Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: November 2014

8 - Alcohol and substance dependence


1. WHO (2002) World Health Report. Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life. WHO, Geneva.
2. Department of Health (2008) Safe, Sensible, Social Consultation on Further Action.
3. Department of Health. Reducing Alcohol Harm: health services in England for alcohol misuse. Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General. HC 1049 Session 2007–2008; 29 October 2008. Available to download at
5. The Information Centre (2011) Statistics on Drug Misuse: England 2011.
6. Raistrick D, Heather N, Godfrey C (2006) Review of the Effectiveness of Treatment for Alcohol Problems. National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, London.
7. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2003) The Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence in Primary Care, Clinical Guideline 74.

Further reading

Haydock SF (2012) Drug dependence. In: Bennet PN, Brown MJ and Sharma P (eds.) Clinical Pharmacology, 11th edn. Churchill Livingstone, Chapter 11.
NICE (2011) Alcohol Dependence and Harmful Alcohol Use, Clinical Guideline 115. Available to download at