In the context of microbiology, recent studies show the importance of ribonucleo-protein aggregates (RNPs) for the understanding of mechanisms involved in cell responses to specific environmental conditions. The assembly and disassembly of aggregates is a dynamic process, the characterization of the stage of their evolution can be performed by the evaluation of their number. The aim of this study is to propose a method to automatically determine the count of RNPs. We show that the determination of a precise count is an issue by itself and hence, we propose three textural approaches: a classical point of view using Haralick features, a frequency point of view with generalized Fourier descriptors, and a structural point of view with Zernike moment descriptors (ZMD). These parameters are then used as inputs for a supervised classification in order to determine the most relevant. An experiment using a specific Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain presenting a fusion between a protein found in RNPs (PAB1) and the green fluorescent protein was performed to benchmark this approach. The fluorescence was observed with two-photon fluorescence microscopy. Results show that the textural approach, by mixing ZMD with Haralick features, allows for the characterization of the number of RNPs.