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In this chapter we present some applications of the
Hamiltonian formalism developed in Chapter 4. We
give a proof of the well-known Arnold–Liouville
theorem and, as an application, we study the
complete integrability of the geodesic flow on a
special class of Riemannian manifolds.
be an anisotropic quadratic form defined over a general field
. In this article, we formulate a new upper bound for the isotropy index of
after scalar extension to the function field of an arbitrary quadric. On the one hand, this bound offers a refinement of an important bound established in earlier work of Karpenko–Merkurjev and Totaro; on the other hand, it is a direct generalization of Karpenko’s theorem on the possible values of the first higher isotropy index. We prove its validity in two key cases: (i) the case where
, and (ii) the case where
is quasilinear (i.e., diagonalizable). The two cases are treated separately using completely different approaches, the first being algebraic–geometric, and the second being purely algebraic.
In the Mathematical Review of ‘On a conjecture of Kontsevich and variants of Castelnuovo's lemma’ [Compositio Mathematica 115 (1999), 205–230], Gizatullin pointed out that the proof as written is incomplete for the complex case because the possibility of a certain equation vanishing identically was ignored. This corrigendum addresses the missing case. Note that it is simply another iteration of the argument already present in the article.
The goal of this paper is to study the Koszul property and the property of having a Gröbner basis of quadrics for classical varieties and algebras as canonical curves, finite sets of points and Artinian Gorenstein algebras with socle in low degree. Our approach is based on the notion of Gröbner flags and Koszul filtrations. The main results are the existence of a Gröbner basis of quadrics for the ideal of the canonical curve whenever it is defined by quadrics, the existence of a Gröbner basis of quadrics for the defining ideal of s [les ] 2n points in general linear position in Pn, and the Koszul property of the ‘generic’ Artinian Gorenstein algebra of socle degree 3.
Let A=(aij) be an orthogonal matrix (over R or C) with no entries zero. Let B= (bij) be the matrix defined by bij= 1/ai j. M. Kontsevich conjectured that the rank of B is never equal to three. We interpret this conjecture geometrically and prove it. The geometric statement can be understood as variants of the Castelnuovo lemma and Brianchon‘s theorem.
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