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We question the sequence of evolutionary transitions leading to ultrasociality in humans proposed by Gowdy & Krall. Evidence indicates that families are, and likely always have been, the primary productive units in human agricultural economies, suggesting that genetic relatedness is key to understanding when the suppression of individual autonomy to the benefit of subsistence groups, that is, extended families, evolved.
Self-deception may be the result of social manipulation and conflict management of social in-groups. Although self-deception certainly has offensive and defensive aspects, a full evolutionary understanding of this phenomenon is not possible until strategies of other parties are included into a model of self-perception and self-representation.
Emelina was a great beauty. She was proud, passionate and extremely ambitious. She forced all of the men who asked for her to their knees and only gave herself to the one who had money and power. She had three children. One day a prince galloped into the village on a golden horse. His face had the beauty of a god. He had a generous heart and a noble character. It is said that the man drove the whole village crazy with his magnanimity and that he was able to seduce every woman with a single glance or a simple gesture. He loved women and women loved him. And so Emelina came to know him. He was not just any man, he was a powerful leader and had many men under his command. And he had money. He owned so many sacks of grain that they could have filled the storehouse of the whole village. They met. They made love. They floated in the realm of dreams on the fragile wings of passion. Nevertheless, they were unable to attain perfect happiness because the man was married and polygamous, while Emelina was married and had three children. Their mutual dream was to live together until death parted them, but this dream was unattainable. Emelina compared her husband with her lover. Separating from a husband was simple, but how was she to separate herself from her children? She had to find a way to free herself of them.