Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-d2wc8 Total loading time: 0.531 Render date: 2021-10-15T21:50:50.265Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Book contents

7 - UN Peacekeeping and the Protection of Bodily Integrity Rights: When Protectors Become Perpetrators

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2017

Monika Heupel
Affiliation:
Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, Germany
Michael Zürn
Affiliation:
Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Protecting the Individual from International Authority
Human Rights in International Organizations
, pp. 157 - 185
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2017

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

AFP (Agence France-Presse) 2012. ‘Pakistan UN Peacekeeping Role at Risk after 3 Punished in Haiti Sexual Abuse Case’. 14 March. http://tribune.com.pk/story/349652/pakistan-risks-un-peacekeeping-role/ (6 October 2015).
American Society of International Law 2002. ‘Efforts to obtain immunity from ICC for US peacekeepers’. The American Journal of International Law 96(3): 725729.CrossRef
Amnesty International. 1994. ‘Peace-Keeping and Human Rights’. AI Index IOR 40/01/94. www.amnesty.org/en/documents/ior40/001/1994/en/ (16 October 2015).
Aoi, Chiyuki, de Coning, Cedric and Thakur, Ramesh (eds.) 2007. Unintended Consequences of Peacekeeping Operations. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.Google Scholar
Barnett, Michael and Finnemore, Martha 2004. Rules for the World. International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Bellamy, Alex J. and Williams, Paul D. 2010. Understanding Peacekeeping. 2nd edn. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Benner, Thorsten, Mergenthaler, Stephan and Rotmann, Philipp 2011. The New World of UN Peace Operations. Learning to Build Peace? Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bolkovac, Kathryn and Lynn, Cari. 2011. The Whistleblower. Sex Trafficking, Military Contractors, and One Woman’s Fight for Justice. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Childers, Erskine and Urquhart, Brian 1994. Renewing the United Nations System. Vol. 1, Development Dialogue. Uppsala: Dag Hammerskjöld Foundation.Google Scholar
Conaway, Camille P. 2006. United Nations Reform: Improving Peace Operations by Advancing the Role of Women. New York: Stanley Foundation.Google Scholar
Crossette, Barbara 1996. ‘When Peacekeepers Turn into Troublemakers’. The New York Times, 7 January. www.nytimes.com/1996/01/07/weekinreview/the-world-when-peacekeepers-turn-into-troublemakers.html (16 October 2015).
Crossette, Barbara 1999. ‘Global Rules Now Apply to Peacekeepers, UN Chief Declares’. International New York Times, 12 August. www.nytimes.com/1999/08/12/world/global-rules-now-apply-to-peacekeepers-un-chief-declares.html (16 October 2015).
Cumming-Bruce, Nick 2015. ‘UN Official Urges Stronger Action by Peacekeepers in Central African Republic’. The New York Times, 4 September. www.nytimes.com/2015/09/05/world/africa/un-official-urges-stronger-action-by-peacekeepers-in-central-african-republic.html?_r=0 (16 October 2015).
Defeis, Elizabeth F. 2008. ‘UN peacekeepers and sexual abuse and exploitation: An end to impunity’. Washington University Global Studies Law Review 7(2): 185214.Google Scholar
Diehl, Paul F. 2008. Peace Operations. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
Doyle, Michael W. and Sambanis, Nicholas 2000. ‘International peacebuilding: A theoretical and quantitative analysis’. American Political Science Review 94(4): 779801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Durch, William J. (ed.) 2006. Twenty-First-Century Peace Operations. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.Google Scholar
Fleshman, Michael 2005. ‘Tough UN line on peacekeeper abuses. Action initiated to end sexual misdeeds in peacekeeping missions’. Africa Renewal 19(1). www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/april-2005/tough-un-line-peacekeeper-abuses (21 October 2015).Google Scholar
Fortna, Virginia P. 2008. Does Peacekeeping Work? Shaping Belligerents’ Choices after Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Fortna, Virginia P. and Howard, Lise M. 2008. ‘Pitfalls and prospects in the peacekeeping literature’. Annual Review of Political Science 11(1): 283301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Global Policy Forum 2005. UN Reforms Aim to End Sexual Abuse by Peacekeepers. New York: Global Policy Forum:.
Halling, Matt and Bookey, Blaine. 2008. ‘Peacekeeping in name alone: Accountability for the United Nations in Haiti’. Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 31: 461468.Google Scholar
Häußler, Ulf 2010. ‘Human Rights Accountability of International Organisations in the Lead of International Peace Missions’, in Wouters, , Brems, , Smis, and Schmitt, (eds.), Accountability for Human Rights Violations by International Organisations. Antwerp: Intersentia, pp.215268.Google Scholar
Higate, Paul 2007. ‘Peacekeepers, masculinities, and sexual exploitation’. Men and Masculinities 10(1): 99119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirschmann, Gisela 2012. ‘Organizational learning in United Nations’ peacekeeping exit strategies’. Cooperation and Conflict 47(3): 368385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoffmann, Florian and Mégret, Frédéric 2005. ‘Fostering human rights accountability: An ombudsperson for the United Nations?’. Global Governance 11(1): 4363.Google Scholar
