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Bound by the Bible
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Book description

The Sacrifice of Isaac is one of the most well-known stories in the Bible. It is also a shocking account of how Abraham's faith in God was demonstrated by a willingness to sacrifice his long-awaited son at God's command. This story has been a source of fascination for Jews and Christians for many centuries and here, Edward Kessler offers an enthralling account of Jewish and Christian interpretations of this biblical story. For understandable reasons, it has been assumed that Judaism influenced Christian interpretation but relatively little attention has been given to the question of the influence of Christianity upon Judaism. Kessler provides an insight into this absorbing two-way encounter and argues that neither Jewish nor Christian interpretations can be understood properly without reference to the other. As Jews and Christians lived, and continue to live, in a biblically orientated culture, Kessler shows how both were 'bound by the bible'.

Reviews

'His book adds a new dimension to the study of the subject in late antiquity … Edward Kessler's contribution will be indispensable to students of the Akedah and deserves a wide readership.'

Source: Jewish Chronicle

'Kessler is able to show not only that Christian interpretations of Genesis 22 were influenced by rabbinic discussions, but also, and more surprisingly, that rabbis were not afraid to borrow Christian ideas, and not always in order to refute them. The book thus contributes to the recent consensus that Judaism and Christianity, as we now know them, share many common roots, and that neither would have taken the shape it did without the stimulus provided by the other. This challenges widespread perceptions in both religions. Here it is illustrated with solid and detailed evidence.'

Source: Church Times

'… this welcome study of Genesis 22 affords a wealth of material and raises many important questions.'

Source: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament

'This is a fascinating book and a work of meticulous scholarship.'

Source: Theology

'Scholarly in its detailed analysis... each chapter is helpfully divided into the same three sections... making it easy to follow the arguments.'

