In this paper, low temperature amorphous silicon oxynitride (a-SixOyNz:H) thin film technology is proposed for implementation of CMOS compatible photonic crystal (PC) based optical integrated circuits (OICs). The a-SixOyNz films of different refractive indices were developed by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) technique using silane, nitrous oxide, and ammonia as gas phase precursors at 300°C. The films with refractive index between 1.43 − 1.75 were obtained by changing gas flow ratios. Such thin films can be used as cladding and core layers in photonic crystal structure.
The bandgap and guiding properties of the a-SixOyNz based PCs were simulated and was shown that the a-SixOyNz:H based PC technology offers larger feature sizes than a conventional silicon based photonic crystals.