Skip to main content Accessibility help

Growth Responses of Barnyardgrass and Bearded Sprangletop Seedlings to Benthiocarb

  • Hidejiro Shibayama (a1) and Joseph F. Worley (a1)


Benthiocarb S-[(4-chlorophenyl) methyl] diethylcarboamothioate which was applied postemergence, altered the growth and development of shoots of barnyardgrass [Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.] and bearded sprangletop [Leptochloa fascicularis (Lam.) Gray] seedlings, two gramineous annual weeds commonly found in rice fields. The herbicide did not affect root development of either species. Benthiocarb retarded the growth of new leaves within the extending leaves and caused swelling of cells. The cells of the shoot apices of treated seedlings were often vacuolated. Tubular-like leaves were induced by benthiocarb, but their formation differed from that caused by phenoxy herbicides.



Hide All
1. Arai, M. and Kawashima, R. 1954. Studies on weed control in rice culture by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. (III). On growth hindrance of rice plants caused by 2,4-D spraying and mechanism of yield decrease (1). J. Kanto-Tosan Agr. Exp. Sta., Japan. 6:4558.
2. Baskett, R.S., Bayer, D., Brandon, D.M., Fischer, B.B., Goss, J., Wick, C.M., and Williams, J.F. 1973. Bolero: A new rice herbicide Rice J. 76:5456.
3. Chang, W.L. 1971. Recent progress of chemical weed control programme for transplanted rice in Taiwan. Proc. 3rd Asian-Pacific Weed Sci Soc. Conf. 2:257269.
4. Dawson, J.H. 1963. Development of barnyardgrass seedlings and their response to EPTC. Weeds 11:6067.
5. De Datta, S.K. and Bernasor, P.C. 1973. Chemical weed control in broadcast-seeded flooded tropical rice. Weed Res. 13:351354.
6. Goto, M. 1973. The use of benthiocarb in rice cultivation. Proc. 4th Asian-Pacific Weed Sci. Soc. Conf. 1:124129.
7. Kacperska-Palacz, A.E., Putala, E.C., and Vengris, J. 1963. Developmental anatomy of barnyardgrass seedlings. Weeds 11:311316.
8. Kaufman, P.B. 1955. Histological responses of the rice plant (Oryza sativa) to 2,4-D. Amer. J. Bot. 42:649659.
9. Kimura, I. 1971. Properties and mode of action of benthiocarb, a selective herbicide for rice fields. Proc. 3rd Asian-Pacific Weed Sci. Soc. Conf. 1:185187.
10. Kimura, I., Ichizen, N., and Matsunaka, S. 1971. Mode of action of a herbicide, benthiocarb. Weed Res. (J. Weed Soc. Japan) 12:5459.
11. Maroder, H.L. 1973. Physiological effects of dalapon in Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Weed Res. 13:1923.
12. Noda, K. 1973. Competitive effects of barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) on rice. Proc. 4th Asian-Pacific Weed Sci. Soc. Conf. 1:145150.
13. Noda, K. and Ozawa, K. 1971. Promising new herbicides for rice in Japan and their properties. Proc. 3rd Asian-Pacific Weed Sci. Soc. Conf. 1:215220.
14. Smith, R.J. Jr. 1970. Weed control methods, losses and cost due to weeds, and benefits of weed control in rice. Pages 2437 in Weed Sci. Soc. of Amer., ed. FAO International Conference on Weed Control.
15. Smith, R.J. Jr. 1973. New herbicide treatment for weed control in rice. Rice J. 76:3940.
16. Smith, R.J. Jr. and Seaman, D.E. 1973. Weeds and their control. Rice in the United States: Varieties and production. U.S. Dep. Agr., Agr. Handbook No. 289:135140.

Growth Responses of Barnyardgrass and Bearded Sprangletop Seedlings to Benthiocarb

  • Hidejiro Shibayama (a1) and Joseph F. Worley (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed