Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-hfldf Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-21T14:25:40.579Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Part II - The Globalization of Prevention Science

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 January 2017

Moshe Israelashvili
Affiliation:
Tel-Aviv University
John L. Romano
Affiliation:
University of Minnesota
Get access
Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2016

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

References

Alcohol Project Supporting Committee (2011). Whitepaper on Alcohol Statistics. Goyang: Alcohol Project Supporting Committee.Google Scholar
Cho, Cheung Moon (2014). Interview of Internet addiction counselor on cause and prevention of Internet addiction. (Unpublished article).Google Scholar
Daily Mail (2015). Does YOUR toddler play on an iPad? Taiwan makes it ILLEGAL for parents to let children under two use electronic gadgets ... and under-18s must limit use to “reasonable” lengths. January 1. www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2929530/Does-toddler-play-iPad-Taiwan-makes-ILLEGAL-parents-let-children-two-use-electronic-gadgets-18s-limit-use-reasonable-lengths.htmlGoogle Scholar
Joongang Sunday (2015). Game OFF, Right Brain ON, Illuminating poster: more effective than coercive banning of online game. January 11. http://sunday.joins.com/archives/8278.Google Scholar
Korea Education Development Institute (2014). Analysis of Education Statistics. Seoul: Korea Education Development Institute.Google Scholar
Korea Gallup (2015). Religion and Religious Rituals of Koreans. Seoul: Korea Gallup.Google Scholar
Korean Federation of Teachers’ Association (2013). Survey on Management of Smartphone Use in Classroom. Seoul: Korean Federation of Teachers’ Association.Google Scholar
Lee, Soo Sang (2013). Review of Internet Addiction-Related Articles. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
Ministry of Public Administration and Security, etc. (2010). 1st Master Plan to Prevent and Treat Internet Addiction. Seoul: Ministry of Public Administration and Security, etc.Google Scholar
Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, etc. (2013). 2nd Master Plan to Prevent and Treat Internet Addiction. Seoul: Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, etc.Google Scholar
Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Korea Internet & Security Agency (2014). 2014 National Survey on Internet Use. Seoul: Korea Internet & Security Agency.Google Scholar
Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, National Information Society Agency (2012). 2011 Annual Survey on Internet Addiction. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, National Information Society Agency (2013). 2012 Annual Survey on Internet Addiction. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, National Information Society Agency (2014). 2013 Annual Survey on Internet Addiction. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
National Gambling Control Commission (2013). Statistics on Gambling Industry. Seoul: National Gambling Control Commission.Google Scholar
National Information Society Agency (2011). Development of Smartphone Addiction Measuring Tool. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
National Information Society Agency (2014). Smart Off Campaign Plan. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
National Information Society Agency (2014). 2014 Action Plan to Prevent and Treat Internet Addiction. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
National Information Society Agency (2015). Report of 2014 Activities to Prevent and Treat Internet Addiction. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
National Information Society Agency (2015). 2014 Activity Report of Internet Addiction Prevention Center. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.Google Scholar
Prosecution Service (2013). Whitepaper on the Illegal Drug Crime. Seoul: Prosecution Service.Google Scholar
Statistics Korea (2014). 2013 Life Table. Seoul: Statistical Korea.Google Scholar
World Bank. (2015). World Development Indictors. Washington, DC: World Bank. data.worldbank.org/country/korea-republicGoogle Scholar

Reference

Arnold, D. H., & Doctoroff, G. L. (2003). The early education of socioeconomically disadvantaged children. Annual Review of Psychology 54: 517–45.Google Scholar
Ball, C. R., & Trammell, B. A. (2011). Response-to-intervention in high-risk preschools: critical issues for implementation. Psychology in the Schools 48: 502–12.Google Scholar
Barbarin, O., Bryant, D., McCandies, T., Burchinal, M., Early, D., Clifford, R., & Pianta, R. (2006). Children enrolled in public pre-K: the relation of family life, neighborhood quality, and socioeconomic resources to early competence. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 76: 265–76.Google Scholar
Barnett, S. W. (1992). Benefits of compensatory preschool education. Journal of Human Resources 27: 279312.Google Scholar
Berkel, C., Mauricio, A. M., Schoenfelder, E., & Sandler, I. N. (2011). Putting the pieces together: an integrated model of program implementation. Prevention Science 12: 2333.Google Scholar
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist 32: 513–31.Google Scholar
Burchinal, M. R., Peisner-Feinberg, E., Pianta, R., & Howes, C. (2002). Development of academic skills from preschool through second grade: family and classroom predictors of developmental trajectories. Journal of School Psychology 40: 415–36.Google Scholar
Cadima, J., McWilliam, R. A., & Leal, T. (2010). Environmental risk factors and children’s literacy skills during the transition to elementary school. International Journal of Behavioral Development 34: 2433.Google Scholar
Campbell, F. A., Ramey, C. T., Pungello, E. P., Sparling, J. J., & Miller-Johnson, S. (2002). Early childhood education: young adult outcomes from the Abecedarian Project. Applied Developmental Science 6: 4257.Google Scholar
Chazan-Cohen, R., Raikes, H., Brooks-Gunn, J., Ayoub, C., Alexander Pan, B., Kisker, E. E., Roggman, R., & Fuligni, A. S. (2009). Low-income children’s school readiness: parent contributions over the first five years. Early Education and Development 20: 958–77 doi: 10.1080/10409280903362402Google Scholar
Chong, W. H., & Lee, B. O. (2014). Social-emotional learning: promotion of youth wellbeing in Singapore schools. In Wright, K., & McLeod, J. (eds.). Rethinking Youth Wellbeing: Critical Perspectives. Melbourne: Springer, pp. 161–77.Google Scholar
Chong, W. H., Moore, D., Nonis, K. P., Tang, H. N., Koh, P., & Wee, S. (2014). Mission I’m Possible (MIP): effects of a community-based project on the basic literacy skills of at-risk kindergarteners. Infants and Young Children 27: 6073.Google Scholar
Corrigan, A. (2002). Fast Track Project Technical Report. September 26. www.fasttrackproject.orgGoogle Scholar
Dinnebeil, L. A., McInerney, W. F., Roth, J., & Ramaswamy, V. (2001). Itinerant early childhood special education services: service delivery in one state. Journal of Early Intervention 24: 3544.Google Scholar
Duncan, G. J., & Magnusson, K. (2005). Can family socioeconomic resources account for racial and ethnic test score gaps? Future of Children 15(1): 3554.Google Scholar
Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, D. M. (2007). The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, 4th ed. Bloomington, MN: NCS Pearson.Google Scholar
Fox, S. E., Levitt, P., & Nelson, C. A. III (2010). How the timing and quality of early experiences influence the development of brain architecture. Child Development 81: 2840.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gettinger, M., Ball, C., Mulford, L., & Hoffman, A. (2010). Prevention and early intervention for preschool children at risk for learning and behavior problems. In Doll, B., Pfohl, W., & Yoon, J. (eds.). Handbook of Youth Prevention Science. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Goh, W., Chong, W. H., Chan, W. P., & Tang, H. N. (2010). Baseline Study of the Early Intervention Programme for Infants and Young Children (EIPIC). Singapore: National Council of Social Service and KKH.Google Scholar
Goodman, R. (2001). Psychometric properties of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40: 1337–45.Google Scholar
Gregoire, M. (2003). Is it a challenge or a threat? A dual-process model of teachers’ cognition and appraisal processes during conceptual change. Educational Psychology Review 15: 147–79.Google Scholar
Guralnick, M. J. (1999). The nature and meaning of social integration for young children with mild developmental delays in inclusive settings. Journal of Early Intervention 22: 7086.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guralnick, M. J., Neville, B., Hammond, M. A., & Connor, R. T. (2008). Continuity and change from full-inclusion early childhood programs through the early elementary period. Journal of Early Intervention 30: 237–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hindman, A. H., Skibbeb, L. E., Miller, A., & Zimmerman, M. (2010). Ecological contexts and early learning: contributions of child, family, and classroom factors during Head Start, to literacy and mathematics growth through first grade. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 25: 235–50.Google Scholar
Hirsh-Pasek, K., & Burchinal, M. (2006). Mother and caregiver sensitivity over time: predicting language and academic outcomes with variable- and person-centered approaches. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 52: 449–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ho, L. Y. (2009). Raising children in Singapore: a paediatrician’s perspective. Annals Academy of Medicine 2: 158–62.Google Scholar
Hochberg, E. D., & Desimone, L. M. (2010). Professional development in the accountability context: building capacity to achieve standards. Educational Psychologist 45: 89106.Google Scholar
Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 18: 167–75.Google Scholar
Justice, L. M., & McGinty, A. S. (2012). Early literacy intervention intensity and its relation to child outcomes. In Howes, C., Hamre, B. K., & Pianta, R. C. (eds.). Effective Early Childhood Professional Development: Improving Teacher Practice and Child Outcomes. Baltimore, MD: P. H. Brookes.Google Scholar
Landry, S. H., Zucker, T. A., Solori, E., Crawford, A. D., & Williams, J. M. (2012). In Howes, C., Hamre, B. K., & Pianta, R. C. (eds.). Effective Early Childhood Professional Development: Improving Teacher Practice and Child Outcomes. Baltimore, MD: P. H. Brookes.Google Scholar
Lantos, J. D., & Ward, N. A. (2013). A new pediatrics for a new century. Pediatrics 131(Suppl. 2): S121S126.Google Scholar
Lloyd, J. W., Steinberg, D. R., & Wilhelm-Chapin, M. K. (1999). Research on the transition to kindergarten. In Pianta, R. C., & Cox, M. J. (eds.). The Transition to Kindergarten. National Center for Early Development & Learning. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
Lonigan, C. J., & Shanahan, T. (2010). Developing early literacy skills: things we know we know and things we know we don’t know. Educational Researcher 39: 340–6.Google Scholar
Melby, J., Conger, R. D., Book, R., Rueter, M., Lucy, L., Repinski, D., Rogers, S., Rogers, B., & Scaramella, L. (1991). The Iowa Family Interaction Rating Scales. Ames: Iowa State University.Google Scholar
Ministry of Education (2012). List of MOE-Registered Kindergartens. www.moe.gov.sg/education/preschool/find-a-kindergartenGoogle Scholar
Moore, T. (2006). Early Childhood and Long Term Development. Perth: Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth.Google Scholar
Morrison, F. J., & Connor, C. M. (2010). Literacy development in the transition to school. In Meece, J. L., & Eccles, J. S. (eds.). Handbook of Research on Schools, Schooling, and Human Development. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Moos, R., & Moos, B. (2002). The Family Environment Scale, 3rd ed. Menlo Park, CA: Mind Garden.Google Scholar
National Early Literacy Panel Report (2010). Summary, commentary, and reflections on policies and practices to improve children’s early literacy. Educational Researcher 39 (Special Issue).Google Scholar
Odom, S. L. (2009). The tie that binds: evidence-based practice, implementation science, and outcomes for children. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education 29: 5361.Google Scholar
Odom, S. L., Hanson, M., Lieber, J., Diamond, K., Palmer, S., Butera, G., & Horn, E. (2010). Prevention, early childhood intervention, and implementation science. In Doll, B., Pfohl, W., & Yoon, J. (eds.). Handbook of Youth Prevention Science. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Ramey, C. T., & Ramey, S. L. (1998). Early intervention and early experience. American Psychologist 53: 109–20.Google Scholar
Ramey, C. T., & Ramey, S. L. (1999). Beginning school for children at risk. In Pianta, R. C., & Cox, M. J. (eds.). The Transition to Kindergarten; National Center for Early Development & Learning. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
Ramey, S. L., & Ramey, C. T. (2006). Early educational interventions: principles of effective and sustained benefits from targeted early education programs. In Dickinson, D. K., & Neuman, S. B. (eds.). Handbook of Early Literacy Research, vol. 2. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 445–59.Google Scholar
Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S., & Topitzes, J. W. (2004). Path effects of early childhood intervention on educational attainment and delinquency: a confirmatory analysis of the Chicago child–parent centers. Child Development 75: 1299–328.Google Scholar
Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (2004). BASC-2: Behavior Assessment System for Children, 2nd ed. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
Rouse, H. L., & Fantuzzo, J. W. (2009). Multiple risks and educational well being: a population-based investigation of threats to early school success. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 24: 114.Google Scholar
Sadler, F. H. (2003). The itinerant special education teacher in the early childhood classroom. Teaching Exceptional Children 3: 815.Google Scholar
Shonkoff, J. P., & Bales, S. N. (2011). Science does not speak for itself: translating child development research for the public and its policymakers. Child Development 82: 1732.Google Scholar
Thomson, C., Brown, D., Jones, L., Walker, J., Moore, D. W. …, & Glynn, T. L. (2003). Resource teachers learning and behavior: collaborative problem solving to support inclusion. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions 5: 101–11.Google Scholar
Turner-Stokes, L. (2009). Goal attainment scaling (GAS) in rehabilitation: a practical guide. Clinical Rehabilitation 23: 362–70.Google Scholar
Van Steensel, R., McElvany, N., Kurvers, J., & Herppich, S. (2010). How effective are family literacy programs? Results of a meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research 81: 6996.Google Scholar
Willson, V. L., & Hughes, J. N. (2009). Who is retained in first grade? A psychosocial perspective. Elementary School Journal 109: 251–66.Google Scholar
Woodcock, R. W., McGrew, K. S., Mather, N., & Schrank, F. A. (2001). Woodcock-Johnson III. Itasca, IL: Riverside.Google Scholar

