Tympanoplasty is often a necessary part of middle-ear surgery, the most common defect being that between an intact, mobile stapes and the malleus handle. The most readily available tissue is the patient's incus, reshaped to bridge the space between an intact stapes and the malleus. When the incus cannot be used, the hydroxyapatite Wehrs incus prosthesis® can be used as an alternative.
Twenty-six patients had an autograft incus ossiculoplasty and 20 patients underwent modified Wehrs incus prosthesis ossiculoplasty. The average post-operative air–bone gaps (ABGs) were 16.2 dB hearing loss (dBHL) and 17.2 dBHL, respectively. Air–bone gap closure to within 15 dBHL was achieved for 48 per cent of incus autografts and for 57 per cent of Wehrs prostheses, and to within 20 dBHL for 77 per cent and 62 per cent, respectively. Over four years follow up, the reconstruction was stable for each group, the ABGs being 17.7 dBHL and 17.1 dBHL, respectively.