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Small-JASMINE (hearafter SJ), infrared astrometric satellite, will measure the positions and the proper motions which are located around the Galactic center, by operating at near infrared wave-lengths. SJ will clarify the formation process of the super massive black hole (hearafter SMBH) at the Galactic center. In particular, SJ will determine whether the SMBH was formed by a sequential merging of multiple black holes. The clarification of this formation process of the SMBH will contribute to a better understanding of merging process of satellite galaxies into the Galaxy, which is suggested by the standard galaxy formation scenario. A numerical simulation (Tanikawa and Umemura, 2014) suggests that if the SMBH was formed by the merging process, then the dynamical friction caused by the black holes have influenced the phase space distribution of stars. The phase space distribution measured by SJ will make it possible to determine the occurrences of the merging process.
We study the abundance of the remnants of stars that reionized the Universe in galaxies in the present day Universe using the eagle cosmological hydrodynamical simulation. High mass galaxies contain most of these ‘reionizers’. The fractional number of galaxies that do not host reionizers increases with decreasing stellar mass, M⋆. For the galaxies that host reionizers, the fraction of mass of the galaxy in reionizers increases with decreasing M⋆, such that the fraction is low (~10−4) for high mass galaxies and can be as high as 0.1 in low mass galaxies, M⋆ ≤ 107 M⊙. In Milky-Way like galaxies, the distribution of reionizers is spatially more extended than that of normal stars.
I summarize two recent projects involving the Gaia-TGAS data. Firstly, I discuss a detection of a lack of disc stars in the Solar neighbourhood with velocities close to zero angular momentum. We use predictions of this effect to make a measurement of the Solar rotation velocity around the Galactic centre, and also of R0. Secondly, I discuss a detection of a group of stars with systematically high Galactic rotation velocity. We propose that it may be caused by the Perseus arm and compare the data with simulations.
The extended observational program for study of cataclysmic variables is realized in Sternberg Astronomical Institute during the last years. A few telescopes of Crimean Observational Station equipped with a different devices, — UBV photometer and two CCD camera, are used for observations. Among the close binary systems (CBS), cataclysmic variables are the most interesting objects because of the outburst activity and variety of their observational features. They could serve a good laboratory for study of physical processes in CBS. GAIA provides astronomers with a new ample opportunity for investigation of cataclysmic variables. Though the relative faintness of detected objects it is still possible to carry out a high accuracy ground-based observations with our equipment. Obtained ground-based data permit us to confirm classification of detected CV-candidates, to determine the physical characteristics with a sample of new cods and improve the current understanding of their nature.
Our recent studies based on a large sample of K giants with Hipparcos parallaxes and spectroscopic analysis resulted more than a dozen new Li-rich K giants including few super Li-rich ones. Most of the Li-rich K giants including the new ones appear to occur at the luminosity bump in the HR diagram. However, one can’t rule out the possibility of overlap with the clump region where core He-burning K giants reside post He-flash at the tip of RGB. It is important to distinguish field K giants of clump from the bump region in the HR diagram to understand clues for Li production in K giants. In this poster, we explore whether GAIA parallaxes improve to disentangle clump from bump region, more precisely.
The Gaia-ESO survey (GES; Gilmore et al. (2012), Randich et al. (2013)) is a spectroscopic survey complementing the Gaia mission to bring accurate radial velocities and chemical abundances for 105 stars. Merle et al. (submitted to A&A; see also this volume) developped a tool (DOE) to detect multiple peaks in the cross-correlation functions (CCFs) of GES spectra. Using the GIRAFFE HR10 and HR21 settings, we were able to compare the efficiency of our SB detection tool depending on the wavelength range and resolution. We show that a careful design of CCF masks can improve the detection rate in the HR21 settings. HR21 spectra are similar to the ones produced by the RVS spectrograph of the Gaia mission, though the lower resolution of RVS spectra may result in a lower detection efficiency than the case of HR21. Analysis of RVS spectra in the context of spectroscopic binaries can take advantage of the lessons learnt from the GES to maximize the detection rate.
Regular astrometric observations of small bodies of the Solar System are conducted using a SBG telescope of the Kourovka Astronomical Observatory of the Ural Federal University. The first results of participation in Gaia-FUN-SSO network are presented.
We present a catalog of potential candidates for asteroid mass determination based on mutual close encounters of numbered asteroids with massive perturbers (D>20 km). Using a novel geometric approach tuned to optimize observability, we predict optimal epochs for mass determination observations. In contrast to previous studies that often used simplified dynamical models, we have numerically propagated the trajectories of all numbered asteroids over the time interval from 2013 to 2023 using relativistic equations of motion including planetary perturbations, J2 of the Sun, the 16 major asteroid perturbers and the perturbations due to non-sphericities of the planets. We compiled a catalog of close encounters between asteroids where the observable perturbation of the sky plane trajectory is greater than 0.5 mas so that astrometric measurements of the perturbed asteroids in the Gaia data can be leveraged. The catalog v1.0 is available at ftp://dosya.akdeniz.edu.tr/ivantsov.