References

Bhutan Ministry of Education (2014). Bhutan education blueprint. sites.google.com/a/gov.bt/blueprint/homeGoogle Scholar
Bhutan Majestic Travel (BMT) (2007). Marijuana grows in abundance. www.bhutanmajestictravel.com/news/2007/marijuana-grows-in-abundance.htmlGoogle Scholar
BNCA (Bhutan Narcotics Control Agency and UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2009).National Baseline Assessment of Drugs and Controlled Substance Use in Bhutan –2009. www.unodc.org/documents/southasia/reports/National_Baseline_Assessment_of_Drugs_and_Controlled_Substance_use_in_Bhutan_2009.pdfGoogle Scholar
BNCA (Bhutan Narcotics Control Agency) (2015). Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Substance Abuse Act. http://www.bnca.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/NDPSSA-2015.pdfGoogle Scholar
Burns, G. W. (2011). Gross National Happiness (GNH) is more important than gross domestic product: a gift from Bhutan to the world. In Biswas-Diener, R. (ed.), Positive Psychology as Social Change. New York: Springer Science, pp. 7387.Google Scholar
Center for Bhutan Studies (CBS) (2009). Gross National Happiness: coronation address of his majesty King Khesar, The 5th Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan. www.thersa.org/discover/publications-and-articles/rsa-logs/2013/02/understanding-your-values-a-group-exercise-new-uk-values-reportGoogle Scholar
Evans, S. (2010). The impact of cultural folklore on national values: a preliminary study with a focus on Bhutan. Storytelling, Self, Society: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Storytelling Studies 6: 818.Google Scholar
Givel, M. S. (2011). History of Bhutan’s prohibition of cigarettes: implications for the neo-prohibitions and their critics. International Journal of Drug Policy 22: 306–10.Google Scholar
Gross National Happiness (2011). Bhutan – Results of the Second Nationwide 2010 Survey on Gross National Happiness. www.grossnationalhappiness.com/survey-results/index/Google Scholar
National Assembly of Bhutan (2005). Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Substance Abuse Act. www.nab.gov.bt/assets/uploads/docs/acts/2014/Narcotic_Drugs_act_of_Bhutan,_2005Eng.pdfGoogle Scholar
National Assembly of Bhutan (2015). Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Substance Abuse Act. www.nab.gov.bt/assets/uploads/docs/acts/2015/Substance_Abuse_Act_2015.pdfGoogle Scholar
Kuensel (2015). Not too late for Bhutan to address drug abuse problem. www.kuenselonline.com/not-too-late-for-bhutan-to-address-drug-abuse-problem/Google Scholar
Lorelle, S., & Guth, L. J. (2013). Establishing the school counseling profession in Bhutan: reflections from the field. Journal for the International Counselor Education 5: 113Google Scholar
Metz, T. (2014). Gross national happiness: a philosophical appraisal. Ethics and Social Welfare 8: 218–32. dx.doi.org/10.1080/17496535.2014.932420Google Scholar
OAG (Office of the Attorney General) (2005). Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substance Abuse Act of Bhutan. http://oag.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/Narcotic-DrugsPsychotropic-Substance-Substance-Abuse-Act-of-BhutanDE.pdfGoogle Scholar
Royal Government of Bhutan (RGoB) (2009). Tobacco Control Act of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2009.Google Scholar
Santos, M. E. (2013). Tracking poverty reduction in Bhutan: income deprivation alongside deprivation in other sources of happiness. Social Indicators Research 112: 259–90. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-013–0248-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Subady, B. N., Assanangkornchai, S., & Chongsuvivatwong, V. (2013). Prevalence, patterns and predictors of alcohol consumption in a mountainous district of Bhutan. Drug and Alcohol Review 32(4): 435–42. dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12015Google Scholar
UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) (2009). Drug use situation and responses in schools and communities: a rapid assessment in Phuentsholing, Bhutan. Publication of Project RAS/H13 (prevention of transmission of HIV among drug users in SAARC countries) in collaboration with the Bhutan Narcotics Control Agency (BNCA), Bhutan. Project RAS/H13, a joint initiative of UNODC, the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the World Health Organization (WHO). www.unodc.org/documents/southasia/reports/Drug_use_situation_and_responses_in_schools_and_communities.pdfGoogle Scholar
VanBalkom, W. D., & Sherman, A. (2010).Teacher education in Bhutan: highlights and challenges for reform. Asia Pacific Journal of Education 30: 4355. dx.doi.org/10.1080/02188790903503585Google Scholar

References

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2014a). Schools, Australia, 2013 (cat. no. 4221.0). Retrieved from www.abs.gov.auGoogle Scholar
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2014b). Mental Health of Young People (cat. no. 4840.0.55.001). Retrieved from www.abs.gov.auGoogle Scholar
ACARA (Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority) (2013). National Report on Schooling in Australia 2011. Sydney: ACARA.Google Scholar
Aldwin, C. M. (2007). Stress, Coping, and Development: An Integrative Perspective. Foreword by Werner, E. E. New York: Guilford Press,Google Scholar
APA (American Psychological Association) (2014). Guidelines for prevention in psychology. American Psychologist 69(3): 285–96. doi: 10.1037/a0034569Google Scholar
Ayers, T. S., Sandier, I. N., West, S. G., & Roosa, M. W. (1996). A dispositional and situational assessment of children’s coping: testing alternative models of coping. Journal of Personality 64: 923–58.Google Scholar
Band, E. B., & Weisz, J. R. (1988). How to feel better when it feels bad: children’s perspectives on coping with everyday stress. Developmental Psychology 24: 247–53.Google Scholar
Bandura, A. (2012). On the functional properties of self-perceived efficacy revisited. Journal of Management 38: 944. doi: 10.1177/0149206311410606Google Scholar
Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2004). Is Cyber-Harassment a Significant Problem? A Report on Children’s Experiences. Calgary: University of Calgary.Google Scholar
Coggan, C., Bennett, S., Hooper, R., & Dickinson, P. (2003). Association between bullying and mental health status in New Zealand adolescents. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 5: 1622.Google Scholar
Compas, B. E. (1987). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence. Psychological Bulletin 101: 393403.Google Scholar
Compas, B. E., Malcarne, V. L., & Fondacaro, K. M. (1988). Coping with stressful events on older children and young adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 56: 405–11.Google Scholar
Cox, T., Gotts., G., Boot, N., & Kerr, J. (1985). Physical exercise, employee fitness and the management of health at work. Work and Stress 2: 71–7.Google Scholar
Deans, J., Frydenberg, E., & Tsurutani, H. (2010). Operationalising social and emotional coping competencies in kindergarten children. New Zealand Research in ECE Journal 13: 113–24.Google Scholar
DoHA (Department of Health and Ageing) (2010). National Mental Health Report 2010: Summary of 15 Years of Reform in Australia’s Mental Health Services under the National Mental Health Strategy 1993–2008. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E. (2007). Coping for Success. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E. (2008). Adolescent Coping: Advances in Theory, Research and Practice. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E. (2010). Think Positively: A Course for Developing Coping Skills in Adolescents. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E. (2014). Coping research: historical background, links with emotion, and new research directions on adaptive processes. Australian Journal of Psychology 66: 8292. doi: 10.1111/ajpy.12051Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E. (2015). Families Coping. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Brandon, C. (2007). The Best of Coping: Instructors Manual. Melbourne: Oz Child.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., Bugalski, K., Firth, N., Kamsner, S., & Poole, C. (2006). Teaching young people to cope: benefits and gains for at risk students. Australian and Developmental Psychologist 23: 91110.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., Care, E., Freeman, E., & Chan, E. (2009). Interrelationships between coping, school connectedness and wellbeing. Australian Journal of Education 17: 338–45.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Deans, J. (2011). The Early Years Coping Cards. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., Eacott, C., & Clark, N. (2008). Teaching coping skills: from distress to success. Prevention Researcher 15(4): 812.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1991). Adolescent coping styles and strategies: is there functional and dysfunctional coping? Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling 1: 18.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1993a). Manual: The Adolescent Coping Scale. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1993b). Boys play sport and girls turn to others: age, gender and ethnicity as determinants of coping. Journal of Adolescence, 16: 253–66.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1994). Coping with different concerns: consistency and variation in coping strategies used by adolescents. Australian Psychologist 29: 45–8.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1997). Coping Scale for Adults. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1999). Things don’t get better just because you’re older: a case for facilitating reflection. British Journal of Educational Psychology 69: 8194.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (2000). Teaching coping to adolescents: when and to whom. American Educational Research Journal 37: 727–45.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (2002a). Adolescent wellbeing: building young people’s resources. In Frydenberg, E. (ed.), Beyond Coping: Meeting Goals, Visions and Challenges. New York: Oxford University Press, pp.175–94.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (2002b). Do managers cope productively? A comparison between Australian middle level managers and adults in the general community. Journal of Managerial Psychology 17 (8).: 640–54.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (2009). The relationship between wellbeing, negative avoidant coping, and active coping in a large sample of Australians adolescents. Psychological Reports: 745–58.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (2011). Adolescent Coping Scale-2. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (2014). Coping Scale for Adults CSA-2). Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Gordon, R. (1983). An operational classification of disease prevention. Public Health Reports 98: 107–9.Google Scholar
Gordon, R. (1987). An operational classification of disease prevention. In Steinberg, J. A., & Silverman, M. M. (eds.), Preventing Mental Disorders. Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services, pp. 20–6.Google Scholar
Gresham, F. M., Macmillan, D. L., & Bocian, K. M. (1996). Learning disabilities, low achievement and mild retardation: more alike than different? Journal of Learning Disabilities 29: 570–81.Google Scholar
Gulliford, H., Frydenberg, E., Deans, J., & Liang, (2015). Teaching coping skills in the context of positive parenting. Australian Psychologist. doi: 10.1111/ap.12121Google Scholar
Hobfoll, S. E. (1989). Conservation of resources, a new attempt at conceptualising stress. American Psychologist 44: 513–24.Google Scholar
Hobfoll, S. E. (2010). Conservation of resources theory: its implication for stress, health, and resilience. In Folkman, S. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 127–47. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195375343.013.0007Google Scholar
Larkins, G., & Frydenberg, E. (2004). Two types of aggression and the relationship with coping: implications for educational practice. In Frydenberg, E. (ed.), Thriving, Surviving or Going Under: Coping with Everyday Lives. In series, Research on stress and coping in education. Greenwich, CT: Information Age, pp. 135–66.Google Scholar
Lazarus, R. S. (1966). Psychological Stress and the Coping Process. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Lazarus, R. S. (1993). Coping theory and research: past, present and future. Psychosomatic Medicine 55: 234–47.Google Scholar
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Lewis, R., & Frydenberg, E. (2002). Concomitants of failure to cope: what we should teach adolescents. British Journal of Educational Psychology 72: 419–31.Google Scholar
Lodge, J., & Frydenberg, E. (2007). Profiles of adolescent coping and cyber-bullying: insights for school practitioners. Australian Educational and the Developmental Psychologist 24: 4558.Google Scholar
McKenzie, V., & Frydenberg, E. (2004). Young people and their resources. In Frydenberg, E. (ed.), Thriving, Surviving, or Going Under: Coping with Everyday Lives. Greenwich, CT: Information Age, pp. 79108.Google Scholar
Metilkovic, J. (2007). Exam pressures rattle students. Herald Sun, October 19, p. 11.Google Scholar
Pallant, J. (1998). Perceived control of internal states. (Unpublished Ph.D thesis). University of Melbourne, Melbourne.Google Scholar
Reynolds, W. M. (2001). Reynolds Adolescent Adjustment Screening Inventory. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
Roubeni, S., De Haene, L., Keatley, E., Shah, N., & Rasmussen, A. (2015). “If we can’t do it, our children will do it one day”: a qualitative study of West African immigrant parents’ losses and educational aspirations for their children. American Educational Research Journal 52(2): 275305. dx.doi.org/10.3102/0002831215574576Google Scholar
Seiffge-Krenke, I., & Shulman, S. (1990). Coping style in adolescence: a cross cultural study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 21: 351–77.Google Scholar
Seligman, M. E. (1995). The Optimistic Child. New South Wales, Australia: Random House Australia.Google Scholar
Serlachius, A., Scratch, S. E., Northam, E. A., Frydenberg, E., Lee, K. J., & Cameron, F. J. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behaviour therapy to improve glycaemic control and psychosocial wellbeing in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Health Psychology. doi: 10.1177/1359105314547940.Google Scholar
Simeonsson, R. J. (1991). Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention in early intervention. Journal of Early Intervention 15: 124–34.Google Scholar
Skinner, E. A., Edge, K., Altman, J., & Sherwood, H. (2003). Searching for the structure of coping: a review and critique of category systems for classifying ways of coping. Psychological Bulletin 129: 216–69.Google Scholar
Stark, L. J., Spirito, A., Williams, C. A., & Guevremont, D. C. (1989). Common problems and coping strategies I: findings with normal adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 17: 203–12.Google Scholar
Thomson, S. (2014). Parents coping: developing coping skills and enhanced wellbeing in a parenting program. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Melbourne, Melbourne Graduate School of Education.Google Scholar
Tsurutani, H. (2009). A multi-informant approach to understanding the coping behaviours of preschool children: a comparative study of teachers’ and parents’ observations. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Melbourne, Melbourne Graduate School of Education.Google Scholar
Valas, H. (1999). Students with learning disabilities and low-achieving students: peer acceptance, loneliness, self-esteem, and depression. Social Psychology of Education 3: 173–92.Google Scholar
Wojcik, Z., McKenzie, V., Frydenberg, E., & Poole, C. (2004). Resources loss, gain, investment, and coping in adolescents. Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist 19: 5277.Google Scholar
Yeo, K., Frydenberg, E., Northam, E., & Deans, J. (2014). Coping with stress among preschool children and associations with anxiety level and controllability of situations. Australian Journal of Psychology 66: 93101. doi: 10.1111/ajpy.12047Google Scholar

