To have better light-emitting performance, semiconductor-metal periodic photonic waveguides can generate stable wavelengths. This work constructs a multi-parameter model to compute the backward-wave mode-coupling coefficients, which are important to the analysis and performance of photonic devices. For such a semiconductor-metal hybrid structure, a proper photonic technique needs to be utilized to solve this computational complexity.
Numerical results demonstrate how the materials of metal gratings, the corrugation amplitudes of metal gratings, and the metallic aluminum mole fraction can affect the coupling coefficients. Further physical interpretation and discussion can support and explain the above results. The results can help engineers decide the values of parameters used in fabrication. Future work and applications will be proposed.