Source: Epworth Review

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Contents

Bibliography
PRIMARY SOURCES: TEXTS AND TRANSLATIONS
THE BIBLE
Targum Versions
Onkelos
Sperber, A. (ed.) (1959). The Bible in Aramaic, I: The Pentateuch According to Targum Onkelos. Leiden, Brill
Pseudo-Jonathan
Clarke, E. G. et al. (eds.) (1984). Targum Pseudo-Jonathan of the Pentateuch: Text and Concordance. New Jersey, Ktav
Palestinian Targum
Díez Macho, A. (ed.) (1968–78). Neophyti, I: Targum Palestinense ms. de la Biblioteca Vaticana, Edicion Principe. Textos y Estudios ‘Cardenal Cisneros’ del Instituto ‘Arias Montano’, Madrid, consejo superior de Investigaciones Cientificas
Klein, M. (ed.) (1980). The Fragment Targums of the Pentateuch According to their Extant Sources. Analecta Biblica 80, Rome, Biblical Institute Press
Klein, M. (ed.) (1986). Genizah MSS of Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch. Cincinnati, Hebrew Union College
Christian
Goshen-Gottstein, M. (ed.) (1973). The Bible in the Syropalestinian Version Jerusalem, Magnes Press
Coptic version
Ciasca, A. (ed.) (1885). Sacrorum bibliorum: Fragmenta copto-sahidica. Rome, Musei Borgiani
Greek version
Harl, M. (1994). La Bible d'Alexandrie: La Genèse. Paris, Cerf
Wevers, J. et al. (ed.) (1931–93). Septuaginta: Vetus Testamentum Graecum auctoritate academiae scientiarum gottingensis. Göttingen, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft
Hebrew version
Eilliger, K. and W. Rudolph (eds.) (1967–77). Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia Stuttgart, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft
Latin version
Weber, R. (ed.) (1969). Biblia Sacra iuxta Vulgatam versionem. Stuttgart, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft
New Testament
Nestle E., B. Aland and K. Aland (eds.) (1993). Novum Testamentum Graece. Stuttgart, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft
TRANSLATIONS AND COMMENTARIES
Chilton, B. (ed.) (1987). The Aramaic Bible: The Isaiah Targum. Edinburgh, T&T Clark
Grossfeld, B. (ed.) (1988). The Aramaic Bible: Targum Onqelos to Genesis Edinburgh, T&T Clark
Le Boulluec, A. and D. Pralon (eds.) (1988). La Bible d'Alexandrie, II: L'Exode. Paris, Cerf
Le Déaut, R. (ed.) (1978–81). Targum du Pentateuch: Traduction des deux recensions palestiniennes complètes avec introduction, parallèles, notes et index. Sources Chrétiennes 245, 256, 271, 282, Paris, Cerf
Maher, M. (ed.) (1992). The Aramaic Bible: Targum Pseudo-Jonathan: Genesis. Edinburgh, T&T Clark
McNamara, M. (ed.) (1992). The Aramaic Bible: Targum Neofiti I Genesis. Edinburgh, T&T Clark
HELLENISTIC GREEK WORKS
Colson, F. H. and G. H. Whitaker (eds.) (1949–62). Philo with an English Translation. Loeb Classical Library, London, Heinemann
Marcus, R. (ed.) (1953). Philo Supplement I: Questions and Answers on Genesis and Exodus. Loeb Classical Library, London, Heinemann
Thackeray, H. St J. (ed.) (1950–65). Josephus with an English Translation. Loeb Classical Library, London, Heinemann
APOCRYPHAL AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHAL WORKS
Abel, F.-M. (ed.) (1948). Les Livres des Maccabées. Paris, J. Gabalda
Charlesworth, J. H. (ed.) (1985). The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. New York, Doubleday
Harrington, D., C. Perrot and P.-M. Bogaert (eds.) (1976). Pseudo-Philon: Les Antiquités Bibliques. Sources Chrétiennes 229, 230, Paris, Cerf
Jacobson, H. (1996). A Commentary on Pseudo-Philo's Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum. Leiden, Brill
Milik, M. (ed.) (1994). Qumran Cave 4. Discoveries from the Judean Desert, 13, Oxford, Oxford University Press
Sparks, H. F. D. (ed.) (1984). The Apocryphal Old Testament. Oxford, Oxford University Press
RABBINIC WRITINGS
The Talmudic literature
Mishnah (M)
Albeck, C. (ed.) (1952–8). Shisha sidre mishnah. Jerusalem, Mosad Bialik
Danby, H. (ed.) (1933). The Mishnah. Oxford, Oxford University Press
Tosefta (Tos)
Lieberman, S. (ed.) (1955–88). The Tosefta. New York, Bet ha-midrash le-rabanim ba-'Amerikah
Neusner, J. et al. (eds.) (1977–86). The Tosefta. New Haven, Ktav
Jerusalem Talmud (Jerusalem Talmud)
Benrend, B. (ed.) (1866). Talmud yerushalmi: kemo she-nidpas be venetsi'ah bi-shenat 5282. Krotoschin
Neusner, J. et al. (eds.) (1982–94). The Talmud of the Land of Israel. Chicago, Chicago University Press
Wewers, G. A. et al. (trans.) (1980–). Übersetzung des Talmud Yerushalmi. Tübingen, Mohr
