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110 - Carnitine

from Part 1 - Nutraceuticals and Medical Food Preparations for Chronic Pain

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 October 2012

Howard S. Smith
Affiliation:
Academic Director of Pain Management, Albany Medical College
Marco Pappagallo
Affiliation:
Director, Pain Management and Medical Mentoring, New York Medical Home for Chronic Pain
Stephen M. Stahl
Affiliation:
University of California, San Diego
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Summary

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Type
Chapter
Information
Essential Pain Pharmacology
The Prescriber's Guide
, pp. 507 - 509
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2012

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References

Benvenga, SRuggieri, RMRusso, AUsefulness of L-carnitine, a naturally occurring peripheral antagonist of thyroid hormone action, in iatrogenic hyperthyroidism: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trialJ Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001 86 3579Google Scholar
Berni, AMeschini, RFilippi, SL-carnitine enhances resistance to oxidative stress by reducing DNA damage in ataxia telangiectasia cellsMutat Res 2008 650 165Google Scholar
Biagiotti, GCavallini, GAcetyl-L-carnitine vs tamoxifen in the oral therapy of Peyronie's disease: a preliminary reportBJU Int 2001 88 63Google Scholar
Chiechio, SCopani, AGereau, RWNicoletti, FAcetyl-L-carnitine in neuropathic pain: experimental dataCNS Drugs 2007 21 31Google Scholar
Cruciani, RADvorkin, EHomel, PSafety, tolerability and symptom outcomes associated with L-carnitine supplementation in patients with cancer, fatigue, and carnitine deficiency: a phase I/II studyJ Pain Symptom Manage 2006 32 551Google Scholar
Dyck, DJDietary fat intake, supplements, and weight lossCan J Appl Physiol 2000 25 495Google Scholar
Head, KAPeripheral neuropathy: pathogenic mechanisms and alternative therapiesAltern Med Rev 2006 11 294Google Scholar
Hiatt, WRRegensteiner, JGCreager, MAPropionyl--carnitine improves exercise performance and functional status in patients with claudicationAm J Med 2001 110 616Google Scholar
Milio, GNovo, GGenova, CPharmacological treatment of patients with chronic critical limb ischemia: -propionyl-carnitine enhances the short-term effects of PGE-1Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2009 23 301Google Scholar
Pettegrew, JWLevine, JMcClure, RJAcetyl-L-carnitine physical-chemical, metabolic, and therapeutic properties: relevance for its mode of action in Alzheimer's disease and geriatric depressionMol Psychiatr 2000 5 616Google Scholar

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