Folklore, that “good anglo-saxon compound” invented by William Thoms, has taken on many meanings since it first appeared in “The Atheneum” in 1846. In many countries throughout the world it is still used as a broad label for all those “manners, customs, observances, superstitions, ballads, proverbs, etc. of the olden time”, as originally suggested by Thoms (Dundes 1965). However, folklore is also used in another and more specific sense, namely for a certain kind of staged performance of folk music and folk dance, by people dressed in special types of folk costumes, accompanied by a selected number of tunes performed on a limited number of instruments. To such ‘folklore’ performances also belong symbols such as herding rods, spinning tools, old-style pottery, flags; as well as verbal statements about special features or the origin of the dances, the costumes and the music; and sometimes elaborated stories that place the whole activity in a historical and social framework.