Bhargava, A., Shukla, S., and Ohri, D.
2006. Karyotypic studies on some cultivated and wild species of Chenopodium (Chenopodiaceae). Genet. Resour. Crop Evol.
Barton, J. E. and Dracup, M.
2000. Genetically modified crops and the environment. Agron. J.
Bateman, A. J.
1947. Contamination of seed crops: II. Wind pollination. Heredity.
Conley, S. P., Stoltenberg, D. E., Boerboom, C. M., and Binning, L. K.
2003. Predicting soybean yield loss in giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) and common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) communities. Weed Sci.
Conn, J. S. and Deck, R. E.
1995. Seed viability and dormancy of 17 weed species after 9.7 years of burial in Alaska. Weed Sci.
Darmency, H. and Gasquez, J.
1990. Appearance and spread of triazine resistance in common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album). Weed Technol.
de Vries, A. P.
1971. Flowering biology of wheat particularly in view of hybrid seed production: a review. Euphytica.
de Vries, A. P.
1972. Some aspects of cross pollination in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) 1. Pollen concentration in the field as influenced by cultivar, diurnal pattern, weather conditions, and the level as compared to the height of the pollen donor. Euphytica.
1985. Breeding system and genetic structure of a Chenopodium album population according to crop and herbicide rotation. Pages 57–66
Jacquard, P., Heim, G., and Antonovics, J., eds. Genetic differentiation and dispersal in plants. Berlin
Springer-Verlag and NATO Science Affairs Division.
Gramig, G. G. and Stoltenberg, D. E.
2009. Adaptive responses of field-grown common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) to variable light quality and quantity environments. Weed Sci.
Halsey, M. E., Remund, K. M., Davis, C. A., Qualls, M., Eppard, P. J., and Berberich, S. A.
2005. Isolation of maize from pollen-mediated gene flow by time and distance. Crop Sci.
Harrison, S. K.
1990. Interference and seed production by common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) in soybeans (Glycine max). Weed Sci.
Hite, G. A., King, S. R., Hagood, E. S., and Holtzman, G. I.
2008. Differential response of a Virginia common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) collection to glyphosate. Weed Sci.
Holm, L. G., Plucknett, D. L., Pancho, J. V., and Herberger, J. P.
Chenopodium album L. Pages 84–91
The World's Worst Weeds: Distribution and Biology. Honolulu, HI
Jasieniuk, M., Brûlé-Babel, A. L., and Morrison, I. N.
1996. The evolution and genetics of herbicide resistance in weeds. Weed Sci.
Jones, M. D. and Brooks, J. S.
1950. Effectiveness of distance and border rows in preventing outcrossing in corn. Technical Bulletin No. 38. Stillwater, OK
Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station. 18 p.
Jones, M. D. and Brooks, J. S.
1952. Effect of tree barriers on outcrossing in corn. Technical Bulletin No. 45. Stillwater, OK
Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station. 11 p.
Kniss, A. R., Miller, S. D., Westra, P. H., and Wilson, R. G.
2007. Glyphosate susceptibility in common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) is influenced by parental exposure. Weed Sci.
Kruger, G. R., Johnson, W. G., Weller, S. C., Owen, M. D. K., Shaw, D. R., Wilcut, J. W., Jordan, D. L., Wilson, R. G., Bernards, M. L., and Young, B. G.
2009. U.S. grower views on problematic weeds and changes in weed pressure in glyphosate-resistant corn, cotton, and soybean cropping systems. Weed Technol.
Lizaso, J. I., Westgate, M. E., Batchelor, W. D., and Fonseca, A.
2003. Predicting potential kernel set in maize from simple flowering characteristics. Crop Sci.
Ma, B. L., Subedi, K. D., and Reid, L. M.
2004. Extent of cross-fertilization in maize by pollen from neighboring transgenic hybrids. Crop Sci.
Marshall, M. W., Al-Khatib, K., and Loughin, T.
2001. Gene flow, growth, and competitiveness of imazethapyr-resistant sunflower. Weed Sci.
Matus-Cadiz, M. A., Hucl, P., Horak, M. J., and Blomquist, L. K.
2004. Gene flow in wheat at the field scale. Crop Sci.
Moechnig, M. J., Boerboom, C. M., Stoltenberg, D. E., and Binning, L. K.
2003a. Growth interactions in communities of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album), giant foxtail (Setaria faberi), and corn. Weed Sci.
Moechnig, M. J., Stoltenberg, D. E., Boerboom, C. M., and Binning, L. K.
2003b. Empirical corn-yield loss estimation from common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) and giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) in mixed communities. Weed Sci.
Mulugeta, D., Maxwell, B. D., Fay, P. K., and Dyer, W. E.
1994. Kochia (Kochia scoparia) pollen dispersion, viability and germination. Weed Sci.
2008. Simulation modeling to understand the evolution and management of glyphosate resistance in weeds. Pest Manag. Sci.
Newman, D. and Tallmon, D. A.
2001. Experimental evidence for beneficial fitness effects of gene flow in recently isolated populations. Conserv. Biol.
Powles, S. B. and Preston, C.
2006. Evolved glyphosate resistance in plants: biochemical and genetic basis of resistance. Weed Technol.
Rahiminejad, M. R. and Gornall, R. J.
2004. Flavonoid evidence for allopolyploidy in the Chenopodium album aggregate (Amaranthaceae). Plant Syst. Evol.
Rong, J., Lu, B. R., Song, Z., Su, J., Snow, A. A., Zhang, X., Sun, S., Chen, R., and Wang, F.
2007. Dramatic reduction of crop-to-crop gene flow within a short distance from transgenic rice fields. New Phytol.
Sivesind, E. C., Gaska, J. M., Jeschke, M. R., Boerboom, C. M., and Stoltenberg, D. E.
2011. Common lambsquarters response to glyphosate across environments. Weed Technol.
Stallings, G. P., Thill, D. C., Mallory-Smith, C. A., and Shafii, B.
1995. Pollen-mediated gene flow of sulfonylurea-resistant kochia (Kochia scoparia). Weed Sci.
Tallmon, D. A., Luikart, G., and Waples, R. S.
2004. The alluring simplicity and complex reality of genetic rescue. Trends Ecol. Evol.
[USDA-NRCS] U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2012. The PLANTS Database. http://plants.usda.gov/. Accessed: June 11, 2012.
Volenberg, D. S. and Stoltenberg, D. E.
2002. Giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) outcrossing and inheritance of resistance to acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase inhibitors. Weed Sci.
Waines, J. G. and Hegde, S. G.
2003. Intraspecific gene flow in bread wheat as affected by reproductive biology and pollination ecology of wheat flowers. Crop Sci.
Westhoven, A. M., Kruger, G. R., Gerber, C. K., Stachler, J. M., Loux, M. M., and Johnson, W. G.
2008. Characterization of selected common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) biotypes with tolerance to glyphosate. Weed Sci.
Wisconsin State Climatology Office. 2009. Arlington university farm, Arlington, WI, climate summary. http://www.aos.wisc.edu/∼sco/. Accessed November 2, 2009.
Wolfinger, R. D.
1996. Heterogeneous variance-covariance structures for repeated measures. J. Agric. Biol. Environ. Stat. 1:205–230.