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The fabrication of bimetallic magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) smaller than the size of single magnetic domain is very challenging because of the agglomeration, non-uniform size, and possible complex chemistry at nanoscale. In this paper, we present an alloyed ferromagnetic 4 ± 1 nm thiolated Au/Co magnetic NPs with decahedral and icosahedral shape. The NPs were characterized by Cs-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and weretheoretically studied by Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulations. Comparison of Z-contrast imaging and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy used jointly with STEM simulated images from theoretical models uniquely showed an inhomogeneous alloying with minor segregation. The magnetic measurements obtained from superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer exhibited ferromagnetic behavior. This magnetic nanoalloy in the range of single domain is fully magnetized and carries significance as a promising candidate for magnetic data recording, permanent magnetization, and biomedical applications.
Size and spatial distribution homogeneity of nanostructures is greatly improved by making stacks of nanostructures separated by thin spacers. In this work we present in situ and in real time stress measurements and reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) observations and ex situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization of stacked layers of InAs quantum wires (QWr) separated by InP spacer layers, d(InP), of thickness between 3 and 20 nm. For d(InP) < 20 nm, the amount of InAs involved in the newly created QWr from the 2nd stack layer on, exceeds that provided by the In cell. Our results suggest that in those cases InAs 3D islands formation starts at the P/As switching and lasts during further InAs deposition. We propose an explanation for this process that is strongly supported on TEM observations. The results obtained in this work imply that concepts like the existence of a critical thickness for 2D-3D growth mode transition should be revised in correlated QWr stacks of layers.
Ethylene gas was used to modify the surface of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) by plasma polymerization. The modified CNFs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, dispersion test in chloroform and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM).
The results of dispersion test in chloroform showed that the plasma treatment promoted a stable dispersion of the treated nanofibers in the solvent. The FTIR results indicated that an organic polymer was deposited on the surface of the CNFs, and the Raman spectra showed evidence of the chemical interaction between the nanofibers and the polyethylene (PE) deposited by plasma. The presence of the thin polymer coating on the surface of CNFs was confirmed by HRTEM.
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