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Histological and Cytological Effects of Haloxyfop on Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and Unicorn-Plant (Proboscidea louisianica) Root Meristems

  • Steven F. Vaughn (a1) and Morris G. Merkle (a1)

Abstract

The effects of haloxyfop on elongation, mitotic index, and morphology of sorghum and unicorn-plant primary roots were examined. Elongation of sorghum roots was completely inhibited by haloxyfop concentrations of 10–6 M or greater 24 h after treatment, whereas unicorn-plant root elongation was unaffected by the same concentrations 72 h after treatment. Mitotic indices of sorghum roots were reduced by both 10–6 and 10–8 M haloxyfop, with the higher concentration reducing the index to near zero by 24 h of exposure. The mitotic indices of unicorn-plant roots were unaffected by the same levels of the herbicide after both 24- and 48-h treatment. Histological analyses showed that after 24 h exposure to 10–6 M haloxyfop, large vacuoles were present in cells at the root apex that normally did not exhibit these organelles. After 48 h of exposure many cells in the apical region appeared to lack visible cytoplasm and/or nuclei, and by 72 h only cell walls remained visibly evident, and many cells had collapsed. These changes are similar to those that occur in tissues undergoing senescence. Treatment of sorghum roots with 10–8 M haloxyfop did not cause discernible changes after 72 h. Unicorn-plant roots treated with 10–6 M haloxyfop appeared unaffected after 72 h.

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Keywords

Histological and Cytological Effects of Haloxyfop on Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and Unicorn-Plant (Proboscidea louisianica) Root Meristems

  • Steven F. Vaughn (a1) and Morris G. Merkle (a1)

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