Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Physiological Basis for Antagonism of Fluazifop-P by DPX-PE350

  • Kenneth L. Ferreira (a1), James D. Burton (a2) and Harold D. Coble (a2)

Abstract

Greenhouse and laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the effect of DPX-PE350 on the herbicidal activity of fluazifop-P on large crabgrass. Greenhouse experiments indicated that fluazifop-P activity was antagonized by DPX-PE350. This antagonism was reduced by increasing fluazifop-P rates or by applying DPX-PE350 after fluazifop-P. Applying DPX-PE350 24 h prior to fluazifop-P reduced fluazifop-P activity more than applying it 10 min prior. The effect of DPX-PE350 application to large crabgrass on extractable acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity, and the effect of DPX-PE350 on acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity in vitro also was studied. Applying DPX-PE350 to large crabgrass prior to protein extraction did not reduce fluazifop-P inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase activity in vitro. The presence of DPX-PE350 in the enzyme assay mix did not affect fluazifop-P inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity. The effect of DPX-PE350 on uptake, translocation, and metabolism of fluazifop-P was considered. DPX-PE350 did not affect uptake of fluazifop-P by large crabgrass. Applying DPX-PE350 24 h prior to fluazifop-P decreased translocation of fluazifop-P out of the treated leaf 44 to 53% whereas mixing DPX-PE350 with fluazifop-P decreased fluazifop-P translocation only 15 to 17%. Metabolism of fluazifop-P was not affected by applications of DPX-PE350. These studies suggest that the antagonism of fluazifop-P activity by DPX-PE350 is due to decreased translocation of fluazifop-P out of the treated leaf.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Bestman, H. D., Devine, M. D., and Vanden Born, W. H. 1990. Herbicide chlorsulfuron decreases assimilate transport out of treated leaves of field pennycress (Thalspi arvense L.) seedlings. Plant Physiol. 93:14411448.
2. Bjelk, L. A. and Monaco, T. J. 1992. Effect of chlorimuron and quizalofop on fatty acid biosynthesis. Weed Sci. 40:16.
3. Bradford, M. M. 1976. A rapid and sensitive method for quantification of microgram quantities of protein using the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal. Biochem. 72:248252.
4. Bryson, T. C., Snipes, C. E., and Shaw, D. R. 1991. Effects of DPX-PE350 on weed control and cotton growth and yield. Page 957 in Herber, D. J. and Richter, D. A., eds. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf., San Antonio, TX. Jan. 8–13, 1991. Natl. Cotton Counc. Am., Memphis, TN.
5. Catanzaro, C. J., Burton, J. D., and Skroch, W. A. 1993. Graminicide resistance of Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase from ornamental grass. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 45:147153.
6. Chow, P.N.P. 1975. Absorption of herbicides by wheat as influenced by the phenoxy compound. J. Agric. Food Chem. 23:730736.
7. Chow, P.N.P. 1988. Effect of chlorsulfuron on four graminicides for weed control and wheat yield. Weed Res. 28:145150.
8. Cotterman, J. C. and Saari, L. L. 1992. Rapid metabolic inactivation is the basis for cross-resistance to chlorsulfuron in diclofop-methyl-resistant rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) biotype SR4/84. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 43:182192.
9. Croon, K. A., Ketchersid, M. L., and Merkle, M. G. 1989. Effect of bentazon, imazaquin, and chlorimuron on the absorption and translocation of the methyl ester of haloxyfop. Weed Sci. 37:645650.
10. Davis, R. S., Bovey, R. W., and Merkle, M. G. 1968. Effect of paraquat and 2,4,5-T on the uptake and transport of picloram in woody plants. Weed Sci. 26:336339.
11. Dean, J. V., Gronwald, J. W., and Eberlein, C. V., 1990. Induction of glutathione S-transferase isozymes in sorghum by herbicide antidotes. Plant Physiol. 92:467473.
12. Derr, J. F., Monaco, T. J., and Sheets, T. J. 1985. Uptake and translocation of fluazifop by three annual grasses. Weed Sci. 33:612617.
13. Dowler, C. C. 1991. Pre and postemergence activity of PE-350 on weeds in cotton. Page 957 in Herber, D. J. and Richter, D. A., eds. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf., San Antonio, TX. Jan. 8–13, 1991. Natl. Cotton Counc. Am., Memphis, TN.
14. Duke, S. O. and Kenyon, W. H. Polycyclic alkanoic acids. Pages 71116 in Kearney, P. C. and Kaufman, D. D., eds. Herbicides: Chemistry, Degradation, and Mode of Action., Marcel Dekker, NY.
15. Ferreira, K. L. and Coble, H. D. 1992. Potential interactions with DPX-PE350 in cotton. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 45:48.
16. Ferreira, K. L. and Coble, H. D. 1994. Effect of DPX-PE350 on the efficacy of graminicides. Weed Sci. 42:222226.
17. Geiger, D. R. and Bestman, H. D. 1990. Self-limitation of herbicide mobility by phytotoxic action. Weed Sci. 38:324329.
18. Hahn, K. L. and Coble, H. D. 1989. Characterization of the antagonistic interaction between quizalofop and chlorimuron. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 42:276.
19. Hall, J. C., Swanton, C. J., and Devine, M. D. 1992. Physiological and biochemical investigation of the selectivity of ethametsulfuron in commercial brown mustard and wild mustard. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 42:188195.
20. Hatzios, K. K. and Howe, C. M. 1982. Influence of the herbicides hexazinone and chlorsulfuron on the metabolism of isolated soybean leaf cells. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 17:207214.
21. Hendly, P., Dicks, J. W., Monaco, T. J., Slyfield, S. M., Tummon, O. J., and Barrett, J. C. 1985. Translocation and metabolism of pyridinyloxyphenoxy propionate herbicides in rhizomatous quackgrass (Agropyron repens). Weed Sci. 33:1124.
22. Henniger, C. G., Keeling, J. W., and Abernathy, J. R. 1990. Evaluation of KIH-8921 in cotton on the Texas southern high plains. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 43:106.
23. Hoagland, D. R. and Arnon, D. J. 1950. The water culture method for growing plants without soil. California Agric. Exp. Stn. Circ. 347. 32 pp.
24. Holshouser, D. L. and Coble, H. D. 1990. Compatibility of sethoxydim with five postemergence broadleaf herbicides. Weed Technol. 4:128133.
25. Jordan, D. L., Frans, R. E., and McClelland, M. R. 1992. Interactions of DPX-PE350 with sethoxydim, fluazifop, clethodim, and quizalofop. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 45:92.
26. Kollmer, C. W. and Coble, H. D. 1988. Mechanism of the antagonistic interaction between fluazifop-p and imazaquin. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 41:305.
27. Mitchell, W. H. 1991. Cotton weed control with DPX-PE350 “A southern perspective.” Page 958 in Herber, D. J. and Richter, D. J., eds. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf. Nashville, TN Jan. 6–10, 1992. Natl. Cotton Counc. Am., Memphis, TN.
28. Morse, P. M. 1978. Some comments on the assessment of joint action in herbicide mixtures. Weed Sci. 26:5871.
29. Myers, P. F. and Coble, H. D. 1992. Antagonism of graminicide activity on annual grass species by imazethapyr. Weed Technol. 6:333338.
30. Olson, W. and Nalewaja, J. D. 1982. Effect of MCPA on 14C-diclofop uptake and translocation. Weed Sci. 30:5963.
31. O'Sullivan, P. A. and Vandenborn, W. H. 1980. Interaction between benzoylprop ethyl, flamprop methyl or flamprop isopropyl and herbicides used for broadleaf weed control. Weed Res. 20:5357.
32. Parker, W. B., Somers, S. A., Wyse, D. L., Keith, R. A., Burton, J. D., Gronwald, J. W., and Gengenbach, B. G. 1990. Selection and characterization of sethoxydim-tolerant maize tissue cultures. Plant Physiol. 92:12201225.
33. Rhodes, G. N. Jr. and Coble, H. D. 1984. Influence of application variables on antagonism between sethoxydim and bentazon. Weed Sci. 32:436–431.
34. Shimabukuro, R. H., Walsh, W. C., and Hoerauf, R. A. 1979. Metabolism and selectivity of diclofop-methyl in wild oat and wheat. J. Agric. Food Chem. 27:615623.
35. Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J. H. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach. Pages 173177. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
36. Stoltenberg, D. E., Gronwald, J. W., Wyse, D. L., Burton, J. D., Somers, D. A., and Gengenbach, B. G. 1989. Effect of sethoxydim and haloxyfop on acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase activity in Festuca species. Weed Sci. 37:512516.
37. Sweetser, P. B., Schow, G. S., and Hutchison, J. M. 1982. Metabolism of chlorsulfuron by plants: Biological basis for selectivity of a new herbicide in cereals. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 17:1823.
38. Todd, B. G. and Stobbe, E. H. 1980. The basis of the antagonistic effect of 2,4-D on diclofop-methyl toxicity to wild oats (Avena fatua). Weed Sci. 28:371377.
39. Vanden Born, W. H., Bestman, H. D., and Devine, M. D. 1988. The inhibition of assimilate translocation by chlorsulfuron as a component of its mechanism of action. Page 6974 in Proc. Eur. Weed Res. Soc. Symp. Factors affecting herbicide activity and selectivity.
40. Walker, K. A., Ridley, S. M., Lewis, T., and Harwood, J. L. 1988. Fluazifop, a grass-selective herbicide which inhibits acetyl-CoA carboxylase in sensitive plant species. Biochem. J. 254:307310.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed