Please note, due to essential maintenance online transactions will not be possible between 02:30 and 04:00 BST, on Tuesday 17th September 2019 (22:30-00:00 EDT, 17 Sep, 2019). We apologise for any inconvenience.
To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter reviews the empiric therapies available today for male infertility and discusses their mode of action. It reviews published literature on outcomes available and analyzes the evidence for use and dosing recommendations. With the exception of low-dose vitamin supplementation and aromatase inhibitors, empiric therapy is seldom recommended in the treatment of the infertile male. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulates the synthesis and release of the gonadotropic hormones, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), in the anterior pituitary. Treatment of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with exogenous gonadotropins or GnRH has produced good results compared with treatment of other male infertility problems. Exogenous testosterone therapy can produce azoospermia or severe oligospermia through the inhibition of gonadotropin secretion. Glutathione therapy has been used in various pathologic conditions in which reactive oxygen species are thought to play a pathogenic role. Administration of high-dose antioxidants has a potential beneficial effect on male fertility.