To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Due to the lack of research between the inner layers in the structure of colonic mucous and the metabolism of fatty acid in the constipation model, we aim to determine the changes in the mucous phenotype of the colonic glycocalyx and the microbial community structure following treatment with Rhubarb extract in our research. The constipation and treatment models are generated using adult male C57BL/6N mice. We perform light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to detect a Muc2-rich inner mucus layer attached to mice colon under different conditions. In addition, 16S rDNA sequencing is performed to examine the intestinal flora. According to TEM images, we demonstrate that Rhubarb can promote mucin secretion and find direct evidence of dendritic structure-linked mucus structures with its assembly into a lamellar network in a pore size distribution in the isolated colon section. Moreover, the diversity of intestinal flora has noticeable changes in constipated mice. The present study characterizes a dendritic structure and persistent cross-links have significant changes accompanied by the alteration of intestinal flora in feces in models of constipation and pretreatment with Rhubarb extract.
Genetic diversity and relationships among 21 accessions of Secale L., including three species and 10 subspecies, were evaluated using RAMP markers. Forty-one out of 80 (50.5%) RAMP primers, which produced clear and polymorphic bands, were selected for PCR amplification of genomic DNA. A total of 446 bands were amplified from the 41 primers, and 428 of these bands (about 96%) were polymorphic. Three to 19 polymorphic bands could be amplified from each primer, with an average of 10.4 bands. The RAMP-based genetic similarity (GS) values among the 21 Secale accessions ranged from 0.266 to 0.658, with a mean of 0.449. A high level of genetic variation was found between or within the wild populations and the cultivars. Based on the GS matrix, a dendrogram was constructed using the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic average (UPGMA). All 21 accessions could be distinguished by RAMP markers. Clustering results showed that the genetic diversity of Secale based on RAMP markers was correlated with geographical distribution. Six rye cultivars, originating from Poland, Portugal, Mexico, Hungary, Armenia and Ukraine, were clustered into one group. The six countries are all located in the transitional region of broad-leaf forests between maritime and continental temperate zones, with narrow latitude span. In comparison, the other five cultivars from countries scattered over a region with large latitude span were distributed within different groups or subgroups. Genetic relationships based on RAMP markers had great deviation from the original taxonomy. Some subspecies of the same species were distributed within different groups, while some accessions of different species were closely clustered into one subgroup. These results suggest that RAMP markers could be an effective technique for detecting genetic diversity among Secale and give some useful information about its phylogenic relationships.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.