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Crystalline 3C-SiC thin films were successfully grown on (100) and (111) Si substrates by using ArF pulsed laser ablation from a SiC ceramic target combined with a vacuum annealing process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were employed to study the effect of annealing on the structure of thin films deposited at 800°C. It was demonstrated that vacuum annealing could transform the amorphous SiC films into crystalline phase and that the crystallinity was strongly dependent on the annealing temperature. For the samples deposited on (100) and (111) Si, the optimum annealing temperatures were 980 and 920°C, respectively. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs exhibited different characteristic microstructure for the (100) and (111) Si cases, similar to that observed for the carbonization layer initially formed in chemical vapor deposition of SiC films on Si. This also showed the presence of the epitaxial relationship of 3C-SiC//Si and 3C-SiC//Si in the direction of growth.
The effect of ion implantation on the formation and light emitting properties of porous silicon is reported. Si + , F+ ions were implanted into silicon wafers before electrochemical etching process. The experiments showed that porous structure can be formed on the wafer containing amorphous layer, while the porosity distribution with the depth changed greatly compared with the anodized crystalline Si. The implantation of F+ ions greatly affects the formation mechanism. The creation of point defects leads to red-shift in photoluminescence measurements.
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