To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter outlines the typical nutritional needs for a pregnant woman, reviews some of the unique issues of administering adequate nutrition for the benefit of the maternal-fetal dyad, and provides an overview of some of the more common clinical situations. Inadequate maternal nutrition may be associated with a low infant birth weight and is significantly correlated with later development of adult diseases such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, even when adjusting for lifestyle factors. The initial focus for nutritional supplementation should be to optimize the micronutrients, avoid hypo- or hyperglycemia, and maintain an appropriate fluid balance. As the situation stabilizes, then efforts towards adequate macronutrients and calories can be undertaken, while avoiding refeeding syndrome, avoiding overfeeding, and balancing the iatrogenic complications of aggressive enteral nutrition (EN) or parenteral nutrition (PN) against the risks of underfeeding.