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Thermo-camera is employed here to analyze kinds of quality abnormal and improve production process during manufacture procedure of silicon-based thin-film solar modules. It shows that thermo-camera device can help engineers to solve problem of production line quickly and accurately, and save the manpower and financial resources at the same time.
The laser-driven acceleration of proton beams from a double-layer cone target, comprised of a cone shaped high-Z material target with a low density proton layer, is investigated via two-dimensional fully relativistic electro-magnetic particle-in-cell simulations. The dependence of the inside diameter (ID) of the tip size of a double-layer cone target on proton beam characteristics is demonstrated. Our results show that the peak energy of proton beams significantly increases and the divergence angle decreases with decreasing ID size. This can be explained by the combined effects of a stronger laser field that is focused inside the cone target and a larger laser interaction area by reducing the ID size.
The aim of the study is to explore the association of serum bilirubin levels with admission severity and short term clinical outcomes among acute ischemic stroke patients.
Data were collected from 2361 acute ischemic stroke patients in four hospitals of Shangdong Province during January 2006 and December 2008. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess admission and discharge severity. NIHSS≥10 at discharge or in-hospital death was defined as short-term clinical outcomes. Logistic regression and trend test were used to examine the association of serum bilirubin levels with admission severity and short term clinical outcomes.
Serum bilirubin levels were significantly and positively associated with admission severity (P for trend <0.05). The age-sex adjusted odds ratios (95% confidential intervals) of NIHSS≥10 associated with the second, third and fourth quartile of total bilirubin/direct bilirubin were 1.245 (0.873, 1.777)/1.276 (0.895, 1.818), 1.484 (1.048, 2.102)/1.628 (1.158, 2.289) and 2.869 (2.076, 3.966)/2.765 (1.996, 3.828), respectively, compared with the lowest quartile; the multivariate adjusted odds ratios of NIHSS≥10 associated with the second, third and fourth quartile of total bilirubin/direct bilirubin were 1.088(0.711, 1.665)/1.436(0.94, 2.193), 1.328(0.877, 2.011)/1.647(1.092, 2.485) and 2.336(1.579, 3.458)/3.079 (2.049, 4.623), respectively, compared with the lowest quartile. However, no association between serum bilirubin levels and short-term clinical outcomes was observed in our study.
Serum bilirubin levels were associated with initial stroke severity closely. Nevertheless, there is no significant relationship between serum bilirubin levels and short-term clinical outcomes among acute ischemic stroke patients.
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