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Preliminary Studies in the Use of Herbicides for the Control of Weeds in Sansevieria

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Edward O. Gangstad
Affiliation:
BPISAE, Belle Glade, Fla
Charles C. Seale
Affiliation:
Everglades Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Fla
J. Frank Joyner
Affiliation:
BPISAE, U.S.D.A., Belle Glade, Fla
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Extract

A high quality cordage fiber can be obtained from certain species of sansevieria (3, 5, 8, 10). Laboratory and small scale manufacturing tests indicate that this fiber is a suitable substitute for abaca, a fiber which is critical for defense purposes. (1,9). Weed competition has been a major problem in the culture of sansevieria for fiber because the plant has a slow rate of growth and a long period of time is required to develop a stand.

Type
Research Article
Information
Copyright
Copyright © 1953 Weed Science Society of America 

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References

1. Berkley, Earl E., Hessler, Lyle E., Burneston, Edna B., and Chew, Chester F. A study of the quality of Abaca fiber. U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. No. 999. 1949.Google Scholar
2. Bucha, H. C., and Todd, C. W. 3–(p–chlorophenyl)–1, 1–dimethylurea — A new herbicide. Sci. 114: 493494. 1951.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
3. Byrom, Mills H. Progress with long vegetable fibers. Yearbook of Agriculture, 472476. 1950–51.Google Scholar
4. Crafts, A. S., and Harvey, W. A. Weed Control. Advances in Agronomy 1: 289315. 1949. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
5. Crane, Julian C., and Alonso, Raul E. Fiber content in relation to length and age of Sansevieria Thunb. leaves. Jour. Amer. Soc. Agron. 37: 953961. 1945.Google Scholar
6. Gangstad, Edward O., Seale, Charles C., and Joyner, J. Frank. The effects of some commonly used herbicides on the growth of Sansevieria. Mimeo. Abstracts of ASA meeting, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1950.Google Scholar
7. Gangstad, Edward O., Seale, Charles C., Joyner, J. Frank, and Pate, James B. Chemical weed control in Sansevieria with CMU (3–(p–chlorophenyl)–1, 1–dimethylurea). Southern Weed Conference, Fifth Proceedings held at Atlanta, Georgia. February 6–8, 1952.Google Scholar
8. Joyner, J. Frank, Gangstad, Edward O., and Seale, Charles C. The vegetative propagation of Sansevieria. Agron. Jour. 43: 128130. 1950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9. Platt, M. M. Investigations of the mechanical properties of hard fibers with reference to their use in cordage structures. U. S. Office of Naval Research Tech. Report, No. 4, Feb. 2, 1951.Google Scholar
10. Robinson, B. B., and Joyner, J. F. Sansevieria U.S.D.A. Mimeo. Report. Sept. 1948.Google Scholar
11. Seale, Charles C., Gangstad, Edward O., Ritty, Paul C., and Joyner, J. Frank. The effects of preplanting treatments of herbicides for the control of weeds and on the growth of Sansevieria trifasciala Prain. Mimeo. Report. Jan. 1952.Google Scholar

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