dilemma by taking modern freedoms as profoundly contested, 317
six features of, 315316
two forms of, 327328
union decline, 299300
United States v Kagama, 231
Uribe, Carlos, 133
vicious social systems features
democratic disconnection and deficit, 365369
great transformation, 362365
vicious social systems, transitions from other systems, 362
violence,
acceptance of state, 89
colonial, 275
cycles of, 308, 351
epistemic, 157, 162, 167168
mnemonic, 175
radical political, 150, 153154
revolutionary, 185186
Said on, 113
settler, 119
Visiting Economists Syndrome, 131
worldviews as canopies of political understanding
contrasts between types, 165
defined, 161
ecocycle, 165166
egocycle, 166167, 168169
tent canopies, 161162, 164
traps, 166167
tree canopies, 164
worldviews of political understanding, defined, 157
worldviews of political understanding, types of
antagonistic and hierarchical differences, 160
Indigenous traditions, 160
individualist, 157158
relational, 15860
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