Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-dc8c957cd-cpb9g Total loading time: 4.126 Render date: 2022-01-29T14:36:53.751Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Part VII - Management and Organizational Processes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 May 2021

Benjamin van Rooij
School of Law, University of Amsterdam
D. Daniel Sokol
University of Florida
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


American Chemistry Council (ACC). 2019. Responsible Care Management System Technical Specification. Document No. RC101.06. Scholar
Armour, John, Awrey, Dan, Davies, Paul, Enriques, Luca, Gordon, Jeffrey N., Mayer, Colin, and Payne, Jennifer. 2016. Principles of Financial Regulation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Armour, John, Gordon, Jeffrey, and Min, Geeyoung. 2020. “Taking Compliance Seriously.” Yale Journal on Regulation 37: 166.Google Scholar
Bardach, Eugene, and Kagan, Robert A.. 2002. Going by the Book: The Problem of Regulatory Unreasonableness. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
Bhaskar, Lori Shefchik, Schroeder, Joseph H., and Shepardson, Marcy L.. 2019. “Integration of Internal Controls and Financial Statement Audits: Are Two Audits Better than One?Accounting Review 94: 5381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Biegelman, Martin T. 2008. Building a World-Class Compliance Program: Best Practices and Strategies for Success. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Biegelman, Martin T., and Bartow, Joel T.. 2006. Executive Roadmap to Fraud Prevention and Internal Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Black, Julia. 2012. “Paradoxes and Failures: ‘New Governance’ Techniques and the Financial Crisis.” Modern Law Review 75: 1037–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bussmann, Kai D., Niemeczek, Anja, and Vockrodt, Marcel. 2018. “Company Culture and Prevention of Corruption in Germany, China and Russia.” European Journal of Criminology 15: 255–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, Hui, and Soltes, Eugene. 2018. “Why Compliance Programs Fail – and How to Fix Them.” Harvard Business Review 96: 116–25.Google Scholar
Coglianese, Cary. 2019. “Review of Meta-regulation in Practice.” Public Administration Review 79: 794–8.Google Scholar
Coglianese, Cary. 2008a. “The Managerial Turn in Environmental Protection.” New York University Environmental Law Journal 17: 5474.Google Scholar
Coglianese, Cary. 2008b. Management-Based Regulation: Implications for Public Policy. OECD Paper No. GOV/PGC/REG. OECD. Scholar
Coglianese, Cary, and Lazer, David. 2003. “Management-Based Regulation: Prescribing Private Management to Achieve Public Goals,” Law & Society Review 37: 691730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coglianese, Cary, and Mendelson, Evan. 2010. “Meta-regulation and Self-Regulation.” In Oxford Handbook of Regulation, edited by Cave, Martin, Baldwin, Robert, and Lodge, Martin, 146–68. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Coglianese, Cary, and Nash, Jennifer. 2017. “The Law of the Test: Performance-Based Regulation and Diesel Emissions Control.” Yale Journal on Regulation 34: 3390.Google Scholar
Coglianese, Cary, and Nash, Jennifer. 2014. “Performance Track’s Postmortem: Lessons from the Rise and Fall of EPA’s ‘Flagship’ Voluntary Program.” Harvard Environmental Law Review 38: 186.Google Scholar
Coglianese, Cary, and Nash, Jennifer. 2001. “Environmental Management Systems and the New Policy Agenda.” In Regulating from the Inside: Can Environmental Management Systems Achieve Policy Goals?, edited by Coglianese, Cary and Nash, Jennifer, 125. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future Press.Google Scholar
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). 2012. “CFPB Supervision and Examination Manual.” Scholar
Corkery, Michael. 2016. “Wells Fargo $185 Million for Fraudulently Opening Accounts.” New York Times, September 8. Scholar
Edelman, Lauren B. 2016. Working Law: Courts, Corporations, and Symbolic Civil Rights. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Edelman, Lauren B., and Suchman, Mark C.. 1997. “The Legal Environments of Organizations.” Annual Review of Sociology 23: 479515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ely, Robin J., and Meyerson, Debra E.. 2010. “An Organizational Approach to Undoing Gender: The Unlikely Case of Offshore Oil Platforms.” Research in Organizational Behavior 30: 334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fairman, Robyn, and Yapp, Charlotte. 2005. “Enforced Self-Regulation, Prescription, and Conceptions of Compliance with Small Businesses: The Impact of Enforcement.” Law & Policy 27: 491519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fan, Yangyang, Li, Chan, and Raghunandan, Kannan. 2017. “Is SOX 404(a) Management Internal Control Reporting an Effective Alternative to SOX 404(b) Internal Control Audits?Auditing: A Journal of Practice and Theory 36: 7189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Federal Trade Commission. 2019. “FTC Imposes $5 Billion Penalty and Sweeping New Privacy Restrictions on Facebook.” Scholar
Ford, Cristie L. 2008. “New Governance, Compliance, and Principles-Based Securities Regulation.” American Business Law Journal 45:160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gawande, Atul. 2009. The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right. New York: Metropolitan.Google Scholar
Ge, Weili, Koester, Allison, and Sarah, McVay. 2017. “Benefits and Costs of Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404(b) Exception: Evidence from Small Firms’ Internal Control Disclosures.” Journal of Accounting and Economics 63: 358–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gneezy, Uri, Meier, Stephan, and Rey-Biel, Pedro. 2011. “When and Why Incentives (Don’t) Work to Modify Behavior.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 25: 191210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gneezy, Uri, and Rustichini, Aldo. 2000. “A Fine Is a Price.” Journal of Legal Studies 29: 118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goebel, Sebastian, and Weissenberger, Barbara E.. 2017. “The Relationship between Informal Controls, Ethical Work Climates, and Organizational Performance.” Journal of Business Ethics 141: 505–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gorsira, Madelijne, Steg, Linda, Denkers, Adriaan, and Huisman, Wim. 2018. “Corruption in Organizations: Ethical Climate and Individual Motives.” Administrative Sciences 8: 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gray, Garry C. 2006. “The Regulation of Corporate Violations: Punishment, Compliance, and the Blurring of Responsibility.” British Journal of Criminology, 46: 875–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gray, Garry C. and Silbey, Susan S.. 2014. “Governing Inside the Organization: Interpreting Regulation and Compliance.” American Journal of Sociology 120: 96-145.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grüninger, Stephan and Lisa, Schöttl. 2017. “Rethinking Compliance: Essential Cornerstones for More Effectiveness in Compliance Management.” Compliance Elliance Journal 3: 317.Google Scholar
Gunningham, Neil, Kagan, Robert A., and Thornton, Dorothy. 2003. Shades of Green: Business, Regulation, and Environment. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Gunningham, Neil, and Sinclair, Darren. 2014. “The Impact of Safety Culture on Systemic Risk Management.” European Journal of Risk Regulation 5: 505–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heimer, Carol A. 2013. “Resilience in the Middle: Contributions of Regulated Organizations to Regulatory Success.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 639(September): 139–56.Google Scholar
Hofeditz, Marcel, Nienaber, Ann-Marie, Dysvik, Anders, and Schewe, Gerhard. 2017. “‘Want To’ versus ‘Have To’: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivators as Predictors of Compliance Behavior Intention.” Human Resource Management 56(January–February): 2549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howard-Grenville, Jennifer, Bertels, Stephanie, and Boren, Brooke. 2015. What Regulators Need to Know about Organizational Culture. Penn Program on Regulation Research Paper. Scholar
Howard-Grenville, Jennifer, Nash, Jennifer, and Coglianese, Cary. 2008. “Constructing the License to Operate: Internal Factors and Their Influence on Corporate Environmental Decisions.” Law & Policy 30: 73107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huising, Ruthanne, and Silbey, Susan S.. 2018. “From Nudge to Culture and Back Again: Coalface Governance in the Regulated Organization.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 14: 91114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huising, Ruthanne, and Silbey, Susan S.. 2011. “Governing the Gap: Forging Safe Science through Relational Regulation.” Regulation & Governance 5: 1442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunter, Robert D. 2009. Standards, Conformity Assessment, and Accreditation for Engineers. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Iliev, Peter. 2010. “The Effect of SOX Section 404: Costs, Earnings Quality, and Stock Prices.” Journal of Finance 65: 1163–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Institut der Wirtschaftsprüfer (IDW). 2011. IDW AsS 980: Principles for the Proper Performance of Reasonable Assurance Engagements Relating to Compliance Management Systems. Düsseldorf: IDW.Google Scholar
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). 2013. “The ICC Antitrust Compliance Toolkit.” Scholar
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). 2011. “ICC Rules on Combating Corruption.” Scholar
International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 2019a. “Projects Ongoing: ISO 37000 Guidance for the Governance of Organizations.” Scholar
International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 2019b. “Projects Ongoing: ISO 37301 Compliance Management Systems – Requirements with Guidance for Use.” Scholar
International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 2018. “The ISO Survey of Management System Certifications 2018.” Scholar
International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 2015. ISO 14001: 2015 Environmental Management System – Requirement with Guidance for Use. Geneva: ISO.Google Scholar
International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 2014. ISO 19600: 2014 Compliance Management Systems – Guidelines. Geneva: ISO.Google Scholar
Kaptein, Muel. 2015. “The Effectiveness of Ethics Programs: The Role of Scope, Composition, and Sequence.” Journal of Business Ethics 132: 415–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kearl, Holly. 2018. The Facts Behind the #MeToo Movement: A National Study on Sexual Harassment and Assault. Reston, VA: Stop Street Harassment. Scholar
Labonte, Marc. 2017. “Who Regulates Whom? An Overview of the U.S. Financial Regulatory Framework.” Congressional Research Service 7–5700. Scholar
Lund, Dorothy S., and Sarin, Natasha. 2020. “The Cost of Doing Business: Corporate Crime and Punishment Post-Crisis.” University of Pennsylvania Institute for Law and Economics Research Paper No. 20–13. Scholar
Malesky, Edmund, and Taussig, Markus. 2019. “Participation, Government Legitimacy, and Regulatory Compliance in Emerging Economies: A Firm-Level Field Experiment in Vietnam.” American Political Science Review 113: 530–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, Susan Lorde. 2015. “Compliance Officers: More Jobs, More Responsibility, More Liability.” Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy 29: 169–98.Google Scholar
Martinez, Veronica Root. 2020. “Complex Compliance Investigations.” Columbia Law Review 120(2): 249308.Google Scholar
McCallen, Jennifer, Schmardebeck, Roy, Shipman, Jonathan, and Whited, Robert. 2019. “Have the Costs and Benefits of SOX Section 404(b) Compliance Changed Over Time?” Working Paper. Scholar
McCarthy, James E., and Copeland, Claudia. 2016. “EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?” Congressional Research Service 7–5700. Scholar
Michael, Michael L. 2006. “Business Ethics: The Law of Rules.” Business Ethics Quarterly 16: 475504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, Geoffrey P. 2018. “An Economic Analysis of Effective Compliance Programs.” In Research Handbook on Corporate Crime and Financial Misdealing, edited by Arlen, Jennifer, 247–62. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
Miller, Geoffrey P. 2017. “Compliance: Past, Present and Future.” University of Toledo Law Review 48: 437–51.Google Scholar
Moeller, Robert R. 2004. Sarbanes-Oxley and the New Internal Auditing Rules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Moen, Ronald D. and Norman, Clifford L.. 2010. “Circling Back: Clearing Up Myths about the Deming Cycle and Seeing How It Keeps Evolving.” Quality Progress 43: 22–8.Google Scholar
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Designing Safety Regulations for High-Hazard Industries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). 2019b. “Rule 3130: Annual Certification of Compliance and Supervisory Processes.”!WKUS-TAL-DOCS-PHC-%7B4A07B716-0F73-46CC-BAC2-43EB20902159%7D–WKUS_TAL_5665%23teid–598.Google Scholar
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2010. “Good Practice Guidance on Internal Controls, Ethics, and Compliance.” Scholar
Paine, Lynn. 1994. “Managing for Corporate Integrity.” Harvard Business Review 72(2): 106–17.Google Scholar
Parker, Christine. 2002. The Open Corporation: Effective Self-Regulation and Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parker, Christine, and Gilad, Sharon. 2011. “Internal Corporate Compliance Management Systems: Structure, Culture, and Agency.” In Explaining Compliance: Business Responses to Regulation, edited by Parker, Christine and Nielsen, Vibeke Lehmann, 170–95. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parker, Christine, and Nielsen, Vibeke Lehmann. 2009. “Corporate Compliance Systems: Could They Make Any Difference?Administration & Society 41: 337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parker, Christine, and Nielsen, Vibeke Lehmann. 2006. “Do Businesses Take Compliance Systems Seriously? An Empirical Study of the Implementation of Trade Practices Compliance Systems in Australia.” Melbourne University Law Review 30: 441–94.Google Scholar
