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To report the prevalence of different anatomical variations of the sphenoid sinus and its related structures among paediatric patients with or without chronic rhinosinusitis.
Computed tomography scans of 50 paediatric patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were reviewed and compared to 50 scans of paediatric patients without chronic rhinosinusitis. The type of sphenoid sinus pneumatisation and the surrounding structures were thoroughly analysed. The patients were divided into three groups according to age.
Mean age was 10.9 years (range, 4–16 years). The sellar configuration was the commonest in all groups, while the conchal type was the least common. There were significant differences between paediatric patients with or without sinusitis in: sphenoid sinus pneumatisation type, vidian canal type and Onodi cell presence. In addition, there were significant differences between age groups in: sphenoid sinus pneumatisation type, single sinus septum and multiple septa presence, and internal carotid artery bulging.
Age and sinusitis have a significant impact on sphenoid pneumatisation type and surrounding structure variation. Recognition of these variations can be useful for mapping this region, and enables a safer and more efficient endoscopic surgical procedure.
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