References

Abdullah, A. S., Fielding, R., & Hedley, A. J. (2002). Patterns of cigarette smoking, alcohol use and other substance use among Chinese university students in Hong Kong. American Journal on Addictions 11: 235–46.Google Scholar
Anbari, A., Mostafavi, M., Asadi, S., Mirzaee, A., Hashemzadeh, A., & Nahr, R. R. (2014). The role of risky and protective individual, psychological, familial, scholastic and social factors in health promotion and substance abuse prevention in adolescents. MAGNT Research Report 2: 11971208.Google Scholar
Bagley, C. (1992). Development of an adolescent stress scale for use by school counsellors: construct validity in terms of depression, self-esteem and suicidal ideation. School Psychology International 13: 3149. doi: 10.1177/0143034392131003Google Scholar
Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Hamilton, S. F., & Sesma, A. (2006). Positive youth development: theory, research, and applications. In Damon, W., & Lerners, R. (eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology, vol. 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 894941.Google Scholar
Botvin, G. J., Griffin, K. W., Nichols, T. D. (2006). Preventing youth violence and delinquency through a universal school-based prevention approach. Prevention Science 7: 403–8. doi: 10.1007/s11121-006-0057-yGoogle Scholar
Caplan, M., Weissberg, R. P., Grober, J. S., Sivo, P. J., Grady, K., & Jocoby, C. (1992). Social competence promotion with inner-city and suburban young adolescents: effects on social adjustment and alcohol use. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 60: 5663.Google Scholar
Catalano, R. F., Berglund, M. L., Ryan, J. A., Lonczak, H. S., & Hawkins, J. D. (2004). Positive youth development in the United States: research findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 591: 98124. doi:10.1177/0002716203260102Google Scholar
Catalano, R. F., Fagan, A. A., Gavin, L. E., Greenberg, M. T., Irwin, C. E., Ross, D. A., & Shek, D. T. L. (2012). Worldwide application of prevention science in adolescent health. Lancet 379: 1653–64.Google Scholar
Census and Statistics Department. (2013). Hong Kong 2011 Population Census Thematic Report: Youths. Hong Kong: Government of the Special Administrative Region, P.R.C. www.censtatd.gov.hk/press_release/ press ReleaseDetail.jsp?charsetID=1&pressRID=3345Google Scholar
Central Registry of Drug Abuse. (2013). Drug Abuse Situation in Hong Kong in 2012. Hong Kong: Security Bureau.Google Scholar
Cheung, N. W. T. (2014). Low self-control and co-occurrence of gambling with substance use and delinquency among Chinese adolescents. Journal of Gambling Studies 30: 105–24. doi: 10.1007/s10899-012–9351-8Google Scholar
Donnellan, M. B., Trzesniewski, K. H., Robins, R. W., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (2005). Low self-esteem is related to aggression, antisocial behavior, and delinquency. Psychological Science 16: 328–35.Google Scholar
Edvardsson, I., Geisler, D., & Lendahls, L. (2014). Experiences of being non-smoking among adolescents in a smoking context. Health 6: 1133–42. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.611140Google Scholar
Epstein, J. A., Griffin, K. W., & Botvin, G. J. (2000). Competence skills help deter smoking among inner city adolescents. Tobacco Control 9: 33–9. doi: 10.1136/tc.9.1.33Google Scholar
Flay, B. R., Graumlich, S., Segawa, E., Burns, J. L., Holiday, M. Y., & Aban Aya (investigators). (2004). Effects of 2 prevention programs on high-risk behaviors among African American youth. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 158: 377–84.Google Scholar
Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., & Nichols, T. R. (2004). Long-term follow-up effects of a school-based drug abuse prevention program on adolescent risky driving. Prevention Science 5: 207–12.Google Scholar
Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J., & Diaz, T. (2001). Protective role of personal competence skills in adolescent substance use: psychological well-being as a mediating factor. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 15: 194203. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893–164X.15.3.194Google Scholar
Griffiths, S., Lau, J. T., Chow, J. K., Lee, S. S., Kan, P. Y., & Lee, S. (2006). Alcohol use among entrants to a Hong Kong university. Alcohol Alcoholism 41: 560–5. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/ag1047Google Scholar
Hawkins, J. D., Lishner, D. M., Catalano, R. F. Jr., & Howard, M. O. (1986). Childhood predictors of adolescent substance abuse: toward an empirically grounded theory. Journal of Children in Contemporary Society 18: 1148.Google Scholar
Jackson, C., Henriksen, L., Dickinson, D., & Levine, D. W. (1997). The early use of alcohol and tobacco: Its relation to children’s competence and parents’ behavior. American Journal of Public Health 87: 359–64.Google Scholar
Kim, J. H., Chan, K. W. C., Chow, J. K. W., Fung, K. P., Fong, B. Y. F., Cheuk, K. K., & Griffiths, S. M. (2009). University binge drinking patterns and changes in patterns of alcohol consumption among Chinese undergraduates in a Hong Kong university. Journal of American College Health 58: 255–65. doi: 10.1080/07448480903295318Google Scholar
Lai, M. K., Ho, S. Y., & Lam, T. H. (2004). Perceived peer smoking prevalence and its association with smoking behaviours and intentions in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Addiction 99: 11951205.Google Scholar
Lam, P. K. (2010). Values and problem behaviors in Hong Kong adolescents (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.Google Scholar
Lam, T. H., Chung, S. F., Betson, C. L., Wong, C. M., & Hedley, A. J. (1998). Tobacco advertisement: one of the strongest risk factors for smoking in Hong Kong students. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 14: 217–23.Google Scholar
Lam, T. H., Stewart, S. M., & Ho, L. M. (2001). Prevalence and correlates of smoking and sexual activity among Hong Kong adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 29: 352–8. doi: 10.1016/S1054-139X(01)00301–9Google Scholar
Lam, T. H., Stewart, S. M., Ho, S. Y., Lai, M. K., Mak, K. H., Chau, K. V., …, Salili, F. (2005). Depressive symptoms and smoking among Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Addiction 100: 1003–11. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01092.xGoogle Scholar
Ladapo, J. A., Elliott, M. N., Kanouse, D. E., Tortolero, S. R., Windle, M., Cuccaro, P. M. …, Schuster, M. A. (2014). Tobacco use and smoking intentions among U.S. fifth-grade students. Journal of Adolescent Health 55: 445–51. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.03.008Google Scholar
Lee, A., & Tsang, C. K. K. (2004). Youth risk behavior in a Chinese population: a territory-wide youth risk behavior surveillance in Hong Kong. Public Health 118: 8895.Google Scholar
Lee, A., Tsang, C. K., Lee, S. H., & To, C. T. (2001). A YRBS survey of youth risk behaviors at alternative high schools and mainstream high schools in Hong Kong. Journal of School Health 71: 443–7.Google Scholar
Lee, A., Wong, S. Y. S., Tsang, K. K., Ho, G. S. M., Wong, C. W., & Cheng, F. (2009). Understanding suicidality and correlates among Chinese secondary school students in Hong Kong. Health Promotion International 24: 156–65. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dap011Google Scholar
Lerner, R. M., Lerner, J. V., Almerigi, J. B., Theokas, C., Phelps, E., Gestsdottir, S., … & von Eye, A. (2005). Positive youth development, participation in community youth development programs, and community contributions of fifth-grade adolescents: findings from the first wave of the 4-H study of positive youth development. Journal of Early Adolescence 25: 1771. ase.tufts.edu/iaryd/documents/pubPositiveYouth.pdfGoogle Scholar
Lillehoj, C. J., Trudeau, L., Spoth, R., & Wickrama, K. A. (2004). Internalizing, social competence, and substance initiation: influence of gender moderation and a preventive intervention. Substance Use & Misuse 39: 963–91. doi: 10.1081/JA-120030895Google Scholar
Lo, C. C., & Globetti, G. G. (2000). Gender differences in drinking patterns among Hong Kong Chinese youth: a pilot study. Substance Use & Misuse 35: 12971306.Google Scholar
Lou, V. W. Q., & Shek, D. T. L. (2006). Alcohol use and abuse amongst adolescents in Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 18: 6979.Google Scholar
McBride, N., Farringdon, F., Midford, R., Meuleners, L., & Phillips, M. (2004). Harm minimization in school drug education: final results of the School Health and Alcohol Harm Reduction Project (SHAHRP). Addiction 99: 278–91. doi: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00620.xGoogle Scholar
Narcotics Division (2013). A Review of Estimation Methods on Prevalence of Drug Abuse Population in Hong Kong: Executive Summary. Hong Kong: Narcotics Division, Security Bureau, Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.Google Scholar
Nash, S. G., McQueen, A., & Bray, J. H. (2005). Pathways to adolescent alcohol use: family environment, peer influence, and parental expectations. Journal of Adolescent Health 37: 1928.Google Scholar
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2014). Drugs of abuse. www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuseGoogle Scholar
Oman, R. F., Vesely, S., Aspy, C. B., McLeroy, K. R., Rodine, S., & Marshall, L. (2004). The potential protective effect of youth assets on adolescent alcohol and drug use. American Journal of Public Health 94: 1425–30.Google Scholar
Ong, J., Wong, W., Lee, A., Holroyd, E., & Huang, S. Y. (2013). Sexual activity and adolescent health risk behaviors amongst high school students in three ethnic Chinese urban populations. Journal of Clinical Nursing 22: 3270–9. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12267Google Scholar
Pederson, L. L., Koval, J. J., & O’Connor, K. (1997). Are psychosocial factors related to smoking in grade-6 students? Addictive Behaviors 22: 169–81.Google Scholar
Phelps, E., Balsano, A. B., Fay, K., Peltz, J. S., Zimmerman, S. M., Lerner, R. M., & Lerner, J. V. (2007). Nuances in early adolescent developmental trajectories of positive and problematic/risk behaviors: findings from the 4-H study of positive youth development. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 16: 473–96.Google Scholar
Piko, B. F., Luszczynska, A., Gibbons, F. X., & Teközel, M. (2005). A culture-based study of personal and social influences of adolescent smoking. European Journal of Public Health 15: 393–8. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cki008Google Scholar
Scales, P. C., Foster, K. C., Mannes, M., Horst, M. A., Pinto, K. C., & Rutherford, A. (2005). School-business partnerships, developmental assets, and positive outcomes among urban high school students: a mixed-methods study. Urban Education 40: 144–89. uex.sagepub.com/content/40/2/144.full.pdfGoogle Scholar
Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J., Diaz, T., & Griffin, K. W. (1999). Social skills, competence, and drug refusal efficacy as predictors of adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Drug Education 29: 251–78.Google Scholar
Schwartz, S. J., Phelps, E., Lerner, J. V., Huang, S., Brown, C. H., Lewin-Bizan, S., … & Lerner, R. M. (2010). Promotion as prevention: positive youth development as protective against tobacco, alcohol, illicit drug, and sex initiation. Applied Developmental Science 14: 197211. doi: 10.1080/10888691.2010.516186Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L. (2006a). Adolescent developmental issues in Hong Kong: relevance to positive youth development programs in Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 18: 341–54.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L. (ed.). (2006b). Positive youth development program in Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 18(special issue): 299558.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L. (2007). Tackling adolescent substance abuse in Hong Kong: where we should and should not go. Scientific World Journal 7: 2021–30. doi: 10.1100/tsw.2007.315Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L. (2008). Enthusiasm-based or evidence-based charities: personal reflections based on the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Scientific World Journal 8: 802–10. doi: 10.1100/tsw.2008.111.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L. (2013). Sexual behavior and intention to engage in sexual behavior in junior secondary school students in Hong Kong. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 26: S33S41. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2013.03.013Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Han, X. Y., Lee, T. Y., & Yu, L. (2014a). Subjective outcome evaluation of a positive youth development program in China. International Journal on Disability and Human Development 13: 275–83.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Leung, J. T. Y. (2013). Adolescent developmental issues in Hong Kong: phenomena and implications for youth service. In Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (eds.), Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs (P.A.T.H.S.). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, pp. 114.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Leung, J. T. Y. (2014). Substance abuse in junior secondary school students in Hong Kong. In Shek, D. T. L., Sun, R. C. F., & Ma, C. M. S. (eds.), Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong - Family Life, Psychological Well-being and Risk Behavior. New York: Springer, pp.133–54.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Liang, J. (2015). Risk factors and protective factors in substance abuse in Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong. In Lee, T. Y., Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (eds.), Student Well-being in Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong. Singapore: Springer, pp. 237–53.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Ma, C. M. S. (2010). Dimensionality of the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale: confirmatory factor analyses. Social Indicators Research 98: 4159.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Ma, C. M. S. (2011). Impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in the junior secondary school years: individual growth curve analyses. Scientific World Journal 11: 253–66. doi: 10.1100/tsw.2011.6Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Ma, C. M. S. (2012). Substance abuse in junior secondary school students in Hong Kong: prevalence and psychosocial correlates. International Journal of Child Health and Human Development 4: 433–42.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Ma, H. K., & Merrick, J. (eds.) (2012). Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: findings based on multiple methods. Scientific World Journal (special issue): Article ID 427801.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Ma, H. K., & Sun, R. C. F. (2011a). Development of a new curriculum in a positive youth development program: the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Scientific World Journal 11: 2207–18. doi: 10.1100/2011/289589Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Merrick, J. (eds.) (2010). Positive youth development and training. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 22 (special issue): 341447.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Siu, A. M. H., & Lee, T. Y. (2007). The Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale: a validation study. Research on Social Work Practice 17: 380–91. doi: 10.1177/1049731506296196Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (2008). Implementation quality of a positive youth development program: cross-case analyses based on seven cases in Hong Kong. Scientific World Journal: TSW Holistic Health & Medicine 8: 1075–87. doi: 10.1100/tsw.2008.130Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (2012). Epilogue: the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: lessons learned and implications for positive youth development programs. Scientific World Journal: Article ID 687536. doi: 10.1100/2012/687536Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (2013a). The Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: development, training, implementation, and evaluation. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 26: S2S9.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (eds.) (2013b). Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs (P.A.T.H.S.). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Sun, R. C. F., & Kan, V. W. M. (2009). Full implementation of the Secondary 1 program of Project P.A.T.H.S.: observations based on the Co-Walker scheme. Scientific World Journal: TSW Child Health & Human Development 9: 982–91. doi: 10.1100/tsw.2009.116Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Sun, R. C. F., & Merrick, J. (eds.) (2011). Training and program implementation in project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 23(special issue): 303–83.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Sun, R. C. F., & Merrick, J. (eds.) (2012a). Developmental Issues in Chinese Adolescents. New York: Nova Science.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Sun, R. C. F., & Merrick, J. (eds.). (2012b). Positive youth development constructs – conceptual review and application. Scientific World Journal (special issue).Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Wai, C. L. Y. (2008). Training workers implementing adolescent prevention and positive youth development programs: what have we learned from the literature? Adolescence 43: 823–45.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Wu, F. K. Y. (2013). Conceptual framework underlying the development of a positive youth development program in Hong Kong. In Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (eds.), Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs (P.A.T.H.S.). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, pp. 1528.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Yu, L. (2011a). Prevention of adolescent problem behavior: longitudinal impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Scientific World Journal 11: 546–67. doi: 10.1100/tsw.2011.33Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L,. & Yu, L. (2011b). A review of validated youth prevention and positive youth development programs in Asia. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 23: 317–24. doi: 10.1515/IJAMH.2011.028Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Yu, L. (2012a). Longitudinal impact of the Project PATHS on adolescent risk behavior: what happened after five years? Scientific World Journal 2012: Article ID 316029. doi: 10.1100/2012/316029Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Yu, L. (2012b). A longitudinal study of substance abuse in Hong Kong adolescents. In Shek, D. T. L., Sun, R. C. F., & Merrick, J. (eds.), Drug Abuse in Hong Kong: Development and Evaluation of a Prevention Program. New York: Nova Science, pp. 171–98.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., & Yu, L. (2013). Impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. on adolescent risk behavior: a five-year longitudinal study. In Shek, D. T. L., & Sun, R. C. F. (eds.), Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs (P.A.T.H.S.). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, pp. 85106.Google Scholar
Shek, D. T. L., Yu, L., Sun, R. C. F., Lee, T. Y., Han, X. Y., Li, X. X., & Zhao, X. (2014b). Objective outcome evaluation of a positive youth development program in China. International Journal on Disability and Human Development 13: 255–65. doi: 10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0311Google Scholar
Simons-Morton, B. G., & Haynie, D. L. (2003). Psychosocial predictors of increased smoking stage among sixth graders. American Journal of Health Behavior 27: 592602. doi: dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.27.6.2Google Scholar
Sun, R. C. F., & Shek, D. T. L. (2010). Life satisfaction, positive youth development, and problem behaviour among Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Social Indicators Research 95: 455–74. doi: 10.1007/s11205-009–9531-9Google Scholar
Sun, R. C. F., & Shek, D. T. L. (2013). Longitudinal influences of positive youth development and life satisfaction on problem behaviour among adolescents in Hong Kong. Social Indicators Research 114: 1171–97. doi: 10.1007/s11205-012–0196-4Google Scholar
Tebes, J. K., Feinn, R., Vanderploeg, J. J., Chinman, M. J., Shepard, J., Brabham, T., Genovese, M., & Connell, C. (2007). Impact of a positive youth development program in urban after-school settings on the prevention of adolescent substance use. Journal of Adolescent Health 41: 239–47. doi: 10.1016/jadohealth.2007.02.016Google Scholar
Veselska, Z., Geckova, A. M., Orosova, O., Gajdosova, B., van Dijk, J. P., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2009). Self-esteem and resilience: the connection with risky behavior among adolescents. Addictive Behaviors 34: 287–91. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.11.005Google Scholar
Veselska, Z., Geckova, A. M., Reijneveld, S. A., & van Dijk, J. P. (2011). Self-efficacy, affectivity and smoking behavior in adolescence. European Addiction Research 17: 172–7. doi: 10.1159/000326071Google Scholar
Wang, M. P., Ho, S. Y., & Lam, T. H. (2013). Underage alcohol drinking and medical services use in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 3. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002740.Google Scholar
Yuen, M., Hui, E. K. P., Lau, P. S. Y., Gysbers, N. C., Leung, T. K. M., Chan, R. M. C., & Shea, P. M. K. (2006). Assessing the personal-social development of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling 28: 317–30. doi: 10.1007/s10447-006–9017-2Google Scholar
Zimmerman, S. M., Phelps, E., & Lerner, R. M. (2008). Positive and negative developmental trajectories in U.S. adolescents: where the positive youth development perspective meets the deficit model. Research in Human Development 5: 153–65. doi: 10.1080/15427600802274001Google Scholar
Zullig, K. J., Valois, R. F., Huebner, E. S., Oeltmann, J. E., & Drane, J. W. (2001). Relationship between perceived life satisfaction and adolescents’ substance abuse. Journal of Adolescent Health 29: 279–88. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1054-139X(01)00269–5Google Scholar