Babylonian Talmud (Babylonian Talmud)
Epstein, I. (ed.) (1935–82). The Babylonian Talmud. London, Soncino
The Midrashic literature
Mekhilta de Rabbi Ishmael (MdRI)
Lauterbach, J. Z. (ed.) (1933–5). Mekilta de Rabbi Ishmael. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society
Mekhilta de Rabbi Shimon be Yochai (MdSbY)
Epstein, J. N. and E. Z. Melamed (eds.) (1955). Mekhilta d'Rabbi Simon b. Jochai. Jerusalem, Mekize Nirdamim
Sifra (on Leviticus)
Finkelstein, L. (ed.) (1956). Sifra or Torat Kohanim According to Codex Assemani LXVI. New York, Jewish Theological Seminary of America
Neusner, J. (ed.) (1988) Sifra: An Analytical Translation Atlanta
Sifre (on Numbers)
Horovitz, H. S. (ed.) (1966). Siphre D'be Rab: Fasciculus primus: Siphre ad Numeros adjecto Siphre zutta. Jerusalem, Bet ha-midrash le-rahanim ba-'Amerikah
Neusner, J. (ed.) (1986). Sifré to Numbers: An American Translation and Explanation. Atlanta, Scholars Press
Sifre (on Deuteronomy)
Finkelstein, L. (ed.) (1939). Siphre ad Deuteronomium H. S. Horovitzii schedis usis cum variis lectionibus et adnotationibus. Berlin, Bet ha-midrash le rahanim ba-'Amerikah
Hammer, R. (ed.) (1986). Sifre: A Tannaitic Commentary on the Book of Deutero-nomy. New Haven, Yale University Press
Midrash Tannaim (on Deuteronomy)
Hoffman, D. (ed.) (1908–9). Midrasch Tannaim zum Deuteronomium. Berlin, Hevrat mekitse nirdamim
Midrash Rabbah
Freedman, H. and M. Simon (eds.) (1961). Midrash Rabbah: Translated into English. London, Soncino
Mirkin, M. A. (ed.) (1956–67). Midrash Rabbah. Tel-Aviv, Yavneh
Theodor, J. (ed.) (1912). Bereschit Rabba mit kritischem Apparat und Kommentar, Vol. 1. Berlin, n.p
Pesikta de Rab Kahana (Pesikta de Rab Kahana)
Braude, W. G. and I. J. Kapstein (eds.) (1975). Pesikta de-Rab Kahana. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society
Mandelbaum, B. (ed.) (1962). Pesikta de Rav Kahana: According to an Oxford Manuscript with Variants. New York, n.p
Pesikta Rabbati (PesR)
Friedmann, M. (ed.) (1980). Pesikta Rabbati: Midrasch für den Fest-Cyclus und die ausgezeichneten Sabbathe. Vilna, ha madpis Y. Qayzer
Braude, W. G. (ed.) (1968). Pesikta Rabbati: Discourses for Feasts, Fasts and Special Sabbaths. New Haven, Yale University Press
Tanhuma-Yelamdenu (TanY)
Berman, S. A. (ed.) (1996). Midrash Tanhuma-Yelammedenu [Genesis-Exodus]. New York, Ktav
Zondel ben Joseph, E. (ed.) (1875). Midrash Tanhuma. Warsaw, N. D. Visberg
Tanhuma-Buber (TanB)
Buber, S. (ed.) (1885). Midrasch Tanhuma. Wilna, ha-Almanah veha-Ahim Rom
Townsend, J. T. (ed.) (1989–95). Midrash Tanhuma [Genesis-Leviticus]. New York, Ktav
Midrash Zuta
Buber, S. (ed.) (1894). Midrasch Suta: Haggadische Abhandlungen über Schir ha-Schirim, Ruth, Ecah und Koheleth, nebst Jalkut zum Buche Echah. Berlin, n.p
Tanna de-bê Eliyahu (Tan Eli)
Friedman, M. (ed.) (1960). Seder Eliahu Rabba und Seder Eliahu zuta Tanna d'be Eliahu. Jerusalem, Bamberger and Wahrman
Braude, W. G. and I. J. Kapstein (eds.) (1981). Tanna debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society
Pirkei de Rabbi Eliezer (Pirkei de Rabbi Eliezer)
Friedlander, G. (ed.) (1916). Pirke de Rabbi Eliezer. New York, n.p
Midrash ha-gadol
Margulies, M. (ed.) (1947). Midrash ha-gadol ‘al hamishah humshe Toran: sefer Bere'shit. Jerusalem, Mosad ha-Rav kook
APOSTOLIC AND GREEK FATHERS
Athanasius
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Epistolae Heortasticae IV. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 26
Barnabas
Lake, K. (ed.) (1912) Apostolic Fathers (I) with an English Translation. Loeb Classical Library, London, Heinemann
Prigent, P. and R. A. Knight (eds.) (1971). L'épître de Barnabé. Sources Chrétiennes 172, Paris, Cerf
Basil of Seleucia
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Oration VII. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 85
Catena
Evans, E. (ed.) (1956). Tertullian's Treatise on the Incarnation. London, SPCK
Petit, F. (ed.) (1986). Collectio Coisliniana. Louvain, Peeters
Petit, F. (ed.) (1995). La chaîne sur la Genèse (édition intégrale). Louvain, Peeters
Chrysostom
Harkins, P. W. (ed.) (1979). Saint John Chrysostom: Discourses against Judaizing Christians. Washington, Catholic University Press of America
Hill, R. C. (ed.) (1986–92). Homilies on Genesis. Washington, Catholic University Press of America
