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Artificial Intelligence and International Economic Law
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Book description

Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are transforming economies, societies, and geopolitics. Enabled by the exponential increase of data that is collected, transmitted, and processed transnationally, these changes have important implications for international economic law (IEL). This volume examines the dynamic interplay between AI and IEL by addressing an array of critical new questions, including: How to conceptualize, categorize, and analyze AI for purposes of IEL? How is AI affecting established concepts and rubrics of IEL? Is there a need to reconfigure IEL, and if so, how? Contributors also respond to other cross-cutting issues, including digital inequality, data protection, algorithms and ethics, the regulation of AI-use cases (autonomous vehicles), and systemic shifts in e-commerce (digital trade) and industrial production (fourth industrial revolution). This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.


‘This book is a must-read for the AI policy community, which has been slow to reckon with the global political economy of AI. The focus on international economic law challenges the dominant conception of what counts as ‘AI regulation’ to expand beyond concerns of privacy and discrimination, even as it meditates on the potential limits of these regulatory approaches. As the economic drivers of AI and data regulation become increasingly explicit, this collection could not be more timely.’

Amba Kak - Director of Global Policy & Programs, New York University AI Now Institute

‘As the transformative force of artificial intelligence starts to define the future of our economies and societies, it gives rise to numerous complex legal questions at the international level. This book consolidates contributions that provide an eminently readable treatment of complex issues with a vision into the future of international trade. It offers an excellent point of reference for policymakers, practitioners, and scholars on such a vital subject for our future.’

Hamid Mamdouh - Senior Counsel at King & Spalding LLP, former Director of WTO Trade in Services and Investment Division

‘The set of technologies included in AI present existential and more ordinary threats, in addition to utopian opportunities. These technologies, and their threats, are global, and will therefore require regulatory coordination among states through international law, and will also challenge settled rules of international economic law. This volume, with exciting and trenchant chapters written by a dream team of authors, illuminates our path to the future.’

Joel P. Trachtman - Professor of International Law, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

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Full book PDF
  • Artificial Intelligence and International Economic Law
    pp i-ii
  • Artificial Intelligence and International Economic Law - Title page
    pp iii-iii
  • Copyright page
    pp iv-iv
  • Contents
    pp v-vii
  • Figures
    pp viii-viii
  • Contributors
    pp ix-x
  • Preface
    pp xi-xii
  • 1 - Artificial Intelligence and International Economic Law
    pp 1-26
  • Part I - Systemic Shifts in the Global Economic Order
    pp 27-94
  • 2 - Trade Law in a Data-Driven Economy
    pp 29-53
  • 3 - Global Law in the Face of Datafication and Artificial Intelligence
    pp 54-69
  • 4 - Trading Artificial Intelligence
    pp 70-94
  • Part II - Reconceptualizing World Trade Organization Law for the Artificial Intelligence Economy
    pp 95-172
  • 5 - Trade Rules for Industry 4.0
    pp 97-120
  • 6 - Autonomous Vehicle Standards under the Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement
    pp 121-138
  • 7 - Convergence, Complexity and Uncertainty
    pp 139-154
  • 8 - Are Digital Trade Disputes “Trade Disputes”?
    pp 155-172
  • Part III - Data Regulation as Artificial Intelligence Regulation
    pp 173-234
  • 10 - Data Protection and Artificial Intelligence
    pp 193-214
  • 11 - Data Portability in a Data-Driven World
    pp 215-234
  • Part IV - International Economic Law Limits to Artificial Intelligence Regulation
    pp 235-292
  • 13 - International Trade Law and Data Ethics
    pp 255-273
  • 14 - Disciplining Artificial Intelligence Policies
    pp 274-292
  • Part V - Reconfiguration of International Economic Law
    pp 293-294
  • 15 - Across the Great Wall
    pp 295-318
  • 16 - The Next Great Global Knowledge Infrastructure Land Rush Has Begun
    pp 319-336
  • 17 - Trade Law Architecture after the Fourth Industrial Revolution
    pp 337-352


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