References

Aaron, R., Joseph, A., Abraham, S., Muliyil, J., George, K., Prasad, J., … . Bose, A. (2004). Suicides in young people in rural southern India. Lancet 363: 1117–18.Google Scholar
Abraham, V. J., Abraham, S., & Jacob, K. S. (2005). Suicide in the elderly in Kaniyambadi block, Tamil Nadu, South India. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 20: 953–5.Google Scholar
Adamek, M. E., & Kaplan, M. S. (1996). The growing use of firearms by suicidal older women, 1979–1992: a research note. Suicide Life Threat Behavior. 26: 71–8.Google Scholar
Armstrong, G., Jorm, A. F., Samson, L., Joubert, L., Singh, S., & Kermode, M., (2014). Suicidal ideation and attempts among men who inject drugs in Delhi, India: psychological and social risk factors. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 49: 1367–77.Google Scholar
Aubert, P., Daigle, M. S., & Daigle, J. G. (2004). Cultural traits and immigration: hostility and suicidality in Chinese Canadian students. Transcultural Psychiatry 41: 514–32.Google Scholar
Badrinarayan, A. (1977). Suicide attempts in Gulbarga. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 19: 6970.Google Scholar
Balarajan, Y., Selvaraj, S., & Subramanian, S. V. (2011). Health care and equity in India. Lancet 377: 500–15.Google Scholar
Beautrais, A. L. (2006). Suicide in Asia. Crisis 27(2): 55–7. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910.27.2.55Google Scholar
Beautrais, A. L., Joyce, P. R., Mulder, R. T., Fergusson, D. M., Deavoll, B. J., & Nightingale, S. K. (1996). Prevalence and comorbidity of mental disorders in persons making serious suicide attempts: a case-control study. American Journal of Psychiatry 153: 1009–14.Google Scholar
Beeson, P. G. (2000). Some notes and data on rural suicide. Rural Mental Health 25: 1315.Google Scholar
Behere, P. B., & Behere, A. P. (2008). Farmers’ suicide in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state: a myth or reality? Indian Journal of Psychiatry 50: 124–7.Google Scholar
Bellanger, M. M., Jourdain, A., & Batt-Moillo, A. (2007). Might the decrease in the suicide rates in France be due to regional prevention programmes? Social Sciences & Medicine 65: 431–41.Google Scholar
Bertolote, J. M., Fleischmann, A., De Leo, D., Bolhari, J., Botega, N., De Silva, D., … Wasserman, D. (2005). Suicide attempts, plans, and ideation in culturally diverse sites. Psychological Medicine 35: 1457–65.Google Scholar
Bhatia, T., Thomas, P., Semwal, P., Thelma, B. K., Nimgaonkar, V. L., & Deshpande, S. N. (2006). Differing correlates for suicide attempts among patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in India and USA. Schizophrenia Research 86: 208–14.Google Scholar
Bhola, P., Rekha, D. P, Sathyanarayanan, V., Daniel, S., & Thomas, T. (2014). Self-reported suicidality and its predictors among adolescents from a pre-university college in Bangalore, India. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 7: 3845.Google Scholar
Bhugra, D. (2005). Sati: A type of nonpsychiatric suicide. Crisis 26: 73–7.Google Scholar
Braun, W. (2008). Sallekhana: the ethicality and legality of religious suicide by starvation in the Jain religious community. Med Law 27: 913–24.Google Scholar
Canetto, S. S. (2008) Women and suicidal behavior: a cultural analysis. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 78: 259–66.Google Scholar
Cavanagh, J. T., Carson, A. J., Sharpe, M., & Lawrie, S. M. (2003) Psychological autopsy studies of suicide: a systematic review. Psycholgical Medicine 33: 395405.Google Scholar
Center for Suicide Prevention (2002). Rural Stress: Suicide Information and Education Collection (Rep. No. 50). Calgary, Alberta, Canada: Center for Suicide Prevention, Canadian Mental Health Association.Google Scholar
Cheng, A. T. (1995). Mental illness and suicide. a case-control study in East Taiwan. Archives of General Psychiatry 52: 594603.Google Scholar
Crepet, P., Caracciolo, S., Casoli, R., Fabbri, D., Florenzano, F., Grassi, G. M., et al. (1991). Suicidal behavior in Italy: data, trends and guidelines for a suicide intervention/prevention policy. Suicide Life Threat Behavior 21: 263–78.Google Scholar
Das, P. P., Grover, S., Avasthi, A., Chakrabarti, S., Malhotra, S., & Kumar, S. (2008). Intentional self-harm seen in psychiatric referrals in a tertiary care hospital. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 50: 187–91.Google Scholar
De Leo, D. (2003). The interface of schizophrenia, culture and suicide. In Vijayakumar, L., (eds.), Suicide Prevention: Meeting the Challenge Together. Hyderabad, India: Orient Longman, pp. 1141.Google Scholar
Demyttenaere, K., Bruffaerts, R., Posada-Villa, J., Gasquet, I., Kovess, V., Lepine, J. P. … & Chatterji, S. (2004). Prevalence, severity, and unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Journal of American Medical Association 291: 2581–90.Google Scholar
Dombrovski, A. Y., Szanto, K., Duberstein, P., Conner, K. R., Houck, P. R., & Conwell, Y. (2008). Sex differences in correlates of suicide attempt lethality in late life. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 16: 905–13.Google Scholar
Dorling, D., & Gunnell, D. (2003). Suicide: the spatial and social components of despair in Britain, 1980–2000. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 28: 442–60.Google Scholar
Durkheim, E. (1951 [1897]). Suicide: A Study in Sociology. Trans. Spaulding, J. A., & Simpson, G.. New York: Free PressGoogle Scholar
Durkheim, E. (1952). Suicide. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
Dyer, J. (1997). Harvest of Rage. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Eddleston, M., Phillips, M. R. (2004). Self poisoning with pesticides. British Medical Journal 328: 42–4.Google Scholar
Etzersdorfer, E., Vijayakumar, L., Schony, W., Grausgruber, A., & Sonneck, G. (1998). Attitudes towards suicide among medical students – comparison between Madras (India) and Vienna (Austria). Social Psychiatry Psychiatric Epidemiolpgu 33: 104–10.Google Scholar
Gajalakshmi, V., & Peto, R. (2006). Commentary: verbal autopsy procedure for adult deaths. International Journal of Epidemiology 35: 748–50. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyl112Google Scholar
Gajalakshmi, V., & Peto, R. (2007). Suicide rates in rural Tamil Nadu, South India: verbal autopsy of 39 000 deaths in 1997–98. International Journal of Epidemiology 36: 203–7.Google Scholar
Gajalakshmi, V, & Peto, R., Kanimozhi, C. V., Whitlock, G., & Veeramani, D. (2007). Cohort profile: the Chennai prospective study of mortality among 500 000 adults in Tamil Nadu, South India. International Journal of Epidemiology 36: 1190–5.Google Scholar
Gerrard, N. (2003). Farm Stress: Resiliency in Rural People. Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada: Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food.Google Scholar
Government of India (1976). Suicides in India, 1964–1972, New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
Greydanus, D. E., Bacopoulou, F., & Tsalamanios, E. (2009). Suicide in adolescents: a worldwide preventable tragedy. Keio Journal of Medicine 58: 95102.Google Scholar
Gunderson, P., Donner, D., Nashold, R., Salkowicz, L., Sperry, S., & Wittman, B. (1993). The epidemiology of suicide among farm residents or workers in five north-central states, 1980–1988. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 9: 2632.Google Scholar
Gururaj, G., Isaac, M. K., Subbakrishna, D. K., & Ranjani, R. (2004). Risk factors for completed suicides: a case-control study from Bangalore, India. Injury Control and Safety Promotion 11: 183–91.Google Scholar
Hawton, K., & Heeringen, K. V. (2001). The International Handbook of Suicide and Attempted Suicide. New York: WileyGoogle Scholar
Heikkinen, M., Aro, H., & Lönnqvist, J. (1994). Recent life events, social support and suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 377: 6572.Google Scholar
Hirsch, J. K. (2006). A review of the literature on rural suicide: risk and protective factors, incidence, and prevention. Crisis 27: 189–99. dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-1674-2_11Google Scholar
Isometsa, E., Heikkinen, M., Henriksson, M., Marttunen, M., Aro, H., & Lonnqvist, J. (1997). Differences between urban and rural suicides. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 95: 297305.Google Scholar
Jacob, K. S. (2008). The prevention of suicide in India and the developing world: the need for population-based strategies. Crisis 29: 102–6.Google Scholar
Jain, B. (2014). Government decriminalizes attempt to commit suicide, removes section 309. Times of India, December 10. Retrieved from timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Government-decriminalizes-attempt-to-commit-suicide-removes-section-309/articleshow/45452253.cmsGoogle Scholar
Jena, S., & Sidhartha, T. (2004). Non-fatal suicidal behaviors in adolescents. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 46: 310–18.Google Scholar
Johansson, L. M., Sundquist, J., Johansson, S., & Bergman, B. (1997). Ethnicity, social factors, illness and suicide: a follow-up study of a random sample of the Swedish population. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 95:125–31.Google Scholar
Johnson, J., Wood, A. M., Gooding, P., Taylor, P. J., & Tarrier, N. (2011). Resilience to suicidality: the buffering hypothesis. Clinical Psychology Review 31: 563–91.Google Scholar
Jones, S., & Keenan, P. (2014) Comparisons of attempted suicide between India and UK. Mental Health Nursing 34: 1417.Google Scholar
Joseph, A., Abraham, S., Muliyil, J. P., George, K., Prasad, J., Minz, S., … Jacob, K. S. (2003). Evaluation of suicide rates in rural India using verbal autopsies, 1994–9. British Medical Journal 326(7399): 1121–2.Google Scholar
Karasz, A. (2005). Cultural differences in conceptual models of depression. Social Science & Medicine 60: 1625–35.Google Scholar
Klaber, A. (2006). Trends in Suicide Rates in Urban and Rural Areas across Trent Region, 1988–1998. University of Sheffield, UK: Public Health GIS Unit.Google Scholar
Kposowa, A. J. (2000). Marital status and suicide in the National Longitudinal Mortality Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 54: 254–61.Google Scholar
Kumar, V. (2004). Poisoning deaths in married women. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine 11: 25.Google Scholar
Kurosu, S. (1991). Suicide in rural areas, the case of Japan 1960–1980. Rural Sociology 56: 603–18.Google Scholar
Latha, K. S., Bhat, S. M., & D’Souza, P. (1996). Suicide attempters in a general hospital unit in India: their socio-demographic and clinical profile – emphasis on cross-cultural aspects. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 94: 2630.Google Scholar
Lesage, A. D., Boyer, R., Grunberg, F., Vanier, C., Morissette, R., Menard-Buteau, C., et al. (1994). Suicide and mental disorders: a case-control study of young men. American Journal of Psychiatry 151: 1063–8.Google Scholar
Lingren, H. (1995). Rural Families Facing Economic and Emotional Stress (Rep. No. NF93–155). Lincoln: Cooperative Extension, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska–Lincoln.Google Scholar
Mann, J. J., Apter, A., Bertolote, J., Beautrais, A., Currier, D., Haas, A., … Marusic, A., et al. (2005). Suicide prevention strategies, a systematic review. JAMA –Journal of the American Medical Association 294: 2064–74.Google Scholar
Manoranjitham, S. D., Charles, H., Saravanan, B., Jayakaran, R., Abraham, S., & Jacob, K. S. (2007). Perceptions about suicide, a qualitative study from southern India. National Medical Journal of India 20: 176–9.Google Scholar
Manoranjitham, S. D., Rajkumar, A. P., Thangadurai, P., Prasad, J., Jayakaran, R., & Jacob, K. S. (2010). Risk factors for suicide in rural South India. British Journal of Psychiatry 196: 2630.Google Scholar
Mayer, P., & Ziaian, T. (2002). Suicide, gender, and age variations in India: are women in Indian society protected from suicide? Crisis 23: 98103.Google Scholar
Menon, V., Kattimani, S., Sarkar, S., & Muthuramalingam, A. (2015). Gender differences among suicide attempters attending a crisis intervention clinic in South India. Industrial Psychiatry Journal 24: 64.Google Scholar
Middleton, N., Whitley, E., Frankel, S., Dorling, D., Sterne, J., & Gunnell, D. (2004). Suicide risk in small areas in England and Wales, 1991–1993. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology 39: 4552.Google Scholar
Minino, A. M., (2010). Mortality among Teenagers Aged 12–19 Years: United States 1999–2006. NCHS Data Brief, No. 37. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.Google Scholar
Miret, M., Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., Sanchez-Moreno, J., & Vieta, E. (2013). Depressive disorders and suicide: epidemiology, risk factors, and burden. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 37: 2372–4.Google Scholar
Mortensen, P. B., Agerbo, E., Erikson, T., Qin, P., & Westergaard-Nielsen, N. (2000). Psychiatric illness and risk factors for suicide in Denmark. Lancet 355: 912.Google Scholar
Moscicki, E. K. (1997). Identification of suicide risk factors using epidemiologic studies. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 20: 499517.Google Scholar
Mrazek, P. J., & Haggerty, R. (1994). Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
Mullatti, L. (1995). Families in India, beliefs and realities. Journal of Comparative Family Studies 26: 1125.Google Scholar
Nandi, D. N., Banerjee, G., & Boral, G. C., (1978). Suicides in West Bengal: a century apart. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 20: 155.Google Scholar
NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) (2000). Accidental Deaths and Suicide in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.Google Scholar
NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) (2013). Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2012, 46th ed. New Delhi: National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.Google Scholar
O’Connor, R. C., & Nock, M. K. (2014). The psychology of suicidal behavior. Lancet Psychiatry 1: 7385. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(14)70222-6Google Scholar
Pandve, H., & Pandve, T. (2013). Primary healthcare system in India: evolution and challenges. International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management 1: 125–8.Google Scholar
Patel, V., Ramasundarahettige, C., Vijayakumar, L., Thakur, J. S., Gajalakshmi, V., & Gururaj, G. et al. for the Million Death Study Collaborators (2012). Suicide mortality in India, a nationally representative survey. Lancet 379 (9834): 2343–51.Google Scholar
Phillips, M. R., & Cheng, H. C. (2012). The changing global face of suicide. Lancet 379: 2318–9.Google Scholar
Phillips, M. R., Li, X., Zhang, Y. (2002). Suicide rates in China, 1995–99. Lancet 359: 835–40.Google Scholar
Phillips, M. R., Yang, G., Li, S., & Li, Y. (2004). Suicide and the unique prevalence pattern of schizophrenia in mainland China: a retrospective observational study. Lancet 364: 1062–8.Google Scholar
Phillips, M. R., Yang, G., Zhang, Y., Wang, L., Ji, H., & Zhou, M. (2002). Risk factors for suicide in China: a national case-control psychological autopsy study. Lancet 360(9347): 1728–36.Google Scholar
Pillai, A., Andrews, T., & Patel, V. (2009). Violence, psychological distress and the risk of suicidal behaviour in young people in India. International Journal of Epidemiology 38: 459–69.Google Scholar
Pirkis, J., Burgess, P., & Jolley, D. (2002). Suicide among psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 36: 8691.Google Scholar
Plutchik, R., & Van Praag, H. M. (1994). Suicide risk: amplifiers and attenuators. In Hillbrand, M., & Pollone, N. J. (eds.), The Psychobiology of Aggression. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
Prasad, J., Abraham, V. J., Minz, S., Abraham, S., Joseph, A., Muliyil, J. P., et al. (2006). Rates and factors associated with suicide in Kaniyambadi Block, Tamil Nadu, South India, 2000–02. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 52: 6571.Google Scholar
Pritchard, C., & Hean, S. (2008). Suicide and undetermined deaths among youths and young adults in Latin America, comparison with the 10 major developed countries – a source of hidden suicides? Crisis 29: 145–53.Google Scholar
Qin, P. (2005). Suicide risk in relation to level of urbanicity – a population-based linkage study. International Journal of Epidemiology 34(4): 846–52.Google Scholar
Radhakrishnan, R., & Andrade, C. (2012). Suicide: an Indian perspective. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 54: 304–19.Google Scholar
Rao, A. V. (1971). Suicide attempters in Madurai. Journal of Indian Medical Association 57: 278–83.Google Scholar
Rao, A. V. (1991). Suicide in the elderly: a report from India. Crisis 12: 33–9.Google Scholar
Registrar General of India (2007). Medically-Certified Causes of Death, Statistical Report: 2004. New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
Rehkopf, D. H., Buka, S. L. (2006). The association between suicide and the socio-economic characteristics of geographical areas, a systematic review. Psychological Medicine 36: 145–57.Google Scholar
Renwick, M. Y., Olsen, G. G., & Tyrrell, M. S. (1982). Suicide in rural New South Wales: comparison with metropolitan experience. Medical Journal of Australia 1: 377–80.Google Scholar
Sadock, B. J., & Sadock, V. A. (2008). Kaplan & Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
Sainath, P. (2007). Nearly 1.5 lakh farm suicides from 1997 to 2005. Hindu, November 12. www.hindu.com/2007/11/12/stories/2007111257790100.htmGoogle Scholar
Shah, R., Eynan, R., Srivastava, A., Reiss, L., Rao, T. S., Parkar, S., Dutt, L., Kadam, K., & Links, P. S. (2015). Indo–Canadian collaboration for suicide prevention: training needs assessment for healthcare professionals in India. Community Mental Health Journal. doi: 10.1007/s10597-015–9895-z [Epub ahead of print]Google Scholar
Shajahan, P. M., & Cavanagh, J. T. O. (1998). Admission for depression among men in Scotland, 1980–95, retrospective study. British Medical Journal 316: 1496–7.Google Scholar
Sinha, S. K., & Kaur, J. (2011). National mental health programme: manpower development scheme of eleventh five-year plan. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 53: 261–5.Google Scholar
Srivastava, A. (2013). Psychological attributes and socio-demographic profile of hundred completed suicide victims in the state of Goa, India. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 55: 268–72.Google Scholar
Srivastava, M. K., Sahoo, R. N., Ghotekar, L. H., Dutta, S., Danabalan, M., Dutta, T. K., & Das, A. K. (2004). Risk factors associated with attempted suicide: a case control study. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 46: 33–8.Google Scholar
Sundar, M. (1999). Suicide in farmers in India. British Journal of Psychiatry 175: 585–6.Google Scholar
Taliaferro, L. A., & Borowsky, I. W. (2011). Perspective, physician education: a promising strategy to prevent adolescent suicide. Academic Medicine 86: 342–7.Google Scholar
Thu, K., Lasley, P., Whitten, P., Lewis, M., Donham, K. J., Zwerling, C., et al. (1989). Stress as a potential risk factor for agricultural injuries: comparative data from the Iowa Farm Family Health and Hazard Survey (1994) and the Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll (1989). Journal of Agromedicine 4: 181–92.Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L. (2002). Religion: a protective factor in suicide. Suicidologi 2: 912.Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L. (2004a). Altruistic suicide in India. Archives of Suicide Research 8: 7380. doi: 10.1080/13811110490243804Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L. (2004b). Suicide prevention, the urgent need in developing countries. World Psychiatry 3: 158–9.Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L. (2005). Suicide and mental disorders in Asia. International Review of Psychiatry 17: 109–14.Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L. (2007). Suicide and its prevention: the urgent need in India. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 49: 81–4. doi: 10.4103/0019–5545.33252Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L. (2010). Indian research on suicide. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 52: S291S296.Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L., Nagaraj, K.., Pirkis, J., & Whiteford, H. (2005). Suicide in developing countries (1), frequency, distribution, and association with socioeconomic indicators. Crisis 263: 104–11. doi: 10.1027/0227–5910.26.3.104Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L., Pirkis, J., & Huong, T. T. (2008). Socio-economic, cultural and religious factors affecting suicide prevention in Asia. In Hendin, H., Phillips, M. R., & Vijayakumar, L. (eds.), Suicide and Suicide Prevention in Asia. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, pp. 1930.Google Scholar
Vijayakumar, L., & Rajkumar, S. (1999). Are risk factors for suicide universal? A case-control study in India. Acta Psychiatria Scandinavia 99: 407–11.Google Scholar
Vizcarra, B., Hassan, F., Hunter, W. M., Muñoz, S. R., Ramiro, L., & Paula, C. S. (2004). Partner violence as a risk factor for mental health among women from communities in the Philippines, Egypt, Chile, and India. Injury Control and Safety Promotion 11: 125–9.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (1989). World Health Statistics Annual. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (2000). Preventing Suicide. A Resource for General Physicians. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (2001). World Health Report 2001: Mental Health, New Understanding, New Hope. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (2012a). Global Burden of Mental Disorders and the Need for a Comprehensive, Coordinated Response from Health and Social Sectors at the Country Level. A65/10. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (2012b). Public Health Action for the Prevention of Suicide: A Framework. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/75166/1/9789241503570_eng.pdfGoogle Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization). (2014). Preventing suicide, A global imperative. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (1990). Public Health Impact of Pesticides Used in Agriculture. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
Withhead, M., & Dahlgren, G. (2006). Levelling Up (Part 1): A Discussion on Concepts and Principles for Tackling Social Inequities in Health. Studies on Social and Economic Determinants of Population Health No. 2. Report no. WHOLIS E89383. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe, p. 44. Retrieved from who.int/social_determinants/resources/leveling_up_part1.pdfGoogle Scholar
Zonda, T. (2006). One-hundred cases of suicide in Budapest, a case-controlled psychological autopsy study. Crisis 27: 125–9.Google Scholar