Malingrey, A.–M. (ed.) (1980). Sur le sacerdoce dialogue et homélie/Jean Chrysostome; introduction, texte critique, traduction et notes. Sources Chrétiennes 272, Paris, Cerf
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Adversus Iudaeos. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 48
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Homiliarum in Genesim (XLVII). J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 54
Clement of Alexandria
Marrou, H.-I. and M. Harl (ed.) (1960). Le Pedagogue I. Sources Chrétiennes 70, Paris, Cerf
Le Boulluec, A. (ed.) (1981). Les Stromates V. Sources Chrétiennes 278/9, Paris, Cerf
Clement of Rome
Lake, Kirsopp (ed.) (1912). Apostolic Fathers (I) with an English Translation. Loeb Classical Library, London, Heinemann
Cyril of Alexandria
Burns, W. H. (ed.) (1991). Lettres Festales. Sources Chrétiennes 372, Paris, Cerf
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). De adoratione et cultu in spiritu et veritate. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 68
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Glaphyrorum in Genesim. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 69
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Homilae Paschales. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 77
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). In Malchiam prophetam commentarius. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 72
Ephrem Graecus
Mercati, S. I. (ed.) (1915). S. Ephraem Syri Opera. Rome, Pontifical Biblical Institute
Gregory of Nazianzen
Bernardi, J. (ed.) (1978). Discours/Grégoire de Nazianze. 1–3. Sources Chrétiennes 247, Paris, Cerf
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1858–66). Oratio XLV: In Sanctum Pascha. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 36
Gregory of Nyssa
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). De Deitate Filii et Spiritus Sancti. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 46
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). In Christi Resurrectionem Oratio 1. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 46
Irenaeus of Lyons
Rousseau, A. and L. Doutreleau (eds.) (1965–82). Contre les hérésies: Livre IV. Sources Chrétiennes 100, Paris, Cerf
Justin Martyr
Goodspeed, E. J. (ed.) (1914). Die ältesten Apologeten. Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Williams, A. L. (ed.) (1935). Justin Martyr, the Dialogue with Trypho: Translated, Introduction and Notes. London, SPCK
Melito of Sardis
Hall, S. G. (ed.) (1979). Melito of Sardis: On Pascha and Fragments. Oxford, Clarendon Press
Origen
Borret, M. (ed.) (1967–). Contre Celse/Origène. Sources Chrétiennes 136, Paris, Cerf
Borret, M. (ed.) (1981). Homélies sur le Lévitique. Sources Chrétiennes 287, Paris, Cerf
Brésard, L. and H. Crouzel (eds.) (1991–2). Commentaire sur le cantique des cantiques/Origène. Sources Chrétiennes 375–6, Paris, Cerf
De Lange, N. (ed.) (1983). La lettre à Africanus. Sources Chrétiennes 302, Paris, Cerf
Doutreleau, L. (ed.) (1976). Homélies sur la Genèse. Sources Chrétiennes 7, Paris, Cerf
Jaubert, A. (ed.) (1960). Homélies sur Josué. Sources Chrétiennes 71, Paris, Cerf
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Exegetica in Psalmos. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 12
Pseudo-Ephrem Graecus
Mercati, S. I. (ed.) (1915). S. Ephraem Syri Opera. Rome, Pontifical Biblical Institute
Pseudo-Gregory of Nyssa
Mercati, S. I. (ed.) (1915). S. Ephraem Syri Opera. Rome, Pontifical Biblical Institute
Polycarp
Lake, K. (ed.) (1913). Apostolic Fathers (II) with an English Translation. Loeb Classical Library, London, Heinemann
Romanos
Grosdidier de Matons, J. (ed.) (1964). Romanos de Mélode: Hymnes. Sources Chrétiennes 99, Paris, Cerf
Moskhos, M. (1974). ‘Romanos’ Hymn on the Sacrifice of Abraham: A Discussion of the Sources and a Translation'. Byzantion 44: 310–28
Carpenter, M. (1972). Kontakia of Romanos: Byzantine Melodist. Columbia, University of Missouri Press
Socratis Hermiae Sozomeni
Migne, J. P. (ed.) (1857–66). Historia Ecclesiastica. J.-P. Migne (ed.), Patrologiae cursus completus. Serie Graece. Paris, Petit-Montrouge, 1857–83. 67
Tertullian
Rendall, G. H. and T. R. Glover (eds.) (1931). Tertullian, Apology, De spectaculis, with an English Translation by T. R. Glover. Minicius Felix with an English Translation by Gerald H. Rendall. Loeb Classical Library. London, W. Heinemann
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