Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Factors affecting the realized niche of common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in ridge-tillage corn

  • Michael G. Burton, David A. Mortensen (a1), David B. Marx (a2) and John L. Lindquist (a3)

Abstract

Because soil characteristics and weed densities vary within agricultural landscapes, determining which subfield areas are most favorable to weed species may aid in their management. Field and greenhouse studies were conducted to determine whether subfield environments characterized by higher soil organic carbon (SOC), or ridge vs. furrow microsites, affect common sunflower seed germination after winter burial, seedling emergence, or the control afforded by a preemergence herbicide in a ridge-tillage corn production system. Among seeds buried in situ during winter months and germinated in the laboratory, no differences in common sunflower seed germination or mortality were detected between high-SOC (1.8% mean) and low-SOC (1.1% mean) locations. However, seeds buried at 5-cm depth had about 40% laboratory germination compared with about 10% for seeds stratified on the soil surface or under crop residues. In field emergence and survival experiments, the SOC main-plot effect indicated 25% greater seedling survival in high- than in low-SOC locations. In the absence of herbicide, both emergence and survival were ≥ 35% greater in the ridge than in the furrow microsite, and seedling survival was 48% greater in high- vs. low-SOC furrow environments. However, common sunflower seedling survival was similar between herbicide-treated high- and low-SOC ridges. Greenhouse studies indicated a 13 to 24% increase in common sunflower seedling biomass per 1% increase in SOC under three atrazine doses. Altered or additional weed management tactics should be considered for common sunflower in high-SOC environments to offset the greater potential for seedling survival and growth.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Department of Crop Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7620; mike_burton@ncsu.edu

References

Hide All
Andreasen, C., Streibig, J. C., and Haas, H. 1991. Soil properties affecting the distribution of 37 weed species in Danish fields. Weed Res 31:181187.
Anonymous. 1998. Recommended Chemical Soil Test Procedures for the North Central Region. Publication No. 221 (revised). Pp. 5556.
Anonymous. 2000. Tetrazolium Testing Handbook, Revised. Tetrazolium Testing Committee of the Association of Official Seed Analysts. J. Peters, ed. Lincoln, NE: Association of Official Seed Analysts.
Austin, M. P. and Austin, B. O. 1980. Behaviour of experimental plant communities along a nutrient gradient. J. Ecol 68:891918.
Bauer, T. A. and Mortensen, D. A. 1992. A comparison of economic and economic optimum thresholds for two annual weeds in soybeans. Weed Technol 6:228235.
Blumhorst, M. R., Weber, J. B., and Swain, L. R. 1990. Efficacy of selected herbicides as influenced by soil properties. Weed Technol 4:279283.
Burton, M. G. 2000. Effects of Soil and Landscape Characteristics on the Population Dynamics of Wild Helianthus annuus L. Ph.D dissertation. University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Pp. 950, 130–181.
Burton, M. G. and Mortensen, D. A. 2002. Contribution of seed re-dispersal in Helianthus annuus L. patch persistence. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc 55:186187.
Cambardella, C. A., Moorman, T. B., Novak, J. M., Parkin, T. B., Karlen, D. L., Turco, R. F., and Konopka, A. E. 1994. Field-scale variability of soil properties in Central Iowa soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J 58:15011511.
Cardina, J., Regnier, E., and Sparrow, D. 1995. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) competition and economic thresholds in conventional- and no-tillage corn (Zea mays). Weed Sci 42:8187.
Coffin, D. P. and Lauenroth, W. K. 1994. Successional dynamics of a semiarid grassland: effects of soil texture and disturbance size. Vegetatio 110:6782.
Cousens, R. and Mortimer, M. 1995. Dynamics of Weed Populations. Port Chester, NY: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1819.
Cousens, R. D. and Woodcock, J. L. 1997. Spacial dynamics of weeds: an overview. Pages 613618 in Proceedings of the Brighton Crop Protection Conference—Weeds. Farnham, UK: British Crop Protection Council.
Dale, H. M. 1964. Influence of soil on weed vegetation on a drained river millpond. Can. J. Bot 42:823830.
Dale, M. R. T., Thomas, A. G., and John, E. A. 1992. Environmental factors including management practices as correlates of weed community composition in spring seeded crops. Can. J. Bot 70:19311939.
Dieleman, J. A., Mortensen, D. A., Buhler, D. D., Cambardella, C. A., and Moorman, T. B. 2000a. Identifying associations among site properties and weed species abundance. I. Multivariate analysis. Weed Sci 48:567575.
Dieleman, J. A., Mortensen, D. A., Buhler, D. D., and Ferguson, R. B. 2000b. Identifying associations among site properties and weed species abundance. II. Hypothesis generation. Weed Sci 48:576587.
Doyle, C. J. 1991. Mathematical models in weed management. Crop Prot 10:432444.
Fernandez-Quintanilla, C., Navarrette, L., Torner, C., and Andujar, J. L. 1987. Influence of herbicide treatments on the population dynamics of Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana (Durieu) Nyman in winter wheat crops. Weed Res 27:375383.
Forcella, F. and Lindstrom, M. J. 1988a. Movement and germination of weed seeds in ridge-till crop production systems. Weed Sci 36:5659.
Forcella, F. and Lindstrom, M. J. 1988b. Weed seed populations in ridge and conventional tillage. Weed Sci 36:500503.
Freund, R. J. and Littell, R. C. 2000. SAS® System for Regression. 3rd ed. Cary, NC: Statistical Analysis Systems Institute.
Gonzalez-Andujar, J. L. and Fernandez-Quintanilla, C. 1991. Modelling the population dynamics of Avena sterilis under dry-land cereal cropping systems. J. Appl. Ecol 28:1627.
Gupta, S. C., Larson, W. E., and Linden, D. R. 1983. Tillage and surface residue effects on soil upper boundary temperatures. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J 47:12121218.
Gururaj, R. and Mallikarjunaiah, R. R. 1994. Interaction effect of Azotobacter and phosphate-solubilizing fungi on seed germination and seedling growth of sunflower. Helia 17:3340.
Harper, J. L. 1977. Population Biology of Plants. New York: Academic. 892 p.
Hartgerink, A. P. and Bazzaz, F. A. 1984. Seedling-scale environmental heterogeneity influences individual fitness and population structure. Ecology 65:198206.
Hoveland, C. S., Buchanan, G. A., and Harris, M. C. 1976. Response of weeds to soil phosphorus and potassium. Weed Sci 24:194201.
Johnson, G. A., Krusemark, M. G., and Bell, J. 1999. Using a GIS to study the interaction of terrain attributes and weed occurrence. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Abstr 39:333.
Kirkpatrick, B. L. and Bazzaz, F. A. 1979. Influence of certain fungi on seed germination and seedling survival of four colonizing annuals. J. Appl. Ecol 16:515527.
Klein, R. N., Wicks, G. A., and Wilson, R. G. 1996. Ridge-till, an integrated weed management system. Weed Sci 44:417422.
Lindquist, J. L., Maxwell, B. D., Buhler, D. D., and Gunsolus, J. L. 1995. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) recruitment, survival, seed production, and interference in soybean (Glycine max). Weed Sci 43:226232.
Littell, R. C., Milliken, G. A., Stroup, W. W., and Wolfinger, R. D. 1996. SAS System for Mixed Models. Cary, NC: Statistical Analysis Systems Institute.
Maguire, J. D. and Overland, A. 1959. Laboratory Germination of Weedy and Native Plants. Pullman, WA: Washington Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin. No. 349. 15 p.
Martin, A. R., Roeth, F. W., Wilson, R. G., Wicks, G. A., Klein, R. N., Lyon, D. J., and Knezevic, S. Z. 2000. 2000 Guide for Weed Management in Nebraska. Lincoln, NE: Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service EC 00-130-D.
Maxwell, B. D. and Ghersa, C. 1992. The influence of weed seed dispersion versus the effect of competition on crop yield. Weed Technol 6:196204.
Medlin, C. R., Shaw, D. R., Cox, M. S., Gerard, P. D., Abshire, M. J., and Wardlaw, M. C. III. 2001. Using soil parameters to predict weed infestations in soybean. Weed Sci 49:367374.
Mortensen, D. A., Bastiaans, L., and Sattin, M. 2000. The role of ecology in the development of weed management systems: an outlook. Weed Res 40:4962.
Mueller-Dombois, D. and Sims, H. P. 1966. Response of three grasses to two soils and a water table depth gradient. Ecology 47:644648.
Naylor, R. E. L. 1972. Aspects of the population dynamics of the weed Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. in winter cereal crops. J. Appl. Ecol 9:127139.
Novak, J. M., Moorman, T. B., and Cambardella, C. A. 1997. Atrazine sorption at the field scale in relation to soils and landscape position. J. Environ. Qual 26:12711277.
Pickett, S. T. A. and Bazzaz, F. A. 1976. Divergence of two co-occurring successional annuals on a soil moisture gradient. Ecology 57:169176.
Rew, L. J. and Cussans, G. W. 1997. Horizontal movement of seeds following tine and plough cultivation: implications for spatial dynamics of weed infestations. Weed Res 37:247256.
Rosenberg, N. J., Blad, B. L., and Verma, S. B. 1983. Microclimate: The Biological Environment. 2nd ed. New York: J. Wiley. Pp. 99100.
[SAS] Statistical Analysis Systems. 1999. SAS/STAT User's Guide. Version 8. Cary, NC: Statistical Analysis Systems Institute.
Sheets, T. J., Crafts, A. S., and Drever, H. R. 1962. Influence of soil properties on the phytotoxicities of the s-triazine herbicides. J. Agric. Food Chem 10:458462.
Teasdale, J. R. and Mohler, C. L. 1993. Light transmittance, soil temperature, and soil moisture under residue of hairy vetch and rye. Agron. J 85:673680.
Teo-Sherrell, C. P. A., Mortensen, D. A., and Keaton, M. E. 1996. Fates of weed seeds in soil: a seeded core method of study. J. Appl. Ecol 33:11071113.
Tyler, G. 1996. Cover distributions of vascular plants in relation to soil chemistry and soil depth in a granite rock ecosystem. Vegetatio 127:215223.
Varvel, G. E., Schlemmer, M. R., and Schepers, J. S. 1999. Relationship between spectral data from an aerial image and soil organic matter and phosphorus levels. Precis. Agric 1:291300.
Virchow, D. and Hygnstrom, S. E. 1992. The Thirteen-Lined Ground Squirrel: Controlling Damage. NebGuide G92-1110-A. Lincoln, NE: Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service, University of Nebraska.
Walkley, A. and Black, I. A. 1934. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37:2937.
Wicks, G. A. and Somerhalder, B. R. 1971. Effect of seedbed preparation for corn on distribution of weed seed. Weed Sci 19:666669.
Williams, M. M. II, Mortensen, D. A., Martin, A. R., and Marx, D. B. 2001. Relevance of sub-field soil heterogeneity on herbicide-mediated crop and weed fitness. Weed Sci 49:798805.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Weed Science
  • ISSN: 0043-1745
  • EISSN: 1550-2759
  • URL: /core/journals/weed-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed