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Emergence and Growth of Sicklepod (Cassia obtusifolia) with Various Planting and Herbicide Incorporation Depths

  • David R. Shaw (a1), Hector P. Rainero (a1), Clyde A. Smith (a1), Marshall B. Wixson (a1), W.R.A.S. Ratnayake (a1), Stacey A. Bruff (a1) and Larry J. Newsom (a1)...

Abstract

Greenhouse experiments were conducted to evaluate effects of sicklepod planting depths and chlorimuron, imazaquin, and metribuzin incorporation depths on sicklepod seedling emergence and growth. There was 35 and 90% sicklepod seedling emergence from 0- and 2-cm planting depths, respectively, in untreated soil 26 days after planting; emergence decreased with each additional increment below 2 cm. Chlorimuron at 63 g ai ha reduced the number of plants present 11 days after planting at 1- and 2-cm planting depths except when unincorporated. However, deeper sicklepod planting required chlorimuron incorporation to at least 6 cm for maximum reduction of plants. Imazaquin at 140 g ai ha was not as effective as chlorimuron, but a reduction in the number of plants was noted at 1- and 2-cm planting depths when imazaquin was incorporated to 4, 6, or 8 cm. Metribuzin at 420 g ai ha consistently reduced the number of plants at all incorporation depths except when unincorporated but had little effect on emergence. Chlorimuron and imazaquin reduced sicklepod dry weight most for all planting depths when incorporated 4 to 10 and 6 to 10 cm, respectively. Metribuzin reduced sicklepod biomass at all incorporation depths.

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Keywords

Emergence and Growth of Sicklepod (Cassia obtusifolia) with Various Planting and Herbicide Incorporation Depths

  • David R. Shaw (a1), Hector P. Rainero (a1), Clyde A. Smith (a1), Marshall B. Wixson (a1), W.R.A.S. Ratnayake (a1), Stacey A. Bruff (a1) and Larry J. Newsom (a1)...

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