References

Ariyabuddhiphongs, V., & Jaiwong, D. (2010). Observance of the Buddhist five precepts, subjective wealth, andhappiness among Buddhists in Bangkok, Thailand. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32(3): 327–44.Google Scholar
Bar-On, R. (2005). The impact of emotional intelligence on subjective well-being. Perspectives in Education 23(2): 4162.Google Scholar
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Garbin, M. G. (1988) Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review 8(1): 77100.Google Scholar
Becker, D., & Marecek, J. (2008). Dreaming the American dream: individualism and positive psychology.Social and Personality Psychology Compass 2(5): 1767–80.Google Scholar
Bergsma, A., Ten Have, M., Veenhoven, R., & De Graaf, R. (2011). Most people with mental disorders are happy; a 3-year follow-up in the Dutch general population. Journal of Positive Psychology 6: 253–9.Google Scholar
Bergsma, A., & Veenhoven, R. (2011). The happiness of people with a mental disorder in modern society. Psychology of Well-Being: Theory, Research and Practice 1(2): 16.Google Scholar
Binkley, S. (2014). Happiness as Enterprise: An Essay on Neoliberal Life. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
Centreform Commission (2014). The pursuit of happiness: a new ambition for our mental health. www.centreforum.org/assets/pubs/the-pursuit-of-happiness.pdfGoogle Scholar
Christopher, J. C., & Hickinbottom, S. (2008). Positive psychology, ethnocentrism, and the disguised ideology of individualism. Theory & Psychology 18(5): 563–89.Google Scholar
Christopher, M., Skillman, G., Kirkhart, M., & D'Souza, J. (2006). The effect of normative and behavioral persuasion on help seeking in Thai and American college students. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development 34(2): 8093.Google Scholar
Dwyer, A. L., & Cummings, A. L. (2001). Stress, self-efficacy, social support, and coping strategies in university students. Canadian Journal of Counseling 35(3): 208–20.Google Scholar
Ekman, P., Davidson, R. J., Ricard, M., & Wallace, B. A. (2005). Buddhist and psychological perspectives on emotion and well-being. Current Directions in Psychological Science 14(2): 5963.Google Scholar
Frawley, A. (2015). Happiness research: a reviewof critiques. Sociology Compass 9(1): 6277.Google Scholar
Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: a compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Personality and Individual Differences 33: 1073–82.Google Scholar
Imsupasit, S., Suttiwan, P., Tuicomepee, A., & Loapoonpat, C. (2011). CU Happiness index: Can student’s happiness be assessable? Poster presentation at the Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU) Convention, March, Mahachulalongkorn Building, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.Google Scholar
King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., Merianos, A. L., & Singh, M. (2014). A study of stress, social support, and perceived happiness among college students. Journal of Happiness and Well-Being 2(2): 132–44.Google Scholar
Kjellgren, A., & Buhrkall, H. (2010). A comparison of the restorative effect of a natural environment with a simulated environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology 30(4): 464–72.Google Scholar
Kobau, R., Seligman, M., Petrson, C., Diener, E., Zack, M., Chapman, D., & Thompson, W. (2011). Mental health promotion in public health: perspectives and strategies from positive psychology. American Journal of Public Health 101(8): e1e9.Google Scholar
Levy, B. R., Slade, M. D., Kunkel, S. R., & Kasl, S. V. (2002). Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 83(2): 261–70.Google Scholar
Mayer, S. F., & Frantz, C. M. (2004). The connectedness to nature scale: a measure of individuals’ feeling in community with nature. Journal of Environmental Psychology 24(4): 503–15.Google Scholar
Mayer, S. F., Frantz, C. M., Bruehlman-Senecal, E., & Dollover, K. (2009). Why is nature beneficial? The role of connectedness to nature. Environment and Behavior 41: 607–43.Google Scholar
McDonald, M., & O’Callaghan, J. (2008). Positive psychology: a Foucauldian critique. Humanistic Psychologist 36(2): 127–42.Google Scholar
Mind (2007). Ecotherapy: the green agenda for mental health.www.mind.org.uk/campaigns_and_issues/report_and_resources/835_ecotherapyGoogle Scholar
National Statistical Office of Thailand (2009). The 2009 Health and Welfare Survey. Bangkok: Ministry of Information and Communication Technology.Google Scholar
Newman, I. M., Shell, D. F., Li, T., & Innadda, S. (2006).Buddhism and adolescent alcohol use in Thailand.Substance Use & Misuse 41: 17891800.Google Scholar
Oswald, A., Proto, E., & Sgroi, D. (2009). Happiness and productivity. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) Discussion Paper, 4645. 1–53. Bonn, Germany: IZA.Google Scholar
Page, R. C., Taffel, S., Ruammake, K. C., & Reed, J. (1994). A comparison of Thai and American counseling students’ perceptions of counseling. International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling 17: 213–23.Google Scholar
Phongvarin, C., Tuicomepee, A., Kotrajaras, S., & Pokaeo, S. (2012). Perceived happiness in the context of Buddha Dharma among undergraduate students: a qualitative investigation. HRD Journal 3: 111–19.Google Scholar
Pinyuchon, M., Gray, A., & House, R.M. (2003). The pa sook model of counseling Thai families: a culturally mindful approach. Journal of Family Psychotherapy 14: 6793.Google Scholar
Proetphan, D. (2007). Effects of Yonisomanasikara group counseling on Panna in interconnectedness and change. (Doctoral Dissertation). Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.Google Scholar
PhraphomKhunaphon (P. A. Payutto) (2009). Buddhadharma, 11th ed. Bangkok: Mahachulalongkornrajavidhayalaya Press.Google Scholar
Ramasoot, W. (2004). Sources of stress in Chulalongkorn University undergraduate students. (Unpublished master’sthesis).Faculty of Psychology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.Google Scholar
Romano, J. L., & Hage, S. H. (2000). Prevention and counseling psychology: revitalizing commitments for the 21st century. Counseling Psychologist 28(6): 733–63.Google Scholar
Romano, J. L., & Netland, J. D. (2008). The application of the theory of reasoned action and planned behavior to prevention science in counseling psychology. Counseling Psychologist 36(5): 777806.Google Scholar
Roszak, T. (1995). Where psyche meets Gaia. In Roszak, T., Gomes, M. E., & Kanner, A. D. (eds.), Ecotherapy: Restoring the Earth, Healing the Mind. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books.Google Scholar
Salami, S. O. (2010). Emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, psychological well-being and students’ attitudes: implications for quality education. European Journal of Educational Studies 2(3): 247–57.Google Scholar
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology 4: 219–47.Google Scholar
Schultz, P. W., Shriver, C., Tabanico, J., & Khazian, A. (2004). Implicit connections with nature. Journal of Environmental Psychology 24: 3142.Google Scholar
Stitmannaithum, B. (2014). Chulalongkorn University 2013–2014 Sustainability Report. The ISCN-GULF Sustainable Campus Charter. Boston, MA: International Sustainable Campus Network.Google Scholar
Spielberger, C. D. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Form Y). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
Tapanya, S. (2010). Psychology in Thailand. In Weiner, I. B., & Craighead, W. E. (eds.), The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, pp.1775–6.Google Scholar
Thai Health Promotion Foundation (2001). The Annual Report 2001–2010. Bangkok: Thai Health Promotion Foundation.Google Scholar
Titmuss, C. (1995). The Green Buddha. Devon: Insight Book (Totnes).Google Scholar
Tuicomepee, A., Romano, J. L., & Pokaeo, S. (2012). Counseling in Thailand: development from a Buddhist perspective. Journal of Counseling and Development 90: 357–61.Google Scholar
Uchida, Y., & Kitayama, S. (2009). Happiness and unhappiness in East and West: themes and variations. Emotion 9(4): 441–56.Google Scholar
Wallace, B. A. (2005). Genuine Happiness: Meditation as the Path to Fulfillment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
Weisz, J. R., McCarty, C. A., Eastman, K. L., Chaiyasit, W., & Suanlert, S. (1997). Developmental psychopathology and culture: ten lessons from Thailand. In Luthar, S. S., Burack, J. A., Cicchetti, D., & Weisz, J. R. (eds.), Developmental Psychopathology: Perspectives on Adjustment, Risk, and Disorder. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 568–92.Google Scholar
Wiist, W. H., Sullivan, B. M., Wayment, H. A., & Warren, M. (2010). A web-based survey of the relationship between Buddhist religious practices, health, and psychological characteristics: research methods andpreliminary results. Journal of Religion and Health 49(1): 1831.Google Scholar
World Bank (2015). Thailand Economic Monitor – June 2015: Quality Education for All. Washington, DC: World Bank. www.worldbank.org/en/country/thailand/publication/thailand-economic-monitor-june-2015Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (2006). WHO-MAIS Report on Mental Health System in Thailand. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. www.who.int/mental_health/thailand_who_aims_report.pdfGoogle Scholar
Yiengprugsawan, V., Somboonsook, B., Seubsman, S., & Sleigh, A. C. (2012). Happiness, mental health, and socio-demographic associations among a national cohort of Thai adults. Journal of Happiness Studies 13(6): 1019–29.Google Scholar

