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Cyclin B1 levels in the porcine 4-cell stage embryo

  • Aaron J. Bonk (a1), Jon E. Anderson (a1) (a2), Lalantha R. Abeydeera (a1) (a2), Billy N. Day (a1) and Randall S. Prather (a1)...


The relative quantity of cyclin B1 was determined during the development of in vitro and in vivo derived porcine 4-cell embryos by western blotting and immunolocalised during the 4-cell stage. After cleavage to the 4-cell stage cyclin B1 localised to the cytoplasm at the 5, 10, 18 and 25 time points and localised to the nucleus 33 h post 4-cell cleavage (P4CC). The relative abundance of cyclin B1 was not significantly different in in vivo or in vitro derived 4-cell stage embryos cultured in the absence of the RNA polymerase inhibitor α-amanitin. Cyclin B1 protein was not detectable in embryos cultured in medium without α-amanitin for 5, 10, 18 or 25 h P4CC followed by culture in medium with α-amanitin to 33 P4CC. These results suggest that the maternal to zygotic transition of mRNA production that occurs at the 4-cell stage of the pig embryo does not result in an increase in cyclin B1 production. In addition, cyclin B1 protein levels remained constant in the absence of embryonic genome activation at the 4-cell stage.


Corresponding author

All correspondence to: Randall S. Prather, 162 Animal Science Research Center, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. Tel: +1 (573) 882 4241. Fax: +1 (573) 882 6827. e-mail:



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