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The orthorhombic-tetragonal YBa2Cu3O7-δ phase boundary in the δ-T diagram was determined by the detailed isobar TG measurement under the oxygen partial pressures of 1 to 0.01 atm. The phase boundary was found not to be located at 5 = const, but to have a slope of dδ/dT∼−4.7 × 10-4K-1. Using the same method, the transformation temperatures of a series of lanthanide substituted systems were measured at 1 atm. O2. The transformation temperature increased with increasing the atomic number of the lanthanide element. All these experimental results are well explained in terms of the order-disorder transformation caused by the repulsion energy between the nearest neighbor oxygen atoms on the Cu plane sandwiched by Ba planes.
Tc variations observed in some Tl-based superconductors were studied. Clear correlations were found between Tc, carrier concentration, and c-axis length. In particular, for Tl2Ba2CuO6, a decrease in oxygen content of about 0.1 per formula unit, which corresponded to a decrease in hole concentration of about 0.2, increased Tc up to about 80K from a metallic non-superconductor, and elongated the c axis by about 0.4%. In addition, as Tc values increased systematic changes in metal-sheet separations were observed. Tc variations caused by a change in oxygen content were also observed in Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8 and Tl2Ba2Ca2Cu3O10. It was demonstrated that superconductivity appears in a certain appropriate range of carrier concentration similar to those observed in other high-Tc superconductors.
A systematic study is presented for structural characterization and physical properties of two kinds of perovskite oxide superlattices composed of ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) layers. Spin ordering structures is modulated in FM La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/G-type AF La0.6Sr0.4FeO3 superlattices, whereas, ordering structures both in spin and orbital are modulated in La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/A-type AF La0.45Sr0.55MnO3 along the growth directions. Large magnetoresistance subsists down to low temperature in La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/La0.6Sr0.4 Fe3 (F/G) superlattices as a result of recovery of ferromagnetism, which is once suppressed by spin frustration at the interface between FM and G-type AF layers. In contrast, the constituent layers in the La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/La0.45Sr0.55MnO3 (F/A) superlattices appear to keep their ground states due to the absence of spin frustration at the interface. Magnetoresistance is pronounced in this type of superlattices at low temperatures when the AF layer is very thin, indicating restoration of the electronic coupling between the neighboring FM layers which are otherwise decoupled by intervening A-type AF spin ordering and dx2−y2 orbital ordering in La0.45Sr0.55MnO3 layers.
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