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Non-enzymatic Detoxification of 2–Chloro–4,6–bis (ethylamino)–s–triazine (simazine) by Extracts of Zea mays

  • Paul Castelfranco (a1), Chester L. Foy (a1) and Deborah B. Deutsch (a1)

Extract

2–chloro–4,6–bis(ethylamino)–s–triazine (simazine) is a highly selective herbicide. Corn (Zea mays) is very resistant to the toxic action of this compound while wheat, (Triticum spp) and oats (Avena spp) are susceptible.

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1. Bender, M. L., and Turnquest, B. W. The imidazole-catalyzed hydrolysis of p–nitrophenyl acetate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79:16521655. 1957.
2. Bruice, T. E., and Schmir, G. L. Imidazole catalysis. I. The catalysis of the hydrolysis of phenyl acetates by imidazole. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79:16631667. 1957.
3. Gysin, H., and Knüsli, E. Activity and mode of action of triazine herbicides. Proc. British Weed Control Conf., 1958. In press.
4. Gysin, H., and Knüsli, E. Chemistry and herbicidal properties of triazine derivatives. Advances in Pest Control Research 3:289358. 1960.
5. Geigy Agricultural Chemicals, Ardsley, New York. Simazine herbicides for agricultural use. Herbicide Technical Bulletin 60–1 (revised). 1960.
6. Montgomery, M., and Freed, V. H. The metabolism of atrazine by expressed juice of corn (abstract). Res. Prog. Report, WWCC, p. 71. 1960.
7. Roth, W. Étude comparée de la réaction du mäis et du Blé a la Simazine, substance herbicide. Comptes Rendus. L'Academie des Sciences 245:942944. 1957.

Non-enzymatic Detoxification of 2–Chloro–4,6–bis (ethylamino)–s–triazine (simazine) by Extracts of Zea mays

  • Paul Castelfranco (a1), Chester L. Foy (a1) and Deborah B. Deutsch (a1)

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