Pfaff, Alexander, and Sanchirico, Christopher William. 2004. “Big Field, Small Potatoes: An Empirical Assessment of EPA’s Self-Audit Policy.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 23: 415–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Potoski, Matthew, and Prakash, Aseem. 2006. The Voluntary Environmentalists: Green Clubs, ISO 14001, and Voluntary Environmental Regulations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ruiz, Pablo, Martinez, Ricardo, Rodrigo, Job, and Diaz, Cristina. 2015. “Level of Coherence among Ethics Program Components and Its Impact on Ethical Intent.” Journal of Business Ethics 128: 725–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schein, Edgar H. 2010. Organizational Culture and Leadership, 4th ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Selznick, Philip. 1992. The Moral Commonwealth: Social Theory and the Promise of Community. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Shimshack, Jay P. 2014. “The Economics of Environmental Monitoring and Enforcement: A Review.” Annual Review of Resource Economics (ARRE) 6: 339–60.Google Scholar
Short, Jodi L., and Toffel, Michael W.. 2010.“Making Self-Regulation More than Merely Symbolic: The Critical Role of the Legal Environment.” Administrative Science Quarterly 55: 361–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silbey, Susan S., and Agrawal, Tanu. 2011. “The Illusion of Accountability: Information Management and Organizational Culture.” Droit et société 77: 6986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sokol, Daniel D. 2016. “Teaching Compliance.” University of Cincinnati Law Review 84: 121.Google Scholar
Soltes, Eugene. 2019. “Where Is Your Company Most Prone to Lapses in Integrity? A Simple Survey to Identify the Danger Zones.” Harvard Business Review July-August: 51–4.Google Scholar
Stamatis, D. H. 1995. Understanding ISO 9000 and Implementing the Basics to Quality. New York: Marcel Dekker.Google Scholar
Standards Australia. 2006. “Australian Standard: Compliance Programs.”–2006-Compliance-Standard.pdf.Google Scholar
Steinberg, Richard M. 2011. Governance, Risk Management, and Compliance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stucke, Maurice E. 2014. “In Search of Effective Ethics and Compliance.” Journal of Corporate Law 39: 770832.Google Scholar
Toffel, Michael W., and Short, Jodi L.. 2011. “Coming Clean and Cleaning Up: Does Voluntary Self-Reporting Indicate Effective Self-Policy?Journal of Law and Economics 54: 609–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Treviño, Linda Klebe, Weaver, Gary R., Gibson, David G., and Toffler, Barbara Ley. 1999. “Managing Ethics and Legal Compliance: What Works and What Hurt.” California Management Review 4: 131–51.Google Scholar
Tyler, Tom R. 1990. Why People Obey the Law. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). 2019. “Office of Inspector General – Compliance.” Scholar
U.S. Department of Justice. 2018. “Justice Manual.” Scholar
U.S. Department of Justice Criminal Division. 2019. “Evaluation of Corporate Compliance Programs, Guidance Document.” Scholar
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2018. “EPA Enforcement and Compliance Annual Results.”–02/documents/fy18-enforcement-annual-results-data-graphs.pdf.Google Scholar
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2007. “Performance Track Could Improve Program Design and Management to Ensure Value” Rep. No. 2007-P-00013.–11/documents/20070329–2007-p-00013.pdf.Google Scholar
U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2016. “Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures for Violations of Financial Crimes and Sanctions Requirements.” Scholar
U.S. Sentencing Commission. 2018. “Guidelines Manual 2018.” Scholar
Walberg, Susan Lee. 2018. Insider’s Guide to Compliance: Real World Advice for Building a Successful Compliance Program. Compliance Ala Carte.Google Scholar
Weaver, Gary R. 2014. “Encouraging Ethics in Organizations: Review of Some Key Research Findings.” American Criminal Law Review 51: 293316.Google Scholar
Babri, M., Davidson, B., and Helin, S. (2019). “An Updated Inquiry into the Study of Corporate Codes of Ethics: 2005–2016.” Journal of Business Ethics. 10.1007/s10551-019-04192-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bodolica, V., and Spraggon, M. (2015). “An Examination into the Disclosure, Structure, and Contents of Ethical Codes in Publicly Listed Acquiring Firms.” Journal of Business Ethics, 126, 459–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, M. (1980). “Corporate Codes of Ethics: A Key to Economic Freedom.” Management Review, 69(9), 60–2.Google Scholar
Cohen, S. (2013). “Promoting Ethical Judgment in an Organisational Context.” Journal of Business Ethics, 117, 513–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cressey, D. R., and Moore, C. A. (1983). “Managerial Values and Corporate Codes of Ethics.” California Management Review, 25(4), 5377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Waegeneer, E., Van De Sompele, J., and Willem, A. (2016). “Ethical Codes in Sports Organizations: Classification Framework, Content Analysis, and the Influence of Content on Code Effectiveness.” Journal of Business Ethics, 136, 587–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dobel, J. (1993). “The Realpolitik of Ethics Codes: An Implementation Approach to Public Ethics.” In Frederickson, H. (ed.), Ethics and Public Administration, 158–71. New York: Sharpe.Google Scholar
Dondé, G. (2016). Corporate Ethics Policies and Programs: 2016 UK and Continental Europe Survey. London: Institute of Business Ethics.Google Scholar
Dondé, G. (2018). Ethics at Work: 2018 Survey of Employees: Europe. London: Institute of Business Ethics.Google Scholar
Dondé, G., and Somasundaram, K. (2018). Ethics at Work: 2018 Survey of Employees: Australia. London: Institute of Business Ethics.Google Scholar
Donker, H., Poff, D., and Zahir, S. (2008). “Corporate Values, Codes of Ethics, and Firm Performance: A Look at the Canadian Context.” Journal of Business Ethics, 82, 527–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Egels-Zandén, N. (2014). “Revisiting Supplier Compliance with MNC Codes of Conduct: Recoupling Policy and Practice at Chinese Toy Suppliers.” Journal of Business Ethics, 119, 5975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Erwin, P. M. (2011). “Corporate Codes of Conduct: The Effects of Code Content and Quality on Ethical Performance.” Journal of Business Ethics, 99, 535–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferrell, O. C., Fraedrich, J., and Ferrell, L. (2017). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making and Cases. 11th ed. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
Frankel, M. S. (1989). “Professional Codes: Why, How, and With What Impact?Journal of Business Ethics, 8, 109–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frostenson, M., Helin, S., and Sandström, J. (2012). “The Internal Significance of Codes of Conduct in Retail Companies.” Business Ethics: A European Review, 21, 263–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garegnani, G. M., Merlotti, E. P., and Russo, A. (2015). “Scoring Firms’ Codes of Ethics: An Explorative Study of Quality Drivers.” Journal of Business Ethics, 126, 541–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gaumnitz, B., and Lere, J. (2002). “Contents of Codes of Ethics of Professional Business Organizations in the United States.” Journal of Business Ethics, 35, 3549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gaumnitz, B., and Lere, J. (2004). “A Classification Scheme for Codes of Business Ethics.” Journal of Business Ethics, 49, 329–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hill, R. P., and Rapp, J. M. (2014). “Codes of Ethical Conduct: A Bottom-Up Approach.” Journal of Business Ethics, 123, 621–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoover, K. F., and Pepper, M. B. (2015). “How Did They Say That? Ethics Statements and Normative Frameworks at Best Companies to Work For.” Journal of Business Ethics, 131, 605–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaptein, M. (2004). “Business Codes of Multinational Firms: What Do They Say?Journal of Business Ethics, 50, 1331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaptein, M. (2008). The Living Code: Embedding Ethics into the Corporate DNA. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf.Google Scholar
Kaptein, M. (2011). “Toward Effective Codes: Testing the Relationship with Unethical Behavior.” Journal of Business Ethics, 99, 233–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaptein, M. (2017). “When Organizations Are Too Good: Applying Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean to the Corporate Ethical Virtues Model.” Business Ethics: A European Review, 26, 300–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaptein, M. (2019). “The Moral Entrepreneur: A New Component of Ethical Leadership.” Journal of Business Ethics, 156, 1135–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaptein, M., and Schwartz, M. S. (2008). “The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model.” Journal of Business Ethics, 77, 111–27.Google Scholar
Kaptein, M., and Wempe, J. (1998). “Twelve Gordian Knots When Developing an Organizational Code of Ethics.” Journal of Business Ethics, 17, 853–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kolk, A., and Tulder, R. (2002). “Child Labor and Multinational Conduct: A Comparison of International Business and Stakeholder Codes.” Journal of Business Ethics, 36, 291301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
KPMG (2013). Integrity Survey 2013. KPMG Forensic.Google Scholar
KPMG and Erasmus University Rotterdam (2014). The Business Codes of the Fortune Global 200: What the Largest Companies in the World Say and Do. Amsterdam: KPMG.Google Scholar
Ladd, J. (1985). “The Quest for a Code of Professional Ethics.” In Johnson, D. G. and Snapper, J. W. (eds.), Ethical Issues in the Use of Computers, 37–8. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
Lere, J. C., and Gaumnitz, B. R. (2003). “The Impact of Codes of Ethics on Decision Making: Some Insights from Information Economics.” Journal of Business Ethics, 48, 365–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mercier, G., and Deslandes, G. (2017). “There Are No Codes, Only Interpretations: Practical Wisdom and Hermeneutics in Monastic Organizations.” Journal of Business Ethics, 145, 781–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Messikomer, C. M., and Cirka, C. C. (2010). “Constructing a Code of Ethics: An Experiential Case of a National Professional Organization.” Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 5571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murphy, P. E. (1988). “Implementing Business Ethics.” Journal of Business Ethics, 7, 907–15.Google Scholar
Petersen, L. E., and Krings, F. (2009). “Are Ethical Codes of Conduct Toothless Tigers for Dealing with Employment Discrimination?Journal of Business Ethics, 85, 501–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pitt, H., and Groskaufmanis, K. (1990). “Minimizing Corporate Civil and Criminal Liability: A Second Look at Corporate Codes of Conduct.” Georgetown Law Journal, 78, 1559–64.Google Scholar
Preuss, L. (2010).” Codes of Conduct in Organisational Context: From Cascade to Lattice-Work of Codes”. Journal of Business Ethics, 94, 471–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, M. S. (2007). “Universal Moral Values for Corporate Code of Ethics.” Journal of Business Ethics, 59, 2744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, M. S. (2012). “The State of Business Ethics in Israel: A Light unto the Nations?Journal of Business Ethics, 105, 429–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raiborn, C., and Payne, D. (1990). “Corporate Codes of Conduct: A Collective Conscience and Continuum.” Journal of Business Ethics, 9, 879–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruiz, P., Martinez, R., Rodrigo, J., and Diaz, C. (2015). “Level of Coherence among Ethics Program Components and Its Impact on Ethical Intent.” Journal of Business Ethics, 128, 725–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scholtens, B., and Dam, L. (2007). “Cultural Values and International Differences in Business Ethics.” Journal of Business ethics, 75, 273–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singh, J. B. (2011). “Determinants of the Effectiveness of Corporate Codes of Ethics: An Empirical Study.” Journal of Business Ethics, 101, 385–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singh, J., Svensson, G., Wood, G., and Callaghan, M. (2011). “A Longitudinal and Cross‐Cultural Study of the Contents of Codes of Ethics of Australian, Canadian and Swedish Corporations.” Business Ethics: A European Review, 20, 103–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sobczak, A. (2006). “Are Codes of Conduct in Global Supply Chains Really Voluntary? From Soft Law Regulation of Labour Relations to Consumer Law.” Business Ethics Quarterly, 16, 167–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Somers, M. J. (2001). “Ethical Codes of Conduct and Organizational Context: A Study of the Relationship between Codes of Conduct, Employee Behavior and Organizational Values.” Journal of Business Ethics, 30, 185–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stevens, B. (2004). “The Ethics of the US Business Executive: A Study of Perceptions.” Journal of Business Ethics, 54, 163–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stöber, T., Kotzian, P., and Weißenberger, B. E. (2019). “Culture Follows Design: Code Design as an Antecedent of the Ethical Culture.” Business Ethics: A European Review, 28, 112–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stohs, J. H., and Brannick, T. (1999). “Code and Conduct: Predictors of Irish Managers’ Ethical Reasoning.” Journal of Business Ethics, 22, 311–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Svensson, G., Wood, G., and Callaghan, M. (2010). “A Corporate Model of Sustainable Business Practices: An Ethical Perspective.” Journal of World Business, 45, 336–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tjosvold, D. W., Snell, R. S., and Fang, S. S. (2009). “Codes of Conduct for Open-Minded Discussion and Resolution of Ethical Issues in China.” Journal of International Business Ethics, 2(2), 320.Google Scholar
VNO-NCW (2016). Leiderschap in Ethiek [Leadership in Ethics]. The Hague: VNO-NCW.Google Scholar