References

APA (American Psychological Association) (2014). Guidelines for prevention in psychology. American Psychologist 69: 286–96. doi: 10.1037/a0034569Google Scholar
Bangalore, S., & Messerli, F. H. (2013). Gun ownership and firearm-related deaths. American Journal of Medicine 126: 873–6. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.04.012Google Scholar
Birkett, M., & Espelage, D. (2010). Homophobic name-calling, peer groups, and masculinity: the socialization of homophobic behavior in adolescents. Social Development 24: 184205.Google Scholar
Blad, E. (2014). Tip lines get a fresh look in school safety initiatives. Education Week 33(20). www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2014/02/05/20tiplines.h33.htmlGoogle Scholar
Blair, J. P., & Martaindale, M. H. (2013). Active shooter events from 2000–2010: training and equipment implications. alerrt.org/files/research/ActiveShooterEvents.pdfGoogle Scholar
Bockler, N., Seeger, T., Sitzer, P., & Heitmeyer, W. (2013). School shootings: conceptual framework and international empirical trends. In Bockler, N., Seeger, T., Sitzer, P., & Heitmeyer, W. (eds.), School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention. New York: Springer., pp. 124.Google Scholar
Bondü, R., Cornell, D. G., & Scheithauer, H. (2011). Student homicidal violence in schools: an international problem. New Directions for Youth Development 129: 1330. doi: 10.1002/ydGoogle Scholar
Bonfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Brinkley, C. J., & Saarnio, D. A. (2006). Involving students in school violence prevention: are they willing to help? Journal of School Violence 5(1): 93106. doi: 10.1300/J202v05n01_07Google Scholar
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (2014a). School assisted violent death study. www.cdc.gov/violence prevention/youthviolence/schoolviolence/savd.htmlGoogle Scholar
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (2014b). The social-ecological model: a framework for violence prevention. www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/sem_framewrk-a.pdfGoogle Scholar
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (2014c). Suicide: risk and protective factors. www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/riskprotectivefactors.htmlGoogle Scholar
Conyne, R. (2004). Preventive Counseling: Helping People to Become Empowered in Systems and Settings, 2nd ed. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Conyne, R. (2015). Counseling for Wellness and Prevention: Empowering People in Settings and Systems, 3rd ed. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Conyne, R., & Mazza, J. (2006). Ecological group work applied to schools. Journal for Specialists in Group Work 32: 1929. doi: 10.1080/01933920600977499Google Scholar
Cornell, D., Sheras, P., Gregory, A., & Fan, X. (2009). A retrospective study of school safety conditions in high schools using the Virginia threat assessment guidelines versus alternative approaches. School Psychology Quarterly 24(2): 119–29. doi: 10.1037/a0016182Google Scholar
Council on Foreign Relations. (2012). U.S. gun policy: global comparisons. www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/gun-policy/Google Scholar
Defense Science Board, Department of Defense (2012). Task force report: predicting violent behavior. www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/PredictingViolentBehavior.pdfGoogle Scholar
Dill, K. E., Redding, R. E., Smith, P. K., Surette, R., & Cornell, D. G. (2011). Recurrent issues in efforts to prevent homicidal youth violence in schools: expert opinions. New Directions for Youth Development 129: 113–28. doi: 10.1002/yd.391Google Scholar
Dougherty, C. (2009). Teenage gunman kills 15 at school in Germany. New York Times, March 11. www.nytimes.com/2009/03/12/world/europe/12germany.html?_r=1&Google Scholar
Eagan, S. H., VosWinkel, F., Ford, J. D., Lyddy, C., Schwartz, H., & Spencer, A. (2014). Shooting at Sandyhook Elementary School: report of the Office of the Child Advocate. www.ct.gov/oca/site/default.aspGoogle Scholar
Eliot, M., Cornell, D., Gregory, A., & Fan, X. (2010). Supportive school climate and student willingness to seek help for bullying and threats of violence. Journal of School Psychology 48(6): 533–53. doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2010.07.001Google Scholar
FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Bulletin) (2014). Active shooter events from 2000–2012. leb.fbi.gov/2014/january/active-shooter-events-from-2000-to-2012Google Scholar
Fein, R. A., Vossekuil, B., & Holden, G. A. (1995). Threat assessment: an approach to prevent targeted violence. National Institute of Justice: Research in Action (September): 1–7. www.secretservice.gov/ntac.htmGoogle Scholar
Fein, R. A., Vossekuil, B., Pollack, W. S., Borum, R., Modzeleski, W., & Reddy, M. (2002). Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and Creating Safe School Climates. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program and U.S. Secret Service, National Threat Assessment Center.Google Scholar
Felix, E., & Furlong, M. (2008). Best practices in bullying prevention. In Thomas, A., & Grimes, J. (eds.), Best Practices in School Psychology. Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists, pp. 1279–89.Google Scholar
Ferguson, C. J., Coulson, M., & Barnett, J. (2011). Psychological profiles of school shooters: positive directions and one big wrong turn. Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations 11(2): 141–58. doi: 10.1080/15332586.2011.581523Google Scholar
Foster, H., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2013). Neighborhood, family, and individual influences on school physical victimization. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 42: 15861610. doi: 10.1007/s10964-012–9890-4Google Scholar
Freie Universität Berlin (2014). Conflicts with teachers are risk factor for school shootings [Press release]. www.fu-berlin.de/en/presse/informationen/fup/2014/fup_14_299-target-forschung-amok-school-shooting/index.htmlGoogle Scholar
Furlong, M. J., Felix, E. D., Sharkley, J. D., & Larson, J. (2005). Preventing school violence: a plan for safe and engaging schools. Student Counseling 6(1): 1115. www.nasponline.org. /resources/principals/Student%20Counseling%20Violence%20Prevention.pdfGoogle Scholar
Gallup (2014a). Fear for child’s safety nearly back to pre-Sandy Hook levels. www.gallup.com/poll/174827/fear-child-safety-nearly-back-pre-sandy-hook-levels.aspxGoogle Scholar
Gallup (2014b). More than 6 in 10 Americans say guns make homes safer. www.gallup.com/poll/179213/six-americans-say-guns-homes-safer.aspxGoogle Scholar
Gullotta, T., & Bloom, B. (eds.) (2013). Encyclopedia of Primary Prevention and Health Promotion. New York: Kluwer.Google Scholar
Harper, J. (2012). Media coverage of Newtown shooting draws criticism. Washington Times, December 16. www.washingtontimes.com/blog/watercooler/2012/dec/16/media-coverage-newtown-shootings-draws-criticism/Google Scholar
Hong, J. S., Cho, H., Allen-Meares, P., & Espelage, D. L. (2011). The social ecology of the Columbine High School shootings. Children and Youth Services Review 33: 861–8. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.12.005Google Scholar
IOM (Institute of Medicine) and NRC (National Research Council) (2013). Priorities for Research to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-related Violence. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
Interdisciplinary Group on Preventing School and Community Violence (2012). December 2012 Connecticut school shooting position statement. curry.virginia.edu/articles/sandyhookshootingGoogle Scholar
Johnson, K. (2014). FBI trains 30,000 to confront active shooters. USA Today, December 22. Retrieved from www.usatoday.com/Google Scholar
Juvonen, J., Nishina, A., & Graham, S. (2000). Peer harassment, psychological adjustment, and school functioning in early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology 92(2): 349–59. Retrieved from www.apa.org/pubs/journals/edu/Google Scholar
Kalish, R., & Kimmel, M. (2010). Suicide by mass murder: masculinity, aggrieved entitlement, and rampage school shootings. Health Sociology Review 9(4): 451–64. doi: 0.5172/hesr.2010.19.4.451Google Scholar
Kiilakoski, T., & Oksanen, A. (2011) Cultural and peer influences on homicidal violence: a Finnish perspective. New Directions for Youth Development 33 (129): 3142. doi: 10.1002/yd.385Google Scholar
Kimmel, M., & Mahler, M. (2003). Adolescent masculinity, homophobia, and violence: random school shootings, 1982–2000. American Behavioral Scientist 46. doi: 10.1177/0002764203046010010Google Scholar
Klein, J., Cornell, D., & Konold, T. (2012). Relationships between bullying, school climate, and student risk behaviors. School Psychology Quarterly 27: 154–69. doi: 10.1037/a0029350Google Scholar
Kostinsky, S., Bixler, E. O., & Kettl, P. A. (2001). Threats of school violence in Pennsylvania after media coverage of the Columbine high school massacre: examining the role of imitation. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 155(9): 9941001. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.155.9.994Google Scholar
Langman, P. (2009). Rampage school shooters: a typology. Aggression and Violent Behavior 14: 7986. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2008.10.003Google Scholar
Lankford, A. (2012). A comparative analysis of suicide terrorists and rampage, workplace and school shooters in the United States from 1990–2010. Homicide Studies 17(3): 255–74. doi: 10.1177/1088767912462033Google Scholar
Lankford, A. (2015). Mass shooters in the USA, 1966–2010: differences between attackers who live and die. Justice Quarterly 32(2): 360–79. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1080/07418825.2013.806675Google Scholar
Larkin, R. (2009). The Columbine legacy: rampage shootings as political acts. American Behavioral Scientist 52(9): 1309–26. doi: 10.1177/0002764209332548Google Scholar
Leary, M. R., Kowalski, R. M., Smith, L., & Phillips, S. (2003). Teasing, rejection, and violence: case studies of the school shootings. Aggressive Behavior 29: 202–14. doi: 10.1002/ab.10061Google Scholar
Leuschner, V., Bondü, R., Shroer-Hippel, M., Panno, J., Neumetzler, K., Fisch, S., Scholl, J., & Scheithauer, H. (2011). Prevention of homicidal violence in schools in Germany: the Berlin Leaking Project and the Networks against School Shootings Project (NETWASS). New Directions for Youth Development 129: 6178. doi: 10.1002/yd.387Google Scholar
Library of Congress (2014). Firearms control legislation and policy: Germany. www.loc.gov/law/help/firearms-control/germany.phpGoogle Scholar
Lindberg, N., Sailas, E., & Kaltiala-Heino, R. (2012). The copycat phenomenon after two Finnish school shootings: an adolescent psychiatric perspective. BMC Psychiatry 12(91): doi: 10.1186/1471–244X-12–91Google Scholar
Lindstrom-Johnson, S. (2009). Improving the school environment to reduce school violence: a review of the literature. Journal of School Health 79(10): 451–65. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00435.xGoogle Scholar
Lindstrom-Johnson, S., Burke, J., & Gielen, A. (2011). Prioritizing the school environment in school violence prevention efforts. Journal of School Health 81(6): 331–40. doi: 0.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00598.xGoogle Scholar
Madfis, E., & Levin, J. (2013). School rampage in international perspective: the salience of cumulative strain theory. In Bockler, N., Seeger, T., Sitzer, P., & Heitmeyer, W. (eds.), School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention. New York: Springer, pp. 79104.Google Scholar
Markward, M. J., Cline, S., & Markward, N. J. (2001). Group socialization, the Internet and school shootings. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth 10: 135–46. doi: 10.1080/02673843.2001.9747895Google Scholar
McConville, B., & Lawless, J. (2012). Gun control after school shootings: lessons from around the globe. Christian Science Monitor, December 18. Retrieved from www.csmonitor.comGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, M. L., & Brendtro, L. K. (2013). Victories over violence: the quest for safe schools and communities. Reclaiming Children & Youth 22(3): 511. Retrieved from reclaimingjournal.com/Google Scholar
National Alliance on Mental Illness. (2013). State legislation report 2013: Trends, themes & best practices in state mental health legislation. www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/State_Advocacy/Tools_for_Leaders/2013StateLegislationReportFinal.pdfGoogle Scholar
National Alliance on Mental Illness. (2014). State mental health legislation 2014: Trends, themes & effective practices. www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=Policy_Reports&Template=/Content Management/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=172851Google Scholar
Newman, K. (2012). In school shootings, patterns and warning signs. CNN, December 17. www.cnn.com/2012/12/17/opinion/newman-school-shooters/Google Scholar
Newman, K. (2013). Adolescent culture and the tragedy of rampage shootings. In Bockler, N., Seeger, T., Sitzer, P., & Heitmeyer, W. (eds.), School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention. New York: Springer, pp. 5577.Google Scholar
Office of the Surgeon General (U.S.); National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (U.S.); National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.); Center for Mental Health Services (U.S.). (2001). Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: Office of the Surgeon General (U.S.), ch. 1. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44297/Google Scholar
Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at School: What We Know and What We Can Do. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
O’Malley, M., & Eklund, K. (2012). Promoting safe and healthy schools. In Brock, S., & Jimerson, S. (eds.), Best Practices in Crisis Prevention and Intervention in Schools. Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists, pp. 151–76.Google Scholar
Orpinas, P., & Horne, A. H. (2006). Bullying Prevention: Creating a Positive School Climate and Developing Competence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
O’Sullivan, J. (2014). Voters approve measure to expand checks for gun buyers. Seattle Times, November 4. seattletimes.com/html/localnews/2024953470_elexbackgroundchecksxml.htmlGoogle Scholar
O’Toole, M. (2000). The School Shooter: A Threat Assessment Perspective. Quantico, VA: National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, FBI Academy.Google Scholar
Payne, N. (2013). Dewey Cornell: “schools are safe.” Southwest Times, February 14. www.southwesttimes.com/2013/02/dewey-cornell-schools-are-safe/Google Scholar
Payne, S. T., & Elliott, D. S. (2011). Safe2Tell. New Directions for Youth Development 2011(129): 103–11. doi: 10.1002/yd.390Google Scholar
Pollack, W. S., Modzeleski, W., & Rooney, G. (2008). Prior Knowledge of Potential School-based Violence: Information Students Learn May Prevent a Targeted Attack. Washington, DC: United States Department of Education.Google Scholar
Robers, S., Kemp, J., Rathbun, A., & Morgan, R. E. (2014). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2013 (NCES 2014-042/NCJ 243299). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education; and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
Rocque, M. (2012). Exploring school rampage shootings: research, theory, and policy. Social Science Journal 49: 304–13. doi: 10.1016/j.soscij.2011.11.001Google Scholar
Severson, K. (2013). Guns at school? If there is a will, there are ways. New York Times, September 27. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/Google Scholar
Shah, N. (2013). Armed teachers a reality in some schools, debated in others. Education Week, February 20. www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2013/02/15/21guns_ep.h32.html?tkn=OPVFA LDy452wcD9%2B7piucudTK%2FVFtpv8QqUy&cmp=ENL-EU-NEWS1Google Scholar
Sommer, F., Leuschner, V., & Scheithauer, H. (2014). Bullying, romantic rejection, and conflicts with teachers: the crucial role of social dynamics in the development of school shootings – a systematic review. International Journal of Developmental Science 8: 324. doi: 10.3233/DEV-140129Google Scholar
Song, S., & Marth, K. (2013). Social justice in the air: school culture and climate. In Shriberg, D., Song, S., Miranda, A. H., & Radliff, K. M. (eds.), School Psychology and Social Justice: Conceptual Foundations and Tools for Practice. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Swearer, S., Espelage, D., & Napolitano, S. (2009). Bullying Prevention and Intervention: Realistic Strategies for Schools. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
United States Department of Health and Human Services (2014). HHS announces $99 million in new grants to improve mental health services for young people [Press release]. www.hhs.gov/news/press/2014pres/09/20140922a.htmlGoogle Scholar
United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2004). Blueprints for violence prevention (Report No. NCJ 204274). www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/204274.pdfGoogle Scholar
Vossekuil, B., Fein, R. A., Reddy, M., Borum, R., & Modzeleski, W. (2004). The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Secret Service & United States Department of Education.Google Scholar
Wike, T. L., & Fraser, M. W. (2009). School shootings: making sense of the senseless. Aggression and Violent Behavior 14 : 162–9. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2009.01.005Google Scholar
Wolfgang, D. (2012). Study shows increase in school shooting threats. DW, July 24. Retrieved from www.dw.de/Google Scholar