Howland, Todd 2006. ‘Peacekeeping and conformity with human rights law: How MINUSTAH falls short in Haiti’. International Peacekeeping 13(4): 462476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Human Rights Watch 1995. ‘Somalia Faces the Future: Human Rights in a Fragmented Society’, A702. www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3ae6a8534.html (16 October 2015).
Human Rights Watch 2002. Hopes Betrayed: Trafficking of Women and Girls to Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina for Forced Prostitution. New York: Human Rights Watch.
IASC (Inter-Agency Standing Committee) 2010. ‘Global Review of Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by UN, NGO, IOM and IFRC Personnel’. https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/PSEA%20Global%20Review%20Overview%20Publication%2015%20Sept[1].pdf (16 October 2015).
Kadjar-Hamouda, Eylah 1996. An End to Silence: A Preliminary Study on Sexual Violence, Abuse and Exploitation of Children Affected by Armed Conflict. Geneva: NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child.Google Scholar
Kent, Vanessa 2007. ‘Protecting civilians from UN peacekeepers and humanitarian workers: Sexual exploitation and abuse’, in Aoi, , de Coning, and Thakur, (eds.), Unintended Consequences of Peacekeeping Operations. Tokyo: United Nations University Press, pp. 4466.Google Scholar
Mameli, Peter 2011. ‘The blue helmets: Sexual exploitation, sex trafficking and organizational culture in UN peacekeeping operations’. IDEA Journal 15(1). www.ideajournal.com/articles.php?id=50 (16 October 2015).Google Scholar
Martin, Sarah 2005. Must Boys Be Boys? Ending Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping Missions. Washington, DC: Refugees International.Google Scholar
Nordås, Ragnhild and Rustad, Siri C. 2013. ‘Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers: Understanding variation’. International Interactions 39(4): 511534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Notar, Susan A. 2006. ‘Peacekeepers as perpetrators: Sexual exploitation and abuse of women and children in the Democratic Republic of Congo’. Journal of Gender, Social Policy & The Law 14(2): 413429.Google Scholar
O’Brien, Melanie 2011. ‘Sexual exploitation and beyond: Using the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court to prosecute UN peacekeepers for gender-based crimes’. International Criminal Law Review 11(4): 803827.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Odello, Marco 2010. ‘Tackling criminal acts in peacekeeping operations: The accountability of peacekeepers’. Journal of Conflict and Security Law 15(2): 145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rehn, Elisabeth and Sireleaf, Ellen J. 2002. ‘Women, War, Peace: The Independent Experts. Assessment on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Women’s Role in Peace-Building’. UNIFEM: Progress of the World’s Women, Vol. 1. www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/3F71081FF391653DC1256C69003170E9-unicef-WomenWarPeace.pdf (16 October 2015).Google Scholar
Save the Children UK 2006. ‘From Camp to Community: Liberia Study on Exploitation of Children’. Discussion paper, Monrovia. www.essex.ac.uk/armedcon/story_id/000381.pdf (16 October 2015).
Schade, Ernst 1996. Experiences with Regard to the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in Mozambique. Oslo: Redd Barna.Google Scholar
Schneider, Mathias 2002. ‘UNO-Blauhelme – Friedenskämpfer auf Abwegen’. AI-Journal 1. www.amnesty.de/umleitung/2002/deu05/003?print=1 (16 October 2015).Google Scholar
Sengupta, Somini 2015. ‘Allegations against French peacekeepers highlight obstacles in addressing abuse’. New York Times 25 May. www.nytimes.com/2015/05/26/world/europe/allegations-against-french-peacekeepers-highlight-obstacles-in-addressing-abuse.html?_r=0 (16 October 2015).
Shotton, Anna 2006. ‘A strategy to address sexual exploitation and abuse by United Nations peacekeeping personnel’. Cornell International Law Journal 39: 97107.Google Scholar
Spees, Pam 2004. ‘Gender Justice and Accountability in Peace Support Operations. Closing the Gap’. International Alert: A Policy Briefing Paper by International Alert. http://reliefweb.int/report/world/gender-justice-and-accountability-peace-support-operations-closing-gaps (16 October 2015).
Spencer, Sarah W. 2005. ‘Making peace: Preventing and responding to sexual exploitation by United Nations peacekeepers’. Journal of Public and International Affairs 16: 167181.Google Scholar
United Nations 2003. ‘Public Information Guidelines for Allegations of Misconduct Committed by Personnel of United Nations Peacekeeping and Other Field Missions’. UN Doc. DPKO/CPD/DPIG/2003/001. https://ngocoordination.org/sites/ngocoordination.org/files/LIB0107_Public%20Information%20Guidelines.pdf (16 October 2015).
UN Secretariat 2003. ‘Secretary-General’s Bulletin: Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse’. www.unhcr.org/405ac6614.html (16 October 2015).
2
Cited by

Send book to Kindle

To send this book to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Send book to Dropbox

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×