Valentine, S. R., Hanson, S. K., and Fleischman, G. M. (2019). “The Presence of Ethics Codes and Employees’ Internal Locus of Control, Social Aversion/Malevolence, and Ethical Judgment of Incivility: A Study of Smaller Organizations.” Journal of Business Ethics, 160, 657–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weaver, G. (1993). “Corporate Codes of Ethics: Purpose, Process and Content Issues.” Business and Society, 32, 4458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weaver, G. R. (1995). “Does Ethics Code Design Matter? Effects of Ethics Code Rationales and Sanctions on Recipients’ Justice Perceptions and Content Recall.” Journal of Business Ethics, 14, 367–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weber, J., and Wasieleski, D. M. (2013). “Corporate Ethics and Compliance Programs: A Report, Analysis and Critique.” Journal of Business Ethics, 112, 609–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Webley, S., and Dondé, G. (2016) Codes of Business Ethics: Examples of Good Practice. London: Institute of Business Ethics.Google Scholar
Weller, S. (1988). “The Effectiveness of Corporate Codes of Ethics.” Journal of Business Ethics, 7, 389–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Winkler, I. (2011). “The Representation of Social Actors in Corporate Codes of Ethics: How Code Language Positions Internal Actors.” Journal of Business Ethics, 101, 653–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wood, G., and Rimmer, M. (2003). “Codes of Ethics: What Are They Really and What Should They Be?International Journal of Value-Based Management, 16, 181–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wotruba, T. R., Chonko, L. B., and Loe, T. W. (2001). “The Impact of Ethics Code Familiarity on Manager Behavior.” Journal of Business Ethics, 33, 5969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
American Bar Association. 2020. “ABA Standards for Criminal Justice Monitors and Monitoring.” February 20. Scholar
Barkow, Anthony S., Barofsky, Neil M., and Perrelli, Thomas J.. 2019. The Guide to Monitorships. London: Law Business Research Ltd. Scholar
Diamantis, Mihailis E. 2019. “An Academic Perspective.” In The Guide to Monitorships, edited by Barkow, Anthony S., Barofsky, Neil M., and Perrelli, Thomas J., 7584. London: Law Business Research Ltd.Google Scholar
Ford, Cristie, and Hess, David. 2009. “Can Corporate Monitorships Improve Corporate Compliance?Journal of Corporation Law 34: 679737.Google Scholar
Garrett, Brandon. 2014. Too Big to Jail. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holder, Eric Jr.. 1999. “Memorandum to All Component Heads and U.S. Attorneys.” U.S. Department of Justice. June 16. Scholar
International Association of Independent Corporate Monitors (IAICM). 2016. “Preamble.” Code of Professional Conduct. Last modified December 16, 2016. Scholar
Khanna, Vikramaditya, and Dickinson, Timothy L.. 2007. “The Corporate Monitor: The New Corporate Czar?Michigan Law Review 105: 1713–55.Google Scholar
Larence, Eileen R. 2009. “Prosecutors Adhered to Guidance in Selecting Monitors for Deferred Prosecution and Non-prosecution Agreements, but DOJ Could Better Communicate Its Role in Resolving Conflicts.” U.S. Government Accountability Office, November 19. Scholar
Morford, Craig S. 2008. “Memorandum for Heads of Department Components and United States Attorneys.” U.S. Department of Justice, March 7. Scholar
Root, Veronica. 2014. “The Monitor-Client Relationship.” Virginia Law Review 100: 523–85.Google Scholar
Root, Veronica. 2016. “Modern-Day Monitorships.” Yale Journal on Regulation 33: 109–63.Google Scholar
Root, Veronica. 2017. “Constraining Monitors.” Fordham Law Review 85: 2227–47.Google Scholar
Antes, Alison L., Murphy, Stephen T., Waples, Ethan P., Mumford, Michael D., Brown, Ryan P., Connelly, Shane, and Devenport, Lynn D.. 2009. “Meta-analysis of Ethics Instruction Effectiveness in the Sciences.” Ethics & Behavior 19: 379402.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burke, M. J., and Sockbeson, C. E. S.. 2016. “Safety Training.” In Clarke, S., Probst, T. M., Guldenmund, F., and Passmore, J. (eds.), The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Occupational Safety and Workplace Health, 327–56. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Burke, M. J., Sarpy, S. A., Smith-Crowe, K., Chan-Serafin, S., Salvador, R. O., and Islam, G.. 2006. “Relative Effectiveness of Worker Safety and Health Training Methods.” American Journal of Public Health 96: 315–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dobbin, Frank, and Kalev, Alexandra. 2019. “The Promise and Peril of Sexual Harassment Programs.” PNAS 116(25): 12255–60. ScholarPubMed
Feldblum, Chai R., and Lipnic, Victoria A.. 2016. US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Select Task Force on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace. Washington, DC: US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.Google Scholar
Gentile, Mary C. 2010. Giving Voice to Values: How to Speak Your Mind When You Know What’s Right. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Hauser, C. 2019. “Fighting Against Corruption: Does Anti‐corruption Training Make Any Difference?Journal of Business Ethics 159(1): 281–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hess, David. 2016. “Ethical Infrastructures and Evidence-Based Corporate Compliance and Ethics Programs: Policy Implications from the Empirical Evidence.” New York University Journal of Law and Business 12(2): 317–68.Google Scholar
Kirkpatrick, D. L. 1996. “Great Ideas Revisited.” Training and Development 50: 54–9.Google Scholar
Medeiros, K. E., Watts, L. L., Mulhearn, T. J., Steele, L. M., Mumford, M. D., and Connelly, S.. 2017. “What Is Working, What Is Not, and What We Need to Know: A Meta-analytic Review of Business Ethics Instruction.” Journal of Academic Ethics 15(3): 245–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paine, L. S. 1994. “Managing for Organizational Integrity.” Harvard Business Review 72(2): 106–17.Google Scholar
Parker, C., and Nielsen, V. L.. 2009. “Corporate Compliance Systems: Could They Make Any Difference?Administration and Society, 41(1): 337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roehling, Mark V., and Huang, Jason. 2018. “Sexual Harassment Training Effectiveness: An Interdisciplinary Review and Call for Research.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 39: 134–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sekerka, Leslie E. 2009. “Organizational Ethics Education and Training: A Review of Best Practices and Their Application.” International Journal of Training and Development 13(2): 7795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith-Crowe, K., Tenbrunsel, A. E., Chan-Serafin, S., Brief, A. P., Umphress, E. E., and Joseph, J.. 2014. “The Ethics “Fix”: When Formal Systems Make a Difference.” Journal of Business Ethics 1: 10.1007/s10551-013-2022-6.Google Scholar
Steele, Logan M., Mulhearn, Tyler J., Medeiros, Kelsey E., Watts, Logan L., Connelly, Shane and Mumford, Michael D.. 2016. “How Do We Know What Works? A Review and Critique of Current Practices in Ethics Training Evaluation.” Accountability in Research 23(6): 319–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tippett, Elizabeth C. 2018. “Harassment Trainings: A Content Analysis.” Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law 39: 481526.Google Scholar
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). 2012. “Former Morgan Stanley Managing Director Pleads Guilty for Role in Evading Internal Controls Required by FCPA.” April 25, Scholar
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Criminal Division. 2019. Evaluation of Corporate Compliance Programs (updated April 2019).Google Scholar
Waples, Ethan P., Antes, Alison L., Murphy, Stephan T., Connelly, Shane, and Mumford, Michael D.. 2009. “A Meta-analytic Investigation of Business Ethics Instruction.” Journal of Business Ethics 87: 133–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warren, Danielle E., Gaspar, Joseph P., and Laufer, William S.. 2014. “Is Formal Ethics Training Merely Cosmetic? A Study of Ethics Training and Ethical Organizational Culture.” Business Ethics Quarterly 24(1): 85117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watts, Logan L., Medeiros, Kelsey E., Mulhearn, Tyler J., Steele, Logan M., Connelly, Shane, and Mumford, Michael D.. 2017. “Are Ethics Training Programs Improving? A Meta-analytic Review of Past and Present Ethics Instruction in the Sciences.” Ethics & Behavior 27(5): 351–84.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weber, James. 2015. “Investigating and Assessing the Quality of Employee Ethics Training Programs among US-Based Global Organizations.” Journal of Business Ethics 129: 2742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arnold, Martin. 2018. “ING to Pay €775 m in Money Laundering Case.” Financial Times (September). Scholar
Bandura, Albert. 1977. “Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change.” Psychological Review 84:191215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bandura, Albert. 1986. Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Brown, Michael E., Treviño, Linda K., and Harrison, David A.. 2005. “Ethical Leadership: A Social Learning Perspective for Construct Development and Testing.” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 97, no. 2 (July): 117134. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2005.03.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cialdini, Robert B., and Goldstein, Noah J.. 2004. “Social Influence: Compliance and Conformity.” Annual Review of Psychology 55: 591621.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cullen, John B., Victor, Bart, and Bronson, James W.. 1993. “The Ethical Climate Questionnaire: An Assessment of Its Development and Validity.” Psychological Reports 73, no. 2 (October): 667–74. doi:10.2466/pr0.1993.73.2.667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deal, Terrence E., and Kennedy, Allan A.. 1982. Corporate Cultures: The Rites and Rituals of Corporate Life. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.Google Scholar
Eisenbeiss, Silke A., Van Knippenberg, Daan, and Fahrbach, Clemens M.. 2015. “Doing Well by Doing Good? Analyzing the Relationship between CEO Ethical Leadership and Firm Performance.” Journal of Business Ethics 128, no. 3 (March): 635–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellemers, Naomi. 2017. Morality and the Regulation of Social Behavior: Groups as Moral Anchors. London/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellemers, Naomi, and Haslam, Alexander S.. 2011. “Social Identity Theory.” In Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology, edited by Van Lange, Paul A. M., Kruglanski, Arie W., and Higgins, Tory, 379–98. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Ellemers, Naomi, and Van der Toorn, Jojanneke. 2015. “Groups as Moral Anchors.” Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 6: 189–94.Google Scholar
FCA. 2018. Transforming Culture in Financial Services. Discussion Paper 18/2, March 12. London: Financial Conduct Authority.Google Scholar
Fehr, Ernst, and Rockenbach, Bettina. 2003. “Detrimental Effects of Sanctions on Human Altruism.” Nature 422, no. 6928 (March): 137–40. doi:10.1038/nature01474.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Feldman, Yuval. 2018. The Law of Good People: Challenging States’ Ability to Regulate Human Behavior. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fortado, Lindsay. 2015. “Kweku Adoboli: A Rogue Trader’s Tale.” Financial Times (October). Scholar
FSB. 2018. “Strengthening Governance Frameworks to Mitigate Misconduct Risk: A Toolkit for Firms and Supervisors.” Report, Financial Stability Board, Basel, April 20.Google Scholar
Garratt, Bob. 2010. The Fish Rots from the Head: The Crisis in Our Boardrooms: Developing the Crucial Skills of the Competent Director. London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
Gorsira, Madelijne, Steg, Linda, Denkers, Adriaan, and Huisman, Wim. 2018. “Corruption in Organizations: Ethical Climate and Individual Motives.” Administrative Sciences 8, no. 1: 4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haslam, Alexander S., and Ellemers, Naomi. 2011. “Identity Processes in Organizations.” In Handbook of Identity Theory and Research, edited by Schwartz, Seth J., Luyckx, Koen, and Vignoles, Vivian L., 715–44. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Haslam, Alexander S., Reicher, Stephen D., and Platow, Michael J.. 2011. The New Psychology of Leadership: Identity, Influence, and Power. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Kaptein, Muel. 2008a. “Developing and Testing a Measure for the Ethical Culture of Organizations: The Corporate Ethical Virtues Model.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 29, no. 7 (October): 923–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaptein, Muel. 2008b. The Living Code: Embedding Ethics into the Corporate DNA. Abingdon, UK/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Kaptein, Muel. 2011. “Understanding Unethical Behavior by Unraveling Ethical Culture.” Human Relations 64, no. 6 (June): 843–69. doi: 10.1177/0018726710390536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kish-Gephart, Jennifer J., Harrison, David A., and Treviño, Linda K.. 2010. “Bad Apples, Bad Cases, and Bad Barrels: Meta-analytic Evidence about Sources of Unethical Decisions at Work.” Journal of Applied Psychology 95, no. 4 (July): 791. doi:10.1037/a0020073.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Martin, Kelly D., and Cullen, John B.. 2006. “Continuities and Extensions of Ethical Climate Theory: A Meta-analytic Review.” Journal of Business Ethics 69: 175–94. doi:10.1007/s10551-006-9084-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mayer, David M., Kuenzi, Maribeth, and Greenbaum, Rebecca L.. 2010. “Examining the Link between Ethical Leadership and Employee Misconduct: The Mediating Role of Ethical Climate.” Journal of Business Ethics 95: 716. doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0794-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mooijman, Marlon, van Dijk, Wilco W., Van Dijk, Eric, and Ellemers, Naomi. 2017. “On Sanction-Goal Justifications: How and Why Deterrence Justifications Undermine Rule Compliance.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 112, no. 4 (April): 577–89. doi:10.1037/pspi0000084.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moore, Celia. 2015. “Moral Disengagement.” Current Opinion in Psychology 6: 199204. doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.07.018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nguyen, Duc Duy, Nguyen, Linh, and Sila, Vathunyoo. 2019. “Does Corporate Culture Affect Bank Risk‐Taking? Evidence from Loan‐Level Data.” British Journal of Management 30, no. 1 (January): 106–33. doi:10.1111/1467-8551.12300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oded, Sharon. 2017. “The Intoxication of Force: When Enforcement Undermines Compliance.” Inaugural Lecture. Erasmus Law Lectures 42.Google Scholar