References

Ackerman, A. R., Sacks, M., & Greenberg, D. F. (2012). Legislation targeting sex offenders: are recent policies effective in reducing rape? Justice Quarterly 29: 858–87.Google Scholar
Agan, A. Y. (2011). Sex offender registries: fear without function. Journal of Law and Economics 54: 207–39.Google Scholar
Alanko, K., Salo, B., Mokros, A., & Santtila, P. (2013). Evidence for heritability of adult men’s sexual interest in youth under age 16 from a population-based extended twin design. Journal of Sexual Medicine 10: 1090–9.Google Scholar
Aspy, C., Vesely, S. K., Oman, R. F., Rodine, S., Marshall, L., & McLeroy, K. (2007). Parental communication and youth sexual behavior. Journal of Adolescence 30: 449–66.Google Scholar
AWA (Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety), H.R. 4472, 109th (2006).Google Scholar
Baptiste, D. R., Tolou-Shams, M., Miller, S. R., Mcbride, C. K., & Paikoff, R. L. (2007). Determinants of parental monitoring and preadolescent sexual risk situations among African American families living in urban public housing. Journal of Child and Family Studies 16: 261–74.Google Scholar
Batastini, A. B., Hunt, E., Present-Koller, J., & DeMatteo, D. (2011). Federal standards for community registration of juvenile sex offenders: an evaluation of risk prediction and future implications. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 17: 451–74.Google Scholar
Bedi, S., Nelson, E. C., Lynskey, M. T., McCutcheon, V. V., Heath, A. C., Madden, P. A.F., & Martin, N. G. (2011). Risk for suicidal thoughts and behavior after childhood sexual abuse in women and men. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 41(4): 406–15.Google Scholar
Beier, K. M., Neutze, J., Mundt, I. A., Ahlers, C. J., Goecker, D., Konrad, A., & Schaefer, G. A. (2009). Encouraging self-identified pedophiles and hebephiles to seek professional help: first results of the Prevention Project Dunkelfeld (PPD). Child Abuse & Neglect 33: 545–9.Google Scholar
Berliner, L. (2011). Child sexual abuse: definitions, prevalence, and consequences. In Myers, J. E. B. (ed.), The APSAC Handbook on Child Maltreatment, 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 215232.Google Scholar
Borduin, C. M., Henggeler, S. W., Blaske, D. M., & Stein, R. J. (1990). Multisystemic treatment of adolescent sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 996: 105–13.Google Scholar
Borduin, C. M., Schaeffer, C. M., & Heiblum, N. (2009). A randomized clinical trial of multisystemic therapy with juvenile sexual offenders: effects on youth social ecology and criminal activity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 77: 2637.Google Scholar
Bradshaw, C. P. (2015). Translating research to practice in bullying prevention. American Psychologist 70: 322–32.Google Scholar
Caldwell, M. F. (2007). Sexual offense adjudication and sexual recidivism among juvenile offenders. Sex Abuse 19: 107–13.Google Scholar
Caldwell, M. F. (2010). Study characteristics and recidivism base rates in juvenile sex offender recidivism. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 54: 197212.Google Scholar
Caldwell, M. F. (2013). Accuracy of sexually violent person assessments of juveniles adjudicated for sexual offenses. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 25: 516–26.Google Scholar
Caldwell, M. F., Ziemke, M. H., & Vitacco, M. J. (2008). An examination of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act as applied to juveniles: evaluating the ability to predict sexual recidivism. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 14: 89114.Google Scholar
Cantor, J. M., Blanchard, R., Christensen, B. K., Dickey, R., Klassen, P.E., Beckstead, A. L., Blak, T., & Kuban, M. E. (2004). Intelligence, handedness, and memory in pedophilia. Neuropsychology 18: 314.Google Scholar
Cantor, J. M., Kabani, N., Christensen, B. K., Zipursky, R. B., Barbaree, H. E., Dickey, R., et al. (2008). Cerebral white matter deficiencies in pedophilic men. Journal of Psychiatric Research 42: 167–83.Google Scholar
Carpentier, M. Y., Silovsky, J. F., & Chaffin, M. (2006). Randomized trial of treatment for children with sexual behavior problems: ten-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 74: 482–8.Google Scholar
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (2012). Violence against Children in Kenya: Findings from a 2010 National Survey. Summary Report on the Prevalence of Sexual, Physical and Emotional Violence, Context of Sexual Violence, and Health and Behavioral Consequences of Violence Experienced in Childhood. Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Children’s Fund Kenya Country Office, Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.Google Scholar
Chaffin, M. (2008). Our minds are made up – don’t confuse us with the facts: commentary on policies concerning children with sexual behavior problems and juvenile sex offenders. Child Maltreatment 13: 110–21.Google Scholar
Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Deblinger, E. (2006). Treating Trauma and Traumatic Grief in Children and Adolescents. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Comartin, E. B., Kernsmith, P. D., & Miles, B. W. (2010). Family experiences of young adult sex offender registration. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 19: 204–25.Google Scholar
Cortoni, F., Anderson, D., & Bright, D. A. (2011). Locus of control, coping, and sexual offenders. In Schwartz, B. K. (ed.), Handbook of Sex Offender Treatment. Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, pp. 14.114.18.Google Scholar
CrimeSolutions.gov. (2015). Shifting boundaries. www.crimesolutions.gov/ProgramDetails.aspx?ID=226Google Scholar
D2L (Darkness 2 Light). (2013). Darkness to light. Retrieved from www.D2L.orgGoogle Scholar
Deblinger, E., & Heflin, A. H. (1996). Treating Sexually Abused Children and Their Nonoffending Parents: A Cognitive Behavioral Approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
DeGue, S., Simon, T. R., Basile, K. C., Yee, S. L., Lang, K., & Spivak, H. (2012). Moving forward by looking back: reflecting on a decade of CDC’s work in sexual violence prevention, 2000–2010. Journal of Women’s Health 21: 1211–18.Google Scholar
DeGue, S., Valle, L. A., Holt, M. K., Massetti, G. M., Matjasko, J. L., & Tharp, A. T. (2014). A systematic review of primary prevention strategies for sexual violence perpetration. Aggression and Violent Behavior 19: 346–62.Google Scholar
Department of Justice (2011). Supplemental guidelines for sex offender registration and notification. Federal Register 76: 1630–40.Google Scholar
DiCataldo, F. C. (2009). The Perversion of Youth. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Dong, M., Giles, W. H., Felittie, V. J., Dube, S. R. … & Anda, R. F. (2004). Insights into causal pathways for ischemic heart disease: adverse childhood experiences study. Circulation 110: 1761–6.Google Scholar
Donohue, B., & Azrin, N. H. (2001). Family behavior therapy. In Wagner, E. F., & Waldron, H. B. (eds.), Innovations in Adolescent Substance Abuse Interventions. New York: Pergamon Press, pp. 205–27.Google Scholar
Duwe, G., Donnay, W., & Tewksbury, R. (2008). Does residential proximity matter? A geographic analysis of sex offense recidivism. Criminal Justice and Behavior 35: 484504.Google Scholar
Dwyer, R. G., & Letourneau, E. J. (2011). Juveniles who sexually offend: recommending a treatment program and level of care. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America: Special Issue on Forensic Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 20: 413–29. PMID: 21683910.Google Scholar
Espelage, D. L., Low, S., Polanin, J. R., & Brown, E. C. (2013). The impact of a middle school program to reduce aggression, victimization, and sexual violence. Journal of Adolescent Health 53: 180–6.Google Scholar
Fang, X., Brown, D. S., Florence, C. S., & Mercy, J. A. (2012). The economic burden of child maltreatment in the United States and implications for prevention. Child Abuse & Neglect 36: 156–65.Google Scholar
Fanniff, A. M., Otto, R. K., & Petrila, J. (2010). Competence to proceed in SVP commitment hearings: irrelevant or fundamental due process right? Behavioral Sciences and the Law 28: 646–70.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D. (2009). The prevention of childhood sexual abuse. Future of Children 19: 169–94.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., Asdigian, N., & Dziuba-Leatherman, J. (1995). Victimization prevention programs for children: a follow-up. American Journal of Public Health 85: 1684–9.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., & Jones, L. (2006). Why have child maltreatment and child victimization declined? Journal of Social Issues 62: 685716.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., & Ormrod, R. (2001). Crimes against children by babysitters. Crimes against Children Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin NCJ189102: 1–8.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R., & Chaffin, M. (2009). Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses against Minors. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R., Turner, H., & Hamby, S. L. (2005). The victimization of children and youth: a comprehensive, national survey. Child Maltreatment 10: 525.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H. A., & Hamby, S. L. (2014). The lifetime prevalence of child sexual abuse and sexual assault assessed in late adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55, 329–33.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H. A., & Hamby, S. L. (2014a). The lifetime prevalence of child sexual abuse and sexual assault assessed in late adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health 55: 329–33.Google Scholar
Finkelhor, D., Vanderminden, J., Turner, H., Shattuck, A., & Hamby, S. (2014b). Youth exposure to violence prevention programs in a national sample. Child Abuse & Neglect 38: 677–86.Google Scholar
Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Arrianga, X. B., Helms, R. W., Koch, G. G., & Linder, G. F. (1998). An evaluation of Safe Dates, an adolescent dating violence prevention program. American Journal of Public Health 88: 4550.Google Scholar
Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Ennett, S. T., Linder, G. F., Benefield, T., & Suchindran, C. (2004). Assessing the long-term effects of the Safe Dates program and a booster in preventing and reducing adolescent dating violence victimization and perpetration. American Journal of Public Health 94: 619–24.Google Scholar
Foshee, V. A., & Langwick, S. (2010). Safe Dates. Retrieved from www.hazelden.org/web/public/safedates.pageGoogle Scholar
Garfinkle, E. (2003). Coming of age in America: the misapplication of sex-offender registration and community-notification laws to juveniles. California Law Review 91: 163208.Google Scholar
Glasser, M., Campbell, K. D., Glasser, A., Leitch, I., & Farrelly, S. (2001). Cycle of child sexual abuse: links between being a victim and being a perpetrator. British Journal of Psychiatry 179: 482–94.Google Scholar
Hankivsky, O., & Draker, D. A. (2003). The economic costs of child sexual abuse in Canada: a preliminary analysis. Journal of Health and Social Policy 17: 133.Google Scholar
Hanson, R. K., Bourgon, G., Helmus, L. M., & Hodgson, S. (2009). The principles of effective correctional treatment also apply to sexual offenders: a meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior 9: 865–91.Google Scholar
Hanson, R. K., Gordon, A., Harris, A. J., Marques, J. K., Murphy, W., Quinsey, V. L., et al. (2002). First report of the Collaborative Outcome Data Project on the effectiveness of psychological treatment for sex offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 14: 169–94.Google Scholar
Harris, A. J., Walfield, S., Shields, R., & Letourneau, E. J. (in press). Collateral consequences of juvenile sex offender registration and notification: results from a survey of treatment providers. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment.Google Scholar
Henggeler, S. W., Letourneau, E. J., Chapman, J. E., Borduin, C. M., Schewe, P. A., & McCart, M. R., (2009a). Mediators of change for multisystemic therapy with juvenile sexual offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 77: 451–62.Google Scholar
Henggeler, S. W., Schoenwald, S. K., Borduin, C. M., Rowland, M. D., & Cunningham, P. B. (2009b). Multisystemic Therapy of Antisocial Behavior in Children and Adolescents, 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Henggeler, S. W. & Sheidow, A. J. (2012). Empirically supported family-based treatments for conduct disorder and delinquency in adolescents. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 38: 3058.Google Scholar
Heppenstall-Heger, A., McConnell, G., Ticson, L., Guerra, L., Lister, J., & Zaragoza, T. (2003). Healing patterns in anogenital injuries: a longitudinal study of injuries associated with sexual abuse, accidental injuries, or genital surgery in the preadolescent child. Pediatrics 112: 829–37.Google Scholar
IOM (Institute of Medicine) (2013). New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research. Washington, DC: National Academies.Google Scholar
Jacob Wetterling Crimes against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, H. R. 3351, 103rd (1994).Google Scholar
Jespersen, A. F., Lalumière, M. L., & Seto, M. C. (2009) Sexual abuse history among adult sex offenders and non-sex offenders: a meta-analysis. Child Abuse & Neglect 33: 179–92.Google Scholar
Juvenile Law Center (2012). Pennsylvania should repeal juvenile sex offender registration law. February 13. www.jlc.org/blog/pennsylvania-should-repeal-juvenile-sex-offender-registration-lawGoogle Scholar
Kaufman, K. (2010). The Prevention of Sexual Violence and Exploitation: A Sourcebook. Oklahoma City: Wood & Barnes.Google Scholar
Kim, B., Benekos, P. J., & Merlo, A. V. (2015). Sex offender recidivism revisited: review of recent meta-analyses on the effects of sex offender treatment. Trauma, Violence & Abuse. doi: 10.1177/1524838014566719Google Scholar
Knight, R. A., & Sims-Knight, J. E. (2003). Developmental antecedents of sexual coercion against women: testing of alternative hypotheses with structural equation modeling. In Prentky, R. A., Janus, E., & Seto, M. (eds.), Sexual Coercion: Understanding and Management, New York: New York Academy of Sciences, pp. 7285.Google Scholar
Krug, E. G., Mercy, J. A., Dahlberg, L. L., & Zwi, A. B. (2002). The world report on violence and health. Lancet 360: 1083–8.Google Scholar
Kupchik, A. (2006). Judging Juveniles: Prosecuting Adolescents in Adult and Juvenile Court. New York: New York University.Google Scholar
Kwiatkowski, C. (2012). Drivers of youth problem sexual behavior and their relationship to MST treatment outcomes. (Master’s thesis). Available upon request from archives@lists.johnshopkins.eduGoogle Scholar
LaFond, J. Q. (2005). Preventing Sexual Violence: How Society Should Cope with Sex Offenders. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
Leclerc, B., Smallbone, S., & Wortley, R. (2015). Prevention nearby: the influence of the presence of a potential guardian on the severity of child sexual abuse. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 27: 189204.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., & Armstrong, K. S. (2008). Recidivism rates for registered and nonregistered juvenile sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 20: 393408. doi: 10.1177/1079063208324661Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Armstrong, K. S., Bandyopadhyay, D., & Sinha, D. (2013). Sex offender registration and notification policy increases juvenile plea bargains. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 25: 189207. PMID: 22915204.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Armstrong, K. S., & Sinha, D. (2010). Do sex offender registration and notification requirements deter juvenile sex crimes? Criminal Justice and Behavior 37: 553–69.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Sinha, D., & Armstrong, K. S. (2009a). The effects of sex offender registration policies on juvenile justice decision making. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 21: 149–65. doi: 10.1177/1079063208328678Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Sinha, D., & Armstrong, K. S. (2009b). The influence of sex offender registration on juvenile sexual recidivism. Criminal Justice Policy Review 20: 136–53. doi: 10.1177/0887403408327917Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Borduin, C. M., & Schaeffer, C. M. (2008). Multisystemic therapy for youth with problem sexual behaviors. In Beech, A., Craig, L., & Browne, K. (eds.), Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Offenders: A Handbook. London: Wiley, pp. 453–72.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., & Caldwell, M. F. (2013). Expensive, harmful policies that don’t work or how juvenile sexual offending is addressed in the U.S. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy 8: 2531.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Eaton, W. W., Bass, J., Berlin, F. S., & Moore, S. G. (2014). The need for a comprehensive public health approach to preventing child sexual abuse. Public Health Reports 129: 222–8.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Henggeler, S. W., Borduin, C. M., Schewe, P. A., McCart, M. R., Chapman, J. E., et al. (2009c). Multisystemic therapy for juvenile sexual offenders: 1-year results from a randomized effectiveness trial. Journal of Family Psychology 23(1): 89102.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Henggeler, S. W., McCart, M. R., Borduin, C. M., Schewe, P. A., & Armstrong, K. S. (2013). Two-year follow-up of a randomized effectiveness trial evaluating MST for juveniles who sexually offend. Journal of Family Psychology 27: 978–85. PMID: 24188082Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., Nietert, P. J., & Rheingold, A. A. (2015). Impact of a prevention intervention in selected South Carolina counties. Manuscript in preparation.Google Scholar
Letourneau, E. J., & Schaeffer, C. (2014). Multisystemic therapy for youth problem sexual behavior: a case example. In O’Donohue, W. T. (ed.), Case Studies in Sexual Deviance. Cambridge, MA: Academic Press, pp. 1734.Google Scholar
Levenson, J. (2009). Sex offender residence restrictions. In Wright, R. G. (ed.), Sex Offender Laws: Failed Policies, New Directions. New York: Springfield, pp. 267–90.Google Scholar
Levenson, J. S. & Cotter, L. P. (2005). The effect of Megan’s Law on sex offender reintegration. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 21: 4966.Google Scholar
Logan, W. A. (2009). Knowledge as Power: Criminal Registration and Notification Laws in America. Stanford, CA: Stanford Law Books.Google Scholar
Lösel, F., & Schmucker, M. (2005). The effectiveness of treatment for sex offenders: a comprehensive meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology 1: 117–46.Google Scholar
Mancini, C. (2014). Sex Crime, Offenders, & Society: A Critical Look at Sexual Offending and Policy. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.Google Scholar
Mancini, C., Shields, R. T., Mears, D. P., & Beaver, K. M. (2010). Sex offender residence restriction laws: parental perceptions and public policy. Journal of Criminal Justice 38: 1022–30.Google Scholar
Mannarino, A. P., Cohen, J. A., & Deblinger, E. (2014). Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy. In Timmer, S., & Urquiza, A. (eds.), Evidence-Based Approaches for the Treatment of Maltreated Children: Considering Core Components and Treatment Effectiveness. New York: Springer, pp. 165–86.Google Scholar
Marshall, W. L., Serran, G. A., & Cortoni, F. A. (2000). Childhood attachments, sexual abuse, and their relationship to adult coping in child molesters. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 12: 1726.Google Scholar
Massachusetts Kids Count (2003, April). Child Sexual Abuse and Public Opinion in Massachusetts: A Report to the Massachusetts Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Partnership. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Poll. www.aecf.org/upload/publicationfiles/child%20sexual%20abuse%20in%20massachusetts.pdfGoogle Scholar
Mathers, C., Stevens, G., & Mascarenhas, M. (2009). Global Health Risks: Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GlobalHealthRisks_report_full.pdfGoogle Scholar
McCart, M. R., Sheidow, A. J., & Letourneau, E. J. (2014). Risk Reduction Therapy for Adolescents (RRTA): targeting substance use and HIV/STI-risk behaviors. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice 21: 161–75.Google Scholar
McMahon, P. M., & Puett, R. C. (1999). Child sexual abuse as a public health issue: recommendations of an expert panel. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11, 257–66.Google Scholar
Meloy, M. L., Miller, S. L., & Curtis, K. M. (2008). Making sense out of nonsense: the deconstruction of state-level sex offender residence restrictions. American Journal of Criminal Justice 33: 209–22.Google Scholar
Mendelson, T., & Letourneau, E. J. (2015). Parent-focused prevention of child sexual abuse. Prevention Science 16(6): 844–52.Google Scholar
Miller, T. R., Cohen, M. A., & Wiersema, B. (1996). Victim Costs and Consequences: A New Look. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar
Myers, D. L. (2005). Boys among Men: Trying and Sentencing Juveniles as Adults. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
Neutze, J., Grundmann, D., Scherner, G., & Beier, K. M. (2012). Undetected and detected child sexual abuse and child pornography offenders. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 35: 168–75.Google Scholar
Noll, J. G., Horowitz, L. A., Bonanno, G. A., Trickett, P. K., & Putnam, F. W. (2003). Revictimization and self-harm in females who experienced childhood sexual abuse: results from a prospective study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 18: 1452–71.Google Scholar
Noll, J. G., Zeller, M. H., Trickett, P. K., & Putnam, F. W. (2007). Obesity risk for female victims of childhood sexual abuse: a prospective study. Pediatrics 120: e61–7.Google Scholar
NSVRC (National Sexual Violence Resource Center) (2005). Preventing child sexual abuse: a national resource directory and handbook. nsvrc.org/projects/child-sexual-assault-prevention/preventing-child-sexual-abuse-resourcesGoogle Scholar
Ogloff, J. R. P., Cutajar, M. C., Mann, E., & Mullen, P. (2012). Child sexual abuse and subsequent offending and victimisation: a 45 year follow-up study. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice 440: 16. www.aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/tandi_pdf/tandi440.pdfGoogle Scholar
Pereda, N., Guilera, G., Forns, M., & Gomez-Benito, J. (2009). The prevalence of child sexual abuse in community and student samples: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review 29: 328–38.Google Scholar
Pérez-Fuentes, G., Olfson, M., Villegas, L., Morcillo, C., Wang, S., & Blanco, C. (2013). Prevalence and correlates of child sexual abuse: a national study. Comprehensive Psychiatry 54: 1627.Google Scholar
Petrunik, M. (2003). The hare and the tortoise: dangerousness and sex offender policy in the United States and Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 45: 4372.Google Scholar
Pittman, N. (2013). Raised on the Registry: The Irreparable Harm of Placing Children on Sex Offender Registries in the U.S. Washington, DC: Human Rights Watch. www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/us0513_ForUpload_1.pdfGoogle Scholar
Pittman, N., & Nguyen, Q. (2011). A Snapshot of Juvenile Sex Offender Registration and Notification Laws: A Survey of the States. Philadelphia, PA: Defender Association of Philadelphia. www.njjn.org/uploads/digital-library/SNAPSHOT_web10-28.pdfGoogle Scholar
PPD (Prevention Project Dunkelfeld). (2015). Do you like children in ways you shouldn’t? Retrieved from www.dont-offend.org/Google Scholar
Plummer, C. A. (2001). Prevention of child sexual abuse: a survey of 87 programs. Violence and Victims 16: 575–88.Google Scholar
Pollio, E., Deblinger, E., & Runyon, M. (2011). Mental health treatment for the effects of child sexual abuse. The APSAC Handbook on Child Maltreatment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 267–88.Google Scholar
Putnam, F. W. (2003). Ten-year research update review: child sexual abuse. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42: 269–78.Google Scholar
Reitzel, L. R., & Carbonell, J. L. (2006). The effectiveness of sexual offender treatment for juveniles as measured by recidivism: a meta-analysis. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 18: 401–21.Google Scholar
Rheingold, A. A., Zajac, K., Chapman, J. E., Patton, M., de Arellano, M., Saunders, B., & Kilpatrick, D. (2014). Child sexual abuse prevention training for childcare professionals: an independent multi-site randomized controlled trial of stewards of children. Prevention Science 16: 374–85.Google Scholar
Rice, M. E., & Harris, G. T. (2003). The size and sign of treatment effects in sex offender therapy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 989: 428–40.Google Scholar
Rinehart, J. K., Armstrong, K. S., Shields, R. T., & Letourneau, E. J. (2015). The effects of transfer laws on youth with violent offenses. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
Roberts, R., O’Connor, T., Dunn, J., Golding, J., & ALSPAC Study Team. (2004). The effects of child sexual abuse in later family life: mental health, parenting and adjustment of offspring. Child Abuse & Neglect 28: 525–45.Google Scholar
Saied-Tessier, A. (2014). Estimating the Costs of Child Sexual Abuse in the UK. London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC). www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/research-reports/estimating-costs-child-sexual-abuse-uk.pdfGoogle Scholar
Sample, L. L., & Evans, M. K. (2009). Sex offender registration and community notification. In Wright, R. G. (ed.), Sex Offender Laws: Failed Policies, New Directions. New York: Springfield, pp. 211–42.Google Scholar
Saul, J., & Audage, N. C. (2007). Preventing Child Sexual Abuse within Youth-Serving Organizations: Getting Started on Policies and Procedures. Washington, DC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pub/preventingchildabuse.htmlGoogle Scholar
Schaeffer, C. M. (2015). Primary prevention of child sexual abuse perpetration. Presented at the Child Sexual Abuse: A Public Health Perspective Symposium. Baltimore, MD, April.Google Scholar
Schober, D. J., Fawcett, S. B., & Bernier, J. (2012). The Enough Abuse Campaign: building the movement to prevent child sexual abuse in Massachusetts. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 21: 456–69.Google Scholar
Schwartz, B. K. (2011). Handbook of Sex Offender Treatment. Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute.Google Scholar
Seto, M. C., & Lalumière, M. L. (2010). What is so special about male adolescent sexual offending? A review and test of explanations through meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 136: 526–75.Google Scholar
Simons, D., Wurtele, S. K., & Heil, P. (2002). Childhood victimization and lack of empathy as predictors of sexual offending against women and children. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 17: 12911307.Google Scholar
SMART (Stop Mind Control and Ritual Abuse Today) (2008). Significant changes to the SORNA guidelines. www.smart.gov/pdfs/sorna_significant_changes.pdfGoogle Scholar
SMART (Stop Mind Control and Ritual Abuse Today) (2014). Global overview of sex offender registration and notification systems. www.smart.gov/pdfs/GlobalOverview.pdfGoogle Scholar
SMART (Stop Mind Control and Ritual Abuse Today) (2015). SORNA. www.smart.gov/sorna.htmGoogle Scholar
Snyder, H. N. (2000). Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident and Offender Characteristics. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/saycrle.pdfGoogle Scholar
Sommarin, C., Kilbane, T., Mercy, J. A., Maloney-Kitts, M., & Ligiero, D. P. (2014). Preventing sexual violence and HIV in children. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 66: S217S223.Google Scholar
Spohn, C. C. (2000). Thirty years of sentencing reform: the quest for a racially neutral sentencing process. Criminal Justice 3: 427501.Google Scholar
Stop It Now! (2014). What do US adults think about child sexual abuse? Measures of knowledge and attitudes among six states. Stop It Now! Report, 2010. Retrieved from www.StopItNow.orgGoogle Scholar
Stop It Now! (2015). Stop It Now! Retrieved from www.stopitnow.org/Google Scholar
Tabachnick, J., & Dawson, E. (2000). Stop it now! Vermont: a four year program evaluation (1995–1999). Offender Programs Report 1(4): 49.Google Scholar
Taylor, B. G., Stein, N. D., Mumford, E. A., & Woods, D. (2013). Shifting boundaries: an experimental evaluation of a dating violence prevention program in middle schools. Prevention Science 14: 6476.Google Scholar
Terry, K. J., & Ackerman, A. (2008). Child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church: how situational crime prevention strategies can help create safe environments. Criminal Justice and Behavior 35: 643–57.Google Scholar
Tharp, A. T., DeGue, S., Valle, L. A., Brookmeyer, K. A., Massetti, G. M., & Matjasko, J. L. (2012). A systematic qualitative review of risk and protective factors for sexual violence perpetration. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 14: 133–67.Google Scholar
Torbet, P., Gable, R., Hurst, H. IV., Montgomery, I., Szymanski, L., & Thomas, D. (1996). State Responses to Serious and Violent Juvenile Crime. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.Google Scholar
U.S. Burden of Disease Collaborators (2013). The state of U.S. health, 1990–2010: burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. JAMA 310: 591606.Google Scholar
USCCB (Conference of Catholic Bishops) (2005). Safe environment programs. www.usccb.org/ocyp/websafe.shtmlGoogle Scholar
VACS (Violence against Children Surveys) (2015). Towards a violence-free generation: using science to fuel action and end violence against children. www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/vacs/index.htmlGoogle Scholar
van der Put, C. E., & Asscher, J. J. (2015). Protective factors in male adolescents with a history of sexual and/or violent offending: a comparison between three subgroups. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 27: 109–26.Google Scholar
van Wijk, A., Loeber, R., Vermeiren, R., Pardini, D., Bullens, R., & Doreleijers, D.(2005). Violent juvenile sex offenders compared with violent juvenile nonsex offenders: explorative findings from the Pittsburgh Youth Study. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 17: 333–52.Google Scholar
Whitaker, D. J., Le, B., Hanson, R. K., Baker, C. K., McMahon, P. M., Ryan, G., et al. (2008). Risk factors for the perpetration of child sexual abuse: a review and meta-analysis. Child Abuse & Neglect 32: 529–48.Google Scholar
Whitaker, D. J., Murphy, C. M., Eckhardt, C. I., Hodges, A. E., & Cowart, M. (2013). Effectiveness of primary prevention efforts for intimate partner violence. Partner Abuse 4: 175–95.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (1999). Report of the Consultation on Child Abuse Prevention. Geneva, Switzerland, March 29–31. World Health Organization, Social Change and Mental Health, Violence and Injury Prevention.Google Scholar
Worling, J. R., & Langton, C. M. (2015). A prospective investigation of factors that predict desistance from recidivism for adolescents who have sexually offended. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 27: 127–42.Google Scholar
Wortley, R. K., & Smallbone, S. (2006). Applying situational principles to sexual offending against children. In Wortley, R., & Smallbone, S. (eds.), Situational Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press, pp. 735.Google Scholar
Wurtele, S. K. (2009). Preventing sexual abuse of children in the twenty-first century: preparing for challenges and opportunities. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 18: 118.Google Scholar
Yates, P. M., & Kingston, D. A. (2011). Pathways to sexual offending. In Schwartz, B. K. (ed.), Handbook of Sex Offender Treatment. Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, pp. 17.117.16.Google Scholar
Zandbergen, P. A., Levenson, J. S., & Hart, T. C. (2010). Residential proximity to schools and daycares: an empirical analysis of sex offense recidivism. Criminal Justice and Behavior 37: 482502.Google Scholar
Zimring, F.E. (2004). An American Travesty: Legal Responses to Adolescent Sex Offending. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

