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4 - Handicraft and Modern Industries

from Part I - 1800–1950

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2022

Debin Ma
Affiliation:
Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo
Richard von Glahn
Affiliation:
University of California, Los Angeles
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Summary

Industrialization in China has followed complicated paths over the last century and a half. China, like Russia, Germany, and Japan, followed in the footsteps of the pioneering industrial nations. For the first pioneering generation, industrialization developed indigenously, building on preindustrial handicraft traditions, inventing new technologies using water and steam power, and creating new corporate management systems. The new technologies of steamships, railroads, the telegraph, and the telephone transformed transportation and communication networks. Private entrepreneurs played central roles in the development of the new industrial systems, aided by protective tariffs and other state measures designed to promote industrial and commercial development.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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References

Further Reading

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Xu, Xinwu, “The Struggle of the Handicraft Cotton Industry against Machine Textiles in China,” Modern China 14.1 (1988), 3149.Google Scholar
Xu, Xinwu 徐新吾, 中国近代缫丝工业史 (A History of the Modern Chinese Silk Industry) (Shanghai, Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1990).Google Scholar

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