Pagliaro, Stefano, Presti, Alessandro Lo, Barattucci, Massimiliano, Giannella, Valeria A., and Barreto, Manuela. 2018. “On the Effects of Ethical Climate(s) on Employees’ Behavior: A Social Identity Approach.” Frontiers in Psychology 9: 110. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00960.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Peterson, Dane K. 2002. “The Relationship between Unethical Behavior and the Dimensions of the Ethical Climate Questionnaire.” Journal of Business Ethics 41, no.4 (December): 313–26. doi:10.1023/A:1021243117958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raven, Bertram H. 1992. “A Power/Interaction Model of Interpersonal Influence: French and Raven Thirty Years Later.” Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 7: 217–44.Google Scholar
Reckard, E. Scott. 2013. “Wells Fargo’s Pressure-Cooker Sales Culture Comes at a Cost.” Los Angeles Times (December). Scholar
Ring, Patrick John, Bryce, Cormac, McKinney, Ricky, and Webb, Rob. 2016. “Taking Notice of Risk Culture – the Regulator’s Approach.” Journal of Risk Research 19: 364–87. doi:10.1080/13669877.2014.983944.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schein, Edgar H. 1996. “Culture: The Missing Concept in Organization Studies.” Administrative Science Quarterly 41, no. 2 (June): 229–40. doi:10.2307/2393715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scholten, Wieke, and Ellemers, Naomi. 2016. “Bad Apples or Corrupting Barrels? Preventing Traders’ Misconduct.” Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance 24: 366–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schuchter, Alexander, and Levi, Michael. 2016. “The Fraud Triangle Revisited.” Security Journal 29: 107–21. doi:10.1057/sj.2013.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simha, Aditya, and Cullen, John B.. 2012. “Climates and Their Effects on Organizational Outcomes: Implications from the Past and Prophecies for the Future.” Academy of Management Perspectives 26, no. 4 (November): 2034. doi:10.5465/amp.2011.0156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Soltani, Bahram. 2014. “The Anatomy of Corporate Fraud: A Comparative Analysis of High Profile American and European Corporate Scandals.” Journal of Business Ethics 120, no. 2 (March): 251–74. doi:10.1007/s10551-013-1660-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stöber, Thomas, Kotzian, Peter, and Weißenberger, Barbara E.. 2019. “Culture Follows Design: Code Design as an Antecedent of the Ethical Culture.” Business Ethics: A European Review 28, no 1. (January): 112–28. doi:10.1111/beer.12201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stringer, Robert. 2002. Leadership and Organizational Climate. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
Tajfel, Henri, and Turner, John C.. 1979. “An Integrative Theory of Intergroup Conflict.” In The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations, edited by Austin, William G. and Worchel, Stephen, 3347. Monterey, CA: Brooks Cole.Google Scholar
Tenbrunsel, Ann E., and Messick, David M.. 1999. “Sanctioning Systems, Decision Frames, and Cooperation.” Administrative Science Quarterly 44, no. 4 (December): 684707. doi: 10.2307/2667052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Treviño, Linda B., and Nelson, Katherine A.. 2011. Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk About How to Do It Right. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Tyler, Tom R. and Blader, Steven L.. 2005. “Can Businesses Effectively Regulate Employee Conduct? The Antecedents of Rule Following in Work Settings.” Academy of Management Journal 40, no. 6 (December): 1143–58. Scholar
Van Rooij, Benjamin, and Fine, Adam. 2018. “Toxic Corporate Culture: Assessing Organizational Processes of Deviancy.” Administrative Sciences 8, no. 23. doi:10.3390/admsci8030023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Steenbergen, Elianne F., Van Dijk, Danny, Christensen, Celine, Coffeng, Tessa, and Ellemers, Naomi. 2019. “Learn to Build an Error Management Culture.” Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance 28, no. 1 (February): 5773. doi:10.1108/JFRC-12-2018-0156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Yperen, Nico W., Hamstra, Melvyn R. W., and van der Klauw, Marloes. 2011. “To Win, or Not to Lose, at Any Cost: The Impact of Achievement Goals on Cheating.” British Journal of Management 22: S5S15. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8551.2010.00702.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Victor, Bart, and Cullen, John B.. 1988. “The Organizational Bases of Ethical Work Climates.” Administrative Science Quarterly 33:101–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Welsh, David T., Ordóñez, Lisa D., Snyder, Deirdre G., and Christian, Michael S.. 2015. “The Slippery Slope: How Small Ethical Transgressions Pave the Way for Larger Future Transgressions.” Journal of Applied Psychology 100, no. 1 (January): 114–27. doi:10.1037/a0036950.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zyglipodopoulos, Stelios C., and Fleming, Peter J.. 2008. “Ethical Distance in Corrupt Firms: How Do Innocent Bystanders Become Guilty Perpetrators?Journal of Business Ethics 78, no. 1–2 (March): 265–74. doi:10.1007/s10551-007-9378-4.Google Scholar
Abbas, Ali Abdulhasan, Abd Hussein, Adel Abbas, and Khali, Hussein Huraija. 2017. “The Effect of Hostile Work Environment on Organizational Alienation: The Mediation Role of the Relationship between the Leader and Followers.” Asian Social Science 13(2): 140–58. Scholar
Adams, J. S. 1963. “Towards an Understanding of Inequity.” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 67(5): 422–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Adams, J. S. 1965. “Inequity in Social Exchange.” In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, ed. Berkowitz, L., Vol. 2, 267–99. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Aleksić, Ana, and Matea, Vuković. 2018. “Connecting Personality Traits with Deviant Workplace Behaviour.” Journal of Media Critiques 4(14): 119–29. Scholar
Alexander, Katherine. 2011. “Abusive Supervision as a Predictor of Deviance and Health Outcomes: The Exacerbating Role of Narcissism and Social Support.” PhD dissertation, Bowling Green State University.–1059/g4.2011.07.016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andersson, Lynne M., and Pearson, Christine M.. 1999. “Tit for Tat? The Spiraling Effect of Incivility in the Workplace.” Academy of Management Review 24(3): 452–71. Scholar
Anjum, Amna, and Ming, Xu. 2018. “Combating Toxic Workplace Environment: An Empirical Study in the Context of Pakistan.” Journal of Modelling in Management 13(3): 675–97.–2017-0023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anjum, Amna, Ming, Xu, Siddiqi, Ahmed Faisal, and Rasool, Samma Faiz. 2018. “An Empirical Study Analyzing Job Productivity in Toxic Workplace Environments.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(5): 1035. ScholarPubMed
Appelbaum, Steven H., Deguire, Kyle J., and Lay, Mathieu. 2005. “The Relationship of Ethical Climate to Deviant Workplace Behaviour.” Corporate Governance 5(4): 4355. Scholar
Appelbaum, Steven H., and Roy-Girard, David. 2007. “Toxins in the Workplace: Affect on Organizations and Employees.” Corporate Governance 7(1): 1728. Scholar
Appelbaum, Steven H., Soltero, Ivan Ulises, and Neville, Keith. 2005. “The Creation of an Unethical Work Environment: Organisational Outcome‐Based Control Systems.” Equal Opportunities International 24(2): 6783. Scholar
Ashforth, B. E. 1994. “Petty Tyranny in Organizations.” Human Relations 47(7): 755–78. Scholar
Avey, James B., Wu, Keke, and Holley, Erica. 2015. “The Influence of Abusive Supervision and Job Embeddedness on Citizenship and Deviance.” Journal of Business Ethics 129(3): 721–31.–2192-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baharom, Mohd Nazri, Bin Sharfuddin, Mohd Dino Khairi, and Iqbal, Javed. 2017. “A Systematic Review on the Deviant Workplace Behavior.” Review of Public Administration and Management 5(3): 18.–7844.1000231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baker, C., Beglinger, J., King, S., Salyards, M., and Thompson, A.. 2000. “Transforming Negative Work Culture: A Practical Strategy.” Journal of Nursing Administration 30(7–8): 357–63.–200007000-00010.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baldwin, Susanna. 2006. Organisational Justice. Brighton, UK: Institute for Employment Studies.Google Scholar
Balthazard, Pierre A., Cooke, Robert A., and Potter, Richard E.. 2006. “Dysfunctional Culture, Dysfunctional Organization: Capturing the Behavioral Norms that Form Organizational Culture and Drive Performance.” Journal of Managerial Psychology 21(8): 709–32. Scholar
Bandura, A. 1977. Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Bennett, Rebecca J., and Robinson, Sandra L.. 2000. “Development of a Measure of Workplace Deviance.” Journal of Applied Psychology 85(3): 349–60.–9010.85.3.349.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bennett, Rebecca J., and Robinson, Sandra L.. 2003. “The Past, Present, and Future of Workplace Deviance Research.” In Organizational Behavior: The State of the Science, ed. Greenberg, J., 2nd ed., 247–81. Mahwah, NJ: Earlbaum.Google Scholar
Bibi, Zainab, Karim, Jahanvash, and Siraj ud, Din. 2013. “Workplace Incivility and Counterproductive Work Behavior: Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence.” Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research 28(2): 317–34.Google Scholar
Bindu, Anto Ollukkaran, and Gunaseelan, Rupa. 2012. “A Study on the Impact of Work Environment on Employee Performance.” Namex International Journal of Management Research 2(2): 7185.Google Scholar
Blau, P. M. 1964. Exchange and Power in Social Life. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Boddy, Clive R. 2014. “Corporate Psychopaths, Conflict, Employee Affective Well-Being and Counterproductive Work Behaviour.” Journal of Business Ethics 121(1): 107–21.–1688-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brehm, J. W. 1966. A Theory of Psychological Reactance. Oxford, UK: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Buffardi, L. E., and Campbell, W. Keith. 2008. “Narcissism and Social Networking Web Sites.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 34(10): 1303–14. ScholarPubMed
Burke, W. Warner. 2017. Organization Change: Theory and Practice. 5th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Burton, James P., and Hoobler, Jenny M.. 2011. “Aggressive Reactions to Abusive Supervision: The Role of Interactional Justice and Narcissism.” Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 52(4): 389–98.–9450.2011.00886.x.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bushman, Brad J., and Baumeister, Roy F.. 1998. “Threatened Egotism, Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and Direct and Displaced Aggression: Does Self-Love or Self-Hate Lead to Violence?Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75(1): 81105.–3514.75.1.219.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Campbell, Jamie-Lee, and Göritz, Anja S.. 2014. “Culture Corrupts! A Qualitative Study of Organizational Culture in Corrupt Organizations.” Journal of Business Ethics 120(3): 291311.–1665-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, Marlen Jamie-Lee. 2015. “Organizational Cultures’ Impact on Employees’ Corruption.” PhD dissertation, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg. Scholar
Campbell, W. Keith, Bonnacci, Angelica M., Jeremy Shelton, Julie J. Exline, and Bushman, Brad J.. 2004. “Psychological Entitlement: Interpersonal Consequences and Validation of a Self-Report Measure.” Journal of Personality Assessment 83(1): 2945. ScholarPubMed
Chamberlain, Lindsey Joyce, and Hodson, Randy. 2010. “Toxic Work Environments: What Helps and What Hurts.” Sociological Perspectives 53(4): 455–77. Scholar
Chen, Lim Li, Fah, Benjamin Chan Yin, and Jin, Teh Choon. 2016. “Perceived Organizational Support and Workplace Deviance in the Voluntary Sector.” Procedia Economics and Finance 35: 468–75.–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cho, Seonghee, Johanson, Misty M., and Guchait, Priyanko. 2009. “Employees Intent to Leave: A Comparison of Determinants of Intent to Leave versus Intent to Stay.” International Journal of Hospitality Management 28(3): 374–81. Scholar
Chung, Frank. 2018. “Emails Reveal Extent of Google’s Toxic Work Culture.” New Zealand Herald, January 10. Scholar
Colbert, Amy E., Mount, Michael K., Harter, James K., and Barrick, Murray R.. 2004. “Interactive Effects of Personality and Perceptions of the Work Situation on Workplace Deviance.” Journal of Applied Psychology 89(4): 599609.–9010.89.4.599.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cropanzano, Russell, Byrne, Zinta S., Ramona Bobocel, D., and Rupp, Deborah E.. 2001. “Moral Virtues, Fairness Heuristics, Social Entities, and Other Denizens of Organizational Justice.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 58: 164209. Scholar
Di Stefano, Giovanni, Scrima, Fabrizio, and Parry, Emma. 2019. “The Effect of Organizational Culture on Deviant Behaviors in the Workplace.” International Journal of Human Resource Management 30(17): 24822503. Scholar
Dollard, J., Doob, L. W., Miller, N. E., Mowrer, O. H., and Sears, R. R.. 1939. Frustration and Aggression. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duffy, Michelle K., Ganster, Daniel C., and Pagon, Milan. 2002. “Social Undermining in the Workplace.” Academy of Management Journal 45(2): 331–51. Scholar
Einarsen, Ståle, Aasland, Merethe Schanke, and Skogstad, Anders. 2007. “Destructive Leadership Behaviour: A Definition and Conceptual Model.” Leadership Quarterly 18(3): 207–16. Scholar
Eisenbeiss, Silke Astrid, van Knippenberg, Daan, and Fahrbach, Clemens Maximilian. 2015. “Doing Well by Doing Good? Analyzing the Relationship between CEO Ethical Leadership and Firm Performance.” Journal of Business Ethics 128(3): 635–51.–2124-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fleenor, John W. 2011. “Trait Approach to Leadership.” Encylopedia of Industrial and Organisational Psycology 3(80): 103–41. Scholar