References

Abreu, S. (2012). Prevenção em saúde mental no Brasil: a perspectiva da literatura e de especialistas da área (Dissertação de Mestrado não publicada). Brasília, Brasil: Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de Brasília.Google Scholar
Aja Eslava, L., & Gómez Avila, J. (2013). Evaluación y seguimiento de un programa de prevención de consumo de SPA y riesgo de suicidio: 1999–2012. Tipica Boletín Electrónico de Salud Escolar 9(2).Google Scholar
Arratia, A., Barkan, A., Jimenez, S., Leyton, F., Miroshnick, Z., & Ugarte, F., (2013). Construyendo Culturas Preventivas: Guía para el abordaje del consumo y tráfico de drogas y alcohol desde las comunidades educativas, Chile: SENDA.Google Scholar
Becoña, E. (2002). Bases científicas de la prevención de las drogodependencias.Google Scholar
Bejarano, J. (1992). La evaluación cuantitativa de campañas antidrogas, En Comunicación contra las Drogas, Quito, Ecuador: Ed. Quipus.Google Scholar
Bejarano, J. (2005). Alcohol, gender and partner aggression: a study in the Greater Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica. En Obot, I., & Room, R. (eds.), Alcohol, Gender and Drinking Problems: Perspectives from Low and Middle Income Countries. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
Bejarano, J., Carvajal, H., & San Lee, L. (1992). El fenómeno de la farmacodependencia en el estudiante de primer ingreso a las universidades estatales de Costa Rica: percepciones de riesgo y consumo. San José, Costa Rica: Instituto sobre Alcoholismo y Farmacodependencia.Google Scholar
Blanco, C., & Sandí, L. (1993). Proyecto de vigilancia epidemiológica sobre uso indebido de sustancias psicotrópicas. San José, Costa Rica: Instituto sobre Alcoholismo y Farmacodependencia.Google Scholar
Boletín Oficial de Argentina (1972). Decreto 452.