DOES EU law entitle a woman who had her genetic child through surrogacy to paid leave of absence from employment equivalent to maternity leave or adoption leave? That is, in essence, the issue the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) was faced with in Z, C-363/12, EU:C:2014:159 (“Z”), a reference for a preliminary ruling from the Equality Tribunal (Ireland), and in C.D., C-167/12, EU:C:2014:169 (“C.D.”), a reference from the Employment Tribunal, Newcastle upon Tyne (UK). The Opinions in the two cases (by A.G. Wahl, EU:C:2013:604 and A.G. Kokott, EU:C:2013:600, respectively), while reaching opposite conclusions, were both delivered on 26 September 2013, giving the Court the benefit of two well-reasoned analyses on which it could base its deliberations. The judgments of the Grand Chamber, which essentially followed the Opinion of A.G. Wahl, were delivered on 18 March 2014. This note focuses on Z, while referring to C.D. when appropriate.