Fox, Suzy, and Spector, Paul E.. 1999. “A Model of Work Frustration-Aggression.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 20(6): 915–31.<915::aid-job918>3.0.CO;2-6.3.0.CO;2-6>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garcia, Patrick Raymund James M., Wang, Lu, Lu, Vinh, Kiazad, Kohyar, and Restubog, Simon Lloyd D.. 2015. “When Victims Become Culprits: The Role of Subordinates’ Neuroticism in the Relationship between Abusive Supervision and Workplace Deviance.” Personality and Individual Differences 72: 225–9. Scholar
Gibson, Jane Whitney, and Mason, Jerry L.. 2011. “Executive Leadership Development as a Strategy for Long Term Business Success.” Journal of Business & Economics Research (JBER) 5(9): 1926. Scholar
Grijalva, Emily, and Newman, Daniel A.. 2015. “Narcissism and Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB): Meta-analysis and Consideration of Collectivist Culture, Big Five Personality, and Narcissism’s Facet Structure.” Applied Psychology 64(1): 93126. Scholar
Gutworth, Melissa B., Morton, Dana M., and Dahling, Jason J.. 2013. “Managing Organizational Deviance.” In Wisdom, Kernals of Truth, and Boundary Conditions in Organizational Studies, edited by Svyantek, D. J. and Mahoney, K. T., 153–80. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar
Hanaysha, Jalal. 2016. “Testing the Effects of Employee Engagement, Work Environment, and Organizational Learning on Organizational Commitment.” Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 229: 289–97. Scholar
Härtel, Charmine E. J., and Ashkanasy, Neal M.. 2010. “Healthy Human Cultures as Positive Work Environments.” In The Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate, edited by Ashkanasy, N. M., Wilderom, C. P. M., and Peterson, M. F., 85100. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Scholar
Harvey, Paul, Harris, Kenneth J., Gillis, William E., and Martinko, Mark J.. 2014. “Abusive Supervision and the Entitled Employee.” Leadership Quarterly 25(2): 204–17. Scholar
Harvey, Paul, and Martinko, Mark J.. 2009. “An Empirical Examination of the Role of Attributions in Psychological Entitlement and Its Outcomes.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 30(4): 459–76. Scholar
Henle, Christine A., Giacalone, Robert A., and Jurkiewicz, Carole L.. 2005. “The Role of Ethical Ideology in Workplace Deviance.” Journal of Business Ethics 56(3): 219–30.–2779-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyatt, Courtland S., Sleep, Chelsea E., Lamkin, Joanna, Maples-Keller, Jessica L., Sedikides, Constantine, Campbell, W. Keith, and Miller, Joshua D.. 2018. “Narcissism and Self-Esteem: A Nomological Network Analysis.” PLoS ONE 13(8): e0201088. ScholarPubMed
Jaskiewicz, Wanda, and Tulenko, Kate. 2012. “Increasing Community Health Worker Productivity and Effectiveness: A Review of the Influence of the Work Environment.” Human Resources for Health 10: 19.–4491-10–38.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnson, Russell E., Venus, Merlijn, Lanaj, Klodiana, Mao, Changguo, and Chang, Chu-Hsiang. 2012. “Leader Identity as an Antecedent of the Frequency and Consistency of Transformational, Consideration, and Abusive Leadership Behaviors.” Journal of Applied Psychology 97(6): 1262–72. ScholarPubMed
Kanten, Pelin, and Ülker, Funda Er. 2013. “The Effect of Organizational Climate on Counterproductive Behaviors: An Empirical Study on the Employees of Manufacturing Enterprises.” Macrotheme Review 2(4): 144–60.Google Scholar
Kellerman, Barbara. 2004. Bad Leadership. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Review Press.Google Scholar
Kelly, Jack. 2019. “Google under Investigation for Alleged Unfair Labor Practices.” Forbes. Scholar
Kish-Gephart, Jennifer J., Harrison, David A., and Treviño, Linda Klebe. 2010. “Bad Apples, Bad Cases, and Bad Barrels: Meta-analytic Evidence about Sources of Unethical Decisions at Work.” Journal of Applied Psychology 95(1): 131. ScholarPubMed
Kozako, Intan Nurul ‘Ain Mohd Firdaus, Safin, Siti Zaharah, and Abdul Rahim, Abdul Rahman. 2013. “The Relationship of Big Five Personality Traits on Counterproductive Work Behaviour among Hotel Employees.” Procedia Economics and Finance 7: 181–7. Scholar
Kyko, O. C. 2005. Instrumentation: Know Yourself and Others. New York: Longman.Google Scholar
Lawrence, Thomas B., and Robinson, Sandra L.. 2007. “Ain’t Misbehavin: Workplace Deviance as Organizational Resistance.” Journal of Management 33(3): 378–94. Scholar
Lewicki, Roy J., Poland, Tim, Minton, John W., and Sheppard, Blair H.. 1997. “Dishonesty as Deviance: A Typology of Workplace Dishonesty and Contributing Factors.” In Research on Negotiations in Organizations, edited by Bies, Robert J., Lewicki, Roy J., and Sheppard, Blair H., Vol. 6, 5386. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
Li, Yuhui, Wang, Zhen, Yang, Liu Qin, and Liu, Songbo. 2016. “The Crossover of Psychological Distress from Leaders to Subordinates in Teams: The Role of Abusive Supervision, Psychological Capital, and Team Performance.” Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 21(2): 142–53. ScholarPubMed
Lian, Huiwen, D. Ferris, Lance, Morrison, Rachel, and Brown, Douglas J.. 2014. “Blame It on the Supervisor or the Subordinate? Reciprocal Relations between Abusive Supervision and Organizational Deviance.” Journal of Applied Psychology 99(4): 651–64. Scholar
Liang, Lindie H., and Brown, Douglas J.. 2019. “Abusive Leadership.” In Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance, edited by Farazmand, Ali, 17. New York: Springer.–3-319–31816-5.Google Scholar
Lim, Li-Chen, Teh, Choon-Jin, and Benjamin, Chan-Yin-Fah. 2016. “A Preliminary Study of the Effects of Personality Traits on Workplace Deviance in the Voluntary Sector.” International Review of Management and Marketing 6(7S): 610.Google Scholar
Lin, Szu Han (Joanna), Ma, Jingjing, and Johnson, Russell E.. 2016. “When Ethical Leader Behavior Breaks Bad: How Ethical Leader Behavior Can Turn Abusive via Ego Depletion and Moral Licensing.” Journal of Applied Psychology 101(6): 815–30. ScholarPubMed
Lipman-Blumen, Jean. 2005. The Allure of Toxic Leaders: Why We Follow Destructive Bosses and Corrupt Politicians – and How We Can Survive Them. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Liu, Jun, Kwan, Ho Kwong, Wu, Long-zeng, and Wu, Weiku. 2010. “Abusive Supervision and Subordinate Supervisor-Directed Deviance: The Moderating Role of Traditional Values and the Mediating Role of Revenge Cognitions.” Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 83(4): 835–56. Scholar
Liu, Yaozhong, and Qui, Caibao. 2015. “Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior: Concept, Measurement and Empirical Research.” Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies 3(3): 150–5. Scholar
Lopes, Paulo N., Salovey, Peter, and Straus, Rebecca. 2003. “Emotional Intelligence, Personality, and the Perceived Quality of Social Relationships.” Personality and Individual Differences 35(3): 641–58. Scholar
Martinko, Mark J., Harvey, Paul, Brees, Jeremy R., and Mackey, Jeremy. 2013. “A Review of Abusive Supervision Research.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 34(SUPPL 1). Scholar
Martinko, Mark J., Harvey, Paul, Sikora, David, and Douglas, Scott C.. 2011. “Perceptions of Abusive Supervision: The Role of Subordinates’ Attribution Styles.” Leadership Quarterly 22(4): 751–64. Scholar
Mathieu, Cynthia, Neumann, Craig S., Hare, Robert D., and Babiak, Paul. 2014. “A Dark Side of Leadership: Corporate Psychopathy and Its Influence on Employee Well-Being and Job Satisfaction.” Personality and Individual Differences 59: 83–8. Scholar
Mawritz, Mary B., Dust, Scott B., and Resick, Christian J.. 2014. “Hostile Climate, Abusive Supervision, and Employee Coping: Does Conscientiousness Matter?Journal of Applied Psychology 99(4): 737–47. ScholarPubMed
Mawritz, Mary Bardes, Mayer, David M., Hoobler, Jenny M., Wayne, Sandy J., and Marinova, Sophia V.. 2012. “A Trickle-Down Model of Abusive Supervision.” Personnel Psychology 65(2): 325–57.–6570.2012.01246.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ménard, Julie, Brunet, Luc, and Savoie, André. 2011. “Interpersonal Workplace Deviance: Why Do Offenders Act Out? A Comparative Look on Personality and Organisational Variables.” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 43(4): 309–17. Scholar Dictionary, s.v. “toxicity.” Scholar
Meurs, James A., Fox, Suzy, Kessler, Stacey R., and Spector, Paul E.. 2013. “It’s All about Me: The Role of Narcissism in Exacerbating the Relationship between Stressors and Counterproductive Work Behaviour.” Work and Stress 27(4): 368–82. Scholar
Mitchell, Marie S., and Ambrose, Maureen L.. 2007. “Abusive Supervision and Workplace Deviance and the Moderating Effects of Negative Reciprocity Beliefs.” Journal of Applied Psychology 92(4): 1159–68.–9010.92.4.1159.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Muafi. 2011. “Causes and Consequence Deviant Workplace Behavior.” International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology 2(2): 123–6. Scholar
Oludeyi, Olukunle S. 2015. “A Review of Literature on Work Environment and Work Commitment: Implication for Future Research in Citadels of Learning.” Human Resource Management 18(2): 3246.–46.pdf.Google Scholar
Opperman, C. S. 2002. Tropical Business Issues. In partnership with PriceWaterhouseCoopers. www.pricewaterhousecoopers// Scholar
Park, Haesang, Hoobler, Jenny M., Wu, Junfeng, Liden, Robert C., Hu, Jia, and Wilson, Morgan S.. 2017. “Abusive Supervision and Employee Deviance: A Multifoci Justice Perspective.” Journal of Business Ethics 158(4): 119.–3749-2.Google Scholar
Paulhus, Delroy L., and Williams, Kevin M.. 2002. “The Dark Triad of Personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy.” Journal of Research in Personality 36(6): 556–63.–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Penney, Lisa M., and Spector, Paul E.. 2002. “Narcissism and Counterproductive Work Behavior: Do Bigger Egos Mean Bigger Problems?International Journal of Selection and Assessment 10(1&2): 126–34.–2389.00199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peterson, Dane K. 2002. “Deviant Workplace Behavior and the Organization’s Ethical Climate.” Journal of Business and Psychology 17(1): 4761. Scholar
Petrides, K. V., Vernon, Philip A., Schermer, Julie Aitken, and Veselka, Livia. 2011. “Trait Emotional Intelligence and the Dark Triad Traits of Personality.” Twin Research and Human Genetics 14(1): 3541. ScholarPubMed
Podsakoff, Philip M., MacKenzie, Scott B., and Bommer, William H.. 1996. “Transformational Leader Behaviors and Substitutes for Leadership as Determinants of Employee Satisfaction, Commitment, Trust, and Organizational Citizenship.” Journal of Management 22(2): 259–98.–5.Google Scholar
Prusik, Monika, and Szulawski, Michal. 2019. “The Relationship between the Dark Triad Personality Traits, Motivation at Work, and Burnout among HR Recruitment Workers.” Frontiers in Psychology 10: 1290. ScholarPubMed
Puffer, Sheila M. 1987. “Prosocial Behavior, Noncompliant Behavior, and Work Performance among Commission Sales People.” Journal of Applied Psychology 72(4): 615–21.–9010.72.4.615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raman, Ponniah, Sambasivan, Murali, and Kumar, Naresh. 2016. “Counterproductive Work Behavior among Frontline Government Employees: Role of Personality, Emotional Intelligence, Affectivity, Emotional Labor, and Emotional Exhaustion.” Revista de Psicologia Del Trabajo y de Las Organizaciones 32(1): 2537. Scholar
Reed, George E. 2004. “Toxic Leadership.” Military Review 84(4): 6771.Google Scholar
Restubog, Simon Lloyd D., Scott, Kristin L., and Zagenczyk, Thomas J.. 2011. “When Distress Hits Home: The Role of Contextual Factors and Psychological Distress in Predicting Employees’ Responses to Abusive Supervision.” Journal of Applied Psychology 96(4): 713–29. ScholarPubMed
Rizvi, Syed Tahir, Friedman, Barry A., and Azam, Rauf I.. 2017. “Overall Injustice, Workplace Deviance and Turnover Intention among Educators and Supporters.” BRC Academy Journal of Business 7(1): 4571. Scholar
Robbins, Stephen P., and Judge, Timothy A.. 2009. Organisational Behaviour. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Robinson, Sandra L., and Bennett, Rebecca J.. 1995. “A Typology of Workplace Behaviors: A Multidimensional Scaling Study.” Academy of Management Journal 38(2): 555–72.Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Seth A., and Pittinsky, Todd L.. 2006. “Narcissistic Leadership.” Leadership Quarterly 17(6): 617–33. Scholar
Salancik, Gerald R., and Pfeffer, Jeffrey. 1978. “A Social Information Processing Approach to Job Attitudes and Task Design.” Administrative Science Quarterly 23(2): 224–53.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Salovey, Peter, and Mayer, John D.. 1990. “Emotional Intelligence.” Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 9(3): 185211. Scholar
Schein, Edgar H. 1985. Organizational Culture and Leadership. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Schein, Edgar H. 1992. Organizational Culture and Leadership. 2nd ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Schein, Edgar H. 2010. Organizational Culture and Leadership. 4th ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Schmidt, Andrew A. 2008. “Development and Validation of the Toxic Leadership Scale.” Master’s thesis, University of Maryland. Scholar
Schmidt, Andrew A. 2014. “An Examination of Toxic Leadership, Job Outcomes, and the Impact of Military Development.” PhD dissertation, University of Maryland. Scholar
Schutte, Nicola S., Malouff, John M., Bobik, Chad, Coston, Tracie D., Greeson, Cyndy, Jedlicka, Christina, Rhodes, Emily, and Wendorf, Greta. 2001. “Emotional Intelligence and Interpersonal Relations.” Journal of Social Psychology 141(4): 523–36. ScholarPubMed
Schyns, Birgit, and Schilling, Jan. 2013. “How Bad Are the Effects of Bad Leaders? A Meta-analysis of Destructive Leadership and Its Outcomes.” Leadership Quarterly 24(1): 138–58. Scholar
Shafiu, Awwal Muhhammad, Manaf, Halimah Abdul, and Muslim, Sakinah. 2019. “The Impact of Leadership on Organizational Performance.” International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering 8(3): 7573–6. Scholar
Silva, H. Michelle S. V., and Ranasinghe, R. M. I. D.. 2017. “The Impact of Job Stress on Deviant Workplace Behaviour: A Study of Operational Level Employees of Comfort Apparel Solutions Company in Sri Lanka.” International Journal of Human Resource Studies 7(1): 7485. Scholar
Steindl, Christina, Jonas, Eva, Sittenthaler, Sandra, Traut-Mattausch, Eva, and Greenberg, Jeff. 2015. “Understanding Psychological Reactance: New Development and Findings.” Zeitschrift Fur Psychologie 223(4): 205–14.–2604/a000222.Google Scholar
Tajfel, Henri, and Turner, John. 1979. “An Integrative Theory of Intergroup Conflict.” In The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations, eds. Austin, William G. and Worchel, Stephen, 33–7. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
Tastan, Seçil Bal. 2017. “Toxic Workplace Environment in Search for the Toxic Behaviours in Organizations with a Research in Healthcare Sector.” Postmodern Openings 8(1): 83109. Scholar
Taylor, Shannon G., Griffith, Matthew D., Vadera, Abhijeet K., Folger, Robert, and Letwin, Chaim R.. 2019. “Breaking the Cycle of Abusive Supervision: How Disidentification and Moral Identity Help the Trickle-Down Change Course.” Journal of Applied Psychology 104(1): 164–82. ScholarPubMed
Tepper, Bennett J. 2000. “Consequences of Abusive Supervision.” Academy of Management Journal 43(2): 178–90. Scholar
Tepper, Bennett J. 2007. “Abusive Supervision in Work Organizations: Review, Synthesis, and Research Agenda.” Journal of Management 33(3): 261–89. Scholar
Tepper, Bennett J., Carr, Jon C., Breaux, Denise M., Geider, Sharon, Hu, Changya, and Hua, Wei. 2009. “Abusive Supervision, Intentions to Quit, and Employees’ Workplace Deviance: A Power/Dependence Analysis.” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 109(2): 156–67. Scholar
Tepper, Bennett J., Henle, Christine A., Lambert, Lisa S., Giacalone, Robert A., and Duffy, Michelle K.. 2008. “Abusive Supervision and Subordinates’ Organization Deviance.” Journal of Applied Psychology 93(4): 721–32.–9010.93.4.721.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tepper, Bennett J., Simon, Lauren, and Park, Hee Man. 2017. “Abusive Supervision.” Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior 4(1): 123–52.–062539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thau, Stefan, Bennett, Rebecca J., Mitchell, Marie S., and Marrs, Mary Beth. 2009. “How Management Style Moderates the Relationship between Abusive Supervision and Workplace Deviance: An Uncertainty Management Theory Perspective.” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 108(1): 7992. Scholar
Thau, Stefan, and Mitchell, Marie S.. 2010. “Self-Gain or Self-Regulation Impairment? Tests of Competing Explanations of the Supervisor Abuse and Employee Deviance Relationship through Perceptions of Distributive Justice.” Journal of Applied Psychology 95(6): 1009–31. ScholarPubMed
Umphress, Elizabeth E., and Bingham, John B.. 2011. “When Employees Do Bad Things for Good Reasons: Examining Unethical Pro-Organizational Behaviors.” Organization Science 22(3): 621–40. Scholar
van Fleet, David D., and Griffin, Ricky W.. 2006. “Dysfunctional Organization Culture: The Role of Leadership in Motivating Dysfunctional Work Behaviors.” Journal of Managerial Psychology 21(8): 698708. Scholar
van Rooij, Benjamin, and Fine, Adam. 2018. “Toxic Corporate Culture: Assessing Organizational Processes of Deviancy.” Administrative Sciences 8(3): 138. Scholar
van Rooij, Benjamin, Fine, Adam, and van der Graaf, J.. 2019. “Detoxing Corporate Culture: How to Assess Toxic Cultural Elements.” Corporate Compliance and Enforcement at NYU School of Law (blog). Scholar
Vardi, Yoav. 2001. “The Effects of Organizational and Ethical Climates on Misconduct at Work.” Journal of Business Ethics 29(4): 325–37. Scholar
Vaughan, Diane. 1996. The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture, and Deviance at NASA. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Vernon, Philip A., Villani, Vanessa C., Vickers, Leanne C., and Harris, Julie Aitken. 2008. “A Behavioral Genetic Investigation of the Dark Triad and the Big 5.” Personality and Individual Differences 44(2): 445–52. Scholar
Vogel, Rick, Homberg, Fabian, and Gericke, Alena. 2016. “Abusive Supervision, Public Service Motivation, and Employee Deviance: The Moderating Role of Employment Sector.” Evidence-Based HRM 4(3): 214–31.–2015-0034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Volmer, Judith, and Koch, Iris K., and Göritz, Anja S.. 2016. “The Bright and Dark Sides of Leaders’ Dark Triad Traits on Subordinates’ Career Success and Well-Being.” Personality and Individual Differences 101: 413–18. Scholar
Yu, Lingtao, Duffy, Michelle K., and Tepper, Bennett J.. 2018. “Consequences of Downward Envy: A Model of Self-Esteem Threat, Abusive Supervision, and Supervisory Leader Self-Improvement.” Academy of Management Journal 61(6): 2296318. Scholar
Yunus, Othman Mohd, Khalid, Khalizani, and Nordin, Shahrina. 2012. “A Personality Trait and Workplace Deviant Behaviors.” Elixir Human Resource Management 47(1): 8678–83.Google Scholar
Zhang, Yucheng, and Liao, Zhenyu. 2015. “Consequences of Abusive Supervision: A Meta-analytic Review.” Asia Pacific Journal of Management 32(4): 959–87.–9425-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Afsharipour, Afra, and Rana, Shruti. 2014. “The Emergence of New Corporate Social Responsibility in China and India.” UC Davis Business Law Journal 14:175230.Google Scholar
Aguinis, Herman, and Glavas, Ante. 2012. “What We Know and Don’t Know about Corporate Social Responsibility: A Review and Research Agenda.” Journal of Management 38(4):932–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Armour, John, Enriques, Luca, Ezrachi, Ariel, and Vella, John. 2018. “Putting Technology to Good Use for Society: The Role of Corporate, Competition and Tax Law.” Journal of the British Academy 6(s1):285321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnett, Michael L., and Salomon, Robert M.. 2006. “Beyond Dichotomy: The Curvilinear Relationship between Social Responsibility and Financial Performance.” Strategic Management Journal 27:1101–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bénabou, Roland, and Tirole, Jean. 2009. “Individual and Corporate Social Responsibility.” Economica 77:119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berger-Walliser, Gerlinde, and Scott, Inara. 2018. “Redefining Corporate Social Responsibility in an Era of Globalization and Regulatory Hardening.” American Business Law Journal 55:167218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blair, Margaret M., Williams, Cynthia A., and Lin, Li-Wen. 2008. “The New Role for Assurance Services in Global Commerce.” Journal of Corporation Law 33:325–60.Google Scholar
Bowen, Howard E. 1953. Social Responsibilities of the Businessman. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
Brakman Reiser, Dana, and Tucker, Anne. 2020. “Buyer Beware: The Paradox of ESG & Passive ESG Funds.” Cardozo Law Review 41:19212018.Google Scholar
Brammer, Stephen, Brooks, Chris, and Pavelin, Stephen. 2006. “Corporate Social Performance and Stock Returns: UK Evidence from Disaggregate Measures.” Financial Management 35:97116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bratton, William W., and Wachter, Michael L.. 2008. “Shareholder Primacy’s Corporatist Origins: Adolf Berle and the Modern Corporation.” Journal of Corporation Law 34:99152.Google Scholar
Brown, Tom J., and Dacin, Peter A.. 1997. “The Company and the Product: Corporate Associations and Consumer Product Responses.” Journal of Marketing 61(1): 6884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carroll, Archie B. 1999. “Corporate Social Responsibility: Evolution of a Definitional Construct.” Business & Society 38(3):268–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CFA Institute, Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG). 2017. “Survey 2017,” Scholar
Christensen, Hans B., Hail, Luzi, and Leuz, Christian. 2019. “Adoption of CSR and Sustainability Reporting Standards: Economic Analysis and Review.” Scholar
Clarkson, Max B. E. 1995. “A Stakeholder Framework for Analyzing and Evaluating Corporate Social Performance.” Academy of Management Review 20:92117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, Keith. 1960. “Can Business Afford to Ignore Social Responsibilities?California Management Review 2:70–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Doyle, Timothy M. 2018. “Ratings That Don’t Rate: The Subjective World of ESG Ratings Agencies.” American Council for Capital Formation, Scholar
Fisch, Jill E. 2019. “Making Sustainability Disclosure Sustainable.” Georgetown Law Journal 107:923–66.Google Scholar
Friede, Gunnar, Busch, Timo, and Bassen, Alexander. 2015. “ESG and Financial Performance: Aggregated Evidence from More than 2000 Empirical Studies.” Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment 5:210–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friedman, Milton. 1962. Capitalism and Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Friedman, Milton. 1970. “The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits.” NY Times Magazine, September 13.Google Scholar
Gadinis, Stavros, and Miazad, Amelia. 2020. “Sustainability in Corporate Law.” Vanderbilt Law Review 73:1401–77.Google Scholar
Gill, Amiram. 2008. “Corporate Governance as Social Responsibility: A Research Agenda.” Berkeley Journal of International Law 26: 452–78.Google Scholar
Godfrey, Paul C., Merrill, Craig B., and Hansen, Jared M.. 2009. “The Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Shareholder Value: An Empirical Test of the Risk Management Hypothesis.” Strategic Management Journal 30:425–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldman Sachs. 2016. ESG Report, “What Is Powering the ESG Investing Surge?” Scholar
Goss, Allen, and Roberts, Gordon S.. 2011. “The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on the Cost of Bank Loans.” Journal of Banking & Finance 35(7):1794810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greenfield, Kent. 2007. The Failure of Corporate Law: Fundamental Flaws and Progressive Possibilities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grewal, Jody, Riedl, Edward J., and Serafeim, George. 2019. “Market Reaction to Mandatory Nonfinancial Disclosure.” Management Science 65(7):3061–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Griffith, Sean J. 2016. “Corporate Governance in an Era of Compliance.” William & Mary Law Review 57:2075140.Google Scholar
Hall, Joseph A., and Huber, Betty M.. 2019. “ESG in the US: Current State of Play and Key Considerations for Issuers.” In The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Corporate Governance 2019, 12th ed., edited by Niles, Sabastian and Emmerich, Adam, 2330. London: Global Legal Group.Google Scholar
Hansmann, Henry, and Kraakman, Reinier. 2001. “The End of History for Corporate Law.” Georgetown Law Journal 89:439–68.Google Scholar
Harper Ho, Virginia. 2010. “‘Enlightened Shareholder Value’: Corporate Governance Beyond the Shareholder-Stakeholder Divide.” Journal of Corporation Law 36:59112.Google Scholar
Harper Ho, Virginia. 2016. “Risk-Related Activism: The Business Case for Monitoring Nonfinancial Risk.” Journal of Corporation Law 41:647704.Google Scholar
Howard-Grenville, Jennifer, Nash, Jennifer, and Coglianese, Cary. 2008. “Constructing the License to Operate: Internal Factors and Their Influence on Corporate Environmental Decisions.” Law & Policy 30(1):73107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Husted, Brian W. 2005. “Risk Management, Real Options, and Corporate Social Responsibility.” Journal of Business Ethics 60(2):175–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jackson, Kevin T. 2010. “Global Corporate Governance: Soft Law and Reputational Accountability.” Brooklyn Journal of International Law 35:41106.Google Scholar
Kagan, Robert A., Thornton, Dorothy, and Gunningham, Neil. 2003. “Explaining Corporate Environmental Performance: How Does Regulation Matter?Law & Society Review 37(1):5190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaptein, Muel, and Wempe, Johan. 1998. “Twelve Gordian Knots When Developing an Organizational Code of Ethics.” Journal of Business Ethics 17: 853–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kerr, Janet E. 2008. “The Creative Capitalism Spectrum: Evaluating Corporate Social Responsibility through a Legal Lens.” Temple Law Review 81:831–70.Google Scholar
Koehler, Dinah A., and Hespenheide, Eric J.. 2013. “Finding the Value in Environmental, Social, and Governance Performance.” Deloitte Review 12:98111.Google Scholar
Kotsantonis, Sakis, and Serafeim, George. 2019. “Four Things No One Will Tell You about ESG Data.” Journal of Applied Corporate Finance 31(2):50–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lin, Li-Wen. 2010. “Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Window Dressing or Social Change?Berkeley Journal of International Law 28:64100.Google Scholar
Lipton, Ann. 2020. “Not Everything Is about Investors: The Case for Mandatory Stakeholder Disclosure.” Yale Journal on Regulation 37:499572.Google Scholar
Mahon, John F., and Griffin, Jennifer J.. 1999. “Painting a Portrait: A Reply.” Business and Society 38:126–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Manne, Henry G., and Wallich, Henry C.. 1972. The Modern Corporation and Social Responsibility. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.Google Scholar
Margolis, Joshua D., Elfenbein, Hillary Anger, and Walsh, James P.. 2009. “Does It Pay to Be Good … and Does It Matter? A Meta-analysis of the Relationship between Corporate Social and Financial Performance.” Scholar
Orlitzky, Marc, Schmidt, Frank L., and Rynes, Sara L.. 2003. “Corporate Social and Financial Performance: A Meta-analysis.” Organization Studies 24:403–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ostas, Daniel T. 2004. “Cooperate, Comply, or Evade? A Corporate Executive’s Social Responsibilities with Regard to Law.” American Business Journal 41:559–94.Google Scholar
Park, Stephen Kim, and Berger-Walliser, Gerlinde. 2015. “A Firm-Driven Approach to Global Governance and Sustainability.” American Business Law Journal 52: 255314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peloza, John. 2009. “The Challenge of Measuring Financial Impacts from Investments in Corporate Social Performance.” Journal of Management 35(6):1518–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pollman, Elizabeth. 2019. “Quasi Governments and Inchoate Law: Berle’s Vision of Limits on Corporate Power.” Seattle University Law Review 42:617–39.Google Scholar
Porter, Michael E., and Kramer, Mark R.. 2006. “Strategy and Society: The Link Between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility.” Harvard Business Review 84(12):7692.Google ScholarPubMed
Rosen-Zvi, Issachar. 2011. “You Are Too Soft!: What Can Corporate Social Responsibility Do for Climate Change?Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology. 12:527–66.Google Scholar
Schanzenbach, Max M., and Sitkoff, Robert H.. 2020. “The Law and Economics of Environmental, Social, and Governance Investing by a Fiduciary.” Stanford Law Review 72:381454.Google Scholar
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). 2010. “Commission Guidance Regarding Disclosure Related to Climate Change.”–9106.pdf.Google Scholar
Sharfman, Mark P., and Fernando, Chitru S.. 2008. “Environmental Risk Management and the Cost of Capital.” Strategic Management Journal 29(6):569–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stout, Lynn. 2012. The Shareholder Value Myth: How Putting Shareholders First Harms Investors, Corporations, and the Public. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
Strine, Leo E. Jr. 2012. “Our Continuing Struggle with the Idea that For-Profit Corporations Seek Profit.” Wake Forest Law Review 47:135–72.Google Scholar
Strine, Leo E. Jr. 2015. “The Dangers of Denial: The Need for a Clear-Eyed Understanding of the Power and Accountability Structure Established by the Delaware General Corporation Law.” Wake Forest Law Review 40:761–93.Google Scholar
Turban, Daniel B., and Greening, Daniel W.. 1997. “Corporate Social Performance and Organizational Attractiveness to Prospective Employees.” Academy of Management Journal 40(3): 658–72.Google Scholar
Arlen, Jennifer. 1994. “The Potentially Perverse Effects of Corporate Criminal Liability.” Journal of Legal Studies 23:839.Google Scholar
Armour, John, Garrett, Brandon L., Gordon, Jeffrey N., and Min, Geeyoung. in press(a). “Board Compliance.” Minnesota Law Review, Scholar
Armour, John, Gordon, Jeffrey N., and Min, Geeyoung. in press(b). “Taking Compliance Seriously.” Yale Journal on Regulation, Scholar
Barkow, Rachel E. 2011. “The Prosecutor as Regulatory Agency.” In Prosecutors in the Boardroom: Using Criminal Law to Regulate Corporate Conduct, edited by Barkow, Anthony S. and Barkow, Rachel E., 177. New York: NYU Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caldwell, Leslie R. 2014. “Remarks,” 22nd Annual Ethics and Compliance Conference. Atlanta, GA. October 1.Google Scholar
Clark, Nolan Ezra. 1994. “Corporate Sentencing Guidelines: Drafting History.” In Compliance Programs and the Corporate Sentencing Guidelines: Preventing Criminal and Civil Liability, edited by Kaplan, Jeffrey M., § 2.16. Deerfield, IL: Clark Boardman Callaghan.Google Scholar
Cooter, Robert, Marks, Stephen, and Mnookin, Robert. 1982. “Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: A Testable Model of Strategic Behavior.” Journal of Legal Studies 11:225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crews, Clyde Wayne Jr. 2017. “Mapping Washington’s Lawlessness: An Inventory of ‘Regulatory Dark Matter’ 2017 Edition.” Competitive Enterprise Institute. Scholar
De George, Richard T. 2015. “A History of Business Ethics.” Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. Scholar
Department of Commerce. 2018. Press release: “Secretary Ross Announces $1.4 Billion ZTE Settlement; ZTE Board, Management Changes and Strictest BIS Compliance Requirements Ever.” June 7. Office of Public Affairs (202) 482–4883.Google Scholar
DeStefano, Michele. 2013. “Creating a Culture of Compliance: Why Departmentalization May Not Be the Answer.” Hastings Business Law Journal 10:71.Google Scholar
Easterbrook, Frank H., and Fischel, Daniel R.. 1991. The Economic Structure of Corporate Law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Garrett, Brandon. 2014. Too Big to Jail: How Prosecutors Compromise with Corporations. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Griffith, Sean J. 2016. “Corporate Governance in an Era of Compliance.” William and Mary Law Review 57:2075.Google Scholar
Henning, Peter J. 2007. “The Organizational Guidelines: R.I.P.?Yale Law Journal Pocket Part 116:312. Scholar
Kaal, Wulf A., and Lacine, Timothy. 2014. “The Effect of Deferred and Non-prosecution Agreements on Corporate Governance: Evidence from 1993–2013.” Business Lawyer 70:61.Google Scholar
Kaptein, Muel, and Schwartz, Mark S.. 2008. “The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model.” Journal of Business Ethics 77:113–17.Google Scholar
Koehler, Mike. 2012. “Grading the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Guidance.” Bloomberg BNA: White Collar Crime Report 07 WCR 961:46.Google Scholar
Kraweic, Kimberly D. 2003. “Cosmetic Compliance and the Failure of Negotiated Governance.” Washington University Law Quarterly 81:511 (leveling this criticism).Google Scholar
Miller, Geoffrey P. 2014. The Law of Governance, Risk Management, and Compliance. New York: Wolters Kluwer.Google Scholar
Nitsch, Detlev, Baetz, Mark, and Hughes, Christensen. 2005. “Why Code of Conduct Violations Go Unreported: A Conceptual Framework to Guide Intervention and Future Research.” Journal of Business Ethics 57:327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parrillo, Nicholas R. 2019. “Federal Agency Guidance and the Power to Bind: An Empirical Study of Agencies and Industries.” Yale Journal on Regulation 36:165.Google Scholar
PricewaterhouseCoopers. 2014. “What It Means to Be a ‘Chief’ Compliance Officer: Today’s Challenges, Tomorrow’s Opportunities.” State of Compliance 2014 Survey:1718. [].Google Scholar
Rottig, Daniel, Koufteros, Xenophon, and Umphress, Elizabeth. 2001. “Formal Infrastructure and Ethical Decision Making: An Empirical Investigation and Implications for Supply Management.” Decision Sciences 42:163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Loo, Rory. 2019. “Regulatory Monitors: Policing Firms in the Compliance Era.” Columbia Law Review 119:369.Google Scholar
Alalehto, Tage. 2010. “The Wealthy White-Collar Criminals: Corporations as Offenders.” Journal of Financial Crime 17, 3: 308–20. doi:10.1108/13590791011056273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bengston, Vern L., Elder, Glen H. and Putney, Norella M.. 2005. “The Lifecourse Perspective on Ageing: Linked Lives, Timing, and History.” In The Cambridge Handbook on Age and Ageing, pp. 493501, edited by Johnson, Malcolm L.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Benson, Michael L., and Kerley, Kent R.. 2001. “Life Course Theory and White Collar Crime.” In Contemporary Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honor of Gil Geis, pp. 121–36, edited by Pontell, Henry N. and Shichor, David. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Bersani, Bianca E., Laub, John H. and Nieuwbeerta, Paul. 2009. “Marriage and Desistance from Crime in the Netherlands: Do Gender and Socio-historical Context Matter?Journal of Quantitative Criminology 25: 324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bertaux, Daniel. 1981. Biography and Society. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Block Carolyn, R., Blokland, Arjan A. J., van der Werff, Cornelia, van Os, Rianne and Nieuwbeerta, Paul. 2010. “Long-Term Patterns of Offending in Women.” Feminist Criminology 5, 1: 73107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blokland, Arjan A. J. and Lussier, Patrick. 2015. Sex Offenders: A Criminal Career Approach. Chichester: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blokland, Arjan A.J., Nagin, Daniel and Nieuwbeerta, Paul. 2005. “Life Span Offending Trajectories of a Dutch Conviction Cohort.” Criminology 43, 4: 919–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blokland, Arjan A. J. and Nieuwbeerta, Paul. 2010a. “Life Course Criminology.” In International Handbook of Criminology, pp. 77120, edited by Shoham, Shlomo Giora, Knepper, Paul and Kett, Martin. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.Google Scholar
Blokland, Arjan A. J. and Nieuwbeerta, Paul. 2010b. “Considering Criminal Continuity: Testing for Heterogeneity and State Dependence in the Association of Past to Future Offending.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 43, 3: 526–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blokland, Arjan A. J. and van der Geest, Victor R.. 2017. Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blumstein, Alfred, and Cohen, Jacqueline. 1987. “Characterizing Criminal Careers.” Science 237: 985–91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blumstein, Alfred, Cohen, Jacqueline, Roth, Jeffrey A. and Visher, Christy A.. 1986. Criminal Careers and Career Criminals. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
Blumstein, Alfred, Cohen, Jacqueline and Farrington, David P.. 1988. “Criminal Career Research: Its Value for Criminology.” Criminology 26, 1: 135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borck, Jonathan C. and Coglianese, Cary. 2011. “Beyond Compliance: Explaining Business Participation in Voluntary Environmental Programs.” In Explaining Compliance: Business Response to Regulation, pp. 139–69, edited by Parker, Christine and Nielsen, Vibeke Lehmann. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
Braithwaite, John, and Fisse, Brent. 1990. “On the Plausibility of Corporate Crime Theory.” In Advances in Criminological Theory, Vol. 2, pp. 538, edited by Laufer, William and Adler, Freda. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
Britt, Chester L. 2019. “Age and Crime.” In The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, pp. 1333, edited by Farrington, David P., Kazemian, Lila and Piquero, Alex R.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Brown, Darryl K. 2001. “Street Crime, Corporate Crime, and the Contingency of Criminal Liability.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 149, 5: 1295360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campedelli, Gian Maria, Calderoni, Francesco, Comunale, Tommaso and Meneghini, Cecilia. 2019. “Life-Course Criminal Trajectories of Mafia Members.” Crime and Delinquency: 131. Scholar
Clinard, Marshall B., and Yeager, Peter C.. 1980. Corporate Crime. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Craig, Jessica M., Diamond, Brie and Piquero, Alex R.. 2014. “Marriage as an Intervention in the Lives of Criminal Offenders.” In Effective Interventions in the Lives of Criminal Offenders, pp. 1937, edited by Humphrey, John A. and Cordella, Peter. New York: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cressey, Donald. 1989. “The Poverty of Theory in Corporate Crime Research.” In Advances in Criminological Theory, Vol 1, pp. 3156, edited by Laufer, William S. and Adler, Freda. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
Cumming, Douglas, Leung, T. and Rui, Oliver. 2015. “Gender Diversity and Securities Fraud.” Academy of Management Journal 58, 5: 1572–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dabney, Dean A. 2016. “White-Collar Criminals: Ethnographic Portraits of Their Identities and Decision Making.” In The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime, pp. 127–48, edited by Van Slyke, Shanna R., Benson, Michael L. and Cullen, Francis T.. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Dalton, Dan R., and Kesner, Idalene F.. 1988. “On the Dynamics of Corporate Size and Illegal Activity: An Empirical Assessment.” Journal of Business Ethics 7: 861–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dickinson, Victoria. 2011. “Cash Flow Patterns as a Proxy for Firm Life Cycle.” Accounting Review 86, 6: 1969–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eichelsheim, Veroni I., and van de Weijer, Steve G. A.. 2018. Intergenerational Continuity of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: An International Overview of Studies. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Elder, Glen H. Jr. 1995. “Time, Human Agency, and Social Change: Perspectives on the Life Course.” Social Psychology Quarterly 57: 415.Google Scholar
Elder, Glen H. Jr. 1998. “The Life Course as Developmental Theory.” Child Development 69, 1: 112.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Elder, Glen H. Jr., and Giele, Jant Z.. 2009. “Life Course Studies. An Evolving Field.” In The Craft of Life Course Research, pp. 124, edited by Elder, Glen H. Jr. and Giele, Janet Z.. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Erikson, E. 1950. Childhood and Society. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
Etienne, J. 2015. “The Politics of Detection in Business Regulation.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25, 1: 257–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farrington, David P. 2003. “Developmental and Life‐Course Criminology: Key Theoretical and Empirical Issues – The 2002 Sutherland Award Address.” Criminology 41, 2: 221–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farrington, David P. 2013. “Longitudinal and Experimental Research in Criminology.” Crime and Justice 42: 453528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farrington, David P. 2015. “Prospective Longitudinal Research on the Development of Offending.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 48, 3: 314–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farrington, David P., and Welsh, Brandon C.. 2007. Saving Children from a Life of Crime. Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Farrington, David P., Kazemian, Lila and Piquero, Alex R.. 2018. The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Francis, Brian, Soothill, Keith and Piquero, Alex R.. 2007. “Estimation Issues and Generational Changes in Modeling Criminal Career Length.” Crime and Delinquency 53, 1: 84105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibson, Chris L. and Krohn, Marvin D.. 2012. Handbook of Life-Course Criminology. Emerging Trends and Directions for Future Research. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Giordano, Peggy C., Cernkovich, S. A. and Rudolph, J. L.. 2002. “Gender, Crime and Desistance: Toward a Theory of Cognitive Transformation.” American Journal of Sociology 107, 4: 9901164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gottfredson, Michael R. and Hirschi, Travis. 1990. A General Theory of Crime. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Goodman, Sam, Steffensmeier, Darrell J. and Ulmer, Jeffery T.. 2005. Confessions of a Dying Thief: Understanding Criminal Careers and Illegal Enterprise. New Brunswick, NJ: AldineTransaction.Google Scholar
Greenpeace. 2018.” Justice for People and Planet. Ending the Age of Corporate Capture, Collusion and Impunity.” Scholar
Gross, Edward. 1978. “Organizations as Criminal Actors.” In Two Faces of Deviance: Crimes of the Powerless and Powerful, pp. 198213, edited by Wilson, Paul R. and Braithwaite, John. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.Google Scholar
Hagan, John, and Palloni, Alberto. 1988. “Crimes as Social Events in the Life Course: Reconceiving a Criminological Controversy.” Criminology 26: 87100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hanlon, Michelle, and Heitzman, Shane. 2010. “A Review of Tax Research.” Journal of Accounting and Economics 50, 2–3: 127–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Havighurst, Robert J. 1948. Developmental Tasks and Education. New York: McKay.Google Scholar
