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Maturational gene upregulation and mitochondrial activity enhancement in mouse in vitro matured oocytes and using granulosa cell conditioned medium

  • Elnaz Zand (a1), Rouhollah Fathi (a2), Mitra Heydari Nasrabadi (a3), Mohammad Jafari Atrabi (a4), Norah Spears (a5) (a6) and Vahid Akbarinejad (a7)...


The high miscarriage rates that result following transfer of embryos derived from in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes necessitate improvements in the processes involved. This study aimed to improve the quality of in vitro matured oocytes using granulosa cell conditioned medium (GCCM) as the culture medium. In this work, germinal vesicle (GV)-stage oocytes from NMRI mice were collected and cultured using three types of culture medium: Base medium (BM) (control), 50% granulosa cell conditioned medium (GCCM50) and 100% GCCM (GCCM100). After IVM, the mitochondria activity potential and viability of metaphase II (MII) oocytes were evaluated by JC-1 and trypan blue staining, respectively. Maturational gene expression levels of CyclinB1, Cdk1 and Gdf9 in the control, GCCM50 and GCCM100 samples were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The viability rate of in vitro matured oocytes was highest in the GCCM50 group. JC-1 staining showed that GCCM50 enhances mitochondrial activity more than the other groups (P < 0.05). Gene expression levels of Cdk1 and Gdf9 were higher in the group with GCCM50 treatment, than in the control and GCCM100 groups (P < 0.05), while the expression level of CyclinB1 did not differ among the groups. The results indicated that a 50% concentration of GCCM in combination with BM components enhanced MII and viability rates and mitochondria activity of mouse immature oocytes.


Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: Rouhollah Fathi. Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98 912 947 9621. E-mail:


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