RAVE is the spectroscopic survey with the largest overlap with TGAS (around 200000 stars). Since RAVE's fourth data release, it has contained distance estimates based on a Bayesian estimation scheme. Here we compare these estimates to TGAS's parallaxes, to determine the strengths and weaknesses of each. We also combine the two datasets together to find more precise distance estimates for all these stars.
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is scheduled for launch in 2018. To operate and observe efficiently, JWST will rely on various external astrometric and photometric catalogues, in particular the HST Guide Star Catalog (GSC), for instance to locate sources accurately on the sky. The incorporation of the Gaia astrometric catalog will improve the absolute astrometry of the GSC and is therefore relevant for JWST operations. We outline how the JWST Science and Operations Center hosted at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) intends to use the Gaia survey results to improve upon operational aspects such as the guiding and the geometric focal plane characterisation of JWST.
Japanese group is promoting infrared space astrometry missions, JASMINE project series, in international collaboration with Gaia DPAC team. In this paper, the outline of Nano-JASMINE and Small-JASMINE missions is shown.
We used the Gaia data release 1 to study the proper motion fields of the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC, SMC) on the basis of the Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution (van der Marel & Sahlmann 2016). The Gaia LMC and SMC proper motions have similar accuracy and agree to within the uncertainties with existing HST proper motion measurements. Since Gaia probes the young stellar population and uses different methods with different systematics, this provides an external validation of both data sets and their underlying approaches.
The Gaia astrometric reference catalogue will provide star proper motions with an accuracy of one mas one century ago for stars of magnitude 14 or brighter. Our project is to re-reduced the old observations with the new catalogue allowing to have an astrometric accuracy only limited by the observational biases and not by reference stars. Then, we plan to get an accuracy of 50 mas where the old reductions were not better than 500 mas!
For our purpose, we will digitize old photographic plates with a sub-micrometric scanner. Tests were made using the UCAC catalogue showing that old photographic plates have an intrinsect accuracy of 30 to 60 mas.
Our goal is to understand the evolution and properties of gaps produced by dark matter subhalos in stellar tidal streams. Here we explore how gaps grow in spherical potentials in comparison to axisymmetric potentials. We develop a model that uses the divergence of two orbits, one on each side of the gap, to describe the size of the gap and how this varies with time and depends on the characteristics of the encounter with the dark subhalo. To this end we use a formalism based on action-angle variables.
Galaxy models are fundamental to exploiting surveys of our Galaxy. There is now a significant body of work on axisymmetric models. A model can be defined by giving the DF of each major class of stars and of dark matter. Then the self-consistent gravitational potential is determined. Other modelling techniques are briefly considered before an overview of some early work on non-axisymmetric models.
We present results of our studies for a sample of Galactic globular star clusters with the aim of deriving relative proper motions. We used CCD archival data observed with Wide Field Imager (WFI) mounted on ESO 2.2 m telescope at La Silla, Chile. Astrometric software designed by Anderson et al. is used to derive relative proper motions. The vector point diagrams show clear separation of field stars from the cluster stars. We used proper motions to determine membership probabilities and to produce color-magnitude diagrams with most probable cluster member stars. Our membership catalogue can be used to study the membership status of the peculiar stars including various variables reported in the literature.
In the era of large spectroscopic surveys, it is vital that selection effects are taken into account when making conclusions about the stellar populations of the Galaxy. Here we use the Galactic disc sample of stars from the Gaia-ESO Survey internal data release 4 (GES iDR4), applying the published selection function to characterise the vertical extent of the chemically defined thick and thin discs.
We present the complex study of the open cluster NGC 2281 where both traditional and newly developed methods for study of open clusters have been used. Morphological and dynamical parameters of the cluster were obtained from the accepted astrometric data. The new method “Superposition of Gaussian surfaces” along with proper motion of stars was used to determine membership probabilities which were helpful in selection of stars for further analysis. Metallicity and radial velocity of the cluster were obtained from spectroscopic measurements. Age, colour excess, and distance of the cluster were determined using absolute CCD photometry combined with previous results. The results were compared with those of previous studies.
In order to understand the Galactic structure, we perform a statistical analysis of the distribution of various cluster parameters based on an almost complete sample of Galactic open clusters yet available. The geometrical and physical characteristics of a large number of open clusters given in the MWSC catalogue are used to study the spatial distribution of clusters in the Galaxy and determine the scale height, solar offset, local mass density and distribution of reddening material in the solar neighbourhood. We also explored the mass-radius and mass-age relations in the Galactic open star clusters. We find that the estimated parameters of the Galactic disk are largely influenced by the choice of cluster sample.