Hitlin, Steven, and Elder, Glenn H. Jr. 2007. “Agency: An Empirical Model of an Abstract Concept.” Advances in Life Course Research 11: 3367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holtfreter, Kristy. 2005. “Is Occupational Fraud ‘Typical’ White-Collar Crime? A Comparison of Individual and Organizational Characteristics.” Journal of Criminal Justice 33: 353–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huisman, Wim. 2016. “Criminogenic Organizational Properties and Dynamics.” In The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime, pp. 435–62, edited by van Slyke, Shanna R., Benson, Michael L. and Cullen, Francis T.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Jennings, Wesley G., and Reingle, Jennifer M.. 2012. “On the Number and Shape of Developmental/Life-Course Violence, Aggression, and Delinquency Trajectories: A State-of-the-Art Review.” Journal of Criminal Justice 40, 6: 472–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jolliffe, Darrick, Farrington, David P., Piquero, Alex R., Loeber, Rolf and Hill, Karl G.. 2017. “Systematic Review of Early Risk Factors for Life-Course-Persistent, Adolescence-Limited, and Late-Onset Offenders in Prospective Longitudinal Studies.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 33: 1523.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kedia, Simi, Luo, Shuqing and Rajgopal, Shivaram. 2017. Profiling: Does Past Compliance Record Predict Financial Reporting Risk? Columbia Business School.Google Scholar
Kirk, David S., and Sampson, Robert J.. 2013. “Juvenile Arrest and Collateral Educational Damage in the Transition to Adulthood.” Sociology of Education 86, 1: 3662.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klinkhammer, Julian. 2015. “Varieties of Corruption in the Shadow of Siemens: A Modus Operandi Study of Corporate Crime on the Supply Side of Corrupt Transactions.” In The Routledge Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime in Europe, pp. 318–35, edited by van Erp, Judith, Huisman, Wim and Walle, Gudrun Vande, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Kluin, Marieke H. A, Wiering, Ellen, Peeters, Marlijn P., Blokland, Arjan A. J. and Huisman, Wim. 2020. Regelovertreding en incidenten bij Brzo-bedrijven: Een longitudinale benadering. Den Haag: Boom Criminologie.Google Scholar
Laub, John H., Rowan, Zachari R. and Sampson, Robert J.. 2018. “The Status of the Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control.” In The Oxford Handbook on Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, pp. 295324, edited by Farrington, David P., Kazemian, Lila and Piquero, Alex R.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Laub, John H., and Sampson, Robert J.. 2001. “Understanding Desistance from Crime.” Crime and Justice 28: 169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laub, John H., and Sampson, Robert J.. 2003. Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives: Delinquent Boys to Age 70. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
LeBlanc, Marc, and Loeber, Rolf. 1998. “Developmental Criminology Updated.” Crime and Justice 23: 115–97.Google Scholar
Levinson, Daniel J. 1978. The Seasons of a Man’s Life. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
Lichtenstein, Gregg A., and Lyons, Thomas S.. 2008. “Revisiting the Business Life-Cycle Proposing an Actionable Model for Assessing and Fostering Entrepreneurship.” Entrepreneurship and Innovation 9, 4: 241–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loeber, Rolf, and Burke, Jeffrey D.. 2011. “Developmental Pathways in Juvenile Externalizing and Internalizing Problems.” Journal of Research on Adolescence 21, 1: 3446.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Loeber, Rolf, and Le Blanc, Marc. 1990. “Toward a Developmental Criminology.” Crime and Justice 12: 375473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loeber, Rolf, Jennings, Wesley G., Ahonen, Lia, Piquero, Alex R. and Farrington, David P.. 2017. Female Delinquency from Childhood to Young Adulthood: Recent Results from the Pittsburgh Girls Study. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loeber, Rolf, Wung, Phen, Keenan, Kate, Giroux, Bruce, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, Van Kammen, Welmoet B. and Maugham, Barbara. 1993. “Developmental Pathways in Disruptive Child Behavior.” Development and Psychopathology 5, 1–2: 103–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lynam, Donald R. 1996. “Early Identification of Chronic Offenders: Who Is the Fledgling Psychopath?Psychological Bulletin 120, 2: 209–34.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Macey, Jonathan. 2013. The Death of Corporate Reputation: How Integrity Has Been Destroyed on Wall Street. Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press.Google Scholar
Macher, Jeffrey T., Mayo, John W., and Nickerson, Jack A. 2011. “Regulator Heterogeneity and Endogenous Efforts to Close the Information Asymmetry Gap.” Journal of Law and Economics 54, 1: 2554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, Monica J., Blozis, Shelley A., Boeninger, Daria K., Masarik, April S. and Conger, Rand D.. 2014. “The Timing of Entry into Adult Roles and Changes in Trajectories of Problem Behaviors during the Transition to Adulthood.” Developmental Psychology 50, 11: 2473–84.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Martinez, Natalie N., Lee, YongJei, Eck, John E. and SooHyun, O. 2017. “Ravenous Wolves Revisited: A Systematic Review of Offending Concentration.” Crime Science 6, 10.–0072-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLean, Bethany, and Elkind, Peter. 2013. The Smartest Guys in the Room: The Amazing Rise and Scandalous Fall of Enron. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
Miller, Danny, and Friesen, Peter H.. 1984. “A Longitudinal Study of the Corporate Life Cycle.” Management Science 30, 10: 1161–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moffitt, Terrie E. 1993. “Adolescence-Limited and Life-Course-Persistent Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Taxonomy.” Psychological Review 100: 674701.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moffitt, Terrie E. 1997. “Adolescence-Limited and Life-Course-Persistent Offending: A Complementary Set of Theories.” In Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency, pp. 1154, edited by Thornberry, Terence P.. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
Moffitt, Terrie E. 2015. “Life-Course-Persistent versus Adolescence-Limited Anti-Social Behavior.” In Developmental Psychopathology, Vol. 3, edited by Cicchetti, Dante and Cohen, Donald J.. Chichester, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar
Morgan, Gareth. 2006. Images of Organization. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Morris, Robert G., and El Sayed, Sarah. 2013. “The Development of Self-Reported White-Collar Offending.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 29, 3: 369–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nagin, Daniel S. 1999. “Analyzing Developmental Trajectories: A Semiparametric, Group-Based Approach.” Psychological Methods 4, 2: 139–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nagin, Daniel S. 2005. Group-Based Modeling of Development over the Life Course. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neugarten, Bernice L. 1979. “Time, Age, and the Life Cycle.” American Journal of Psychiatry 136, 7: 887–94.Google ScholarPubMed
Nguyen, Holly, and Loughran, Thomas A.. 2018. “On the Measurement and Identification of Turning Points in Criminology.” Annual Review of Criminology 1: 335–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nieuwbeerta, Paul, Blokland, Arjan, Piquero, Alex and Sweeten, Gary. 2011. “A Life-Course Analysis of Offence Specialization: Introducing a New Method for Studying Individual Specialization over the Life Course.” Crime and Delinquency 57, 1: 328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paternoster, Raymond. 1989. “Decisions to Participate in and Desist from Four Types of Common Delinquency: Deterrence and the Rational Choice Perspective.” Law and Society Review: 740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paternoster, Raymond, Brame, Robert, Piquero, Alex, Mazerolle, Paul and Dean, Charles W.. 1998. “The Forward Specialization Coefficient: Distributional Properties and Subgroup Differences.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology 14, 2: 133–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paternoster, Raymond, and Bushway, Shawn. 2009. “Desistance and the Feared Self: Toward an Identity Theory of Desistance.” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 99, 4: 1103–56.Google Scholar
Paternoster, Raymond, and Triplett, Ruth. 1988. “Disaggregating Self-Reported Delinquency and Its Implications for Theory.” Criminology 26: 591626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Phelps, Robert, Adams, Richard and Bessant, John. 2007. “Life Cycles of Growing Organizations: A Review with Implications for Knowledge and Learning.” International Journal of Management Reviews 9, 1: 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piquero, Nicole L., and Benson, Michael L.. 2004. “White-Collar Crime and Criminal Careers: Specifying a Trajectory of Punctuated Situational Offending.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 20, 2: 148–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piquero, Nicole L., and Weisburd, David. 2009. “Development Trajectories of White-Collar Crime.” In Criminology of White-Collar Crime, pp. 153–71, edited by Simpson, Sally S. and Weisburd, David. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Piquero, Alex R., Diamond, Brie, Jennings, Wesley G., and Reingle, Jennifer M.. 2013. “Adolescence-Limited Offending.” In Handbook of Life-Course Criminology, pp. 129–42. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Piquero, Alex R., Farrington, David P. and Blumstein, Alfred. 2003. “The Criminal Career Paradigm: Background and Recent Developments.” In Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 30, edited by Tonry, Michael. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Piquero, Alex, Paternoster, Raymond, Brame, Robert, Mazerolle, Paul and Dean, Charles. 1999. “Onset Age and Offense Specialization.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 36: 275–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Quinn, Robert E., and Cameron, Kim. 1983. “Organizational Life Cycles and Shifting Criteria of Effectiveness: Some Preliminary Evidence.” Management Science 29, 1: 3351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rocque, Michael. 2017. Desistance from Crime: New Advances in Theory and Research. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sampson, Robert J. and Laub, John H.. 1993. Crime in the Making. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sampson, Robert J. and Laub, John H.. 1997. “A Life-Course Theory of Cumulative Disadvantage.” In Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency, pp. 133–61, edited by Thornberry, Terence P.. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
Sampson, Robert J. and Laub, John H. 2004. “A General Age-Graded Theory of Crime: Lessons Learned and the Future of Life-Course Criminology.” In Advances in Criminological Theory Vol. 13: Testing Integrated Developmental/Life Course Theories of Offending, edited by Farrington, David P.. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
Schinkel, Maarten P., Tóth, Lukáš and Tuinstra, Jan. 2020. “Discretionary Authority and Prioritizing in Government Agencies.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 30, 2: 240–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shover, Neal. 1996. Great Pretenders: Pursuits and Careers of Persistent Thieves. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Shover, Neal, and Hochstetler, Andy. 2002. “Cultural Explanation and Organizational Crime.” Crime, Law, and Social Change 37: 118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shover, Neal, and Hochstetler, Andy. 2006. Choosing White-Collar Crime. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Siennick, Sonja E. and Osgood, D. Wayne. 2008. “A Review of Research on the Impact on Crime of Transitions to Adult Roles.” In The Long View of Crime: A Synthesis of Longitudinal Research, pp. 161–87, edited by Liberman, Akavi M.. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
Simpson, Sally S. 1986. “The Decomposition of Antitrust: Testing a Multi-level, Longitudinal Model of Profit-Squeeze.” American Sociological Review 51: 859–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simpson, Sally S. 2019. “Reimagining Sutherland 80 Years after White‐Collar Crime.” Criminology 57, 2: 189207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simpson, Sally S., and Koper, Christopher S.. 1997. “The Changing of the Guard: Top Management Characteristics, Organizational Strain, and Antitrust Offending.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology 13: 373404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simpson, Sally S., and Rorie, Melissa. 2011. “Motivating Compliance: Economic and Material Motives for Compliance.” In Explaining Compliance: Business Response to Regulation, edited by Parker, Christine and Nielsen, Vibeke Lehmann. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
Simpson, Sally S., and Schell, Natalie. 2009. “Persistent Heterogeneity or State Dependence? An Analysis of Occupational Safety and Health Act Violations.” In The Criminology of White-Collar Crime, pp. 6378, edited by Simpson, Sally S. and Weisburd, David. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simpson, Sally S., Garner, Joel and Gibbs, Carole. 2007. “Why Do Corporations Obey Environmental Law? Assessing Punitive and Cooperative Strategies of Corporate Crime Control.” A report by the US Department of Justice, Document 220693.Google Scholar
Simpson, Sally S., Shapiro, Debra L., Beckman, Christine M. and Martin, Gerald S.. 2020. “Preventing and Controlling Corporate Crime: The Dual Role of Corporate Boards and Legal Sanctions.” Final report, National Institute of Justice Grant 2015-IJ-CX-0008. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Scholar
Spapens, Toine. 2018. “The ‘Dieselgate’ Scandal: A Criminological Perspective.” In Green Crimes and Dirty Money, pp. 91112, edited by Spapens, Toine, White, Rob, van Uhm, Daan and Huisman,